2017 journal article

Stormwater control measure (SCM) maintenance considerations to ensure designed functionality

URBAN WATER JOURNAL, 14(3), 278–290.

By: G. Blecken*, W. Hunt n, A. Al-Rubaei*, M. Viklander* & W. Lord n

author keywords: Stormwater; maintenance; inspection; LID; WSUD; asset management; SCMs; long-term function
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

Abstract Great investment is made in the design and installation of stormwater control measures (SCMs). Substantial research investment, too, is made to optimise the performance of SCMs. However, once installed, SCMs often suffer from lack of maintenance or even outright neglect. Key maintenance needs for wet ponds, constructed stormwater wetlands, bioretention, infiltration practices, permeable pavement, swales, and rainwater harvesting systems are reviewed with many tasks, such as the cleaning of pre-treatment areas and the preservation of infiltration surfaces, being common maintenance themes among SCMs. Consequences of lacking maintenance are illustrated (mainly insufficient function or failure). Probable reasons for neglect include insufficient communication, unclear responsibilities, lack of knowledge, financial barriers, and decentralised measures. In future designs and research, maintenance (and lack thereof) should be considered. Assessing the performance of SCMs conservatively and including safety factors may prevent consequences of under-maintenance; and requiring regular inspection may help to enforce sufficient maintenance.