There has been a growing interest in additive manufacturing (AM) in the past decades due to its non-traditional approach of making products. One important area in the body of knowledge of AM is focused on utilization of polymers for the manufacturing of unique and competitive components when compared to traditional manufacturing. Recently bioplastics that are more sustainable, such as polylactic acid (PLA), cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB), cellulose acetate propionate (CAP), nylon 11, and polycaprolactone (PCL) have started to gain traction as a competitor to these traditional plastics. Thus, there is a large amount of relevant publications that combine material development and characterization suitable for AM, components manufacturing based on materials developed and product characterization. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the most relevant publications that integrates past and current biopolymers development for AM, 3D printed components advantages and challenges using the developed biopolymers, and materials and product testing.