2022 journal article

Experimental study of C-13(?, n)O-16 reactions in the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR calibration data


By: I. Arnquist, F. Avignone, A. Barabash, C. Barton, K. Bhimani, E. Blalock*, B. Bos, M. Busch ...

Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 11, 2022

Neutron captures and delayed decays of reaction products are common sources of backgrounds in ultrarare event searches. In this work, we studied C13(α,n)O16 reactions induced by α particles emitted within the calibration sources of the Majorana Demonstrator. These sources are thorium-based calibration standards enclosed in carbon-rich materials. The reaction rate was estimated by using the 6129-keV γ rays emitted from the excited O16 states that are populated when the incoming α particles exceed the reaction Q value. Thanks to the excellent energy performance of the Demonstrator's germanium detectors, these characteristic photons can be clearly observed in the calibration data. Facilitated by Geant4 simulations, a comparison between the observed 6129-keV photon rates and predictions by a talys-based software was performed. The measurements and predictions were found to be consistent, albeit with large statistical uncertainties. This agreement provides support for background projections from (α,n) reactions in future double-beta decay search efforts.3 MoreReceived 2 April 2022Accepted 2 June 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.105.064610©2022 American Physical SocietyPhysics Subject Headings (PhySH)Research AreasH & He induced nuclear reactionsNeutrinoless double beta decayNeutron physicsNuclear astrophysicsNuclear reactionsNuclear structure & decaysTransfer reactionsProperties6 ≤ A ≤ 19Nuclear Physics