2022 journal article

Clade-Specific Monitoring of Airborne Pseudoperonospora spp. Sporangia Using Mitochondrial DNA Markers for Disease Management of Cucurbit Downy Mildew


MeSH headings : Cucumis sativus; DNA, Mitochondrial; Disease Management; Fungicides, Industrial / pharmacology; Genetic Markers; Oomycetes / genetics; Peronospora / genetics; Plant Diseases / prevention & control; Sporangia
TL;DR: Improved methodology for the monitoring of airborne Pseudoperonospora spp. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: September 27, 2022

Management of cucurbit downy mildew (CDM) caused by Pseudoperonospora cubensis, relies on an intensive fungicide program. In Michigan, CDM occurs annually due to an influx of airborne sporangia and timely alerts of airborne inoculum can assist growers in assessing the need to initiate fungicide sprays. This research aimed to improve the specific detection of airborne P. cubensis sporangia by adapting quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays to distinguish among P. cubensis clades I and II and P. humuli in spore trap samples from commercial production sites and research plots. We also evaluated the suitability of impaction spore traps compared with Burkard traps for detection of airborne sporangia. A multiplex qPCR assay improved the specificity of P. cubensis clade II detection accelerating the assessment of field spore trap samples. After 2 years of monitoring, P. cubensis clade II DNA was detected in spore trap samples before CDM symptoms were first observed in cucumber fields (July and August), while P. cubensis clade I DNA was not detected in air samples before or after the disease onset. In some commercial cucumber fields, P. humuli DNA was detected throughout the growing season. The Burkard spore trap appeared to be better suited for recovery of sporangia at low concentrations than the impaction spore trap. This improved methodology for the monitoring of airborne Pseudoperonospora spp. sporangia could be used as part of a CDM risk advisory system to time fungicide applications that protect cucurbit crops in Michigan.