2022 journal article
A web-based interactive physiologically based pharmacokinetic (iPBPK) model for meloxicam in broiler chickens and laying hens
FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, 168.
Meloxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) commonly used in food-producing animals, including chickens in an extralabel manner. This study aimed to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for meloxicam in broiler chickens and laying hens to facilitate withdrawal interval (WDI) estimations. The model structure for broiler chickens contained six compartments including plasma, muscle, liver, kidney, fat and rest of body, while an additional compartment of ovary was included for laying hens. The model adequately simulated available pharmacokinetic data of meloxicam in plasma of broiler chickens as well as tissue and egg data of laying hens. The model was converted to a web-based interface and used to predict WDIs following extralabel administrations. The results showed that the estimated WDIs were 50, 44, 11, 3, 3, 22 and 4 days for liver, kidney, muscle, fat, ovary, yolk and white, respectively in laying hens after 14 repeated oral administrations of meloxicam (1 mg/kg) at 24-h intervals. This model provides a useful and flexible tool for risk assessment and management of residues for meat and eggs from chickens treated with meloxicam and will serve as a basis for extrapolation to other NSAID drugs and other poultry species to aid animal-derived food safety assessment.