2017 journal article

Modeling of the dynamic machining force of vibration-assisted nanomachining process

Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 28, 101–108.

By: X. Kong n, J. Dong n  & P. Cohen n 

co-author countries: United States of America πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

Nanofabrication technology is very important for many emerging engineering and scientific applications. Among different nanofabrication technologies, vibration-assisted nanomachining provides a low-cost easy-to-setup approach for producing structures with nano-scale resolution. It is very important to understand the mechanism for this nanomachining process and predict the involved machining force, so as to provide guidelines to achieve higher productivity and reduce tip wear. In this work, a machining force model for the tip-based nanomachining process was developed and validated. We analyzed the instantaneous engagement between the cutting tool (AFM tip) and the workpiece (PMMA film) during each tip rotation cycle for the vibration-assisted nanomachining process. A discrete voxel method was adopted to calculate the material removal rate at each moment, and an empirical machining force model is developed by correlating the machining force with material removal rate, which is a function of the input parameters of the nanomachining process. The machining force model was verified by experiments over a large range of machining conditions, and the coefficients in the force model were obtained by minimizing the Mean Square Error (MSE) method by comparing the predicted machining force from the model and measured machining force from the experiments. The results show a good fit between the predicted machining force and the measured machining force.