2022 journal article
A Fault Clearance and Restoration Approach for MMC-Based MTDC Grid
With the growth in continuous energy demand, high-voltage Multi-Terminal DC (MTDC) systems are technically and economically feasible to transmit bulk power and integrate additional energy sources. However, the high vulnerability of the MTDC systems to DC faults, especially pole-to-pole (P2P) faults, is technically challenging. The development of DC fault ride-through techniques such as DC circuit breakers is still challenging due to their high cost and complex operation. This paper presents the DC fault clearance and isolation method for an MMC-based MTDC grid without adopting the high-cost DC circuit breakers. Besides, a restoration sequence is proposed to re-energize the DC grid upon clearing the fault. An MMC-based four-terminal DC grid is implemented in a Control-Hardware-in-Loop (CHIL) environment based on Xilinx Virtex-7 FPGAs and Real-Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). The RTDS results show that the MTDC system satisfactorily rides through DC faults and can safely recover after DC faults.