2001 journal article

A pulsed jumping ring apparatus for demonstration of Lenz's law


By: P. Tanner n, J. Loebach n, J. Cook n & H. Hallen n

co-author countries: United States of America 🇺🇸
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

Lenz’s law is often demonstrated in classrooms by the use of Elihu Thomson’s jumping ring. However, it is ironic that a thorough analysis of the physics of the ac jumping ring reveals that the operation is due mainly to a phase difference, not Lenz’s law. A complete analysis of the physics behind the ac jumping ring is difficult for the introductory student. We present a design for a pulsed jumping ring which can be fully described by the application of Lenz’s law. Other advantages of this system are that it lends itself to a rigorous analysis of the force balances and energy flow. The simple jumping ring apparatus closely resembles Thomson’s, but is powered by a capacitor bank. The jump heights were measured for several rings as a function of energy stored in the capacitors. A simple model describes the data well. Currents in both the drive coil and ring are measured and that of the drive coil modeled to illuminate some properties of the capacitors. An analysis of the energy flow in the system explains the higher jump heights, to 2 m, when the ring is cooled.