2023 journal article
The divergent pH dependence of substrate turnover in dehaloperoxidases A and B
JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY, 238.
The pH-dependent peroxidase activity in both dehaloperoxidases A and B was studied by a kinetic assay, stopped flow spectroscopy, resonance Raman spectroscopy, and high-performance liquid chromatography at pH 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0. At pH 7.0, both isozymes follow the peroxidase ping-pong kinetic model derived from the three-step reaction scheme using the steady-state approximation. However, deviation from standard saturation behavior is observed at pH < 6.0 and [TCP] > 0.7 mM, owing to multiple processes: a) self-inhibition of TCP by internal binding; b) oxidation of the product by a pH- and concentration-dependent secondary reaction; and c) formation of an inactive species known as compound RH in the absence of oxidizable substrate. Although DHP-A and DHP-B differ by only 5 amino acids, they show a complete trend reversal in their observed peroxidase kinetics and product yields. Although at pH 7.0 DHP-B had higher TCP oxidation activity than DHP-A as reported previously, as pH was lowered, DHP-A appeared to have a higher peroxidase activity than DHP-B. This is an unprecedented result. However, the fact that there are multiple processes contributing to both kinetics and yield of TCP oxidation complicates interpretation of these data. Deactivation via compound RH and self-inhibition are pH dependent reactions that compete with substrate oxidation. Compound RH formation was observed to be rapid at low pH. A complete set of control experiments were conducted to differentiate the various contributions to the observed enzyme kinetics.