2022 journal article
The Challenges of Modeling Defect Behavior and Plasticity across Spatial and Temporal Scales: A Case Study of Metal Bilayer Impact
Atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) and a microstructural dislocation density-based crystalline plasticity (DCP) framework were used together across time scales varying from picoseconds to nanoseconds and length scales spanning from angstroms to micrometers to model a buried copper–nickel interface subjected to high strain rates. The nucleation and evolution of defects, such as dislocations and stacking faults, as well as large inelastic strain accumulations and wave-induced stress reflections were physically represented in both approaches. Both methods showed similar qualitative behavior, such as defects originating along the impactor edges, a dominance of Shockley partial dislocations, and non-continuous dislocation distributions across the buried interface. The favorable comparison between methods justifies assumptions used in both, to model phenomena, such as the nucleation and interactions of single defects and partials with reflected tensile waves, based on MD predictions, which are consistent with the evolution of perfect and partial dislocation densities as predicted by DCP. This substantiates how the nanoscale as modeled by MD is representative of microstructural behavior as modeled by DCP.