Works (67)

Updated: April 8th, 2024 08:24

2024 article

Do animal husbandry operations contaminate groundwater sources with antimicrobial resistance: systematic review

Meyer, C., Price, S., & Ercumen, A. (2024, February 6). ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, Vol. 2.

By: C. Meyer n, S. Price n & A. Ercumen n

author keywords: Food production animals; Animal feeding operations; Antibiotic resistance; Water quality; Private wells; Animal waste management
TL;DR: Contamination was mostly found in onsite wells, especially downgradient of waste lagoons, but also in offsite private wells up to 2–3 km away, and appeared to increase with rainy conditions. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 19, 2024

2024 article

Improved Child Feces Management Mediates Reductions in Childhood Diarrhea from an On-Site Sanitation Intervention: Causal Mediation Analysis of a Cluster-Randomized Trial in Rural Bangladesh

Contreras, J. D., Islam, M., Mertens, A., Pickering, A. J., Arnold, B. F., Benjamin-Chung, J., … Ercumen, A. (2024, March 20). JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND GLOBAL HEALTH, Vol. 3.

By: J. Contreras*, M. Islam, A. Mertens, A. Pickering, B. Arnold, J. Benjamin-Chung, A. Hubbard, M. Rahman ...

author keywords: Sanitation; Latrine; Child feces; Intervention; Diarrheal disease; Mediation
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: April 1, 2024

2023 journal article

Assessing sustained uptake of latrine and child feces management interventions: Extended follow-up of a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh 1-3.5 years after intervention initiation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYGIENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 250.

By: M. Islam*, M. Rahman*, M. Kafi*, L. Unicomb*, M. Rahman*, A. Mertens*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, B. Arnold* ...

author keywords: Sanitation; Open defecation; Latrine; Potty; Sani-scoop; Child feces management; User uptake
MeSH headings : Humans; Toilet Facilities; Bangladesh; Follow-Up Studies; Feces; Hygiene; Rural Population; Sanitation
TL;DR: The findings from an intervention that provided free products and intensive initial behavior change promotion suggest a sustained increase in hygienic latrine access up to 3.5 years after intervention initiation but infrequent use of child feces management tools. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: April 17, 2023

2022 journal article

Contamination of Fresh Produce with Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and Associated Risks to Human Health: A Scoping Review

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH.

author keywords: antimicrobial resistance; antibiotic-resistant bacteria; antibiotic resistance genes; agriculture; fresh agriculture products; vegetables; fruits; leafy greens; retail markets; health risks
MeSH headings : Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists / pharmacology; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents / toxicity; Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial; Escherichia coli; Humans
TL;DR: It is indicated that good agricultural and manufacturing practices, behavioural change communication and awareness-raising programs are required for all stakeholders along the food production and consumption supply chain to prevent ARB/ARG exposure through produce. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 7, 2022

2022 journal article

Evaluation of an on-site sanitation intervention against childhood diarrhea and acute respiratory infection 1 to 3.5 years after implementation: Extended follow-up of a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

PLOS MEDICINE, 19(8).

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

Ed(s): Z. Bhutta

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / prevention & control; Follow-Up Studies; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology; Respiratory Tract Infections / prevention & control; Rural Population; Sanitation / methods
TL;DR: The observed effect of the WASH Benefits Bangladesh sanitation intervention on diarrhea in children appeared to be sustained for at least 3.5 years after implementation, suggesting that improving on-site latrine quality can deliver health benefits when latrine use practices are in place. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science
Added: September 16, 2022

2022 journal article

Exploring the determinants and indicators of poultry feces management behaviors in rural Western Uganda

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 834.

By: J. Lowe n, A. Ercumen n, C. Prottas & R. Harris n

author keywords: Animal husbandry; Fecal contamination; Sanitation; Hygiene; Animal feces management; Enteric pathogens
MeSH headings : Animals; Feces; Humans; Hygiene; Poultry; Sanitation; Uganda
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: June 14, 2022

2022 journal article

Higher helminth ova counts and incomplete decomposition in sand-enveloped latrine pits in a coastal sub-district of Bangladesh

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 16(6), e0010495.

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

Ed(s): T. Leon

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Helminths; Sand; Sanitation / methods; Sewage; Toilet Facilities
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: September 16, 2022

2022 journal article

Influence of community-level sanitation coverage and population density on environmental fecal contamination and child health in a longitudinal cohort in rural Bangladesh

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYGIENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 245.

By: J. Contreras n, M. Islam*, A. Mertens*, A. Pickering*, L. Kwong*, B. Arnold*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, A. Hubbard* ...

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

author keywords: Sanitation coverage; Latrine coverage; Fecal contamination; Diarrheal disease; WASH
MeSH headings : Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Child Health; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / prevention & control; Escherichia coli; Feces; Humans; Population Density; Rural Population; Sanitation; Toilet Facilities
TL;DR: At higher population densities, community latrine coverage was associated with larger reductions in E. coli on child and caregiver hands and prevalence of diarrheal disease, and effects were similar but less pronounced at 100 m. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science
Added: September 16, 2022

2021 journal article

Biology, behavior and policy, or, Dr. Fauci, Sen. Paul and Prof. Lucas walk into a pandemic

EClinicalMedicine, 31, 100719.

By: A. Ercumen n, R. Guiteras n & D. Spears*

TL;DR: In a highly-publicized recent exchange in the U.S. Senate, Dr. Anthony Fauci and Rand Paul expressed radically different views on the level of herd immunity needed to contain the coronavirus epidemic, with the implication that restrictions on activity can be reduced without risking runaway disease transmission. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: January 28, 2021

2021 journal article

Does Irrigation with Treated and Untreated Wastewater Increase Antimicrobial Resistance in Soil and Water: A Systematic Review

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH.

By: S. Slobodiuk n, C. Niven n, G. Arthur n, S. Thakur n & A. Ercumen n

author keywords: antimicrobial resistance; resistance genes; resistant bacteria; persistent organic pollutants; wastewater irrigation; wastewater reuse; water scarcity; water insecurity; untreated municipal wastewater; treated municipal wastewater
MeSH headings : Agricultural Irrigation; Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology; Drug Resistance, Bacterial; Genes, Bacterial; Humans; Soil; Wastewater / analysis; Water
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that irrigation with untreated wastewater increases AMR in soil and call for precautionary action by field workers, their families, and consumers when untreated wastewater is used to irrigate crops. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: December 13, 2021

2021 journal article

Effect of sanitation improvements on soil-transmitted helminth eggs in courtyard soil from rural Bangladesh: Evidence from a cluster-randomized controlled trial

PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES, 15(7).

By: L. Kwong*, D. Sen*, S. Islam*, S. Shahriar*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, B. Arnold*, A. Hubbard*, S. Parvez* ...

MeSH headings : Adolescent; Animals; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Family Characteristics; Feces / parasitology; Female; Helminthiasis / epidemiology; Helminthiasis / parasitology; Helminthiasis / prevention & control; Helminthiasis / transmission; Helminths / classification; Helminths / genetics; Helminths / isolation & purification; Helminths / physiology; Humans; Hygiene; Male; Parasite Egg Count; Rural Population / statistics & numerical data; Sanitation; Soil / parasitology
TL;DR: In order to effectively reduce the prevalence and abundance of STH eggs in the environment, sustained, widespread use of sanitation strategies to isolate and hygienically dispose of child and animal feces may need to complement traditional strategies for containment of adult human feces. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 30, 2021

2021 journal article

Effective Treatment Strategies for the Removal of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, Antibiotic-Resistance Genes, and Antibiotic Residues in the Effluent From Wastewater Treatment Plants Receiving Municipal, Hospital, and Domestic Wastewater: Protocol for a Systematic Review

JMIR RESEARCH PROTOCOLS.

author keywords: antimicrobial resistance; antimicrobial-resistant bacteria; antibiotic-resistant bacteria; antimicrobial-resistance genes; antibiotic-resistance genes; antibiotics; antibiotic residues; wastewater treatment plant; effluent; systematic review
TL;DR: A systematic review is conducted to determine the most effective treatment strategies for the removal of ARB, ARGs, and antibiotic residues from the treated effluent disposed into the environment from WWTPs that receive municipal, hospital, and domestic discharge. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 21, 2022

2021 journal article

Effectiveness of Mass Media Campaigns to Improve Handwashing-Related Behavior, Knowledge, and Practices in Rural Bangladesh

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 104(4), 1546–1553.

MeSH headings : Caregivers / statistics & numerical data; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Hand Disinfection; Health Behavior; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Hygiene / education; Male; Mass Media / standards; Rural Population / statistics & numerical data; Sanitation / methods; Sanitation / standards; Soaps; Toilet Facilities; Water
TL;DR: Improved handwashing knowledge and behaviors following a mass media campaign can be deployed to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene practices at scale and should be evaluated in other contexts. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 article

Food, water, and sanitation insecurities: Complex linkages and implications for achieving WASH security

Workman, C. L., Stoler, J., Harris, A., Ercumen, A., Kearns, J., & Mapunda, K. M. (2021, September 8). GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol. 9.

By: C. Workman*, J. Stoler*, A. Harris n, A. Ercumen n, J. Kearns* & K. Mapunda*

MeSH headings : Child; Humans; Child, Preschool; Sanitation; Water; Hygiene; Water Supply; Water Quality
TL;DR: The complexity of combined resource insecurities is outlined as a step towards transformative WASH security—one that addresses myriad transmission pathways and co-occurring diseases—that ultimately would improve health outcomes throughout the world. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: September 11, 2021

2021 journal article

Household finished flooring and soil-transmitted helminth and Giardia infections among children in rural Bangladesh and Kenya: a prospective cohort study

The Lancet Global Health, 9(3), e301–e308.

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

MeSH headings : Adolescent; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Developing Countries; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Feces / parasitology; Female; Floors and Floorcoverings / methods; Giardiasis / epidemiology; Giardiasis / transmission; Helminthiasis / epidemiology; Helminthiasis / transmission; Housing; Humans; Kenya / epidemiology; Male; Prevalence; Prospective Studies; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction; Rural Population; Soil / parasitology
Source: ORCID
Added: September 16, 2022

2021 journal article

Longitudinal Effects of a Sanitation Intervention on Environmental Fecal Contamination in a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Bangladesh

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 55(12), 8169–8179.

By: J. Contreras n, M. Islam*, A. Mertens*, A. Pickering*, L. Kwong*, B. Arnold*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, A. Hubbard* ...

author keywords: latrine; potty; child feces management; WASH; fecal indicator bacteria; E. coli; disease transmission pathways; environmental sampling
MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Child; Escherichia coli; Feces; Humans; Rural Population; Sanitation; Toilet Facilities
TL;DR: The findings support a growing consensus that on-site latrines are insufficient to prevent fecal contamination in the rural household environment and support the WASH Benefits Bangladesh randomized controlled trial. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: July 26, 2021

2021 journal article

Soil ingestion among young children in rural Bangladesh

JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, 31(1), 82–93.

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

author keywords: Soil; Dust; Geophagia; Bangladesh; Extraction efficiency
MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Child; Child, Preschool; Eating; Environmental Exposure / analysis; Humans; Infant; Mouth; Soil
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 8, 2021

2021 article

Water use behaviors and water access in intermittent and continuous water supply areas during the COVID-19 pandemic

Kumpel, E., Billava, N., Nayak, N., & Ercumen, A. (2021, November 24). JOURNAL OF WATER AND HEALTH, Vol. 11.

By: E. Kumpel*, N. Billava*, N. Nayak* & A. Ercumen n

author keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; drinking water; handwashing; intermittent water supply; piped water; water access
MeSH headings : COVID-19; Humans; Pandemics / prevention & control; SARS-CoV-2; Water Quality; Water Supply
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: December 6, 2021

2020 journal article

Age-related changes to environmental exposure: variation in the frequency that young children place hands and objects in their mouths

JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, 30(1), 205–216.

author keywords: micro-level activity time series data set (MLATS); exposure factors; indirect ingestion; mouthing; microactivities; Bangladesh
MeSH headings : Accidents, Home; Child; Child Behavior; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Eating; Environmental Exposure / analysis; Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data; Environmental Pollution; Ethnicity; Feces; Female; Hand; Humans; Male; Mouth; Rural Population; Soil
TL;DR: The results suggest that children’s hand- and object-mouthing vary by geography and culture and that future exposure assessments can be cross-sectional if the goal is to estimate population-level distributions of mouthing frequencies. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 6, 2020

2020 article

Age-related changes to environmental exposure: variation in the frequency that young children place hands and objects in their mouths (vol 17, pg 631, 2019)

Kwong, L. H., Ercumen, A., Pickering, A. J., Unicomb, L., Davis, J., & Luby, S. P. (2020, July). JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, Vol. 30, pp. 769–772.

TL;DR: An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: July 13, 2020

2020 journal article

Child defecation and feces management practices in rural Bangladesh: Associations with fecal contamination, observed hand cleanliness and child diarrhea

PLOS ONE, 15(7).

By: M. Islam*, M. Rahman*, L. Unicomb*, M. Kafi*, M. Rahman*, M. Alam*, D. Sen*, S. Islam* ...

MeSH headings : Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Defecation; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / microbiology; Drinking Water / microbiology; Feces / microbiology; Female; Hand Hygiene; Housing; Humans; Male; Pregnancy; Rural Population / statistics & numerical data; Sanitation; Seasons; Water Pollution
TL;DR: It is suggested that unsafe child feces management may present a source of fecal exposure for young children in rural Bangladesh and that unsafe defecation and feces disposal should be avoided. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 17, 2020

2020 journal article

Comparison of multi-parallel qPCR and double-slide Kato-Katz for detection of soil-transmitted helminth infection among children in rural Bangladesh

PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES, 14(4).

By: J. Benjamin-Chung*, N. Pilotte*, A. Ercumen n, J. Grant*, J. Maasch*, A. Gonzalez*, A. Ester*, B. Arnold* ...

MeSH headings : Ancylostomatoidea / isolation & purification; Animals; Ascaris lumbricoides / isolation & purification; Bangladesh; Child; Child, Preschool; DNA, Helminth / genetics; DNA, Ribosomal / genetics; Feces / parasitology; Female; Helminthiasis / diagnosis; Humans; Infant; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / diagnosis; Male; Microbiological Techniques / methods; Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods; RNA, Ribosomal, 18S / genetics; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods; Rural Population; Sensitivity and Specificity; Trichuris / isolation & purification
TL;DR: Compared to double-slide Kato-Katz, STH prevalence using qPCR was almost 3-fold higher for hookworm species and nearly 2-foldHigher for Trichuris trichiura, and qPCC had higher sensitivity than Kato -Katz in this low intensity infection setting. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 24, 2020

2020 journal article

Effect of Sanitation Improvements on Pathogens and Microbial Source Tracking Markers in the Rural Bangladeshi Household Environment

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 54(7), 4316–4326.

By: E. Fuhrmeister*, A. Ercumen n, A. Pickering*, K. Jeanis*, Y. Crider*, M. Ahmed*, S. Brown*, M. Alam* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Child; Escherichia coli; Family Characteristics; Feces; Humans; Sanitation; Toilet Facilities
TL;DR: The impact of a sanitation intervention in rural Bangladeshi household compounds was measured by assessing prevalence ratios, differences, and changes in the concentration of pathogen genes and host-specific fecal markers. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: May 8, 2020

2020 journal article

Faecal contamination of the environment and child health: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis

The Lancet Planetary Health, 4(9), e405–e415.

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

MeSH headings : Child; Child Health; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / microbiology; Environmental Microbiology; Family Characteristics; Feces / microbiology; Hand / microbiology; Humans; Odds Ratio
TL;DR: Although summary measures from individual studies often report little or no effect of measured faecal contamination on child health, this multi-study IPD analysis indicates that household faecic bacteria concentrations are associated with important adverse health outcomes in young children. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: September 16, 2022

2020 journal article

Ingestion of Fecal Bacteria along Multiple Pathways by Young Children in Rural Bangladesh Participating in a Cluster-Randomized Trial of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions (WASH Benefits)

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 54(21), 13828–13838.

author keywords: diarrhea; environmental enteropathy; fecal contamination; E. coli; multiple pathways; child health; exposure; Bangladesh
MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Child; Child, Preschool; Eating; Escherichia coli; Feces; Humans; Hygiene; Infant; Rural Population; Sanitation; Water
TL;DR: Contaminated soil, children’s hands, food, and objects as primary pathways of E. coli ingestion are highlighted and the value of intervening along these pathways is emphasized. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 1, 2021

2020 journal article

Measuring Environmental Exposure to Enteric Pathogens in Low-Income Settings: Review and Recommendations of an Interdisciplinary Working Group

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 54(19), 11673–11691.

MeSH headings : Child; Child, Preschool; Environmental Exposure; Feces; Humans; Hygiene; Poverty; Sanitation
TL;DR: Current and emerging approaches used to characterize enteric pathogen hazards in different environmental media as well as human interaction with those media and methods that measure human infection with enteric pathogens as a proxy for past exposure are summarized and recommended. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: December 11, 2020

2020 journal article

Poultry Ownership Associated with Increased Risk of Child Diarrhea: Cross-Sectional Evidence from Uganda

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102(3), 526–533.

By: A. Ercumen n, C. Prottas, A. Harris n, A. Dioguardi, G. Dowd n & R. Guiteras n

Contributors: A. Ercumen n

MeSH headings : Adult; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / etiology; Housing; Humans; Infant; Linear Models; Ownership; Poultry; Prevalence; Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology; Respiratory Tract Infections / etiology; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Uganda / epidemiology
TL;DR: Assessment of health outcomes in children aged < 5 years associated with animal presence among 793 rural households in Uganda found that barring chickens from indoor living quarters and sanitary disposal of chicken and other animal feces can reduce childhood zoonotic infections. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Crossref
Added: January 28, 2020

2020 journal article

Shared bacterial communities between soil, stored drinking water, and hands in rural Bangladeshi households

WATER RESEARCH X, 9.

By: E. Fuhrmeister*, A. Ercumen n, J. Grembi*, M. Islam*, A. Pickering* & K. Nelson*

author keywords: 16S rRNA gene sequencing; SourceTracker; Low-and middle-income countries; Pathogen transmission; Fecal contamination
TL;DR: Intra-household sharing of bacteria between mothers’ and children’s hands and between hands and soil was significantly greater than inter- household sharing and the relative percentage of human fecal-associated bacteria in all household reservoirs was low. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 19, 2021

2020 journal article

What Environmental Factors Influence the Concentration of Fecal Indicator Bacteria in Groundwater? Insights from Explanatory Modeling in Uganda and Bangladesh

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 54(21), 13566–13578.

By: C. Poulin, R. Peletz, A. Ercumen n, A. Pickering*, K. Marshall, A. Boehm*, R. Khush, C. Delaire

MeSH headings : Bacteria; Bangladesh; Cities; Drinking Water; Environmental Monitoring; Groundwater; Uganda
TL;DR: A groundwater contamination index for each country is developed to help decision-makers identify areas where groundwater is most prone to fecal contamination and prioritize monitoring activities and demonstrates how to harness satellite-derived data to guide water safety management. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 1, 2021

2019 journal article

Effects of Water, Sanitation, Handwashing, and Nutritional Interventions on Environmental Enteric Dysfunction in Young Children: A Cluster-randomized, Controlled Trial in Rural Bangladesh

Clinical Infectious Diseases, 4.

By: A. Lin*, S. Ali*, B. Arnold*, M. Rahman*, M. Alauddin*, J. Grembi*, A. Mertens*, S. Famida* ...

Contributors: A. Ercumen*

author keywords: environmental enteric dysfunction; environmental enteropathy; early childhood intervention; nutrition; water sanitation hygiene trial
MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Infant; Pregnancy; Rural Population; Sanitation; Water
TL;DR: Reductions in permeability and inflammation at ages 3 and 14 months suggest that the interventions promoted healthy intestinal maturation; however, by 28 months the WSH and nutrition arms showed elevated EED biomarkers. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: September 16, 2022

2019 journal article

Effects of lipid-based nutrient supplements and infant and young child feeding counseling with or without improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) on anemia and micronutrient status: results from 2 cluster-randomized trials in Kenya and Bangladesh

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1.

By: C. Stewart*, K. Dewey*, A. Lin*, A. Pickering, K. Byrd*, K. Jannat*, S. Ali*, G. Rao* ...

author keywords: lipid-based nutrient supplement; water; sanitation; hygiene; anemia; micronutrients; children
MeSH headings : Anemia / epidemiology; Anemia / prevention & control; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Child, Preschool; Dietary Supplements; Female; Hand Disinfection; Health Promotion / methods; Hemoglobins / analysis; Humans; Hygiene; Infant; Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Kenya / epidemiology; Lipids / administration & dosage; Micronutrients / administration & dosage; Micronutrients / deficiency; Nutrients / administration & dosage; Nutritional Status; Pregnancy; Sanitation / methods; Water Quality
TL;DR: IYCF counseling with LNSs reduced the risks of anemia, iron deficiency, and low vitamin B-12 in young children in Bangladesh but did not provide added benefit over the nutrition-specific intervention. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2019 journal article

Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing and nutritional interventions on soil-transmitted helminth infections in young children: A cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES, 13(5).

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Diet; Feces / parasitology; Female; Fresh Water / parasitology; Hand Disinfection / methods; Helminthiasis / epidemiology; Helminthiasis / prevention & control; Helminthiasis / transmission; Helminths / classification; Helminths / genetics; Helminths / isolation & purification; Humans; Male; Nutrition Assessment; Pregnant Women; Sanitation / methods; Soil / parasitology
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: June 24, 2019

2019 journal article

Microbiological contamination of young children's hands in rural Bangladesh: Associations with child age and observed hand cleanliness as proxy

PLOS ONE, 14(9).

By: S. Parvez*, R. Azad*, A. Pickering*, L. Kwong*, B. Arnold*, M. Rahman*, M. Rahman*, M. Alam* ...

MeSH headings : Age Factors; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Feces / microbiology; Hand / microbiology; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Infant
TL;DR: Hand contamination with E. coli was prevalent among young children in rural Bangladesh, with higher levels of contamination among mobile children and targeted messaging to mothers to wipe or wash children’s hands after contact with animals and animal feces reduce child hand contamination. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: June 1, 2020

2019 journal article

Predictors of Enteric Pathogens in the Domestic Environment from Human and Animal Sources in Rural Bangladesh

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 53(17), 10023–10033.

By: E. Fuhrmeister*, A. Ercumen n, A. Pickering*, K. Jeanis*, M. Ahmed*, S. Brown*, B. Arnold*, A. Hubbard* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Child; Escherichia coli; Feces; Humans; Hygiene; Sanitation; Water Microbiology
TL;DR: There were no significant associations between the human fecal marker (HumM2) and human-specific pathogens in any environmental sample type, and domestic animals were important contributors to enteric pathogens in these households. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: September 23, 2019

2019 journal article

Sand barriers around latrine pits reduce fecal bacterial leaching into shallow groundwater: a randomized controlled trial in coastal Bangladesh

Environmental Science & Technology, 1.

By: A. Naser*, S. Doza*, M. Rahman*, K. Ahmed*, M. Gazi*, G. Alam*, M. Karim*, G. Khan* ...

MeSH headings : Bacteria; Bangladesh; Escherichia coli; Geologic Sediments; Groundwater; Random Allocation; Toilet Facilities
TL;DR: A sand barrier around latrine pits can modestly reduce the risk presented by pit leaching, and the difference in mean log10MPN FIB counts/100 mL in monitoring well samples between latrines with and without a sand barrier is determined. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2019 journal article

The role of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in reducing soil-transmitted helminths: interpreting the evidence and identifying next steps

PARASITES & VECTORS, 12.

By: S. Nery*, A. Pickering*, E. Abate*, A. Asmare, L. Barrett*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, D. Bundy*, T. Clasen* ...

author keywords: Soil-transmitted helminths; Water; Sanitation; Hygiene; WASH
MeSH headings : Animals; Clinical Trials as Topic; Communicable Disease Control / statistics & numerical data; Communicable Disease Control / trends; Feces / parasitology; Helminthiasis / prevention & control; Helminths / physiology; Humans; Hygiene; Sanitation / methods; Sanitation / standards; Schools; Soil / parasitology; Water / parasitology
TL;DR: A review critically summarises the available trial evidence and offers an interpretation of the observed heterogeneity in findings, which highlights three main issues which merit further consideration: intervention design, exposure assessment, and intervention fidelity assessment. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: June 17, 2019

2018 journal article

A Randomized Controlled Trial to Measure Spillover Effects of a Combined Water, Sanitation, and Handwashing Intervention in Rural Bangladesh

American Journal of Epidemiology, 3.

By: J. Benjamin-Chung*, N. Amin*, A. Ercumen*, B. Arnold*, A. Hubbard*, L. Unicomb*, M. Rahman*, S. Luby*, J. Colford*

author keywords: diarrhea; handwashing; herd effects; indirect effects; respiratory illness; soil-transmitted helminths; spillover effects; water and sanitation
MeSH headings : Bangladesh / epidemiology; Cluster Analysis; Communicable Disease Control / methods; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / prevention & control; Female; Hand Disinfection; Helminthiasis / epidemiology; Helminthiasis / prevention & control; Humans; Infant; Male; Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology; Respiratory Tract Diseases / prevention & control; Rural Population; Sanitation; Water Quality
TL;DR: A compound-level water, sanitation, and handwashing intervention reduced neighbors’ tubewell water contamination but did not affect neighboring children’s health. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

Do Sanitation Improvements Reduce Fecal Contamination of Water, Hands, Food, Soil, and Flies? Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Bangladesh

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 52(21), 12089–12097.

By: A. Ercumen n, A. Pickering*, L. Kwong*, A. Mertens*, B. Arnold*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, A. Hubbard*, M. Alam* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Child; Child, Preschool; Diptera; Escherichia coli; Escherichia coli Infections / prevention & control; Feces; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Sanitation; Soil
TL;DR: Environmental measurements within a randomized controlled trial in Bangladesh that implemented individual and combined water treatment, sanitation, handwashing (WSH) and nutrition interventions were conducted to assess whether sanitation improvements, alone and coupled with water treatment and handwashing, reduce fecal contamination in the domestic environment. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: December 3, 2018

2018 journal article

Effect of Groundwater Iron on Residual Chlorine in Water Treated with Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate Tablets in Rural Bangladesh

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 98(4), 977–983.

By: A. Naser*, E. Higgins*, S. Arman*, A. Ercumen*, S. Ashraf*, K. Das*, M. Rahman*, S. Luby*, L. Unicomb*

MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Chlorine / chemistry; Groundwater / chemistry; Halogenation; Humans; Iron / analysis; Tablets; Triazines / chemistry
TL;DR: It is reconfirm that chlorination of groundwater that contains iron may result in low-level or no residual, and research is needed to develop a color-graded visual scale for iron staining that corresponds to different iron concentrations in water. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

Effects of Single and Combined Water, Sanitation and Handwashing Interventions on Fecal Contamination in the Domestic Environment: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Bangladesh

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 52(21), 12078–12088.

By: A. Ercumen n, A. Mertens*, B. Arnold*, J. Benjamin-Chung*, A. Hubbard*, M. Ahmed*, M. Kabir*, M. Khalil* ...

MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Child; Escherichia coli; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Sanitation; Water
TL;DR: Environmental assessments within a randomized controlled trial in Bangladesh that implemented single and combined water treatment, sanitation, handwashing (WSH) and nutrition interventions suggest that WSH improvements reduced contamination along the direct transmission pathways of stored water and food but not along indirect upstream pathways. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: December 3, 2018

2018 journal article

Effects of Water, Sanitation, Handwashing, and Nutritional Interventions on Child Enteric Protozoan Infections in Rural Bangladesh: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Clinical Infectious Diseases, 67(10), 1515–1522.

author keywords: water; sanitation; hygiene; nutrition; Giardia
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Cluster Analysis; Cryptosporidiosis / epidemiology; Entamoebiasis / epidemiology; Feces / parasitology; Female; Giardiasis / epidemiology; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / epidemiology; Male; Middle Aged; Nutritional Status; Pregnant Women; Prevalence; Protozoan Infections / epidemiology; Rural Population; Sanitation; Water; Young Adult
TL;DR: To reduce Giardia infection, individual interventions may be more feasible and cost-effective than combined interventions in similar rural, low-income settings. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

Effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on diarrhoea and child growth in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomised controlled trial

The Lancet. Global Health, 6(3), e302–e315.

MeSH headings : Adult; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child Development / physiology; Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Child, Preschool; Cluster Analysis; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / prevention & control; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Hand Disinfection; Humans; Infant; Male; Pregnancy; Program Evaluation; Rural Population / statistics & numerical data; Sanitation; Water Quality; Young Adult
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

Fecal Indicator Bacteria along Multiple Environmental Transmission Pathways (Water, Hands, Food, Soil, Flies) and Subsequent Child Diarrhea in Rural Bangladesh

Environmental Science & Technology, 52(14), 7928–7936.

By: A. Pickering*, A. Ercumen n, B. Arnold*, L. Kwong*, S. Parvez*, M. Alam*, D. Sen*, S. Islam* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Child; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Diarrhea; Diptera; Escherichia coli; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Soil; Water
TL;DR: Findings suggest higher levels of E. coli on child hands are strongly associated with subsequent diarrheal illness rates among children in rural Bangladesh, and cross-sectional analysis found no associations between concurrently measured environmental contamination and diarrhea. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

From Intermittent to Continuous Water Supply. A household-level evaluation of water system reforms in Hubli-Dharwad

Economic and Political Weekly, 53(49), 7–8. https://www.epw.in/journal/2018/49/review-urban-affairs/intermittent-continuous-water-supply.html

By: I. Ray, N. Billava, Z. Burt, J. Colford, A. Ercumen, K. Jayaramu, E. Kumpel, N. Nayak, K. Nelson, C. Woelfle-Erskine

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

From intermittent to continuous service: Costs, benefits, equity and sustainability of water system reforms in Hubli-Dharwad, India

World Development, 109, 121–133.

By: Z. Burt*, A. Ercümen*, N. Billava* & I. Ray*

author keywords: Continuous water supply; Cost-benefit analysis; Affordability; Piped water supply; India
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

Prevalence and Association of Escherichia coli and Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in Stored Foods for Young Children and Flies Caught in the Same Households in Rural Bangladesh

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 98(4), 1031–1038.

By: S. Doza*, M. Jabeen Rahman*, M. Islam*, L. Kwong*, L. Unicomb*, A. Ercumen*, A. Pickering*, S. Parvez* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Cross-Sectional Studies; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / microbiology; Diptera / microbiology; Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli / genetics; Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology; Escherichia coli Infections / microbiology; Family Characteristics; Feces / microbiology; Female; Food Contamination; Food Microbiology; Humans; Infant; Mothers; Prevalence; Rural Population; Sanitation
TL;DR: In rural Bangladesh, flies possibly a likely route for fecal contamination of stored food is investigated, and controlling fly populations may reduce contamination of food stored for young children. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2018 journal article

Unsafe disposal of feces of children <3 years among households with latrine access in rural Bangladesh: Association with household characteristics, fly presence and child diarrhea

PloS One, 13(4), e0195218.

MeSH headings : Adult; Bangladesh; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Family Characteristics; Feces; Female; Humans; Infant; Male; Public Health Surveillance; Self Report; Waste Disposal Facilities
TL;DR: Despite access to on-site sanitation, unsafe child feces disposal was reported by the majority of households, but this practices was not associated with diarrhea; suggesting that child feces may not be the most important fecal exposure. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Acute Illness Among Surfers After Exposure to Seawater in Dry- and Wet-Weather Conditions

American Journal of Epidemiology, 186(7), 866–875.

By: B. Arnold, K. Schiff, A. Ercumen*, J. Benjamin-Chung, J. Steele, J. Griffith, S. Steinberg, P. Smith ...

Contributors: A. Ercumen*

author keywords: diarrhea; Enterococcus; rain; seawater; waterborne diseases; wound infection
MeSH headings : Adult; California / epidemiology; Earache / epidemiology; Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification; Enterococcus / isolation & purification; Environmental Monitoring; Feces / microbiology; Female; Gastrointestinal Diseases / epidemiology; Humans; Incidence; Infections / epidemiology; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Middle Aged; Rain; Seawater / microbiology; Sports; Weather; Young Adult
TL;DR: Urban coastal seawater exposure increases the incidence rates of many acute illnesses among surfers, with higher incidence rates after rainstorms, and fecal indicator bacteria measured in seawater were strongly associated with incident illness only during wet weather. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Animal Feces Contribute to Domestic Fecal Contamination: Evidence from E. coli Measured in Water, Hands, Food, Flies, and Soil in Bangladesh

Environmental Science & Technology, 51(15), 8725–8734.

By: A. Ercumen*, A. Pickering*, L. Kwong*, B. Arnold*, S. Parvez*, M. Alam*, D. Sen*, S. Islam* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Diptera; Escherichia coli; Feces; Food Contamination; Humans; Sanitation; Soil; Water
TL;DR: E. coli in stored water and food increased with increasing E. coli levels in soil, ponds, source water and hands, and animal feces contribute to fecal contamination, and fecal indicator bacteria do not strictly indicate human feces contamination when animals are present. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Can Sanitary Inspection Surveys Predict Risk of Microbiological Contamination of Groundwater Sources? Evidence from Shallow Tubewells in Rural Bangladesh

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96(3), 561–568.

By: A. Ercumen*, A. Naser, B. Arnold, L. Unicomb, J. Colford & S. Luby

MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Colony Count, Microbial; Drinking Water / microbiology; Environmental Monitoring; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Feces / microbiology; Food Contamination; Food Inspection / standards; Food Microbiology; Groundwater / microbiology; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Seasons; Surveys and Questionnaires; Water Microbiology; Water Quality / standards; Water Wells
TL;DR: Observed characteristics of a tubewell, as measured by sanitary inspections in their current form, do not sufficiently characterize microbiological water quality,As measured by E. coli, and the dominant contamination route for shallow groundwater sources is short-circuiting at the wellhead rather than subsurface transport. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Detecting and enumerating soil-transmitted helminth eggs in soil: New method development and results from field testing in Kenya and Bangladesh

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 11(4), e0005522.

By: L. Steinbaum*, L. Kwong*, A. Ercumen*, M. Negash*, A. Lovely*, S. Njenga*, A. Boehm*, A. Pickering*, K. Nelson*

MeSH headings : Ancylostomatoidea / isolation & purification; Animals; Ascariasis / epidemiology; Ascariasis / parasitology; Ascaris / isolation & purification; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Hookworm Infections / epidemiology; Hookworm Infections / parasitology; Humans; Kenya / epidemiology; Microscopy; Parasite Egg Count; Prevalence; Soil / parasitology; Trichuriasis / epidemiology; Trichuriasis / parasitology; Trichuris / isolation & purification
TL;DR: A field method for enumerating STH eggs in soil and tested the method in Bangladesh and Kenya, which allows for detecting STH Eggs in soil in low-resource settings and could be used for standardizing soil STH detection globally. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Effectiveness of the Hydrogen Sulfide Test as a Water Quality Indicator for Diarrhea Risk in Rural Bangladesh

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 97(6), 1867–1871.

MeSH headings : Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child, Preschool; Colony Count, Microbial; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Diarrhea / microbiology; Drinking Water / analysis; Drinking Water / microbiology; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Family Characteristics; Female; Filtration; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Hydrogen Sulfide / analysis; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Sensitivity and Specificity; Water Microbiology; Water Quality
TL;DR: H2S test sensitivity, PPV, and NPV increased with increasing E. coli levels, consistent with previous evidence that the H1N1 test is a useful water quality tool in high-contamination settings. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Escherichia coli contamination of child complementary foods and association with domestic hygiene in rural Bangladesh

Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH, 22(5), 547–557.

By: S. Parvez*, L. Kwong*, M. Rahman*, A. Ercumen*, A. Pickering*, P. Ghosh*, M. Rahman*, K. Das* ...

author keywords: Escherichia coli; complementary food; domestic hygiene; Bangladesh
MeSH headings : Animals; Bangladesh; Child, Preschool; Diptera; Escherichia coli / growth & development; Family Characteristics; Feces; Food Handling; Food Microbiology; Food Storage; Humans; Hygiene; Infant; Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Rural Population; Temperature; Water
TL;DR: To determine the frequency and concentration of Escherichia coli in child complementary food and its association with domestic hygiene practices in rural Bangladesh, a large number of cases of E. coli O157 are reported. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2017 journal article

Potential sources of bias in the use of Escherichia coli to measure waterborne diarrhoea risk in low-income settings

Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH, 22(1), 2–11.

author keywords: E. coli; diarrhoea; waterborne disease; water quality; Bangladesh
MeSH headings : Bangladesh / epidemiology; Cross-Sectional Studies; Developing Countries; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Drinking Water / microbiology; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Humans; Prospective Studies; Public Health Surveillance / methods; Reproducibility of Results; Time Factors; Waterborne Diseases / epidemiology
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2016 journal article

Brief Report: Negative Controls to Detect Selection Bias and Measurement Bias in Epidemiologic Studies

Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 27(5), 637–641.

MeSH headings : Bias; Control Groups; Epidemiologic Studies; Humans; Observational Studies as Topic; Research Design; Selection Bias
TL;DR: This research presents a novel probabilistic approach that allows us to assess the importance of knowing the carrier and removal status of canine coronavirus, as a source of infection for other animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2016 journal article

Hand- and Object-Mouthing of Rural Bangladeshi Children 3-18 Months Old

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(6).

author keywords: non-dietary ingestion; child behavior; mouthing; exposure factors; rural; Bangladesh
MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Environmental Exposure / analysis; Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data; Environmental Pollutants; Ethnicity; Female; Hand; Humans; Infant; Male; Motor Activity; Mouth; Risk Assessment; United States
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2016 journal article

Negative Control Outcomes: A Tool to Detect Bias in Randomized Trials

JAMA, 316(24), 2597–2598.

By: B. Arnold* & A. Ercumen*

MeSH headings : Bias; Biomedical Research / methods; Biomedical Research / statistics & numerical data; Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic; Intention to Treat Analysis; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Selection Bias
TL;DR: A formal approach has recently been suggested for its use to detect confounding, selection, and measurement bias in epidemiological studies. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2016 journal article

Occurrence of Host-Associated Fecal Markers on Child Hands, Household Soil, and Drinking Water in Rural Bangladeshi Households

Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 3(11), 393–398.

By: A. Boehm*, D. Wang*, A. Ercumen*, M. Shea*, A. Harris*, O. Shanks*, C. Kelty*, A. Ahmed* ...

TL;DR: Evidence of widespread ruminant and avian fecal contamination in the compound environment is found; non-human fecal marker occurrence scaled with animal ownership and strategies for controlling non- human fecal waste should be considered when designing interventions to reduce exposure to fecal contaminations in low-income settings. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: January 30, 2019

2016 journal article

Systems Approach to Climate, Water, and Diarrhea in Hubli-Dharwad, India

Environmental Science & Technology, 50(23), 13042–13051.

By: J. Mellor*, E. Kumpel, A. Ercumen* & J. Zimmerman*

MeSH headings : Climate; Climate Change; Diarrhea / epidemiology; Escherichia coli; Humans; India; Systems Analysis; Water; Water Supply
TL;DR: The results suggest that ceramic water filters would be recommended as a climate adaptation strategy over chlorination and highlights the vulnerability of intermittent water supplies to climate change and the urgent need for improvements. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2015 journal article

Effects of source- versus household contamination of tubewell water on child diarrhea in rural Bangladesh: a randomized controlled trial

PloS One, 10(3), e0121907.

MeSH headings : Bangladesh; Diarrhea, Infantile / epidemiology; Diarrhea, Infantile / etiology; Diarrhea, Infantile / prevention & control; Drinking Water / microbiology; Drinking Water / standards; Halogenation; Humans; Infant; Rural Population; Water Purification / methods; Water Quality / standards; Water Wells
TL;DR: Safe storage significantly improved drinking water quality at the point of use and reduced child diarrhea in rural Bangladesh, and there was no added benefit from combining safe storage with chlorination. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2015 journal article

Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of Escherichia coli Isolates from Feces, Hands, and Soils in Rural Bangladesh via the Colilert Quanti-Tray System

Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 81(5), 1735–1743.

By: T. Julian*, M. Islam*, A. Pickering*, S. Roy*, E. Fuhrmeister*, A. Ercumen*, A. Harris*, J. Bishai*, K. Schwab*

Ed(s): C. Elkins

MeSH headings : Bacterial Typing Techniques; Bangladesh; Escherichia coli / classification; Escherichia coli / genetics; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Escherichia coli / physiology; False Positive Reactions; Feces / microbiology; Genotyping Techniques; Glucuronidase / analysis; Hand / microbiology; Humans; Rural Population; Soil Microbiology
TL;DR: It is concluded that Colilert, and likely other β-glucuronidase-based assays, is appropriate for detection of E. coli on hands and in soils with low false-positive rates. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
17. Partnerships for the Goals (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: January 30, 2019

2015 journal article

Upgrading a Piped Water Supply from Intermittent to Continuous Delivery and Association with Waterborne Illness: A Matched Cohort Study in Urban India

PLOS Medicine, 12(10), e1001892.

MeSH headings : Child Mortality; Child, Preschool; Drinking Water / microbiology; Female; Humans; India / epidemiology; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Prevalence; Urban Health; Water Microbiology; Water Quality; Water Supply / standards; Waterborne Diseases / epidemiology; Waterborne Diseases / mortality
TL;DR: Continuous supply was associated with lower prevalence of dysentery in children in low-income households and lower typhoid fever incidence, suggesting that intermittently operated piped water systems are a significant transmission mechanism for Salmonella typhi and Dysentery-causing pathogens in this urban population, despite centralized water treatment. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2014 journal article

Coliform Bacteria as Indicators of Diarrheal Risk in Household Drinking Water: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

PLOS ONE, 9(9), e107429.

By: J. Gruber*, A. Ercumen* & J. Jr

MeSH headings : Diarrhea / microbiology; Drinking Water / microbiology; Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Family Characteristics; Feces / microbiology; Humans; Reproducibility of Results; Risk Assessment / methods; Risk Factors; Water Quality
TL;DR: The findings suggest that these two coliform groups have different associations with diarrhea in household drinking water, and support the use of EC as a fecal indicator in house drinking water. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2014 journal article

Water distribution system deficiencies and the risk of gastrointestinal illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Environ Health Perspect, 122(7), 651–660.

By: A. Ercumen*, J. Gruber* & J. Colford*

Contributors: A. Ercumen*

MeSH headings : Drinking Water / microbiology; Gastrointestinal Diseases / epidemiology; Gastrointestinal Diseases / microbiology; Humans; Incidence; Water Purification / standards; Water Supply / analysis
TL;DR: Tap water consumption is associated with GII in malfunctioning distribution networks and system deficiencies such as water outages also are associated with increased GII, suggesting a potential health risk for consumers served by piped water networks. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 30, 2019

2013 journal article

Chronic respiratory symptoms in children following in utero and early life exposure to arsenic in drinking water in Bangladesh

International Journal of Epidemiology, 42(4), 1077–1086.

By: A. Smith*, M. Yunus*, A. Khan*, A. Ercumen*, Y. Yuan*, M. Smith*, J. Liaw*, J. Balmes* ...

author keywords: Arsenic; lung function; respiratory; pulmonary; in utero; children
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Arsenic / toxicity; Bangladesh / epidemiology; Child; Drinking Water / adverse effects; Environmental Exposure / adverse effects; Epidemiologic Methods; Female; Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology; Humans; Male; Pregnancy; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / chemically induced; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / epidemiology; Respiration Disorders / chemically induced; Respiration Disorders / epidemiology; Respiration Disorders / physiopathology; Vital Capacity / physiology; Water Pollutants, Chemical / toxicity
TL;DR: It is suggested that arsenic in water has early pulmonary effects and that respiratory symptoms are a better marker of early life arsenic toxicity than changes in lung function measured by spirometry. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2009 journal article

A Volunteer-Led Effort Linking Research to Development Practice to Promote Safe Water and Hygiene in Slums in India

Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 1, 523–539.

By: A. Ercumen*, E. Kumpel, A. Silverman & Z. Burt

Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

2009 journal article

Increased lung cancer risks are similar whether arsenic is ingested or inhaled

Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, 19(4), 343–348.

By: A. Smith*, A. Ercumen*, Y. Yuan* & C. Steinmaus*

MeSH headings : Administration, Oral; Arsenic / administration & dosage; Arsenic / toxicity; Carcinogens / administration & dosage; Carcinogens / toxicity; Case-Control Studies; Cohort Studies; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Humans; Inhalation Exposure; Lung Neoplasms / chemically induced; Risk Assessment
TL;DR: It is concluded that lung cancer risks probably depend on absorbed dose, and not on whether inorganic arsenic is ingested or inhaled, which is similar for the two routes of exposure. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: January 30, 2019

Employment

Updated: September 15th, 2022 12:09

2019 - present

North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina, US
Assistant Professor Forestry and Environmental Resources

2013 - 2018

University of California Berkeley Berkeley, California, US
Research Scientist School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Statistics

2012 - 2012

World Bank Washington D.C., District of Columbia, US
Short-term consultant Water and Sanitation Program

2010 - 2012

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Dhaka, BD
Consultant

2005 - 2007

Montgomery Watson Harza Walnut Creek, California, US
Associate Environmental Engineer

Education

Updated: September 15th, 2022 12:12

University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California, US
PhD Epidemiology

University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California, US
MPH Epidemiology and Biostatistics

University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California, US
MS Environmental Engineering

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
BS Environmental Engineering

Citation Index includes data from a number of different sources. If you have questions about the sources of data in the Citation Index or need a set of data which is free to re-distribute, please contact us.

Certain data included herein are derived from the Web of Science© and InCites© (2024) of Clarivate Analytics. All rights reserved. You may not copy or re-distribute this material in whole or in part without the prior written consent of Clarivate Analytics.