2022 article

Outcomes of 434 dogs with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug toxicosis treated with fluid therapy, lipid emulsion, or therapeutic plasma exchange

Chalifoux, N. V., Butty, E. M., Mauro, K. D., Moyle, R. B., Ehrhardt, C. M., Robertson, J. B., … Lynch, A. M. (2022, December 1). JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE.

By: N. Chalifoux*, E. Butty*, K. Mauro*, R. Moyle, C. Ehrhardt*, J. Robertson n, M. Labato*, C. Culler ...

co-author countries: Switzerland 🇨🇭 United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: carprofen; ibuprofen; ILE; intoxication; naproxen; NSAID; TPE
MeSH headings : Dogs; Animals; Ibuprofen / adverse effects; Plasma Exchange / veterinary; Retrospective Studies; Creatinine; Emulsions / adverse effects; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects; Fluid Therapy / veterinary; Dog Diseases / chemically induced; Dog Diseases / therapy; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Lipids
Source: Web Of Science
Added: January 3, 2023

Traditional management of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) intoxication includes gastrointestinal decontamination, intravenous administration of fluids (IVF), and gastroprotection. Intravenous administration of lipid emulsion (ILE) and therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) are popular novel therapeutic strategies.Compare outcomes of dogs treated with IVF, ILE, and TPE for NSAID intoxications and evaluate outcome predictors for drug subgroups.Four hundred thirty-four dogs with NSAID intoxications (2015-2020).Multicenter retrospective study of ibuprofen, carprofen, and naproxen intoxication. An ordinal outcome was defined as mild gastrointestinal, moderate kidney, or signs of severe central nervous system disease.Signs of neurological disease were overrepresented and acute kidney injury underrepresented in the TPE group among dogs exposed to kidney- or CNS-toxic doses (P = .05), though all TPE dogs with signs of neurological disease had evidence of neurotoxicity at presentation. Dogs treated with IVF had a higher maximal creatinine concentration (median, 1.1 mg/dL; range, 0.4-8.44 mg/dL) compared with IVF + ILE (median, 0.9 mg/dL; range, 0.4-6.2 mg/dL; P = .01). Increased maximum time to presentation (P < .001), higher baseline creatinine (P < .001) and PCV (P = .007), and absence of induced emesis (P < .001) were associated with greater clinical severity. Ibuprofen toxicosis was associated with more severe clinical signs compared with carprofen (P = .03). Overall survival rate was 99%.NSAID toxicosis generally carries an excellent prognosis in dogs. Despite similar outcomes of lower incidence of AKI in the TPE group, and slightly lower maximal creatinine concentration in dogs treated with ILE vs IVF alone, ILE and TPE should be considered in the management of severe NSAID toxicosis.