Temporal and Spectral Analysis of Spectrum Hole Distributions in an LTE Cell
2021 IEEE GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE (GLOBECOM).
Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) is proposed to improve spectrum efficiency by enabling opportunistic access of underutilized spectrum resources. The key to successful DSA operations is the correct understanding of spectrum hole distributions. Though huge amounts of studies have been conducted on spectrum tenancy due to the significance of spectrum hole distributions, there are still two overlooked aspects. One is the measurement resolution, and the other is the spectrum distribution in the spectral perspective. Since the spectrum hole analysis relies on the measurement data, we decode the LTE downlink control information to obtain the spectrum tenancy at the same time-frequency granularity with LTE scheduling. We analyze the spectrum hole distributions in fine resolutions along both the temporal and the spectral dimensions, and investigate the performance of two widely used spectrum tenancy models, the Markov and the on/off models, in terms of their capabilities on capturing the distributions of spectrum holes. Our observations include but are not limited to the following. The spectrum holes follow the power law distributions when examined in the LTE scheduling unit from both the time and the frequency perspectives. Both Markov and on/off models should be fitted to the spectrum tenancy along the frequency perspective to achieve their best performance.