2022 journal article

Hierarchical Analysis of Factors Determining the Impact of Forest Certification in Mexico


By: E. Montiel*, F. Cubbage n, A. Rojo-Alboreca*, M. Morones-Esquivel*, C. Lujan-Álvarez*, E. Montiel-Antuna*, P. López-Serrano*, F. Pérez-Rodríguez, J. Corral*

co-author countries: Spain 🇪🇸 Mexico 🇲🇽 United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP); principles; criteria; indicators
Source: ORCID
Added: December 13, 2022

Forest certification is a private, voluntary and market-driven instrument designed to promote responsible forest management. This paper focused on the FSC and the NOM NMX-AA-143-SCFI-2008 schemes used in Mexico for the certification of sustainable forest management. In this paper we used the analytical hierarchical process (AHP) to study the factors that determine the main impacts of forest certification in México. A panel of 30 experts was selected as decision-makers to find which principles, criteria and indicators are considered as the most relevant while implementing forest certification. For decision-makers, the environmental principle occupied the first place with 40.26% of importance in the implementation of forest certification, followed by the social principle, and the economic principle with 32.15% and 27.59% of importance, respectively. Regarding the criteria, forest management and production, biodiversity, and forest protection were considered to be the most relevant. Regarding the indicators, the results indicated that forest certification in Mexico can have a positive impact on the existence of educational institutions, community services such as water, energy, medical services and drainage, the quality of the forest management plans, investment in forest management, machinery and equipment, environmental services, recreation, tourism, research, development and community education, planning for the conservation of biological diversity, and planning for biodiversity conservation.