2022 journal article
A reconstructed discontinuous Galerkin method based on variational formulation for compressible flows
JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS, 466.
A new reconstructed discontinuous Galerkin (rDG) method based on variational formulation is developed for compressible flows. In the presented method, a higher-order piece-wise polynomial is reconstructed based on the underlying discontinuous Galerkin (DG) solution. This reconstruction is done by using a newly developed variational formulation. The variational reconstruction (VR) can be seen as an extension of the compact finite difference (FD) schemes to unstructured grids. The reconstructed variables are obtained by solving an extreme-value problem, which minimizes the jumps of the reconstructed piece-wise polynomials across the cell interfaces, and therefore maximizes the smoothness of the reconstructed solution. Intrinsically, the stencils of the presented reconstruction are the entire mesh, so this method is robust even on tetrahedral grids. A variety of benchmark test cases are presented to assess the accuracy, efficiency and robustness of this rDG method. The numerical experiments demonstrate that the developed rDG method based on variational formulation can maintain the linear stability, obtain the designed high-order accuracy, and outperform the rDG counterpart based on the least-squares reconstruction for both inviscid and viscous compressible flows.