Works (226)

Updated: April 3rd, 2024 21:59

2023 article

Melon and rostral muscle morphology of Gervais' beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus): Alternating patterns of bilateral asymmetry

Denk, M., McLellan, W., Pabst, D. A., Rommel, S., Keenan, T., Sharp, S., … Moore, M. (2023, August 7). ANATOMICAL RECORD-ADVANCES IN INTEGRATIVE ANATOMY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, Vol. 8.

By: M. Denk*, W. McLellan*, D. Pabst*, S. Rommel*, T. Keenan*, S. Sharp*, M. Niemeyer*, N. Hunter* ...

author keywords: bioacoustics; echolocation; functional anatomy; nasal morphology; Odontoceti; Ziphiidae
TL;DR: The curvilinear melon morphology and associated asymmetrical musculature suggest a means of lengthening the lipid pathway within a relatively short dimensional footprint and the species-specific arrangement of muscular projections suggests complex fine-tuning of the melon's geometry during echolocation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 21, 2023

2023 journal article

Temporary noise-induced underwater hearing loss in an aquatic turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans)

JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 154(2), 1003–1017.

By: A. Salas*, A. Capuano*, C. Harms n, W. Piniak* & T. Mooney*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 5, 2023

2023 journal article

Vet the journal before you submit: turnaround times of journals publishing in zoological medicine and related fields

PEERJ COMPUTER SCIENCE, 11.

By: B. Runde n & C. Harms n

author keywords: Journal selection factors; Time of first decision; Time to acceptance; Time to publication; Transparency in review times; Turnaround time
MeSH headings : Publishing; Periodicals as Topic; Medicine
TL;DR: Evaluated 49 journals publishing papers in zoological medicine and related fields between 2017 and 2022 and aggregated and examined distributions of turnaround time of journals that publicly provided the requisite data, in order to aid authors in selecting target journals that best meet their needs. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 7, 2023

2022 journal article

Birds of a Feather Eat Plastic Together: High Levels of Plastic Ingestion in Great Shearwater Adults and Juveniles Across Their Annual Migratory Cycle

FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 8.

By: A. Robuck*, C. Hudak*, L. Agvent*, G. Emery*, P. Ryan*, V. Perold*, K. Powers*, J. Pedersen* ...

author keywords: Ardenna gravis; migration; pollution; shearwaters; marine debris; microplastic; nurdles; bycatch
TL;DR: This work is the first to comprehensively measure the accumulation of ingested plastics by Great Shearwaters over the last decade and across multiple locations spanning their yearly trans-equatorial migration cycle and underscores their utility as sentinels of plastic pollution in Atlantic ecosystems. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 31, 2022

2022 journal article

Comparison of Whole Blood Fatty Acid Profiles between Lionfish (Pterois spp.) in Wild and Managed Care Environments

Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens.

By: N. Dannemiller n, E. Christiansen n, C. Harms n, L. Minter n & K. Heugten n

TL;DR: Comparison of whole blood fatty acid profiles in lionfish provided comparative macronutrient data that may be useful for improving their nutrition and welfare in aquariums and total omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids were similar between wild and aquarium lionfish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: July 22, 2022

2022 article

Cutaneous epitheliotropic lymphosarcoma in a captive white catfish (Ameiurus catus Linnaeus)

Heniff, A. C., Chen, L. R., Christiansen, E. F., Harms, C. A., Law, J. M., Legner, C., & Linder, K. E. (2022, April 27). JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES, Vol. 4.

By: A. Heniff n, L. Chen n, E. Christiansen n, C. Harms n, J. Law n, C. Legner*, K. Linder n

author keywords: Ameiurus catus; cutaneous epitheliotropic lymphosarcoma; neoplasia; white catfish
MeSH headings : Animals; Epidermis / pathology; Fish Diseases; Ictaluridae; Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin; Mammals; Skin Neoplasms / pathology; Skin Neoplasms / veterinary
TL;DR: This is the first reported case of cutaneous epitheliotropic lymphosarcoma in an ictalurid and one of the few published cases of this condition in any fish species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 28, 2022

2022 journal article

EVALUATION OF INTRACARDIAC ADMINISTRATION OF POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, IVERMECTIN, OR LIDOCAINE HYDROCHLORIDE FOR EUTHANASIA OF ANESTHETIZED BLUE CRABS (CALLINECTES SAPIDUS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 53(4), 689–695.

By: A. Mones*, A. Heniff*, C. Harms* & J. Balko*

MeSH headings : Animals; Male; Brachyura; Euthanasia, Animal; Ivermectin / pharmacology; Lidocaine / pharmacology; Potassium Chloride / pharmacology
TL;DR: Intracardiac KCl at 10 mEq/kg and ivermectin at 5 mg/kg were effective, rapid methods for euthanasia of anesthetized blue crabs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 13, 2023

2022 journal article

Evaluation of six methods for external attachment of electronic tags to fish: assessment of tag retention, growth and fish welfare

Journal of Fish Biology, 101(3), 419–430.

author keywords: acoustic tags; black sea bass; holding experiment; reef fish; repeated measures; telemetry; transmitters
MeSH headings : Acoustics; Animals; Bass; Behavior, Animal; Electronics; Telemetry / methods
TL;DR: Future field studies using external electronic tagging should consider tag‐related effects that could compromise results when selecting a method for tag attachment, according to a comparison of previously published methods for externally attaching acoustic transmitters to fish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: January 26, 2022

2022 article

Limits to relying solely on pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies for an exotic animal formulary

Carpenter, J. W., & Harms, C. A. (2022, December 2). JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, Vol. 12.

By: J. Carpenter* & C. Harms n

Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 20, 2023

2022 journal article

Perspective: Opportunities for advancing aquatic invertebrate welfare

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 9.

By: S. Wahltinez*, N. Stacy*, C. Hadfield*, C. Harms n, G. Lewbart n, A. Newton, E. Nunamaker

author keywords: anesthesia; animal welfare; euthanasia; humane slaughter; refinement
TL;DR: Results of a survey on attitudes of aquatic animal health professionals toward aquatic invertebrate welfare are presented and practical recommendations for advancing aquatic inverTEbrate welfare across four areas of opportunity are provided. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 3, 2023

2022 journal article

Whole Blood Fatty Acid Profiles of Cold-Stunned Juvenile Green, Kemp’s Ridley, and Loggerhead Sea Turtles

Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens.

By: A. Heniff n, L. Minter n, C. Harms n, D. Bibus, E. Koutsos & K. Heugten n

TL;DR: The whole blood fatty acid profiles of cold-stunned green and Kemp’s ridley sea turtles were similar to prior published profiles of healthy conspecifics, and practical information is provided to aid in the diet design of sea turtles in rehabilitation settings. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: December 28, 2022

2021 journal article

A Baseline Model For Estimating the Risk of Gas Embolism in Sea Turtles During Routine Dives

FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 12.

By: N. Robinson*, D. Garcia-Parraga*, B. Stacy*, A. Costidis*, G. Blanco*, C. Clyde-Brockway, H. Haas*, C. Harms n ...

author keywords: Physiology; ecological modeling; fisheries; decompression sickness; conservation; dive behavior
TL;DR: A mathematical model to estimate partial pressures of N2, O2 (PO2), and CO2 (PCO2) in the major body-compartments of diving loggerheads, leatherbacks, and green turtles suggests that cardiac output likely plays a significant role in the modulation of GE, especially in the deeper diving leatherback turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 27, 2021

2021 journal article

Blood Fatty Acid Profiles of Neiritic Juvenile Wild Green Turtles (Chelonia Mydas) and Kemp's Ridleys (Lepidochelys Kempii)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 52(2), 610–617.

By: E. Koutsos*, L. Minter*, K. Ange-Van Heugten n, J. Mejia-Fava* & C. Harms n

Contributors: E. Koutsos*, L. Minter*, K. Ange-Van Heugten n, J. Mejia-Fava* & C. Harms n

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild / blood; Fatty Acids / blood; Female; Male; Species Specificity; Turtles / blood; Turtles / genetics
TL;DR: W whole blood fatty acid profiles generally correlate to previous work with lipid depots, supporting the use of this less invasive methodology to advance the understanding of fatty acid nutrition of sea turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: July 12, 2021

2021 journal article

Cardiac assessments of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Northern Gulf of Mexico following exposure to Deepwater Horizon oil

PLOS ONE, 16(12).

By: B. Linnehan*, F. Gomez*, S. Huston, A. Hsu, R. Takeshita*, K. Colegrove*, C. Harms n, A. Barratclough* ...

Ed(s): I. Corsi

MeSH headings : Animals; Bottle-Nosed Dolphin / abnormalities; Bottle-Nosed Dolphin / physiology; Echocardiography / veterinary; Electrocardiography / veterinary; Fibrosis / diagnostic imaging; Fibrosis / veterinary; Heart / diagnostic imaging; Heart / physiology; Heart Injuries / diagnostic imaging; Heart Injuries / veterinary; Hypertension / veterinary; Petroleum Pollution / adverse effects
TL;DR: There were substantial cardiac abnormalities identified in BB dolphins which may be related to DWH oil exposure, however, future work is needed to rule out other hypotheses and further elucidate the connection between oil Exposure, pulmonary disease, and the observed cardiac abnormalities. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 15, 2021

2021 journal article

Computed Tomographic Assessment of Hooking‐Related Injuries in Recreationally Angled Blue Marlin

Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 34(1), 20–27.

By: E. Houck n, E. Cohen n, C. Harms n, B. Runde n, P. Rudershausen n & J. Buckel n

TL;DR: Skeletal injuries in recreationally angled Atlantic Blue Marlin Makaira nigricans from the 2019 Big Rock Blue Marlins Tournament in Morehead City, North Carolina are evaluated to evaluate the impact on postrelease morbidity and mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: November 6, 2021

2021 journal article

Fibropapillomatosis and Chelonid Alphaherpesvirus 5 Infection in Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys kempii)

ANIMALS, 11(11).

By: A. Page-Karjian*, L. Whitmore*, B. Stacy*, J. Perrault, J. Farrell*, D. Shaver, J. Walker, H. Frandsen ...

author keywords: ChHV5; disease ecology; enzootic; green turtle; marine turtle; molecular diagnostics; transmission; tumor; virus; whole genome sequencing
TL;DR: Describing FP and the associated chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) in Kemp’s ridley turtles encountered in the United States during 2006–2020 revealed that while the disease was mild in most cases, 54.5% were adult turtles, a reproductively valuable age class whose survival is a priority for population recovery. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 29, 2021

2021 article

Gross and histological morphology of the cervical gill slit gland of the pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps)

Keenan, T. F., McLellan, W. A., Rommel, S. A., Costidis, A. M., Harms, C. A., Thewissen, 'H. J. G. M., … Pabst, D. A. (2021, July 20). ANATOMICAL RECORD-ADVANCES IN INTEGRATIVE ANATOMY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, Vol. 7.

By: T. Keenan*, W. McLellan*, S. Rommel*, A. Costidis*, C. Harms n, '. Thewissen*, D. Rotstein*, M. Gay* ...

author keywords: cetacean; chemical communication; gland; integument; semiochemical
MeSH headings : Animals; Exocrine Glands; Gills; Whales / anatomy & histology
TL;DR: Results demonstrate that the cervical gill slit gland of K. breviceps shares morphological features of the specialized, chemical signaling, exocrine glands of terrestrial members of the Cetartiodactyla. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 2, 2021

2021 journal article

Implications of comparative ventral body wall histology on selection of abdominal surgical approach and closure in 12 species of fish

JOURNAL OF FISH BIOLOGY, 98(5), 1342–1348.

By: A. Mones n, C. Harms n & M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: body wall; celiotomy; fish surgery; histology; incision; ventral midline
MeSH headings : Abdominal Wall / surgery; Animals; Fishes / anatomy & histology; Fishes / surgery; Histology; Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology; Muscle, Skeletal / surgery; Russia; Wound Closure Techniques / veterinary
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 11, 2021

2021 journal article

LACTIC ACIDOSIS INDUCED BY MANUAL RESTRAINT FOR HEALTH EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF TWO POINT-OF-CARE ANALYZERS IN HEALTHY LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLES (CARETTA CARETTA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 52(4), 1195–1204.

By: A. Mones*, E. Gruber*, C. Harms*, C. Lohmann, K. Lohmann & G. Lewbart*

MeSH headings : Acidosis, Lactic / etiology; Acidosis, Lactic / veterinary; Animals; Bicarbonates; Carbon Dioxide; Point-of-Care Systems; Turtles
TL;DR: Clinicians should evaluate blood gas values and lactate at the beginning of health evaluations and interpret serial lactate values in sea turtles with caution, because even short periods of manual restraint can induce lactic acidosis and considerably influence these values. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 3, 2022

2021 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in juvenile loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after a single intramuscular injection

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 44(4), 583–589.

By: T. Gregory n, C. Harms n, M. Gorges n, G. Lewbart n & M. Papich n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Ketorolac; loggerhead sea turtle; nonlinear mixed effects model; pharmacokinetics
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; Area Under Curve; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Ketorolac; Turtles
TL;DR: It is concluded that ketorolac may not be an appropriate long-term analgesic for use in loggerhead sea turtles at this dose; however, it may have some benefit as a short- term analgesic. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 21, 2021

2021 journal article

SAFETY OF MULTIPLE-DOSE INTRAMUSCULAR KETOPROFEN TREATMENT IN LOGGERHEAD TURTLES (CARETTA CARETTA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 52(1), 126–132.

By: C. Harms n, L. Ruterbories n, N. Stacy*, E. Christiansen n, M. Papich n, A. Lynch n, A. Barratclough*, M. Serrano n

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use; Drug Administration Schedule; Ketoprofen / administration & dosage; Ketoprofen / adverse effects; Ketoprofen / therapeutic use; Thrombelastography; Turtles / blood
TL;DR: Ketoprofen at 2 mg/kg IM q24hr for up to 5 days in loggerheads appears safe with respect to blood clotting and blood data, although other potential effects were not evaluated. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 24, 2021

2021 journal article

Successful and unsuccessful nonsurgical removal of ingested golf balls and an artificial egg in four rat snakes (Pantherophis alleghaniensis)

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 258(10), 1135–1141.

By: G. Scott n, B. Waffa n, R. DeVoe*, C. Harms n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Colubridae; Foreign Bodies / surgery; Foreign Bodies / veterinary; Golf; Mouth; Rats; Rodent Diseases; Snakes; Stomach
TL;DR: The described nonsurgical techniques for removal of ingested round or ovoid foreign bodies were associated with substantial complications in 3 of 4 treated rat snakes, and the methods used did not appear to be more beneficial than traditional gastrotomy. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 journal article

Tissue and Temperature-Specific RNA-Seq Analysis Reveals Genomic Versatility and Adaptive Potential in Wild Sea Turtle Hatchlings (Caretta caretta)

ANIMALS, 11(11).

By: J. Chow*, N. Kyritsis*, M. Mills*, M. Godfrey*, C. Harms n, P. Anderson*, A. Shedlock*

author keywords: differential gene expression; temperature-specific gene expression; Caretta caretta
TL;DR: The measurement of tissue- and temperature-specific global gene expression of an endangered, flagship species such as the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) reveals the genomic basis for potential resiliency and is crucial to future management and conservation strategies with attention to changing climates. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 29, 2021

2020 journal article

Anthropogenic Contaminants and Histopathological Findings in Stranded Cetaceans in the Southeastern United States, 2012-2018

FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 7.

By: A. Page-Karjian*, C. Lo*, B. Ritchie*, C. Harms n, D. Rotstein*, S. Han*, S. Hassan*, A. Lehner* ...

author keywords: dolphins; endocrine disrupting contaminants; EDCs; heavy metals; mercury; odontocete; pathology; toxicity
TL;DR: Sublethal cellular changes related to toxicant exposure in free-ranging odontocetes may lead to health declines and, in combination with other factors, may contribute to stranding. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 24, 2020

2020 journal article

Blood analytes of immature Kemp's ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) fromGeorgia, USA: reference intervals and body size correlations

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 8.

By: J. Perrault, M. Arendt*, J. Schwenter*, J. Byrd, C. Harms n, C. Cray*, K. Tuxbury*, L. Wood, N. Stacy*

author keywords: Health; in-water study; marine turtle; packed cell volume; plasma biochemistry; protein electrophoresis
TL;DR: Blood analytes in immature Kemp’s ridley sea turtles are analyzed, established reference intervals and changes in blood analytes associated with growth are identified. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 8, 2021

2020 journal article

Coelomic Fluid Evaluation in Pisaster ochraceus Affected by Sea Star Wasting Syndrome: Evidence of Osmodysregulation, Calcium Homeostasis Derangement, and Coelomocyte Responses

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 7.

By: S. Wahltinez*, A. Newton*, C. Harms n, L. Lahner* & N. Stacy*

author keywords: chemistry; cytology; echinoderm disease; invertebrate; ochre sea star; osmolality
TL;DR: Insight is provided into the pathophysiology of SSWS as results suggest osmo- and calcium dysregulation, coelomocyte responses, and presumptive opportunistic bacterial infection in SSWS-affected sea stars. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 27, 2020

2020 journal article

EVALUATION OF LOCALIZED INFLAMMATORY REACTIONS SECONDARY TO INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS OF ENROFLOXACIN IN STRIPED BASS (MORONE SAXATILIS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 51(1), 46–52.

By: G. Scott n, M. Law n, E. Christiansen n, G. Lewbart n & C. Harms n

author keywords: Enrofloxacin; fluoroquinolone; injection site reaction; Morone saxatilis; muscle necrosis; striped bass
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects; Bass; Enrofloxacin / adverse effects; Fish Diseases / chemically induced; Fish Diseases / immunology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Inflammation / chemically induced; Inflammation / immunology; Inflammation / pathology; Inflammation / veterinary; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Time Factors
TL;DR: Data show that IM injection of enrofloxacin 2.27% is associated with severe hemorrhage, necrosis, and inflammation in striped bass, and may negatively affect animal welfare. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 14, 2020

2020 journal article

Gas embolism and massive blunt force trauma to sea turtles entrained in hopper dredges in North and South Carolina, USA

DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS, 142, 189–196.

By: C. Harms n, S. Boylan*, B. Stacy*, J. Beasley*, D. Garcia-Parraga & M. Godfrey n

author keywords: Gas embolism; Hopper dredge; Decompression sickness; Blunt force trauma; Sea turtle; Chelonia mydas; Lepidochelys kempii
MeSH headings : Animals; Embolism, Air / veterinary; South Carolina; Turtles
TL;DR: Cases of gas emboli (GE) in 8 green turtles Chelonia mydas and 2 Kemp's ridleys Lepidochelys kempii entrained in hopper dredges that were working at 8.8-15.2 m depths during shipping channel maintenance or beach renourishment activities are presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 1, 2021

2020 journal article

Molecular Assessment of Chelonid Alphaherpesvirus 5 Infection in Tumor-Free Green (Chelonia mydas) and Loggerhead (Caretta caretta) Sea Turtles in North Carolina, USA, 2015–2019

Animals.

By: A. Page-Karjian*, M. Serrano n, J. Cartzendafner*, A. Morgan*, B. Ritchie*, C. Gregory*, J. McNeill*, J. Perrault, E. Christiansen n, C. Harms n

author keywords: antibodies; ChHV5; ELISA; qPCR; rehabilitation; subclinical infection
TL;DR: This finding suggests that loggerheads infected with ChHV5 at some point in their life may be more able than green turtles to mount an effective immune response against recrudescent infection, pointing to species-specific genetic differences in the two species’ immune response to ChhV5 infection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Source: ORCID
Added: October 27, 2020

2020 journal article

Plasma concentrations of itraconazole following a single oral dose in juvenile California sea lions (Zalophus californianus)

Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

By: G. Scott n, C. Field*, M. Papich n & C. Harms n

author keywords: California sea lion; itraconazole; pharmacokinetics; Zalophus californianus
MeSH headings : Administration, Oral; Animals; Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage; Antifungal Agents / blood; Antifungal Agents / pharmacokinetics; Female; Itraconazole / administration & dosage; Itraconazole / blood; Itraconazole / pharmacokinetics; Male; Sea Lions / blood; Sea Lions / metabolism; Species Specificity
TL;DR: Data indicate that a single oral dose of itraconazole given as a capsule at 5-10 mg/kg, under the conditions used in this study, does not achieve therapeutic plasma concentrations in California sea lions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: April 15, 2020

2019 journal article

2-Phenoxyethanol (2-PE) and tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222) immersion anesthesia of American horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 50(1), 96–106.

By: K. Archibald, G. Scott, K. Bailey & C. Harms

MeSH headings : Aminobenzoates / adverse effects; Anesthesia / methods; Anesthesia / veterinary; Anesthetics / adverse effects; Animals; Ethylene Glycols / adverse effects; Female; Horseshoe Crabs / drug effects; Horseshoe Crabs / physiology; Immersion; Male; North Carolina; Random Allocation
TL;DR: 2-PE provided a subjectively more reliable and smoother anesthesia compared to MS-222, and provided effective anesthesia with clinically useful induction and recovery times. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 22, 2019

2019 journal article

A Summary of Sea Turtles Released from Rescue and Rehabilitation Programs in the United States, with Observations on Re-Encounters

Chelonian Conservation and Biology, 18(1), 3.

By: C. Innis*, S. Finn*, A. Kennedy*, E. Burgess*, T. Norton*, C. Manire, C. Harms n

author keywords: sea turtle; rescue; rehabilitation; veterinary
TL;DR: A survey of sea turtle rehabilitation facilities in the United States revealed that 34 facilities released 11,417 sea turtles through 2016, with the number of turtles released per time period increasing with each passing year. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 15, 2019

2019 journal article

Baseline plasma thromboelastography in Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii), green (Chelonia mydas) and loggerhead (Caretta caretta) sea turtles and its use to diagnose coagulopathies in cold-stunned Kemp’s ridley and green sea turtles

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 50(1), 62.

By: A. Barratclough*, K. Tuxbury*, R. Hanel n, N. Stacy*, L. Ruterbories n, E. Christiansen*, C. Harms n

author keywords: Coagulation; coagulopathy; cold stunned; sea turtle; thromboelastography
MeSH headings : Animals; Cold Temperature / adverse effects; Hemostasis; Plasma / chemistry; Reference Values; Species Specificity; Thrombelastography / veterinary; Turtles / blood
TL;DR: Findings indicate that cold stunning may cause disorders in hemostasis that can contribute to the severity of the condition and early diagnosis of coagulopathies in the clinical assessment of a cold-stunned sea turtle may influence the treatment approach and clinical outcome of the case. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 22, 2019

2019 journal article

Crude Oil and Dispersant Cause Acute Clinicopathological Abnormalities in Hatchling Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta)

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 6.

By: C. Harms n, P. McClellan-Green n, M. Godfrey n, E. Christiansen n, H. Broadhurst n & C. Godard-Codding*

author keywords: Caretta caretta; corexit; crude oil; dispersant; hematology; loggerhead sea turtle; plasma biochemistry
TL;DR: Clinopathological findings were supported by a failure to gain weight (associated with normal hatchling hydration in seawater) in dispersant and combination exposed hatchlings, and indicate potential impacts on wildlife to consider when deploying dispersants in an oil spill response. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 9, 2019

2019 journal article

Enrofloxacin Pharmacokinetics and Sampling Techniques in California Sea Hares (Aplysia californica)

Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 58(2), 231–234.

By: S. Mason n, M. Papich n, M. Schmale*, C. Harms n & S. Davis*

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics; Aplysia / metabolism; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Enrofloxacin / administration & dosage; Enrofloxacin / pharmacokinetics; Laboratory Animal Science
TL;DR: Hemocoel injection appears to be an effective way to administer enrofloxacin to Aplysia and reach clinically relevant concentrations, and reached therapeutic target concentrations in A. californica when dosed according to the regimen described in the current report. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 22, 2019

2019 journal article

NMR Metabolomic Analysis of Skeletal Muscle, Heart, and Liver of Hatchling Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) Experimentally Exposed to Crude Oil and/or Corexit

Metabolites, 9(2), 21.

By: S. Bembenek-Bailey n, J. Niemuth n, P. McClellan-Green n, M. Godfrey n, C. Harms n, H. Gracz n, M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Corexit 9500A; crude oil; heart; liver; metabolomics; NMR; sea turtle; skeletal muscle
TL;DR: Observed decreases in concentrations of lactate and creatines may reflect energy depletion in skeletal muscle of oil-exposed animals, while decreased taurine concentrations in these animals may reflect higher oxidative stress. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 11, 2019

2019 journal article

Ophthalmic lesions in a population of cold-stunned sea turtles (Chelonia mydas, Lepidochelys kempii, Caretta caretta )

Veterinary Ophthalmology, 4.

By: M. Lively n, H. Westermeyer n, C. Harms n & E. Christiansen n

author keywords: cold stunning; green sea turtle; intraocular pressure; Kemp's ridley; loggerhead sea turtle; wildlife survey
MeSH headings : Animals; Cold-Shock Response; Eye Diseases / pathology; Eye Diseases / veterinary; Turtles
TL;DR: Though some blinding lesions were noted, these were not present bilaterally in any one turtle, and thus, ocular findings did not affect release, so evaluation of cold-stunned turtles should include a complete ophthalmic examination. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 29, 2019

2019 journal article

Phacoemulsification cataract surgery in the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta ): surgical technique and outcomes in 10 cases

Veterinary Ophthalmology, 1.

By: H. Westermeyer n, A. Cook*, C. Harms n & S. Boylan*

MeSH headings : Animals; Cataract / veterinary; Cataract Extraction / veterinary; Phacoemulsification / veterinary; Treatment Outcome; Turtles / surgery
TL;DR: This report documents successful outcomes associated with cataract surgery in loggerhead turtles, but also presents significant surgical challenges that should be taken into account before attempting this procedure in this species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 29, 2019

2019 chapter

Sea Turtles

In Mader's Reptile and Amphibian Medicine and Surgery (pp. 180–193.e1).

By: C. Harms* & J. Wyneken

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2019 journal article

Sea turtle tears: a novel, minimally invasive sampling method for 1H-NMR metabolomics investigations with cold stun syndrome as a case study

Journal of Wildlife Diseases.

By: J. Niemuth n, C. Harms n & M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Chelonia mydas; green sea turtle; Kemp's ridley sea turtle; Lepidochelys kempii; loggerhead sea turtle; proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; tear biomarkers
MeSH headings : Animals; Hypothermia / veterinary; Metabolomics; Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Specimen Handling; Tears / chemistry; Tears / physiology; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: Five tear biomarkers were identified that distinguished unaffected sea turtles from those with cold stun syndrome, which is consistent with clinical metabolic acidosis reported in cold-stunned animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 24, 2019

2019 chapter

Sedation, Anesthesia, Analgesia and Euthanasia

In Fish Diseases and Medicine (pp. 283–304).

By: L. Posner, C. Harms* & S. Smith

Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2019 journal article

Using Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia to Estimate Inspired Tidal Volume in the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

Frontiers in Physiology, 10.

By: F. Cauture*, B. Sterba-Boatwright*, J. Rocho-Levine, C. Harms n, S. Miedler & A. Fahlman*

author keywords: electrocardiogram; spirometry; marine mammals; diving physiology; cardiorespiratory
TL;DR: This study investigated whether the respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) could estimate tidal volume (VT) in resting bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), allowing VT to be studied in free-ranging animals provided that heart rate can be measured. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 4, 2019

2018 journal article

A North Carolina Stranding of a White-Beaked Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris), Family Delphinidae:A New Southerly Record

Aquatic Mammals, 44(1), 32–38.

By: V. Thayer*, C. Harms*, K. Rittmaster, D. Rotstein & J. Hairr

author keywords: pheochromocytoma; white-beaked dolphin; Lagenorhynchus albimstris; stranding; Beaufort; North Carolina
TL;DR: Bilateral adrenal gland tumors (pheochromocytomas) were found and may have contributed to stranding and this is the most southerly reported stranding of a white-beaked dolphin in the world. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Characterizing sex ratios of sea turtle populations: A Bayesian mixture modeling approach applied to juvenile loggerheads (Caretta caretta)

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, 504, 10–19.

By: K. Shertzer*, L. Avens*, J. McNeill*, A. Hall* & C. Harms n

author keywords: Bayesian; Endangered; Loggerhead; Mixture models; Sea turtles; Sex ratio
TL;DR: Sex ratio of juvenile loggerhead sea turtles sampled from foraging grounds in North Carolina, USA is characterized and how many laparoscopies are sufficient for accurate classification of turtles with unknown sex is examined in an attempt to provide guidance for other studies. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Chronic debilitation in stranded loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the southeastern United States: Morphometrics and clinicopathological findings

PLOS ONE, 13(7), e0200355.

By: N. Stacy*, J. Lynch*, M. Arendt*, L. Avens*, J. Braun McNeill, C. Cray*, R. Day*, C. Harms n ...

Ed(s): F. Staffieri

MeSH headings : Animals; Health Status; Southeastern United States; Thoracica; Turtles / anatomy & histology; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: The most informative prognostic indicators, as determined by correlations with a novel severity indicator (based on survival times), were plastron concavity, P, albumin, total solids, UA, lymphocyte proliferation, WBC, K, Glc, Ca:P, and PCV. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Establishing a protocol for thromboelastography in sea turtles

Veterinary Record Open, 5(1), e000240.

By: A. Barratclough*, R. Hanel n, N. Stacy*, L. Ruterbories n, E. Christiansen n & C. Harms n

author keywords: thromboelastography; sea turtle; coagulation
TL;DR: Findings are consistent with the lack of an intrinsic pathway in turtles and confirmed a lack of coagulation in the turtle samples in response to mammalian thromboplastin. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 29, 2019

2018 chapter

Euthanasia

In F. M. D. Gulland & L. A. Dierauf (Eds.), Marine Mammal Medicine (3rd ed., pp. 675–691). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.

By: C. Harms, L. Greer, J. Whaley & T. Rowles

Ed(s): F. Gulland & L. Dierauf

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 24, 2019

2018 journal article

Examining the Severity of Roof-Hooking Injuries in Dolphinfish: a Comparison between Computed Tomography and Gross Necropsy

North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 39(1), 36–44.

By: C. Mikles n, C. Harms n, J. Buckel n & P. Rudershausen n

TL;DR: This study demonstrates a novel technique that was effective at diagnosing hooking injuries associated with the roof of the mouth in Dolphinfish, and found that CT could efficiently and accurately identify fractures and some soft-tissue damage, but some injuries found in GN were not observed on CT scans. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 11, 2019

2018 journal article

Habitat use pattern of the giant parasitic nematode Crassicauda magna within the pygmy sperm whale Kogia breviceps

Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 127(3), 163–175.

By: T. Keenan-Bateman*, W. McLellan, A. Costidis, C. Harms*, D. Gay, D. Rotstein, S. Rommel, C. Potter, D. Pabst

author keywords: Parasitic nematode; Crassicauda magna; Kogia breviceps; Cetacean; Stranding; Morbidity; Scanning electron microscopy
MeSH headings : Animals; Exocrine Glands / parasitology; Female; Male; Neck / parasitology; Spirurida / classification; Spirurida / physiology; Spirurida Infections / parasitology; Spirurida Infections / pathology; Spirurida Infections / veterinary; Whales / parasitology
TL;DR: Detailed dissections, histological examination of host tissues, and scanning electron microscopy of excised nematodes revealed that a critical habitat for the parasite is an exocrine gland in the whale's ventral cervical region, and first scanning electron micrographs of C. magna are provided, which illustrate taxonomically important features of the heads and tails of both male and female worms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

INHALANT ANESTHETIC RECOVERY FOLLOWING INTRAMUSCULAR EPINEPHRINE IN THE LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLE (CARETTA CARETTA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 49(3), 680–688.

By: J. Balko*, B. Gatson, E. Cohen*, E. Griffith*, C. Harms* & K. Bailey*

author keywords: Anesthesia; Caretta caretta; epinephrine; inhalant; recovery; sea turtle
MeSH headings : Anesthesia Recovery Period; Anesthetics, Inhalation / administration & dosage; Anesthetics, Inhalation / pharmacology; Animals; Cross-Over Studies; Epinephrine / administration & dosage; Epinephrine / pharmacology; Isoflurane / administration & dosage; Isoflurane / pharmacology; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology; Random Allocation; Sympathomimetics / administration & dosage; Sympathomimetics / pharmacology; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: Intramuscular epinephrine significantly reduces time to first movement during isoflurane anesthetic recovery in loggerhead sea turtles, and time to extubation was at least 30 min faster in 4/6 turtles following epinphrine compared with saline. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 21, 2019

2018 journal article

Propylene Glycol in Free-Ranging Green Sea Turtle Plasma

Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 9(2), 617–623.

By: J. Niemuth n, C. Harms n, J. Macdonald n & M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: antifreeze; cold adaptation; green sea turtles; metabolomics; nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; propylene glycol
TL;DR: The presence of propylene glycol in plasma of free-ranging apparently healthy green sea turtles Chelonia mydas and individuals impacted by cold stun syndrome is demonstrated and serves as a starting point for future characterization of lipid metabolism and glycolysis in green sea Turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: December 31, 2018

2017 journal article

1 H-NMR metabolomic study of whole blood from hatchling loggerhead sea turtles ( Caretta caretta ) exposed to crude oil and/or Corexit

Royal Society Open Science, 4(11), 171433.

By: S. Bembenek Bailey n, J. Niemuth n, P. McClellan-Green n, M. Godfrey n, C. Harms n & M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Corexit 9500A; crude oil; nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; small volume samples; whole blood
TL;DR: The characterization of the hatchling loggerhead whole blood metabolome provides a foundation for future metabolomic research with sea turtles and a basis for the study of tissues from exposed hatchling sea turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Effect of water temperature on the hydrolysis of two absorbable sutures used in fish surgery

FACETS, 1(1), 44–54.

By: S. Cannizzo n, S. Roe n, C. Harms n & M. Stoskopf n

Ed(s): S. Cooke

author keywords: Fish surgery; absorbable suture; Maxon T; Monocryl T; tensile strength; water temperature
TL;DR: Persistence of absorbable sutures in fishes in waters below 10 °C affects surgical decisions including approach, closure strategy, and suture selection. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 20, 2019

2017 journal article

Effects of alfaxalone administered intravenously to healthy yearling loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) at three different doses

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 250(8), 909–917.

By: B. Phillips, L. Posner*, G. Lewbart*, E. Christiansen & C. Harms*

MeSH headings : Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage; Anesthetics, Intravenous / pharmacology; Animals; Animals, Wild / physiology; Cross-Over Studies; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Heart Rate / drug effects; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology; Treatment Outcome; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: Alfaxalone administration to loggerhead sea turtles resulted in a rapid anesthetic induction and dose-dependent duration of sedation and ventilation is recommended if the 10 mg/kg dose is administered. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 book

Environment, water quality, biosecurity

In C. A. Manire, T. M. Norton, B. A. Stacy, C. J. Innis, & C. A. Harms (Eds.), Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation (pp. 45–62). Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

By: M. Stamper, C. Harms & G. Lewbart

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 24, 2019

2017 journal article

Evaluation of Three Anticoagulants Used for Short-Term Storage of Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta) Whole Blood

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 27(3), 97.

By: B. Phillips n, M. Stoskopf n, J. Beasley* & C. Harms n

TL;DR: Loggerhead sea turtle blood stored in CPDA-1, and sodium citrate had more significant blood gas and electrolyte changes over 24 h, indicating a greater degree of erythrocyte leakage or lysis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 29, 2019

2017 journal article

Fecal glucocorticoids and anthropogenic injury and mortality in North Atlantic right whales Eubalaena glacialis

Endangered Species Research, 34, 417–429.

By: R. Rolland*, W. McLellan*, M. Moore*, C. Harms n, E. Burgess* & K. Hunt*

author keywords: North Atlantic right whale; Stress; Glucocorticoids; Fecal hormones; Entanglement
TL;DR: Results provide biological validation for using fGCs as a biomarker of chronic stress in NARWs and show meaningful patterns in fGC concentration related to acute vs. chronic impacts persisted despite potential for bacterial degradation of hormone meta bolites in dead whales. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 29, 2019

2017 chapter

Field techniques

In C. A. Manire, T. M. Norton, B. A. Stacy, C. J. Innis, & C. A. Harms (Eds.), Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation (pp. 819–857). Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

By: H. Harris, M. Flint, K. Stewart & C. Harms

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: November 11, 2019

2017 chapter

Fisheries and sea turtles

In C. A. Manire, T. M. Norton, B. A. Stacy, C. J. Innis, & C. A. Harms (Eds.), Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation (pp. 859–897). Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

By: M. Parga, J. Crespo-Picazo, D. Garcia-Parraga, B. Stacy & C. Harms

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: November 11, 2019

2017 journal article

Ketoprofen pharmacokinetics of R - and S -isomers in juvenile loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta ) after single intravenous and single- and multidose intramuscular administration

Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 41(2), 340–348.

By: K. Thompson*, M. Papich n, B. Higgins*, J. Flanagan, E. Christiansen* & C. Harms n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; ketoprofen; loggerhead; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory; pharmacokinetics
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacokinetics; Drug Administration Schedule / veterinary; Female; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Injections, Intravenous / veterinary; Ketoprofen / administration & dosage; Ketoprofen / pharmacokinetics; Turtles / metabolism
TL;DR: The S-isomer is the predominant isomer in loggerhead sea turtles, similar to most mammals, despite administration of a 50:50 racemic mixture, and a dose of 2 mg/kg either IM or IV every 24 hr is likely appropriate for loggerhead turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 chapter

Nervous system

In C. A. Manire, T. M. Norton, B. A. Stacy, C. J. Innis, & C. A. Harms (Eds.), Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation (pp. 417–438). Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

By: C. Harms, A. Valente, B. Stacy & J. Wyneken

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 24, 2019

2017 journal article

PARATHYROID HORMONE, IONIZED CALCIUM, AND 25-HYDROXYVITAMIN D CONCENTRATIONS IN THE DOMESTIC FERRET (MUSTELA PUTORIUS FURO)

JOURNAL OF EXOTIC PET MEDICINE, 26(4), 294–299.

By: S. Cannizzo n, M. Rick*, T. Harrison n & C. Harms n

author keywords: ferret; mustelid; parathyroid hormone; ionized calcium; 25-hydroxyvitamin D
TL;DR: Results may provide a baseline for clinicians evaluating ferrets for disorders of calcium homeostasis, parathyroid glands, and paraneoplastic syndromes, as none of these assays have been validated for use in ferrets. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 chapter

Parasites

In C. A. Manire, T. M. Norton, B. A. Stacy, C. J. Innis, & C. A. Harms (Eds.), Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation (pp. 727–750). Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

By: B. Stacy, M. Werneck, H. Walden & C. Harms

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: November 11, 2019

2017 book

Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation

Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

Craig Harms

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: November 11, 2019

2017 chapter

Therapeutics

In C. A. Manire, T. M. Norton, B. A. Stacy, C. J. Innis, & C. A. Harms (Eds.), Sea Turtle Health and Rehabilitation (pp. 497–526). Jupiter, Florida: J. Ross Publishing.

By: C. Innis, C. Harms & C. Manire

Ed(s): C. Manire, T. Norton, B. Stacy, C. Innis & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 21, 2020

2016 journal article

Best practice guidelines for field-based surgery and anesthesia on free-ranging wildlife. II. Surgery

Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52(2s), S28–S39.

By: C. Fiorello*, C. Harms n, S. Chinnadurai* & D. Strahl-Heldreth*

author keywords: Biopsy; field surgery; free-ranging animals; guidelines; implantation; surgery; wildlife
MeSH headings : Animal Welfare / standards; Animals; Animals, Wild / surgery; Asepsis / methods
TL;DR: A minimum standard of care for field surgeries is outlined and will serve as a resource for Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees and biologists and veterinarians planning projects that involve surgeries on free-ranging wildlife in field conditions. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Blood gas, lactate and hematology effects of venipuncture timing and location after mist-net capture of mourning doves (Zenaida macroura), boat-tailed grackles (Quiscalus major) and house sparrows (Passer domesticus)

Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52(2s), S54–S64.

By: C. Harms n, M. Jinks n & R. Harms

author keywords: Animal welfare; banding; blood gas; columbiform; lactate; mist net; passerine; stress leukogram
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary; Carbon Dioxide / blood; Columbidae / blood; Columbidae / physiology; Female; Handling, Psychological; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Lactic Acid / blood; Male; Oxygen / blood; Passeriformes / blood; Passeriformes / physiology; Phlebotomy / adverse effects; Phlebotomy / methods; Phlebotomy / veterinary; Sparrows / blood; Sparrows / physiology; Stress, Physiological / physiology; Time Factors
TL;DR: For such birds, a short delay between capture and processing could benefit their blood gas and acid-base status, although loss of time foraging or feeding young and greater activation of the hypophyseal-pituitary-adrenal axis are additional considerations. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Comparison of hematology, plasma biochemistry, and blood gas variables between 2 venipuncture sites in Southern Stingrays (Dasyatis americana)

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 45(4), 627–633.

By: B. Phillips n, E. Christiansen n, M. Stoskopf n, H. Broadhurst n, R. George* & C. Harms n

MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Female; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Male; Pathology, Clinical; Phlebotomy / veterinary; Skates, Fish / blood
TL;DR: Good agreement between sampling sites for the majority of the measured analytes and the lack of differences that would alter clinical interpretation support the use of the pectoral site as an alternative to the traditional caudal fin venipuncture site in Southern Stingrays. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Female-Bias in a Long-Term Study of a Species with Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination: Monitoring Sex Ratios for Climate Change Research

PLOS ONE, 11(8), e0160911.

By: J. Braun McNeill, L. Avens*, A. Goodman Hall*, L. Goshe*, C. Harms n & D. Owens*

Ed(s): G. Hays

MeSH headings : Animals; Female; Global Warming; Male; North Carolina; Sex Determination Processes; Sex Ratio; Turtles
TL;DR: Investigating the long-term trend in sex ratio of a juvenile loggerhead sea turtle population inhabiting Pamlico and Core Sounds, North Carolina, USA demonstrates that for this particular population of loggerheads, sex ratios had not significantly changed over a 10 year period, nor showed any significant difference among 5-cm straight carapace length (SCL) size classes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Guidelines for field-based surgery and anesthesia of free-ranging wildlife. I. Anesthesia and analgesia

Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52(2s), S14–S27.

By: S. Chinnadurai*, D. Strahl-Heldreth*, C. Fiorello* & C. Harms n

author keywords: Analgesia; anesthesia; animal welfare; guidelines; immobilization; surgery; wildlife
MeSH headings : Analgesia / standards; Analgesia / veterinary; Anesthesia / standards; Anesthesia / veterinary; Animals; Animals, Wild / physiology
TL;DR: This document is intended to serve as a resource for Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees, biologists, veterinarians, and other researchers planning projects that involve free-ranging wildlife in field conditions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Hearing in the Juvenile Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas): A Comparison of Underwater and Aerial Hearing Using Auditory Evoked Potentials

PLOS ONE, 11(10), e0159711.

By: W. Piniak*, D. Mann*, C. Harms n, T. Jones* & S. Eckert*

Ed(s): C. Altmann

MeSH headings : Acoustic Stimulation; Air / analysis; Animals; Auditory Threshold / physiology; Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology; Turtles / growth & development; Turtles / physiology; Water / chemistry
TL;DR: Underwater and aerial hearing sensitivities in five juvenile green sea turtles were compared by measuring auditory evoked potential responses to tone pip stimuli, finding that green sea turtle aerial sound pressure thresholds were lower than underwater thresholds, however they detected a wider range of frequencies underwater. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

POPULATION PHARMACOKINETICS OF ENROFLOXACIN AND ITS METABOLITE CIPROFLOXACIN IN THE GREEN SEA URCHIN (STRONGYLOCENTROTUS DROEBACHIENSIS) FOLLOWING INTRACOELOMIC AND IMMERSION ADMINISTRATION

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 47(1), 175–186.

By: B. Phillips, C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, L. Lahner, M. Haulena, J. Rosenberg, M. Papich*

author keywords: Ciprofloxacin; echinoderms; enrofloxacin; green sea urchin; pharmacokinetics; Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics; Ciprofloxacin / administration & dosage; Ciprofloxacin / pharmacokinetics; Drug Administration Routes; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / administration & dosage; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Strongylocentrotus / metabolism
TL;DR: The concentrations of enrofloxacin achieved far exceeded minimum inhibitory concentrations reported for teleost pathogens, indicating minimal production of this metabolite in the green sea urchin. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Population pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in purple sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) following an intracoelomic injection or extended immersion

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 77(11), 1266–1275.

By: J. Rosenberg, M. Haulena, B. Phillips, C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, L. Lahner, M. Papich*

MeSH headings : Animals; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Half-Life; Injections, Intravenous; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Starfish / metabolism
TL;DR: Results suggested that the described enrofloxacin administration resulted in water vascular system fluid drug concentrations expected to exceed the minimum inhibitory concentration for many bacterial pathogens. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Prevalence and anatomic site of Crassicauda infection, and its use in species identification, in kogiid whales from the mid-Atlantic United States

Marine Mammal Science, 32(3), 868–883.

By: T. Keenan-Bateman*, W. McLellan*, C. Harms n, M. Piscitelli*, S. Barco*, V. Thayer*, G. Lovewell*, K. Clark* ...

author keywords: Kogia; Crassicauda; marine mammal; parasite; nematode; kogiid species identification; infection; prevalence
TL;DR: The cervico-thoracic distribution of the parasite was confirmed, and a novel site of infection in a previously undescribed exocrine gland associated with the pigmented “false gill slit” was identified. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Tricaine Methanesulfonate (MS-222) Sedation and Anesthesia in the Purple-spined Sea Urchin (Arbacia punctulata)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 47(4), 1025–1033.

By: J. Applegate, D. Dombrowski, L. Christian, M. Bayer, C. Harms* & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Anesthesia; Arbacia punctulata; MS-222; purple-spined sea urchin; sedation; tricaine methanesulfonate
MeSH headings : Aminobenzoates / administration & dosage; Aminobenzoates / pharmacology; Anesthesia; Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Arbacia / drug effects; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
TL;DR: The parameters assessed in this study provide a baseline for sea urchin anesthesia and may provide helpful comparisons to similar species and populations that are in need of anesthesia for surgical procedures or research. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2015 journal article

Case descriptions of fibropapillomatosis in rehabilitating loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta in the southeastern USA

Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 115(3), 185–191.

By: A. Page-Karjian*, T. Norton*, C. Harms n, D. Mader*, L. Herbst*, N. Stedman, N. Gottdenker*

author keywords: FP; CFPHV; ChHV5; Rehabilitation; Epidemiology; Captive care; Survival outcomes
MeSH headings : Animals; Florida / epidemiology; Georgia / epidemiology; Papilloma / epidemiology; Papilloma / pathology; Papilloma / surgery; Papilloma / veterinary; Retrospective Studies; South Carolina / epidemiology; Turtles
TL;DR: Clinical decision-making for FP+ loggerhead patients can be aided by such information as time to tumor development, anatomic locations to monitor for new tumor growth, husbandry considerations, diagnostic and treatment options, and comparisons to FP in rehabilitating green turtles Chelonia mydas. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Clinical Pathology Reference Intervals for an In-Water Population of Juvenile Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) in Core Sound, North Carolina, USA

PLOS ONE, 10(3), e0115739.

By: T. Kelly n, J. McNeill*, L. Avens*, A. Hall*, L. Goshe*, A. Hohn*, M. Godfrey*, A. Mihnovets* ...

Ed(s): C. Johnson

MeSH headings : Animal Shells / anatomy & histology; Animals; Endangered Species; Female; Male; North Carolina; Reference Values; Seasons; Turtles / anatomy & histology; Turtles / blood
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Exertional Myopathy in a Juvenile Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas) Entangled in a Large Mesh Gillnet

Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine, 2015, 1–6.

By: B. Phillips n, S. Cannizzo n, M. Godfrey n, B. Stacy* & C. Harms n

TL;DR: If possible, sea turtles subjected to incidental capture and entanglement that exhibit weakness or dull mentation should be clinically evaluated prior to release to minimize the risk of delayed mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 28, 2019

2015 journal article

Exuberant granulation tissue response associated with Neobenedenia sp. (Monogenea: Capsalidae) infestation in two cobia, Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus)

Journal of Fish Diseases, 39(3), 277–283.

By: J. Hurley-Sanders n, C. Harms n, E. Christiansen n, E. Clarke n & J. Law n

author keywords: granulation tissue; Neobenedenia; Rachycentron canadum
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Zoo / parasitology; Fish Diseases / parasitology; Gills / parasitology; Granulation Tissue / parasitology; Perciformes / parasitology; Trematoda / physiology; Trematode Infections / parasitology; Trematode Infections / veterinary
TL;DR: An unusual pathological presentation of exuberant granulation tissue of the gills, suspected to be related to Neobenedenia infestation in two cobia housed together at a North Carolina aquarium is described. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Movement of invasive adult lionfish Pterois volitans using telemetry: importance of controls to estimate and explain variable detection probabilities

Marine Ecology Progress Series, 527, 205–220.

By: N. Bacheler*, P. Whitfield, R. Muñoz*, B. Harrison, C. Harms n & C. Buckel

author keywords: Indo-Pacific lionfish; Invasive species; Acoustic tagging; Range test; Ultrasonic transmitter; Telemetry; Movements; Receiver array
TL;DR: Estimating variable detection rates of transmitters and lionfish movements provided information that can be useful in understanding the spatial scale of lionfish impact and developing management or mitigation strategies for this invasive species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Oral Transmucosal Detomidine Gel for the Sedation of the Domestic Ferret (Mustela putorius furo)

Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine, 24(4), 446–454.

By: B. Phillips n, C. Harms n & K. Messenger n

author keywords: ferret; detomidine; transmucosal; sedation; alpha-2-receptor agonist
TL;DR: TM detomidine effectively sedated domestic ferrets for physical examination and venipuncture in a teaching laboratory setting and scored significantly increased throughout the study period. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Plasma Protein Electrophoresis and Acute Phase Proteins in Koi Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Following Exploratory Coeliotomy

Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine, 24(1), 76–83.

By: E. Christiansen n, C. Cray*, G. Lewbart n & C. Harms n

author keywords: acute phase response; koi carp; Cyprinus carpio; protein electrophoresis; surgery
TL;DR: Despite grossly evident inflammation of the incision line, either this surgical procedure did not stimulate a marked systemic inflammatory response, or the available assays are not effective in detecting the acute phase inflammatory response in this fish species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

VORICONAZOLE TOXICITY IN MULTIPLE PENGUIN SPECIES

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 46(4), 880–888.

By: M. Hyatt, T. Georoff, H. Nollens, R. Wells, T. Clauss, D. Ialeggio, C. Harms*, A. Wack

author keywords: Adverse effects; encephalopathy; neurologic; penguin; toxicity; voriconazole
MeSH headings : Animals; Antifungal Agents / adverse effects; Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use; Bird Diseases / chemically induced; Bird Diseases / pathology; Retrospective Studies; Species Specificity; Spheniscidae / classification; Voriconazole / adverse effects; Voriconazole / therapeutic use
TL;DR: This case series highlights the importance of species-specific dosing of voriconazole in penguins and plasma therapeutic drug monitoring, and recommends caution in determining vorIconazole dosages for use in penguin species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

ALFAXALONE AS AN INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTABLE ANESTHETIC IN KOI CARP (CYPRINUS CARPIO)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 45(4), 852–858.

By: K. Bailey*, L. Minter*, G. Lewbart*, C. Harms*, E. Griffith* & L. Posner*

author keywords: Alfaxalone; anesthesia; Cyprinus carpio; injectable; koi carp
MeSH headings : Anesthesia / veterinary; Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Carps; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Injections, Intramuscular; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology
TL;DR: Intramuscular alfaxalone cannot be recommended for anesthesia in koi carp due to variation in response despite consistent conditions, as well as risk of mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Bartonella henselae and B. koehlerae DNA in Birds

Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(3), 490–492.

By: P. Mascarelli, M. McQuillan, C. Harms*, R. Harms & E. Breitschwerdt*

MeSH headings : Animals; Bartonella / classification; Bartonella / genetics; Bartonella Infections / veterinary; Bartonella henselae / classification; Bartonella henselae / genetics; Bird Diseases / microbiology; Bird Diseases / transmission; Birds; DNA, Bacterial; Disease Reservoirs / microbiology; Humans; Zoonoses / microbiology; Zoonoses / transmission
TL;DR: The substantial mobility, broad distribution, and migrations of birds make them ideal reservoir hosts for dispersal of infectious agents and the possibility that persistent blood-borne infection can occur in nonmammals and that the host range for Bartonella spp. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2014 journal article

Experimental methods fail to address the questions posed in studies of surgical techniques

Fisheries Research, 156, 1–5.

By: D. Mulcahy & C. Harms*

author keywords: Surgery; Aseptic technique; Implantation; Infections; Transmitters
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Low residue euthanasia of stranded mysticetes

Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 50(1), 63–73.

By: C. Harms n, W. McLellan*, M. Moore*, S. Barco*, E. Clarke n, V. Thayer, T. Rowles*

author keywords: Analgesia; beaching; drug residue; euthanasia; mysticete; relay toxicity; sedation; stranding
MeSH headings : Acepromazine / administration & dosage; Animals; Drug Residues / adverse effects; Euthanasia, Animal / methods; Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage; Midazolam / administration & dosage; Pentobarbital / administration & dosage; Pentobarbital / adverse effects; Potassium Chloride / administration & dosage; Whales / physiology; Xylazine / administration & dosage
TL;DR: A euthanasia technique for stranded mysticetes using readily available, relatively inexpensive, preanesthetic and anesthetic drugs (midazolam, acepromazine, xylazine) followed by saturated KCl delivered via custom-made needles and a low-cost, basic, pressurized canister is described. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Meloxicam pharmacokinetics using nonlinear mixed-effects modeling in ferrets after single subcutaneous administration

Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 37(4), 382–387.

By: S. Chinnadurai n, K. Messenger n, M. Papich n & C. Harms n

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacokinetics; Female; Ferrets / blood; Ferrets / metabolism; Half-Life; Injections, Subcutaneous; Male; Meloxicam; Sex Factors; Thiazines / administration & dosage; Thiazines / pharmacokinetics; Thiazoles / administration & dosage; Thiazoles / pharmacokinetics
TL;DR: Sex differences in the pharmacokinetic behavior of meloxicam should be taken into consideration when treating ferrets, as these animals are considered effective in other species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Sedation and anesthesia of hatchling leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) for auditory evoked potential measurement in air and in water

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 45(1), 86–92.

By: C. Harms*, W. Piniak, S. Eckert & E. Stringer*

author keywords: Anesthesia; auditory evoked potential; Dermochelys coriacea; leatherback sea turtle; sedation
MeSH headings : Anesthesia / veterinary; Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Dexmedetomidine / administration & dosage; Dexmedetomidine / pharmacology; Drug Therapy, Combination; Environment; Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology; Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology; Ketamine / administration & dosage; Ketamine / pharmacology; Midazolam / pharmacology; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: Both sedation with midazolam and anesthesia with ketamine–dexmedetomidine were successful for allowing AEP measurements in hatchling leatherback sea turtles, allowing the turtle to protect its airway voluntarily while limiting flipper movement. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Sedation of red porgy (Pagrus pagrus) and black sea bass (Centropristis striata) using ketamine, dexmedetomidine and midazolam delivered via intramuscular injection

Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2, 62–68.

By: E. Christiansen, J. Mitchell, C. Harms & M. Stoskopf

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: July 28, 2019

2014 journal article

Strandings as indicators of marine mammal biodiversity and human interactions off the coast of North Carolina

Fishery Bulletin, 112(1), 1–23.

By: B. Byrd*, A. Hohn, G. Lovewell, K. Altman, S. Barco, A. Friedlaender, C. Harms*, W. McLellan ...

TL;DR: Most stranded animals that were positive for human interaction showed evidence of having been entangled in fishing gear, particularly bottlenose dolphins, harbor porpoises, short-finned pilot whales, harbor seals, and humpback whales. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 28, 2019

2014 journal article

The efficacy of alfaxalone for immersion anesthesia in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 41(4), 398–405.

By: L. Minter n, K. Bailey n, C. Harms n, G. Lewbart n & L. Posner n

author keywords: alfaxalone; Alfaxan; anesthetic; Cyprinus carpio; fish; koi carp
MeSH headings : Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Bicarbonates / blood; Carbon Dioxide / blood; Carps; Cross-Over Studies; Drug Administration Routes / veterinary; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Lactates / blood; Oxygen / blood; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology; Temperature
TL;DR: Administration of alfaxalone, via water immersion, as an induction and maintenance anesthesia agent provided rapid and reliable anesthesia of koi with no mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Alfaxalone anesthesia in bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeiana) by injection or immersion

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(4), 965–971.

By: L. Posner n, K. Bailey n, E. Richardson n, A. Motsinger-Reif n & C. Harms n

author keywords: Alfaxalone; Alfaxan (R); anesthesia; bullfrogs; immersion; intramuscular
MeSH headings : Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Drug Administration Routes; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology; Rana catesbeiana
TL;DR: Intramuscular alfaxalone produced immobilization in frogs but did not provide sufficient anesthesia to prevent response to noxious stimuli. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

EFFICACY OF ALFAXALONE FOR INTRAVASCULAR ANESTHESIA AND EUTHANASIA IN BLUE CRABS (CALLINECTES SAPIDUS)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(3), 694–699.

By: L. Minter n, C. Harms*, K. Archibald*, H. Broadhurst, K. Bailey*, E. Christiansen*, G. Lewbart*, L. Posner*

author keywords: Alfaxalone; Alfaxan (R); anesthetic; blue crab; Callinectes sapidus; euthanasia
MeSH headings : Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Brachyura; Euthanasia, Animal / methods; Female; Pregnanediones / pharmacology
TL;DR: In summary, the intravascular administration of alfaxalone at 15 mg/kg provided rapid and reliable sedation, whereasAlfaxalone administered at 100mg/kg produced rapid and long lasting anesthesia. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Electrocardiograms of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) out of water: habituated collection versus wild post-capture animals

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(4), 972–981.

By: C. Harms n, E. Jensen*, F. Townsend*, L. Hansen*, L. Schwacke* & T. Rowles*

author keywords: Capture effects; dolphin; electrocardiogram; health assessment; Tursiops truncatus
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Bottle-Nosed Dolphin / physiology; Electrocardiography / instrumentation; Electrocardiography / methods; Electrocardiography / veterinary; Heart Rate / physiology
TL;DR: It appears that the dolphin cardiovascular system compensates suitably well to capture, as measured by ECG under the conditions of this study. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Intestinal and cloacal strictures in free-ranging and aquarium-maintained green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(2), 408–429.

By: C. Erlacher-Reid*, T. Norton, C. Harms*, R. Thompson, D. Reese, M. Walsh, M. Stamper

author keywords: Chelonia mydas; cloacitis; colitis; enteritis; green sea turtle; ileus; obstruction; stricture
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Animals, Zoo; Cloaca / pathology; Female; Intestinal Obstruction / pathology; Intestinal Obstruction / veterinary; Male; Turtles
TL;DR: Intestinal or cloacal strictures that resulted in intestinal obstruction were diagnosed in six green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) from three rehabilitation facilities and two zoologic parks, and intestinal strictures were not successfully identified when using imaging modalities. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 3, 2019

2013 journal article

Mycobacteriosis, Mycobacterium chelonae, in a captive yellow stingray (Urobatis jamaicensis)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(2), 470–474.

By: E. Clarke n, B. Dorn, A. Boone, G. Risatti, K. Gilbert-Marcheterre & C. Harms*

author keywords: yellow stingray; Urobatis jamaicensis; Mycobacterium chelonae; mycobacteriosis; elasmobranch
MeSH headings : Animals; Female; Fish Diseases / microbiology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / microbiology; Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / pathology; Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / veterinary; Mycobacterium chelonae / isolation & purification; Skates, Fish
TL;DR: An adult yellow stingray from a touch-tank exhibit developed a large abscess on the dorsal aspect of the calvarium and swollen soft tissue surrounding the left spiracle and disseminated mycobacteriosis was confirmed with histology. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 3, 2019

2013 journal article

Pre- and Post-Surgical Evaluation of Bearded Dragons Undergoing Sterilization

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 23(3-4), 83–90.

By: E. Christiansen n, M. Stoskopf n & C. Harms n

TL;DR: None of the biochemical differences were of sufficient magnitude to be clinically important, but reproductive status of female bearded dragons should be considered prior to this invasive surgical procedure. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 20, 2019

2012 chapter

Amphibious Hearing in Sea Turtles

In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (pp. 83–87).

By: W. Piniak*, D. Mann*, S. Eckert* & C. Harms n

MeSH headings : Air; Animals; Behavior, Animal; Endangered Species; Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology; Hearing / physiology; Oceans and Seas; Turtles / physiology; Water
TL;DR: Understanding the effects of noise on sea turtles is both timely and critically important, as they are among the evolutionarily oldest and most endangered marine species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 29, 2019

2012 chapter

Bartonellosis: an emerging disease of humans, domestic animals, and wildlife

In A. A. Aguirre, R. S. Ostfeld, & P. Daszak (Eds.), Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health (pp. 239–256). New York: Oxford University Press.

By: R. Maggi, C. Harms & E. Breitschwerdt

Ed(s): A. Aguirre, R. Ostfeld & P. Daszak

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 21, 2020

2012 journal article

Clinical and Pathological Effects of the Polyopisthocotylean Monogenean, Gamacallum macroura in White Bass

JOURNAL OF AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH, 24(4), 251–257.

By: E. Clarke n, C. Harms n, J. Law n, J. Flowers n, V. Williams n, B. Ring n, A. McGinty n, M. Hopper n, C. Sullivan n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bass; Fish Diseases / parasitology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Platyhelminths / classification; Platyhelminths / isolation & purification; Trematode Infections / parasitology; Trematode Infections / veterinary
TL;DR: Pale-gilled and healthy white bass were selected with no particular attention to condition for venipuncture and euthanasia for postmortem examination, including parasite counts from gills, and monogeneans, identified as Gamacallum macroura, were found on the gills. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 chapter

Echinoderms

In G. A. Lewbart (Ed.), Invertebrate Medicine (2nd ed., pp. 365–379). Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.

By: C. Harms

Ed(s): G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 21, 2020

2012 journal article

Identification and management of ocular lipid deposition in association with hyperlipidaemia in captive moray eels , Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani, Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier) and Muraena retifera Goode and Bean

JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES, 35(9), 683–693.

By: A. Clode n, C. Harms n, M. Fatzinger*, F. Young*, C. Colitz* & D. Wert*

author keywords: eye; Gymnothorax spp; lipid keratopathy; moray eel
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis; Diet; Eels; Eye Diseases / physiopathology; Eye Diseases / surgery; Eye Diseases / veterinary; Fish Diseases / pathology; Fish Diseases / prevention & control; Fish Diseases / surgery; Fisheries; Hyperlipidemias / pathology; Hyperlipidemias / prevention & control; Hyperlipidemias / surgery; Hyperlipidemias / veterinary; Lipids
TL;DR: Dietary management was minimally effective, while surgery improved ocular clarity within 1month post-operatively, in captive moray eels, which have an apparent predisposition for hyperlipidaemia and ocular lipid deposition. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Population characteristics, age structure, and growth dynamics of neritic juvenile green turtles in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico

Marine Ecology Progress Series, 458, 213–229.

By: L. Avens*, L. Goshe*, C. Harms n, E. Anderson n, A. Goodman Hall, W. Cluse*, M. Godfrey*, J. Braun-McNeill* ...

author keywords: Chelonia mydas; St. Joseph Bay; Florida; Sea turtle; Cold stun; Skeletochronology; Sex ratio
TL;DR: Characterization of a population of green turtles inhabiting the northeastern Gulf of Mexico was made possible by the mortality of a subset of >4500 sea turtles that stranded during a mass cold stunning event in Florida, USA, during January 2010; however, no effect of sex, FP status, or body condition was found. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Rapid decreases in salinity, but not increases, lead to immune dysregulation in Nile tilapia,Oreochromis niloticus(L.)

Journal of Fish Diseases, 36(4), 389–399.

By: K. Choi n, W. Cope n, C. Harms n & J. Law n

author keywords: IL-1; immunopathology; phagocytosis assay; salinity stress; TGF-; tilapia
MeSH headings : Animals; Cichlids / immunology; Cytokines; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects; Gene Expression Regulation / immunology; Interleukin-1beta / genetics; Interleukin-1beta / metabolism; RNA, Messenger / genetics; RNA, Messenger / metabolism; Salinity; Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage; Sodium Chloride / toxicity; Time Factors; Transforming Growth Factor beta / genetics; Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism; Water / chemistry
TL;DR: In total, acute salinity changes appeared to trigger reactive dysregulation of the immune response in tilapia, a situation which, when combined with additional co-occurring stressors such as sudden changes in temperature and/or dissolved oxygen, could make fish more susceptible to infectious diseases. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Splenic mycobacteriosis in an Atlantic guitarfish, Rhinobatos lentiginosus Garman

Journal of Fish Diseases, 35(7), 541–544.

By: E. Anderson n, S. Frasca*, M. Asakawa n, M. Fatzinger*, J. Johnson*, K. Marchetere*, L. Goodale*, G. Risatti*, C. Harms n

author keywords: Atlantic guitarfish; elasmobranch; mycobacteriosis; Mycobacterium chelonae; polymerase chain reaction; Rhinobatos lentiginosus; rpoB gene
MeSH headings : Animals; Female; Fish Diseases / diagnosis; Fish Diseases / microbiology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Male; Mycobacterium Infections / diagnosis; Mycobacterium Infections / microbiology; Mycobacterium Infections / pathology; Mycobacterium Infections / veterinary; Mycobacterium chelonae / genetics; Mycobacterium chelonae / isolation & purification; Spleen / microbiology; Spleen / pathology
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

VENOUS BLOOD GAS AND LACTATE VALUES OF MOURNING DOVES (ZENAIDA MACROURA), BOAT-TAILED GRACKLES (QUISCALUS MAJOR), AND HOUSE SPARROWS (PASSER DOMESTICUS) AFTER CAPTURE BY MIST NET, BANDING, AND VENIPUNCTURE

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 43(1), 77–84.

By: C. Harms* & R. Harms

author keywords: Acidemia; banding; blood gas; lactate; mist net; ringing
MeSH headings : Animals; Birds / blood; Blood Specimen Collection / veterinary; Carbon Dioxide / blood; Lactic Acid / blood; Oxygen / blood; Restraint, Physical / physiology; Species Specificity; Stress, Physiological / physiology
TL;DR: The metabolic, respiratory, and acid–base alterations observed in this study were minor in most cases, indicative of the general safety of these important field ornithology techniques. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Clinical report: hyperplastic adipose lids in mackerel scad, Decapterus macarellus (Cuvier)

Journal of Fish Diseases, 34(12), 921–925.

By: S. Boylan*, C. Harms n, T. Waltzek*, J. Law n, M. Garner, J. Cassell*, M. Fatzinger*, P. Govett*

author keywords: hyperplasia; mackerel scad; adipose lids
MeSH headings : Adipose Tissue / pathology; Animals; Eyelid Diseases / etiology; Eyelid Diseases / veterinary; Fish Diseases / etiology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Hypertrophy / etiology; Hypertrophy / veterinary; Perciformes
TL;DR: This exhibition highlights the efforts towards in-situ applicability of EMMARM, which aims to provide real-time information about infectious disease and its effects on wildlife and human health. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 21, 2019

2011 journal article

Evaluation of Hematology and Serum Biochemistry of Cold-Stunned Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas) in North Carolina, USA

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 42(2), 247–255.

By: E. Anderson*, C. Harms*, E. Stringer* & W. Cluse

author keywords: Chelonia mydas; cold-stunned; electrolyte imbalance; green sea turtle; hematology; hypothermia; serum biochemistry
MeSH headings : Acid-Base Imbalance / blood; Acid-Base Imbalance / veterinary; Animals; Cold Temperature / adverse effects; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Hypothermia / blood; Hypothermia / veterinary; North Carolina; Turtles / blood; Water-Electrolyte Imbalance / blood; Water-Electrolyte Imbalance / veterinary
TL;DR: When compared with healthy, free-ranging juvenile green turtles from the same region, cold-stunned turtles exhibited hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia (both total and ionized calcium), hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypoproteinema, hypoalbuminemia, hyperphosphatemia, and elevations in uric acid and blood urea nitrogen. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of Clindamycin in Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) after a Single Intravenous, Intramuscular, or Oral Dose

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 21(4), 113–119.

By: C. Harms n, E. Cranston n, M. Papich n, M. Rodriguez*, B. Higgins* & J. Flanagan*

TL;DR: Higher doses and more frequent administration of clindamycin should be considered to treat anaerobic and Gram-positive aerobic bacterial infections effectively in sea turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 21, 2019

2011 journal article

The Effects of Feeding on Hematological and Plasma Biochemical Profiles in Green (Chelonia mydas) and Kemp's Ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) Sea Turtles

Veterinary Medicine International, 2011, 1–7.

By: E. Anderson n, L. Minter n, E. Clarke n, R. Mroch n, J. Beasley* & C. Harms n

TL;DR: Feeding had no significant effects on hematological values in either species, nor did it have an effect on plasma biochemistry values in Kemp's ridley sea turtles, but in postprandial green turtles, total protein, albumin, ALP, AST, ALT, amylase, and cholesterol increased significantly, and chloride decreased significantly. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 28, 2019

2010 journal article

A Comparison of Heavy Metal Concentrations and Health Assessment in Asian Clams Corbicula fluminea from Florida and North Carolina

JOURNAL OF AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH, 22(2), 73–77.

By: G. Lewbart n, L. Christian n, C. Harms n & A. Van Wettere n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bivalvia / chemistry; Florida; Metals, Heavy / analysis; North Carolina; Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
TL;DR: The purpose of this study was to compare the heavy metal concentrations of the hard and soft tissues of specimens from Florida and North Carolina and to assess the clams' health by microscopic examination of their soft tissues. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Comparison of Ionized Calcium, Parathyroid Hormone, and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Rehabilitating and Healthy Wild Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas)

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 20(4), 122–127.

By: E. Stringer n, C. Harms n, J. Beasley* & E. Anderson n

TL;DR: Calcium and iCa values were significantly lower and PTH and P were significantly higher in turtles in rehabilitation than in wild turtles, suggesting that dietary requirements are not being met in the captive population. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 28, 2019

2010 journal article

Gross and histologic evaluation of 5 suture materials in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the california sea hare (Aplysia californica)

Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 49(1), 64–68.

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Hematology, Plasma Biochemistry, and Tissue Enzyme Activities of Invasive Red Lionfish Captured off North Carolina, USA

JOURNAL OF AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH, 22(4), 266–273.

By: E. Anderson n, M. Stoskopf n, J. Morris*, E. Clarke n & C. Harms n

MeSH headings : Animals; Fishes / blood; Fishes / metabolism; Gastrointestinal Tract / enzymology; Introduced Species; Kidney / enzymology; Liver / enzymology; Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology; Myocardium / enzymology; North Carolina
TL;DR: Tissue enzyme activity findings suggest that plasma LD, CK, and AST offer clinical relevance in the assessment of red lionfish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA WITH VASCULAR INVASION IN A DIAMONDBACK RATTLESNAKE (CROTALUS ADAMANTEUS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 41(4), 745–748.

By: E. Anderson n, S. Kennedy-Stoskopf*, J. Sandy, B. Dorn, T. Boyette & C. Harms*

author keywords: Diamondback rattlesnake; Crotalus; neoplasia; squamous cell carcinoma
MeSH headings : Amputation, Surgical / veterinary; Animals; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / blood supply; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / veterinary; Crotalus; Male; Tail / pathology; Tail / surgery
TL;DR: This report documents a case of SCC in an adult male eastern diamondback rattlesnake with a unique presentation and invasion into several small- to medium-sized vessels, suggestive of a metastatic process. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

The veterinarian’s role in surgical implantation of electronic tags in fish

Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21(1), 25–33.

By: C. Harms n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Fish; Surgery; Telemetry; Veterinarian
TL;DR: Engaging veterinary consultation for electronic tag implantation surgeries in fish can be a mutually beneficial experience for the researcher and the veterinarian, with dividends in data quality and welfare of the research subjects. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

A Technique for Underwater Anesthesia Compared with Manual Restraint of Sea Turtles Undergoing Auditory Evoked Potential Measurements

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 19(1), 8–12.

By: C. Harms n, S. Eckert*, T. Jones*, W. Dow Piniak* & D. Mann*

TL;DR: A safe and effective technique for underwater anesthesia of green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) was developed to allow fully submerged in-water measurements of auditory evoked potentials. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 27, 2019

2009 journal article

Characterizing eversion syndrome in captive scyphomedusa jellyfish

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 70(9), 1087–1093.

By: K. Freeman n, G. Lewbart*, W. Robarge*, C. Harms*, J. Law* & M. Stoskopf*

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Digestive System Abnormalities / pathology; Digestive System Abnormalities / veterinary; Scyphozoa / anatomy & histology; Scyphozoa / physiology; Syndrome
TL;DR: It is suggested that eversion syndrome is a complex phenomenon associated with degenerative changes of the bell matrix and Striated muscle degeneration and necrosis and extracellular matrix (mesoglea) degeneration were evident on histologic examination of affected jellyfish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Domoic acid exposure in pygmy and dwarf sperm whales (Kogia spp.) from southeastern and mid-Atlantic US waters

HARMFUL ALGAE, 8(5), 658–664.

By: S. Fire, Z. Wang, T. Leighfield, S. Morton, W. McFee, W. McLellan*, R. Litaker, P. Tester ...

author keywords: Domoic acid; Dwarf sperm whale; Harmful algal bloom; Kogia; Phycotoxin; Pygmy sperm whale
TL;DR: The neurotoxin domoic acid (DA) was detected in urine and fecal samples recovered from pygmy sperm whales and dwarf sperm whales stranding along the U.S. Atlantic coast from 1997 to 2008, highlighting the need for a better understanding of the role of toxigenic algae in marine mammal morbidity and mortality globally. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

SURGICAL REPAIR OF SEVERE FLIPPER LACERATIONS IN A LOGGERHEAD, CARETTA CARETTA, AND A KEMP'S RIDLEY, LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPII, SEA TURTLE

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 40(4), 744–751.

By: M. Church n, M. Grafinger, C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, L. Christian* & J. Beasley

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Kemp's ridley; Lepidochelys kempii; loggerhead; sea turtle
MeSH headings : Animals; Extremities / pathology; Extremities / surgery; Hindlimb / pathology; Hindlimb / surgery; Lacerations / pathology; Lacerations / surgery; Lacerations / veterinary; Turtles / surgery
TL;DR: Limb function was improved and complete amputations were avoided in both turtles and a rotational flap was used to cover exposed tissue. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Bartonella species detection in captive, stranded and free-ranging cetaceans

Veterinary Research, 39(6), 59.

By: C. Harms n, R. Maggi n, E. Breitschwerdt n, C. Clemons-Chevis*, M. Solangi*, D. Rotstein*, P. Fair*, L. Hansen* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Bartonella / classification; Bartonella / isolation & purification; Bartonella Infections / microbiology; Dolphins; Female; Male; Porpoises
TL;DR: Although disease causation has not been established, Bartonella species were detected more commonly from cetaceans that were overtly debilitated or were cohabiting in captivity with a debiltated animal than from free-ranging animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Cryotherapy for removal of a premaxillary mass from a chain pickerel using an over-the-counter wart remover

Exotic DVM, 10(2), 15–17.

By: C. Harms, L. Christian, O. Burrus, W. Hopkins, A. Pandiri, M. Law, K. Wolf, C. Butler, G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Evaluation of five clinical chemistry analyzers for use in health assessment in sea turtles

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 233(3), 470–475.

By: K. Wolf n, C. Harms n & J. Beasley n

MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / instrumentation; Blood Chemical Analysis / methods; Blood Chemical Analysis / standards; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Specimen Collection / instrumentation; Blood Specimen Collection / methods; Blood Specimen Collection / standards; Blood Specimen Collection / veterinary; Reference Values; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity; Turtles / blood
TL;DR: Blood biochemical values obtained from a handheld analyzer, 2 tabletop analyzers, and 2 diagnostic laboratories by use of replicate samples of sea turtle blood were compared to identify the specific methodology used when reporting and interpreting biochemical data. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Leatherback sea turtle Dermochelys coriacea visual capacities and potential reduction of bycatch by pelagic longline fisheries

Endangered Species Research, 5, 249–256.

By: M. Crognale*, S. Eckert*, D. Levenson* & C. Harms n

TL;DR: It is determined that leatherback spectral sensitivities differ significantly from those of green and loggerhead turtles with peak sensitivity in the shorter wavelengths, and this difference provides a possible means to reduce the attraction of leatherbacks to swordfish longline gear by switching to electroluminescent attractants that use rapidly flickering light sources. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2008 journal article

MORTALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH SEPSIS, PARASITISM, AND DISSEMINATED ROUND CELL NEOPLASIA IN YELLOW-LIPPED SEA KRAITS (LATICAUDA COLUBRINA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 39(4), 626–630.

By: S. Chinnadurai*, D. Brown, A. Van Wettere*, A. Tuttle*, M. Fatzinger, K. Linder*, C. Harms*

author keywords: Laticauda colubrina; neoplasia; parasite; sepsis; yellow-tipped sea krait
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Zoo; Cause of Death; Elapidae; Neoplasms / mortality; Neoplasms / pathology; Neoplasms / veterinary; Parasitic Diseases, Animal / mortality; Parasitic Diseases, Animal / pathology; Sepsis / mortality; Sepsis / pathology; Sepsis / veterinary; Stress, Psychological; Transportation
TL;DR: It is presumed that an immunosuppressive event, such as transport, captivity stress, or possible concurrent viral infection, resulted in a septic event and death in yellow-lipped sea kraits at an exhibit aquarium. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Presumed hyperglycemic cataracts in a live-stranded minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) calf

MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 24(2), 388–397.

By: C. Harms n, G. Lovewell* & D. Rotstein*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Propofol anesthesia in loggerhead (Caretta caretta) sea turtles

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 44(1), 143–150.

By: R. MacLean n, C. Harms n & J. Braun-McNeill*

author keywords: anesthesia; Caretta caretta; free ranging; propofol; reptile; sea turtle
MeSH headings : Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage; Animals; Animals, Wild / physiology; Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary; Body Temperature / drug effects; Female; Handling, Psychological; Heart Rate / drug effects; Male; Propofol / administration & dosage; Respiration / drug effects; Seawater; Testosterone / blood; Time Factors; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: In conclusion, propofol is a safe and effective injectable anesthetic for use in free-ranging loggerhead sea turtles that provides rapid induction and recovery. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Secondary amyloidosis and renal failure in a captive California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 39(2), 274–278.

By: S. Chinnadurai n, A. Van Wettere*, K. Linder*, C. Harms* & R. DeVoe*

author keywords: California sea lion; renal failure; secondary amyloidosis; Zalophus californianus
MeSH headings : Amyloidosis / complications; Amyloidosis / diagnosis; Amyloidosis / pathology; Amyloidosis / veterinary; Animals; Animals, Zoo; Fatal Outcome; Female; Immunohistochemistry / veterinary; Renal Insufficiency / diagnosis; Renal Insufficiency / etiology; Renal Insufficiency / pathology; Renal Insufficiency / veterinary; Sea Lions
TL;DR: Systemic amyloidosis should be considered as an additional differential diagnosis for renal failure in California sea lions after intermittent lethargy, partial anorexia, and polydipsia of 2 wk duration. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Stomach Perforation in Tiger Salamanders, (Ambystoma tigrinum), after Nightcrawler (Lumbricus terrestvis) Consumption

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 18(3), 127–129.

By: H. Henson-Ramsey*, C. Harms n & M. Stoskopf n

TL;DR: Findings suggest that it may be safer to feed portions rather than whole earthworms to salamanders, as the typical response of nightcrawlers to noxious environments, mucus production and burrowing, may facilitate gastric perforation in predators. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2008 journal article

Three cases of gastric prolapse through the gill slit in sand tiger sharks, Carcharhinus taurus (Rafinesque)

JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES, 31(4), 311–315.

By: A. Tuttle n, O. Burrus*, M. Burkart*, P. Scott*, M. Stoskopf n & C. Harms n

author keywords: eversion; gill slit; Photobacterium damsela; prolapse; sand tiger shark; stomach
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Zoo; Brain / microbiology; Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections / complications; Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections / veterinary; Female; Fish Diseases / etiology; Fish Diseases / microbiology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / microbiology; Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / veterinary; Male; Photobacterium / isolation & purification; Prolapse; Sharks; Stomach Diseases / etiology; Stomach Diseases / pathology; Stomach Diseases / veterinary
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Acute hypoxia-reperfusion triggers immunocompromise in Nile tilapia

JOURNAL OF AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH, 19(2), 128–140.

By: K. Choi n, D. Lehmann n, C. Harms n & J. Law n

MeSH headings : Animals; Aquaculture; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Gas Analysis; Cichlids / blood; Cichlids / immunology; Cytokines / biosynthesis; Female; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Hydrocortisone / blood; Hypoxia / blood; Hypoxia / immunology; Hypoxia / veterinary; Interleukin-1beta / biosynthesis; Male; Oxygen / pharmacology; Phagocytosis / drug effects; Reperfusion / veterinary; Time Factors; Transforming Growth Factor beta / biosynthesis
TL;DR: It is concluded that acute hypoxia triggered an overall downregulation of the immune system in the test fish, suggesting a possible factor in the pathogenesis of disease outbreaks in fish in which repeated, sublethal bouts of environmentally induced hypoxIA lead to increased disease susceptibility and individual mortalities rather than massive fish kills. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Attachment of popup archival transmitting (PAT) tags to loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta)

Herpetological Review, 38, 419–425.

By: S. Epperly, J. Wyneken, J. Flanagan, C. Harms & B. Higgins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: September 21, 2020

2007 journal article

Bartonella DNA in Loggerhead Sea Turtles

Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13(6), 949–950.

By: K. Valentine n, C. Harms n, M. Cadenas n, A. Birkenheuer n, H. Marr n, J. Braun-McNeill*, R. Maggi n, E. Breitschwerdt n

MeSH headings : Animals; Atlantic Ocean; Bartonella / genetics; Bartonella / isolation & purification; Bartonella / pathogenicity; Bartonella Infections / blood; Bartonella Infections / genetics; Bartonella Infections / veterinary; DNA, Bacterial / classification; North Carolina; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Turtles / blood; Turtles / microbiology
TL;DR: Pathogenic bacteria are an important threat in terrestrial and marine environments, and in the case of B. henselae, reservoir hosts may be more diverse than currently recognized. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Field anaesthesia of leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea)

Veterinary Record, 161(1), 15–21.

By: C. Harms n, S. Eckert*, S. Kubis*, M. Campbell*, D. Levenson* & M. Crognale*

MeSH headings : Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / administration & dosage; Anesthesia / veterinary; Anesthetics, Combined / administration & dosage; Anesthetics, Dissociative / administration & dosage; Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage; Animals; Drug Administration Schedule; Electroretinography / veterinary; Female; Heart Rate; Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage; Imidazoles / administration & dosage; Infusions, Intravenous / veterinary; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Ketamine / administration & dosage; Medetomidine / administration & dosage; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: The observed within-season return nesting rate of the anaesthetising turtles was comparable with that of unanaesthetised turtles, and the lower doses used initially were used initially to ensure against overdosage and reduce the chances of residual effects after the turtles returned to the water, but successful ergs called for step-wise dose increases to the required level of anaesthesia. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 27, 2019

2007 journal article

Gastric leiomyoma in a free-living Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

VETERINARY RECORD, 160(4), 130–131.

By: D. Rotstein*, C. Harms n, G. Lovewell* & A. Hohn*

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Bottle-Nosed Dolphin; Diagnosis, Differential; Leiomyoma / diagnosis; Leiomyoma / veterinary; Male; Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis; Stomach Neoplasms / veterinary
TL;DR: This short communication details the gross, histological and immunohistochemical findings of a gastric leiomyoma in an Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin stranded dead off the coast of North Carolina, USA, and two differential diagnoses for the neoplasm were proposed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Multitiered Health Assessment of Atlantic Menhaden in the Pamlico River, North Carolina

Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 19(4), 205–214.

By: A. Johnson*, J. Law n, C. Harms n & J. Levine n

MeSH headings : Actins / analysis; Animals; Blood Cell Count / veterinary; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Proteins / analysis; Fish Diseases / epidemiology; Fish Diseases / mortality; Fish Diseases / pathology; Fishes / physiology; Liver / physiopathology; North Carolina / epidemiology; Prevalence; Rivers; Skin / pathology; Skin Diseases / epidemiology; Skin Diseases / pathology; Skin Diseases / veterinary; Skin Ulcer / epidemiology; Skin Ulcer / pathology; Skin Ulcer / veterinary; Spleen / physiopathology; Transforming Growth Factor beta / analysis
TL;DR: Atlantic menhaden with ulcerative skin lesions had significantly higher liver somatic indices, neutrophil and monocyte percentages, and splenic mononuclear cell TGF-beta mRNA levels than did fish without lesions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Seasonal reliability of testosterone radioimmunoassay (RIA) for predicting sex ratios of juvenile loggerhead (Caretta caretta) turtles

Herpetologica, 63(3), 275–284.

By: J. Braun-McNeill, S. Epperly*, D. Owens*, L. Avens*, E. Williams* & C. Harms n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; laparoscopy; loggerhead sea turtle; radioimmunoassay; sex ratio; testosterone
TL;DR: Blood sampled from 1106 juvenile loggerhead sea turtles incidentally captured in pound nets set in Core and Pamlico Sounds, North Carolina showed that testosterone levels correctly identified males during summer months, but were unreliable during late autumn/winter months. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 16, 2019

2007 journal article

The identification of a genetically unique piroplasma in North American river otters (Lontra canadensis)

PARASITOLOGY, 134(5), 631–635.

By: A. Birkenheuer n, C. Harms n, J. Neel n, H. Marr n, M. Tucker n, A. Acton n, A. Tuttle n, M. Stoskopf n

Contributors: A. Birkenheuer n, C. Harms n, J. Neel n, H. Marr n, M. Tucker n, A. Acton n, A. Tuttle n, M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: Babesia; North American river otter; PCR; phylogenetics
MeSH headings : Animals; Babesia / genetics; Babesia / isolation & purification; Base Sequence; Molecular Sequence Data; North America; Otters / parasitology; Phylogeny; RNA, Protozoan / genetics; RNA, Ribosomal, 18S / genetics; Rivers
TL;DR: It is indicated that the prevalence of piroplasma in North Carolina otters is quite high and the pathogenic potential of this organism for otters or other species remains unknown. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

A Novel Gammaherpesvirus Associated with Genital Lesions in a Blainville's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)

Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 42(1), 142–148.

By: J. Saliki*, E. Cooper*, D. Rotstein*, S. Caseltine*, D. Pabst*, W. McLellan*, P. Govett*, C. Harms* ...

MeSH headings : Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; DNA, Viral / analysis; Fatal Outcome; Gammaherpesvirinae / classification; Gammaherpesvirinae / isolation & purification; Gene Amplification; Herpesviridae Infections / pathology; Herpesviridae Infections / veterinary; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Whales / virology
TL;DR: A new virus, tentatively named Ziphiid herpesvirus type 1, was associated with but not determined to be the cause of genital disease in the Blainville's beaked whale. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2006 journal article

A quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay to measure TGF-β mRNA and its correlation with hematologic, plasma chemistry and organo-somatic indices responses in triamcinolone-treated Atlantic menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus

Developmental & Comparative Immunology, 30(5), 473–484.

By: A. Johnson n, C. Harms n, J. Levine n & J. Law n

author keywords: Atlantic menhaden; triamcinolone; TGF-beta; health indices; hematology; plasma chemistry; real-time RT-PCR
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology; Base Sequence; Blood Glucose / analysis; Fish Diseases / blood; Fish Diseases / immunology; Fish Diseases / metabolism; Fishes / blood; Fishes / immunology; Fishes / metabolism; Leukocytes, Mononuclear / drug effects; Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism; Liver / drug effects; Liver / metabolism; Molecular Sequence Data; Plasma; RNA, Messenger / metabolism; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Skin Ulcer / immunology; Skin Ulcer / metabolism; Skin Ulcer / veterinary; Spleen / drug effects; Spleen / metabolism; Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism; Triamcinolone Acetonide / pharmacology
TL;DR: A quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed to measure transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in Atlantic menhaden, an estuarine-dependent species plagued by ulcerative skin lesions in the estuaries along the eastern United States. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Clearance of a dermal Huffmanela sp in a sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) using levamisole

DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS, 73(1), 83–88.

By: R. MacLean n, M. Fatzinger*, K. Woolard n & C. Harms n

author keywords: parasitic nematode; Huffmanela; Carcharhinus plumbeus; elasmobranchii; levamisole
MeSH headings : Animals; Antinematodal Agents / administration & dosage; Antinematodal Agents / pharmacology; Female; Fish Diseases / drug therapy; Fish Diseases / parasitology; Levamisole / administration & dosage; Levamisole / pharmacology; Nematoda / drug effects; Nematoda / isolation & purification; Nematode Infections / drug therapy; Nematode Infections / veterinary; Ovum / cytology; Sharks / parasitology; Skin / parasitology; Skin Diseases, Parasitic / veterinary; Treatment Outcome
TL;DR: A wild-caught captive sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus developed a contiguous network of darkly pigmented linear tracks that progressed from the snout to the ventral cervical region, with no recurrence or apparent complications. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 chapter

Echinoderms

In G. A. Lewbart (Ed.), Invertebrate Medicine (pp. 245–256).

By: C. Harms*

Ed(s): G. Lewbart

Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 chapter

Echinoderms.

In G. A. Lewbart (Ed.), Invertebrate Medicine. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell.

By: C. Harms

Ed(s): G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: July 28, 2019

2006 journal article

Evaluation of the gross and histologic reactions to five commonly used suture materials in the skin of the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)

Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 45(6), 22–26.

By: A. Tuttle, J. Law, C. Harms, G. Lewbart & S. Harvey

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Influence of preoperative oxytetracycline administration on community composition and antimicrobial susceptibility of cloacal bacterial flora of loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta, post-hatchlings

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 16(1), 9.

By: T. Kelly n, C. Harms*, C. Lemons n, C. McLellan & A. Hohn*

TL;DR: There was an apparent shift in the community composition and diversity of cloacal bacterial flora in both groups between treatment times, whereas the bacterial flora diversity in the oxytetracycline treated hatchlings was unchanged or increased following treatment. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in the green iguana (Iguana iguana) following single intravenous and intramuscular injections

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 37(4), 567–570.

By: A. Tuttle*, M. Papich*, G. Lewbart*, S. Christian, C. Gunkel* & C. Harms*

author keywords: analgesia; green iguana (Iguana iguana); ketoprofen; pharrnacokinetics; NSAID; reptile
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacokinetics; Area Under Curve; Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacokinetics; Female; Half-Life; Iguanas / blood; Iguanas / metabolism; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Injections, Intravenous / veterinary; Ketoprofen / pharmacokinetics; Male; Metabolic Clearance Rate; Random Allocation
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Splenic Hemangiosarcoma in a Corn Snake, Elaphe guttata

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 16(4), 140–143.

By: A. Tuttle n, C. Harms n, A. Van Wettere n, M. Grafinger n & G. Lewbart n

TL;DR: This is the first report of splenic hemangiosarcoma in any reptile species and expands the list of known differential diagnoses for mid-body swellings in a snake. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2019

2006 journal article

Surgical excision of mycotic (Cladosporium sp.) granulomas from the mantle of a cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 37(4), 524–530.

By: C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, R. McAlarney, L. Christian*, K. Geissler* & C. Lemons*

author keywords: Cladosporium; cuttlefish; Sepia officinalis; surgery
MeSH headings : Animals; Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use; Cladosporium / isolation & purification; Decapodiformes / microbiology; Dermatomycoses / drug therapy; Dermatomycoses / surgery; Dermatomycoses / veterinary; Fatal Outcome; Granuloma / drug therapy; Granuloma / microbiology; Granuloma / surgery; Granuloma / veterinary; Itraconazole / therapeutic use
TL;DR: An adult female European cuttlefish from a public aquarium presented with an eruptive skin lesion of the dorsal mantle and was found dead two months following the procedure, revealing multisystemic fungal infection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

The future of training for aquatic animal health veterinarians

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, 33(3), 389–393.

By: K. Hughes Hartman, R. Yanong, C. Harms* & G. Lewbart*

MeSH headings : Animals; Aquaculture; Education, Continuing; Education, Veterinary / trends; Fishes; Forecasting; Humans; Internet; Internship, Nonmedical; Teaching / methods; United States; Veterinary Medicine / organization & administration; Veterinary Medicine / standards; Veterinary Medicine / trends
TL;DR: This article describes educational approaches for training veterinary students, veterinary graduates, and practicing veterinarians in the area of aquatic animal health and lists a range of general research, training, internship/residency, and continuing-education resources. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Bartonella henselaein Porpoise Blood

Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11(12), 1894–1898.

By: R. Maggi n, C. Harms n, A. Hohn*, D. Pabst*, W. McLellan*, W. Walton*, D. Rotstein*, E. Breitschwerdt n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bartonella henselae / genetics; Bartonella henselae / isolation & purification; North Carolina; Phocoena / blood; Phocoena / microbiology
TL;DR: DNA in porpoises suggests an emerging infectious disease in marine mammals and the search for a vaccine for this disease is under way. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 27, 2019

2005 journal article

Behavioral and clinical pathology changes in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) subjected to anesthesia and surgery with and without intra-operative analgesics

Comparative Medicine, 55(3), 221–226.

By: C. Harms, G. Lewbart, C. Swanson, J. Kishimori & S. Boylan

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, after a single i.v. injection and bath administration

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 28(5), 433–439.

By: . Gore n, C. Harms n, B. Kukanich n, J. Forsythe*, G. Lewbart n & M. Papich n

MeSH headings : Administration, Cutaneous; Administration, Oral; Animals; Area Under Curve; Bacteria / drug effects; Decapodiformes / metabolism; Decapodiformes / microbiology; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / administration & dosage; Fluoroquinolones / blood; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacology; Immersion; Injections, Intravenous / veterinary; Microbial Sensitivity Tests
TL;DR: The hemolymph concentration was still above minimum inhibitory concentration values for shrimp and fish bacterial isolates at 6 h after i.v. administration, so a bath of 2.5 mg/L for 5 h once to twice daily is suggested for additional studies to test efficacy against highly susceptible organisms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 conference paper

Fish Health Management. Continuing Education Course, June 21-23, 2005

Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine.

By: G. Lewbart, C. Swanson, C. Harms, G. Blasiola, E. Noga, J. Gratzek, W. Lehmann, J. Levine, S. May

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Lymphoid follicular cloacal inflammation associated with a novel herpesvirus in juvenile alligators (Alligator mississippiensis)

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY DIAGNOSTIC INVESTIGATION, 17(5), 474–479.

By: P. Govett n, C. Harms n, A. Johnson*, K. Latimer*, J. Wellehan*, M. Fatzinger*, L. Christian n, T. Kelly n, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Alligator mississipiensis; alphaherpesvirus; cloaca; crocodilian; petechiation; reptile
MeSH headings : Alligators and Crocodiles / virology; Alphaherpesvirinae / genetics; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Base Sequence; Biopsy / veterinary; Cloaca / pathology; Cloaca / virology; DNA, Viral / chemistry; DNA, Viral / genetics; Female; Herpesviridae Infections / pathology; Herpesviridae Infections / veterinary; Herpesviridae Infections / virology; Laparoscopy / veterinary; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Sequence Alignment
TL;DR: Tissues showing similar clinical, histopathologic, and PCR findings were collected from animals at an alligator farm several months later and resulted in a 180-base pair sequence that shared 85% sequence identity with tortoise herpesvirus-1. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Relationship between barnacle epibiotic load and hematologic parameters in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta), a comparison between migratory and residential animals in Pamlico Sound, North Carolina

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 36(4), 635–641.

By: M. Stamper*, C. Harms*, S. Epperly, J. Braun-McNeill, L. Avens & M. Stoskopf*

author keywords: barnacle; Caretta caretta; epibiota; loggerhead sea turtle; health; hematology; body condition; migration
MeSH headings : Animal Migration / physiology; Animals; Blood Cell Count / veterinary; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Body Constitution; Female; Health Status; Male; Oceans and Seas; Symbiosis; Thoracica / growth & development; Turtles / blood; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: There were no significant differences of epibiota load, health of the turtles, or condition index between turtles captured during the two events, and a positive association between turtle weight and hematocrit was detected. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Surgery in fish research: Common procedures and postoperative care

LAB ANIMAL, 34(1), 28–34.

By: C. Harms n

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Laboratory / surgery; Fishes / surgery; Laboratory Animal Science / methods; Postoperative Care / methods; Postoperative Care / veterinary; Preoperative Care / methods; Preoperative Care / veterinary; Surgical Instruments / veterinary
TL;DR: The author presents a primer on fish surgery with an emphasis on research applications and the need for individuals working in laboratory animal science to be familiar with surgical procedures in these animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Surgical and medical management of aural abscesses in turtles

Exotic DVM, 7(1), 22.

By: S. Boylan, G. Lewbart, J. Kishimori, R. Debolt & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Associations between organochlorine contaminant concentrations and clinical health parameters in loggerhead sea turtles from North Carolina, USA

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES, 112(10), 1074–1079.

By: J. Keller*, . Kucklick*, M. Stamper*, C. Harms n & P. McClellan-Green n

MeSH headings : Anemia / etiology; Anemia / veterinary; Animals; Animals, Wild; Biopsy; Environmental Pollutants / pharmacokinetics; Environmental Pollutants / poisoning; Erythrocyte Count; Female; Hematocrit; Insecticides / pharmacokinetics; Insecticides / poisoning; Liver / pathology; Male; North Carolina; Polychlorinated Biphenyls / pharmacokinetics; Polychlorinated Biphenyls / poisoning; Proteins / metabolism; Tissue Distribution; Turtles / physiology; Water Pollutants, Chemical / pharmacokinetics; Water Pollutants, Chemical / poisoning; Water-Electrolyte Balance
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Effect of four different suture materials on the surgical wound healing of loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta

Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 14(4), 6.

By: P. Govett n, C. Harms n, K. Linder n, J. Marsh* & J. Wyneken*

TL;DR: The tissue reaction to four suture materials placed in the skin of juvenile loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, was evaluated both grossly and histologically. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 conference paper

Fish Health Management. Continuing Education Course, July 29-31, 2004

Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine.

By: C. Swanson, M. Stoskopf, G. Blasiola, J. Gratzek, D. Lehmann, C. Harms, G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Organochlorine contaminants in sea turtles: Correlations between whole blood and fat

ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, 23(3), 726–738.

By: J. Keller*, . Kucklick*, C. Harms n & P. McClellan-Green n

author keywords: loggerhead; Kemp's ridley; organochlorine; blood; fat
MeSH headings : Adipose Tissue / chemistry; Animals; Atlantic Ocean; Chromatography, Gas; Environmental Monitoring / methods; Environmental Monitoring / statistics & numerical data; Insecticides / analysis; Insecticides / blood; Mass Spectrometry; North Carolina; Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis; Polychlorinated Biphenyls / blood; Turtles / metabolism
TL;DR: Blood OC concentrations calculated on a wet-mass basis were significantly and inversely correlated to lipid content in the fat samples of sea turtles, suggesting that sea turtle blood is a suitable alternative to fatty tissues for measuring OCs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline in loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after single intravenous and intramuscular injections

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 35(4), 477–488.

By: C. Harms, M. Papich*, A. Stamper n, P. Ross, M. Rodriguez & A. Hohn

author keywords: biologic marker; Caretta caretta; loggerhead sea turtle; oxytetracycline; pharmacokinetics
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / veterinary; Cross-Over Studies; Half-Life; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Injections, Intravenous / veterinary; Metabolic Clearance Rate; Oxytetracycline / administration & dosage; Oxytetracycline / pharmacokinetics; Turtles / blood; Turtles / metabolism
TL;DR: The pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline in 2-yr-old loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after single i.v. and i.m. injections indicates that an infrequent dosing interval may be effective for sensitive bacteria. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Plasma biochemistry reference values of wild-caught southern stingrays (Dasyatis americana)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 35(4), 471–476.

By: D. Cain*, C. Harms* & A. Segars

author keywords: Dasyatis americana; plasma biochemistry; southern stingray; reference range
MeSH headings : Acid-Base Equilibrium; Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / standards; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Glucose / analysis; Blood Proteins / analysis; Electrolytes / analysis; Female; Male; Reference Values; Skates, Fish / blood
TL;DR: The reference ranges reported in this study can be used to aid in the management of aquarium stingrays and to create a baseline for health monitoring of the wild Dasyatis spp. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article