2018 journal article

Lymphocyte Subsets in the Adrenal Glands of Dogs With Primary Hypoadrenocorticism

VETERINARY PATHOLOGY, 55(1), 177–181.

By: S. Friedenberg n, D. Brown, K. Meurs n & J. Law n

co-author countries: United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: Addison's disease; hypoadrenocorticism; endocrine diseases; adrenal gland; immunophenotype; lymphocyte subsets; dogs
MeSH headings : Addison Disease / pathology; Addison Disease / veterinary; Adrenal Glands / pathology; Animals; CD4 Lymphocyte Count / veterinary; Dog Diseases / immunology; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Female; In Situ Hybridization / veterinary; Lymphocyte Subsets / pathology; Male
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

Primary hypoadrenocorticism, or Addison’s disease, is an autoimmune condition common in certain dog breeds that leads to the destruction of the adrenal cortex and a clinical syndrome involving anorexia, gastrointestinal upset, and electrolyte imbalances. Previous studies have demonstrated that this destruction is strongly associated with lymphocytic-plasmacytic inflammation and that the lymphocytes are primarily T cells. In this study, we used both immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization to characterize the T-cell subtypes involved. We collected postmortem specimens of 5 dogs with primary hypoadrenocorticism and 2 control dogs and, using the aforementioned techniques, showed that the lymphocytes are primarily CD4+ rather than CD8+. These findings have important implications for improving our understanding of the pathogenesis and in searching for the underlying causative genetic polymorphisms.