Ergonomic Assessment of Surgeon Characteristics and Laparoscopic Device Strain in Gynecologic Surgery
Wong, J. M. K., Moore, K. J., Lewis, P., Reid, M., Saul, K., & Carey, E. T. (2022, December). JOURNAL OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGY, Vol. 29, pp. 1357–1363.
To evaluate whether surgeon characteristics, including sex and hand size, were associated with grip strength decline with laparoscopic advanced energy devices.Prospective cohort study.Ergonomic simulation at an academic tertiary care site and the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons 47th Annual Meeting.Thirty-eight participants (19 women and 19 men) were recruited.Surgeon anthropometric measurements were collected. Each participant completed a 120-second trial of maximum voluntary effort with 3 laparoscopic advanced energy devices (LigaSure, HALO PKS, and ENSEAL). Grip strength was measured using a handheld dynamometer. Subjects completed the NASA Raw Task Load Index scale after each device trial. Grip strengths and ergonomic workload scores were compared using Student t tests and Wilcoxon rank sum tests where appropriate. Univariate and multivariate models analyzed hand size and ergonomic workload.Women had lower baseline grip strength (288 vs 451 N) than men, as did participants with glove size <7 compared with ≥7 (231 vs 397 N). Normalized grip strength was not associated with surgeon sex (p = .08), whereas it was significantly associated with surgeon glove size (p <.01). Grip strength decline was significantly greater for smaller compared to larger handed surgeons for LigaSure (p = .02) and HALO PKS devices (p <.01). The ergonomic workload of device use was significantly greater for smaller compared to larger handed surgeons (p <.01). Surgeon handspan significantly predicted grip strength decline with device use, even after accounting for potential confounders (R2 = .23, β = .8, p <.01).Surgeons with smaller hand size experienced a greater grip strength decline and greater ergonomic workload during repetitive laparoscopic device use. No relationship was found between surgeon sex and grip strength decline or ergonomic workload. Laparoscopic device type was also identified as a significant main effect contributing to grip strength decline. These findings point toward ergonomic strain stemming from an improper fit between the laparoscopic device and the surgeon's hand during device use.