2023 journal article

Ultrasonographic Appearance of Gallbladder Neoplasia in 14 Dogs and 1 Cat

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound.

By: A. MacLeod, J. Reichle, D. Szabo, E. Cohen*‚ÄČ, C. Artiles, C. Fulkerson, M. Kurihara*, J. Mattoon

MeSH headings : Humans; Dogs; Animals; Gallbladder Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging; Gallbladder Neoplasms / veterinary; Gallbladder / diagnostic imaging; Gallbladder / pathology; Retrospective Studies; Gallbladder Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Gallbladder Diseases / veterinary; Leiomyoma / veterinary; Ultrasonography / veterinary; Dog Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Dog Diseases / pathology
Source: ORCID
Added: March 4, 2023

Ultrasonography is the most commonly used diagnostic imaging tool for gallbladder disease in veterinary medicine. Primary gallbladder neoplasia is an uncommon finding with variable prognosis for which no studies have been published describing their ultrasonographic appearance and diagnosis. This retrospective, multicenter, case series study examines the ultrasonographic appearance of gallbladder neoplasia with histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnoses. A total of 14 dogs and 1 cat were analyzed. All discrete masses were sessile in shape and varied in size, echogenicity, location, and gallbladder wall thickening. All studies with images showing Doppler interrogation exhibited vascularity. Cholecystoliths were an uncommon finding, being present in only one case in this study, unlike in humans. The final diagnosis of the gallbladder neoplasia was neuroendocrine carcinoma (8), leiomyoma (3), lymphoma (1), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (1), extrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (1), and adenoma (1). Findings from this study indicate that primary gallbladder neoplasms have variable sonographic appearances and cytologic and histologic diagnoses.