2022 journal article

In Vitro Biocompatibility and Degradation Analysis of Mass-Produced Collagen Fibers

Polymers.

author keywords: collagen; tissue engineering; biomaterials; biocompatibility; scaffolds
TL;DR: This study uses bovine-derived collagen fibers to create yarns using the traditional ring spinning method, and these yarns are proven to be biocompatible and enzymatic biodegradability was confirmed for its potential use in vivo. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: May 22, 2022

Automation and mass-production are two of the many limitations in the tissue engineering industry. Textile fabrication methods such as electrospinning are used extensively in this field because of the resemblance of the extracellular matrix to the fiber structure. However, electrospinning has many limitations, including the ability to mass-produce, automate, and reproduce products. For this reason, this study evaluates the potential use of a traditional textile method such as spinning. Apart from mass production, these methods are also easy, efficient, and cost-effective. This study uses bovine-derived collagen fibers to create yarns using the traditional ring spinning method. The collagen yarns are proven to be biocompatible. Enzymatic biodegradability was also confirmed for its potential use in vivo. The results of this study prove the safety and efficacy of the material and the fabrication method. The material encourages higher cell proliferation and migration compared to tissue culture-treated plastic plates. The process is not only simple but is also streamlined and replicable, resulting in standardized products that can be reproduced.