2022 article

At-Line Sampling and Characterization of Pyrolytic Vapors from Biomass Feedstock Blends Using SPME-GC/MS-PCA: Influence of Char on Fast Pyrolysis

Molina, E. A. R., Soneja, R., Diaz, M. H., Tilotta, D. C., & Kelley, S. S. (2022, December 5). JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY.

By: E. Molina n, R. Soneja n, M. Diaz n, D. Tilotta n & S. Kelley n

author keywords: SPME-GC/MS-PC-1; pyrolysis vapors; biochar; fluidized-bed reactor; biomass; fast pyrolysis
MeSH headings : Biomass; Pyrolysis; Lignin / chemistry; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Solid Phase Microextraction; Principal Component Analysis; Cellulose / chemistry; Gases; Hot Temperature
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 19, 2022

Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis was used for the at-line sampling of pyrolytic vapors produced during the fast pyrolysis of biomass. The pure and binary blends of switchgrass (SWG) and pine harvest residues (PT6) were used as biomass feedstocks. Sequential SPME sampling allowed for monitoring of changes in the pyrolysis vapors as char accumulated in the fluid bed. The relative concentration and composition of the pyrolysis vapors desorbed from the SPME fibers were investigated using GC-MS, and the resulting chromatograms were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) to compare the composition of the pyrolysis vapors over the course of the pyrolysis run. The chemical compositions of both carbohydrate and lignin fragments varied as the char builds up in the reactor bed. Fragments derived from cellulose and hemicelluloses included anhydrosugars, furans, and light-oxygenated compounds. Lignin fragments included methoxyphenols, phenolic ketones, aldehydes, and low-molecular-weight aromatics. The composition of the carbohydrate fragments changed more than those of the lignin fragments as the char built up in the fluid bed. This combination of SPME-GC/MS-PCA was a novel, easy, and effective method for measuring the composition and changes in the composition of pyrolysis vapors during the fast pyrolysis process. This work also highlighted the effect of char build-up on the composition of the overall pyrolysis vapors.