Works (57)

Updated: April 4th, 2024 20:10

2018 journal article

Multiloculated solitary (unicameral) bone cyst in a young dog

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 47(3), 484–488.

By: S. Roode n, H. Shive n, W. Hoorntje n, J. Bernard*, D. Stowe n, R. Pool*, C. Grindem n

author keywords: Canine; cytology; lytic; osseous; osteoclast; skeletal
MeSH headings : Animals; Bone Cysts / complications; Bone Cysts / diagnostic imaging; Bone Cysts / pathology; Bone Cysts / veterinary; Dog Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Female; Femur / diagnostic imaging; Femur / pathology; Lameness, Animal / etiology; Lameness, Animal / pathology; Radiography / veterinary
TL;DR: A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness, and amputation of the right hind limb was performed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID
Added: October 16, 2018

2018 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Submandibular mass in a dog

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 47(4), 676–678.

By: J. Allen n, A. Talley n, C. Grindem n & J. Neel n

Contributors: J. Allen n, A. Talley n, C. Grindem n & J. Neel n

author keywords: Apatite; canine; crystals; cytology; psammoma; salivary gland carcinoma
MeSH headings : Animals; Biopsy, Needle / veterinary; Carcinoma / diagnosis; Carcinoma / pathology; Carcinoma / veterinary; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis; Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology; Salivary Gland Neoplasms / veterinary; Salivary Glands / pathology
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 14, 2019

2016 journal article

Histiocytic chorioretinitis in a dog

Veterinary Ophthalmology, 21(1), 88–95.

By: A. Sherman n, J. Cullen n, H. Westermeyer n, C. Grindem n & B. Gilger n

author keywords: canine; chorioretinitis; histiocytic; Melan-A; melanoma; retinal detachment
MeSH headings : Animals; Chorioretinitis / diagnosis; Chorioretinitis / veterinary; Diagnosis, Differential; Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Eye Enucleation; Male
TL;DR: A 3-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog presented with an acute bullous retinal detachment and thickened choroid of the right eye, which caused a revision of the histologic diagnosis from melanocytic tumor to histiocytic chorioretinitis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 article

Pathology in Practice

Meichner, K., Montgomery, S. A., Borst, L. B., Murphy, K. M., & Grindem, C. B. (2016, November 1). JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 249, pp. 1023–1026.

By: K. Meichner*, S. Montgomery*, L. Borst*, K. Murphy & C. Grindem*

MeSH headings : Animals; Biopsy; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dog Diseases / therapy; Dogs; Male; Sertoli Cell Tumor / diagnosis; Sertoli Cell Tumor / pathology; Sertoli Cell Tumor / veterinary; Skin Neoplasms / pathology; Skin Neoplasms / veterinary; Testicular Neoplasms / diagnosis; Testicular Neoplasms / pathology; Testicular Neoplasms / veterinary
TL;DR: In collaboration with the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, this work presents a probabilistic procedure to identify the immune checkpoints in the connective tissue of the immune system and results indicate which immune checkpoints are responsible for disease progression. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Scanning technology selection impacts acceptability and usefulness of image-rich content

JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION, 104(1), 15–23.

By: K. Alpi n, J. Brown n, J. Neel n, C. Grindem n, K. Linder n & J. Harper n

Contributors: K. Alpi n, J. Brown n, J. Neel n, C. Grindem n, K. Linder n & J. Harper n

author keywords: Interlibrary Loans; Photographs; Image Enhancement; Image Compression; Pathology; Radiology
MeSH headings : Diagnostic Imaging / standards; Documentation / standards; Electronic Health Records / standards; Humans; Interlibrary Loans / standards; Libraries, Medical / standards; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning / standards; Photography / standards; United States
TL;DR: This study addressed whether scans of figures in black and white, grayscale, or color, or portable document format to tagged image file format (TIFF) conversions as provided by interlibrary loan or document delivery were viewed as acceptable or useful by radiologists or pathologists. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Naturally OccurringEhrlichia ewingiiandMycoplasmasp. Co-Infection in a Goat

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 29(6), 1735–1738.

By: K. Meichner n, B. Qurollo n, K. Anderson n, C. Grindem n, M. Savage n & E. Breitschwerdt n

author keywords: Caprine; Ehrlichiosis; Tick-borne disease
MeSH headings : Animals; Coinfection / microbiology; Coinfection / veterinary; Ehrlichia / isolation & purification; Ehrlichiosis / complications; Ehrlichiosis / microbiology; Ehrlichiosis / veterinary; Female; Goat Diseases / microbiology; Goats; Mycoplasma / isolation & purification; Mycoplasma Infections / complications; Mycoplasma Infections / microbiology; Mycoplasma Infections / veterinary; Polymerase Chain Reaction; RNA, Bacterial / genetics; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
TL;DR: A 9-year-old nonpregnant, nonlactating doe Boer goat was examined because of a 2-day history of not being able to stand and some degree of chronicity was considered likely. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 article

What is your diagnosis? A soft tissue mass in a Black Rat Snake

Webb, K. L., Grindem, C., & Dombrowski, D. S. (2015, December). VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, Vol. 44, pp. 611–612.

By: K. Webb n, C. Grindem n & D. Dombrowski*

author keywords: Chondrosarcoma; neoplasms; reptiles
MeSH headings : Animals; Chondrosarcoma / pathology; Chondrosarcoma / veterinary; Snakes; Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology; Soft Tissue Neoplasms / veterinary
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Urine crystals from a dog

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 44(2), 331–332.

By: K. Davis n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: Urinalysis; urine crystals; xanthine crystalluria
MeSH headings : Allopurinol / therapeutic use; Animals; Antimetabolites / therapeutic use; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / drug therapy; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Male; Urolithiasis / diagnosis; Urolithiasis / drug therapy; Urolithiasis / pathology; Urolithiasis / veterinary; Xanthine / chemistry; Xanthine / urine
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 article

What is your diagnosis? Urine crystals in a dog

Meichner, K., Olsson, S. A., Stewart, D. R., Musser, M. L., & Grindem, C. B. (2015, December). VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, Vol. 44, pp. 613–614.

By: K. Meichner n, S. Olsson n, D. Stewart n, M. Musser n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: Allantoin; crystalluria; tumor lysis syndrome
MeSH headings : Allantoin / urine; Animals; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / urine; Dogs; Leukemia / diagnosis; Leukemia / pathology; Leukemia / urine; Leukemia / veterinary; Male
TL;DR: A 24.5-year-old intact male Labrador Retriever presented to the North Carolina State University Veterinary Hospital (NC State VH) Emergency Service for a 3-day history of vomiting, hematochezia, fever, and generalized lymphadenopathy, and acute leukemia was diagnosed and the dog was euthanized. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Prostatitis, Steatitis, and Diarrhea in a Dog following Presumptive Flea-Borne Transmission of Bartonella henselae

Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 52(9), 3447–3452.

By: N. Balakrishnan n, J. Pritchard n, M. Ericson*, C. Grindem n, K. Phillips n, S. Jennings n, K. Mathews n, H. Tran* ...

Ed(s): E. Munson

MeSH headings : Animals; Bartonella Infections / complications; Bartonella Infections / microbiology; Bartonella Infections / pathology; Bartonella Infections / veterinary; Bartonella henselae / isolation & purification; Diarrhea / microbiology; Diarrhea / pathology; Diarrhea / veterinary; Dog Diseases / microbiology; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Flea Infestations / complications; Flea Infestations / veterinary; Male; Prostatitis / diagnosis; Prostatitis / microbiology; Prostatitis / pathology; Steatitis / microbiology; Steatitis / pathology
TL;DR: A dog developed an unusual clinical presentation for canine bartonellosis following an acute flea infestation, and comprehensive medical, microbiological, and surgical interventions were required for diagnosis and to achieve a full recovery. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Comparison of automated versus manual neutrophil counts for the detection of cellular abnormalities in dogs receiving chemotherapy: 50 cases (May to June 2008)

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 242(11), 1539–1543.

By: M. Cora n, J. Neel*, C. Grindem*, G. Kissling & P. Hess*

Contributors: M. Cora n, J. Neel*, C. Grindem*, G. Kissling & P. Hess*

MeSH headings : Animals; Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects; Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use; Dog Diseases / blood; Dog Diseases / drug therapy; Dogs; Neoplasms / drug therapy; Neoplasms / veterinary; Neutropenia / chemically induced; Neutropenia / diagnosis; Neutropenia / veterinary; Neutrophils / physiology; Retrospective Studies
TL;DR: An automated CBC appears to be accurate for neutrophil counts, but a microscopic examination of the corresponding blood smear is still recommended; further studies are needed to determine whether the detection or frequency of these abnormalities would differ dependent on chemotherapy protocol, neoplastic disease, and decision thresholds used by the oncologist in the ordering of a CBC without a blood smear evaluation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Infection with Panola MountainEhrlichiasp. in a Dog with Atypical Lymphocytes and Clonal T-Cell Expansion

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 27(5), 1251–1255.

By: B. Qurollo n, A. Davenport n, B. Sherbert n, C. Grindem n, A. Birkenheuer n & E. Breitschwerdt n

author keywords: Lymphocytosis; Panola Mountain Ehrlichia sp.; Clonal T-cell expansion; Bacteria; Tick vector
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use; Dog Diseases / microbiology; Dogs; Doxycycline / therapeutic use; Ehrlichia / classification; Ehrlichiosis / blood; Ehrlichiosis / drug therapy; Ehrlichiosis / veterinary; Liver / cytology; Lymph Nodes / cytology; Lymphocytosis / veterinary; Male; T-Lymphocytes / classification; T-Lymphocytes / cytology; T-Lymphocytes / physiology; Thrombocytopenia / veterinary
TL;DR: An 11-year-old, castrated male Scottish Terrier that lived predominantly indoors and had no travel history was referred to the North Carolina State University Veterinary Health Complex in October 2012 for routine reevaluation of hepatobiliary disease and morphologic abnormalities raised the suspicion of possible lymphoid neoplasia. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Comparison of manual polychromatophilic cell and automated reticulocyte quantification in evaluating regenerative response in anemic dogs

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 41(2), 256–260.

By: N. Collicutt n, C. Grindem n & J. Neel n

Contributors: N. Collicutt n, C. Grindem n & J. Neel n

author keywords: Blood film; correlation; polychromasia; reticulocytosis
MeSH headings : Anemia / blood; Anemia / drug therapy; Anemia / veterinary; Animals; Blood Cell Count / instrumentation; Blood Cell Count / methods; Blood Cell Count / veterinary; Dog Diseases / blood; Dog Diseases / drug therapy; Dogs; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Reticulocytes / cytology; Reticulocytes / physiology; Retrospective Studies
TL;DR: In anemic dogs MPP can be used for assessment of regeneration, especially in dogs with higher levels of ARP, and standard quantification of reticulocytes is more accurate in Dogs with lesser degrees of regeneration. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Hematologic Changes After Total Body Irradiation and Autologous Transplantation of Hematopoietic Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cells in Dogs With Lymphoma

VETERINARY PATHOLOGY, 49(2), 341–343.

By: C. Escobar n, C. Grindem n, J. Neel n & S. Suter n

Contributors: C. Escobar n, C. Grindem n, J. Neel n & S. Suter n

author keywords: clinical pathology; laboratory medicine; dog; hematopoietic; oncology
MeSH headings : Animals; Antigens, CD34 / metabolism; Blood Cell Count / veterinary; Bone Marrow / radiation effects; Dog Diseases / therapy; Dogs; Graft Survival; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / veterinary; Lymphoma / therapy; Lymphoma / veterinary; Transplantation, Autologous; Whole-Body Irradiation / adverse effects; Whole-Body Irradiation / veterinary
TL;DR: This study documents the hematologic toxicities of total body irradiation in 10 dogs and the subsequent recovery of the affected cell lines after peripheral blood progenitor cell transplant, indicating successful CD34+ engraftment. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Pathology in practice

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 241(8), 1029–1031.

By: D. Stowe n, A. Birkenheuer* & C. Grindem*

MeSH headings : Animals; Babesia / cytology; Babesia / isolation & purification; Babesiosis / microbiology; Babesiosis / pathology; Babesiosis / veterinary; Dog Diseases / parasitology; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Male
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Thrombocytosis: a retrospective study of 165 dogs

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 41(2), 216–222.

By: J. Neel n, L. Snyder n & C. Grindem n

Contributors: J. Neel n, L. Snyder n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: Hyperadrenocorticism; neoplasia; platelets; reactive thrombocytosis; thromboemoblism
MeSH headings : Animals; Dog Diseases / etiology; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Endocrine System Diseases / complications; Endocrine System Diseases / veterinary; Female; Glucocorticoids / adverse effects; Inflammation / complications; Inflammation / veterinary; Male; Neoplasms / complications; Neoplasms / veterinary; Platelet Count / veterinary; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Thrombocytosis / complications; Thrombocytosis / pathology; Thrombocytosis / veterinary
TL;DR: Thrombocytosis in dogs occurred most frequently secondary to neoplastic and inflammatory diseases and was commonly associated with glucocorticoid and vincristine administration. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Learning-Style Profiles of 150 Veterinary Medical Students

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, 37(4), 347–352.

By: J. Neel* & C. Grindem*

Contributors: J. Neel* & C. Grindem*

author keywords: learning styles; education; veterinary
MeSH headings : Cognition; Education, Veterinary; Humans; Learning; Models, Psychological; North Carolina; Psychological Tests; Psychology, Educational; Schools, Veterinary; Students, Health Occupations / psychology
TL;DR: The results show that although people have dominant learning-style preference and patterns, they have significant minor preferences and patterns across all dimensions with moderate to strong preferences on each scale, indicating that a balanced approach to teaching is essential to allow all students to learn optimally. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 article

What is your diagnosis? Urine crystals in a dog

Escobar, C., & Grindem, C. B. (2010, December). VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, Vol. 39, pp. 513–514.

By: C. Escobar n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: Ciprofloxacin; crystallography; fluoroquinolone; urinalysis; uroliths
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Infective Agents / urine; Ciprofloxacin / urine; Crystallization; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / urine; Dogs; Male
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Particulate material in peritoneal fluid from a dog

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 37(1), 129–131.

By: J. Renschler n, J. Tarigo n, J. Neel n & C. Grindem n

Contributors: J. Renschler n, J. Tarigo n, J. Neel n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: abdominal fluid; barium sulfate; dog; lymphoma; peritonitis; radiographic contrast
MeSH headings : Animals; Ascitic Fluid / chemistry; Barium Sulfate / analysis; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Lymphoma / diagnosis; Lymphoma / veterinary; Male
TL;DR: 9-year-old castrated male Greyhound dog was presented for evaluation of vomiting and lethargy of 1-week duration and received chemotherapy for treatment of lymphoma. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Deep and superficial skin scrapings from a feline immunodeficiency virus-positive cat

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 36(1), 101–104.

By: J. Neel n, J. Tarigo*, K. Tater* & C. Grindem*

Contributors: J. Neel n, J. Tarigo*, K. Tater* & C. Grindem*

author keywords: cat; demodicosis; feline immunodeficiency virus
MeSH headings : Animals; Cat Diseases / diagnosis; Cat Diseases / parasitology; Cat Diseases / pathology; Cats; Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline / isolation & purification; Lentivirus Infections / veterinary; Male; Mite Infestations / diagnosis; Mite Infestations / pathology; Mite Infestations / veterinary; Mites / anatomy & histology
TL;DR: An 8-year-old, neutered male, domestic shorthair cat housed at the North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory Animal Research facility as part of a research colony was examined because of mulifocal skin lesions, finding demodicosis, with Demodex cati and D gatoi co-infection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Introduction and evaluation of virtual microscopy in teaching veterinary cytopathology

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, 34(4), 437–444.

By: J. Neel n, C. Grindem* & D. Bristol*

Contributors: J. Neel n, C. Grindem* & D. Bristol*

MeSH headings : Animals; Cell Biology / education; Computer-Assisted Instruction; Education, Veterinary / methods; Evaluation Studies as Topic; Humans; Microscopy / instrumentation; Microscopy / methods; Microscopy / veterinary; Pathology, Veterinary / education; Self Efficacy; Students / psychology; Teaching / methods; Telemedicine; United States; User-Computer Interface
TL;DR: It is hypothesized that students will respond positively to the use of VM for viewing cytopathology preparations and that the technology can be successfully used for student assessment, and that VM can be used successfully for assessment purposes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Cellular composition of bronchial brushings obtained from healthy dogs and dogs with chronic cough and cytologic composition of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from dogs with chronic cough

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 67(1), 160–167.

By: E. Hawkins n, A. Rogala n, E. Large n, J. Bradley n & C. Grindem n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchi / cytology; Bronchi / pathology; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; Bronchoscopy / veterinary; Cough / pathology; Cough / veterinary; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Goblet Cells / cytology; Leukocyte Count / veterinary; Statistics, Nonparametric
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Gallbladder aspirate from a dog

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 35(4), 467–470.

By: J. Neel n, J. Tarigo n & C. Grindem n

Contributors: J. Neel n, J. Tarigo n & C. Grindem n

MeSH headings : Animals; Cholecystitis / microbiology; Cholecystitis / pathology; Cholecystitis / veterinary; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Gallbladder; Male; Mycoses / microbiology; Mycoses / pathology; Mycoses / veterinary; Saccharomycopsis / isolation & purification
TL;DR: This case highlights the role of bactibilia in the development of acute cholecystitis and the unique cytologic appearance of C guttulatus as an incidental finding in bile fluid. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Treatment of Conidiobolus sp pneumonia with itraconazole in a dog receiving immunosuppressive therapy

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 20(6), 1479–1482.

By: E. Hawkins n, A. Grooters*, E. Cowgill n, D. Proulx n, G. Davainis n, D. Ruslander n, C. Grindem n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Reluctant to dive: coelomic effusion in a frog

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 35(3), 341–344.

By: J. Tarigo*, K. Linder*, J. Neel*, S. Harvey, A. Remick* & C. Grindem*

Contributors: J. Tarigo*, K. Linder*, J. Neel*, S. Harvey*, A. Remick* & C. Grindem*

author keywords: amphibian; cytology; mycobacteriosis; Xenopus
MeSH headings : Animals; Fatal Outcome; Female; Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / diagnosis; Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / pathology; Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / veterinary; Mycobacterium marinum / isolation & purification; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Staining and Labeling / methods; Staining and Labeling / veterinary; Xenopus laevis / microbiology
TL;DR: Cytologic examination of coelomic effusion fluid at the NCSU veterinary teaching hospital revealed a mixed population of inflammatory cells, including heterophils and a predominance of large mononuclear cells (macrophages) that often contained intracytoplasmic, negatively-stained, rod-shaped to filamentous organisms consistent with Mycobacterium sp. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Urine sediment from a Chihuahua

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 34(4), 425–428.

By: V. Pallatto, M. Wood & C. Grindem*

author keywords: cysteine; cystine; cystinuria; cystolith; crystalluria; urolith
MeSH headings : Animals; Crystallization; Cystine / analysis; Cystinuria / diagnosis; Cystinuria / urine; Cystinuria / veterinary; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / metabolism; Dog Diseases / urine; Dogs; Male; Urinalysis / veterinary; Urinary Calculi / chemistry; Urinary Calculi / diagnosis; Urinary Calculi / urine; Urinary Calculi / veterinary
TL;DR: A 6-year-old, intact male Chihuahua was presented with stranguria and painful urination of 5 days duration, and mineral analysis indicated the stones were composed of 100% cystine. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Clinical application of reticulocyte counts in dogs and cats

VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, 33(6), 1223-+.

By: E. Cowgill n, J. Neel n & C. Grindem n

Contributors: E. Cowgill n, J. Neel n & C. Grindem n

MeSH headings : Animals; Cat Diseases / blood; Cat Diseases / diagnosis; Cats; Diagnosis, Differential; Dog Diseases / blood; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Female; Hematologic Diseases / blood; Hematologic Diseases / diagnosis; Hematologic Diseases / veterinary; Male; Reticulocyte Count / veterinary
TL;DR: Although many automated systems for reticulocyte enumeration exist, manual counts remain the gold standard in veterinary medicine. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Extensive cutaneous metastases in a dog with duodenal adenocarcinoma

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 32(2), 88–91.

By: T. Juopperi n, M. Cesta n, L. Tomlinson* & C. Grindem n

author keywords: adenocarcinoma; dog; duodenum; metastasis; skin
MeSH headings : Adenocarcinoma / chemistry; Adenocarcinoma / secondary; Adenocarcinoma / veterinary; Animals; Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis; Biopsy, Needle; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Duodenal Neoplasms / chemistry; Duodenal Neoplasms / pathology; Duodenal Neoplasms / veterinary; Fatal Outcome; Female; Immunohistochemistry / veterinary; Neoplasm Proteins / analysis; Skin Neoplasms / chemistry; Skin Neoplasms / secondary; Skin Neoplasms / veterinary
TL;DR: This case demonstrates the potential difficulty in diagnosing metastatic lesions based on cytologic and histologic morphology alone, because the cutaneous metastases may not resemble the primary neoplasm morphologically. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Molecular identification of Ehrlichia ewingii infection in dogs: 15 cases (1997-2001)

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 222(8), 1102–1107.

By: R. Goodman n, E. Hawkins*, N. Olby*, C. Grindem*, B. Hegarty* & E. Breitschwerdt*

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use; DNA, Bacterial / blood; DNA, Bacterial / chemistry; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / drug therapy; Dog Diseases / microbiology; Dogs; Doxycycline / therapeutic use; Ehrlichia / genetics; Ehrlichia / isolation & purification; Ehrlichiosis / diagnosis; Ehrlichiosis / drug therapy; Ehrlichiosis / microbiology; Ehrlichiosis / veterinary; Female; Fever / microbiology; Fever / veterinary; Lameness, Animal / microbiology; Male; Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Retrospective Studies; Thrombocytopenia / microbiology; Thrombocytopenia / veterinary; Treatment Outcome
TL;DR: PCR testing for E ewingii infection should be considered in dogs with fever, neutrophilic polyarthritis, unexplained ataxia or paresis, thrombocytopenia, or unexplained reactive lymphocytes, and indogs with clinical signs suggestive of ehrlichiosis that are seronegative for E canis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Blood values of juvenile northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) obtained using a portable clinical analyzer

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 31(3), 106–110.

By: R. Larsen n, M. Haulena*, C. Grindem n & F. Gulland*

author keywords: electrolytes; elephant seal; glucose; hematocrit; i-STAT; Mirounga angustirostris; point-of-care; portable analyzer
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / instrumentation; Blood Chemical Analysis / methods; Blood Chemical Analysis / standards; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Glucose / analysis; Blood Specimen Collection / veterinary; Blood Urea Nitrogen; Electrolytes / blood; Hematocrit / veterinary; Reference Values; Reproducibility of Results; Seals, Earless / blood; Sensitivity and Specificity
TL;DR: The results suggest that the i-STAT portable analyzer could be useful for clinically assessing juvenile elephant seals, however, the clinician should be aware of differences associated with various analyzers and sample types. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Cytology of bone marrow

VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, 32(6), 1313-+.

By: C. Grindem n, J. Neel n & T. Juopperi n

Contributors: C. Grindem n, J. Neel n & T. Juopperi n

MeSH headings : Anemia, Hemolytic / pathology; Anemia, Hemolytic / veterinary; Animals; Bone Marrow Cells / cytology; Bone Marrow Diseases / pathology; Bone Marrow Diseases / veterinary; Bone Marrow Neoplasms / pathology; Bone Marrow Neoplasms / veterinary; Cat Diseases / pathology; Cats; Cell Transformation, Neoplastic; Cytological Techniques / veterinary; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Histiocytic Sarcoma / pathology; Histiocytic Sarcoma / veterinary; Leukemia / pathology; Leukemia / veterinary; Lymphoma / pathology; Lymphoma / veterinary; Myelodysplastic Syndromes / pathology; Myelodysplastic Syndromes / veterinary; Thrombocytopenia / pathology; Thrombocytopenia / veterinary
TL;DR: The indications for marrow evaluation, methods of sample collection, sample preparation, and cytologic examination of bone marrow are discussed and cases are provided to demonstrate accurate interpretation ofBone marrow aspirates. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Granulomatous dermatitis spadefoot toad (Scaphiopus holbrooki)

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 31(3), 137–139.

By: T. Juopperi n, K. Karli n, R. De Voe n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: chromoblastomycosis; chromomycosis; cytology; dermatitis; skin; toad
MeSH headings : Animals; Anura; Chromoblastomycosis / diagnosis; Chromoblastomycosis / pathology; Chromoblastomycosis / veterinary; Dermatitis / diagnosis; Dermatitis / pathology; Dermatitis / veterinary; Fungi / growth & development; Fungi / isolation & purification; Granuloma / diagnosis; Granuloma / pathology; Granuloma / veterinary; Skin / cytology; Skin / microbiology; Skin / pathology
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 article

Pet dogs as sentinels for environmental contamination

Backer, L. C., Grindem, C. B., Corbett, W. T., Cullins, L., & Hunter, J. L. (2001, July 2). SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, Vol. 274, pp. 161–169.

By: L. Backer*, C. Grindem n, W. Corbett n, L. Cullins n & J. Hunter

author keywords: bioassays; environmental contamination; biomarkers; sentinel animals; dogs; peripheral blood lymphocyte micronucleus; lymphocyte subtyping
MeSH headings : Alanine Transaminase / blood; Alkaline Phosphatase / blood; Animals; Animals, Domestic; Biomarkers / blood; Blood Chemical Analysis / methods; Cells, Cultured; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dogs / blood; Environmental Exposure / adverse effects; Environmental Monitoring / methods; Environmental Pollution; Humans; Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated; Insecticides / analysis; Insecticides / toxicity; Lymphocytes / drug effects; Micronucleus Tests; North Carolina; Sentinel Surveillance / veterinary; Surveys and Questionnaires; United States; United States Environmental Protection Agency
TL;DR: An example of how pet dogs may be used as sentinels for potential human health hazards involves a study of the genotoxic effects resulting from exposure to a mixture of chemicals from nearby Superfund sites. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Analyzing the results of a complete blood cell count

Veterinary Medicine, 95(7), 534.

By: A. Barger & C. Grindem

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 chapter

Infectious and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia

In Kirk's current veterinary therapy : small animal practice (13th Ed.) (p. 438). Philadelphia, PA : W.B. Saunders.

By: C. Grindem

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Interpreting electrolyte, anion gap, and total carbon dioxide data

Veterinary Medicine, 95(7), 548–553.

By: J. Andrews & C. Grindem

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Understanding and evaluating renal function

Veterinary Medicine, 95(7), 555.

By: J. Neel & C. Grindem

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Comparative clinicopathological responses of striped bass and palmetto bass to acute stress

TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN FISHERIES SOCIETY, 128(4), 680–686.

By: E. Noga n, C. Wang n, C. Grindem n & R. Avtalion*

TL;DR: Confined fish of both taxa showed similar elevations in plasma osmolality, potassium, anion gap, creatinine, and glucose, suggesting a shock response, but striped bass displayed slightly more severe perturbations, including elevated albumin and total protein, that indicated hemoconcentration. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Platelet-associated immunoglobulin (antiplatelet antibody) in canine Rocky Mountain spotted fever and ehrlichiosis

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ANIMAL HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, 35(1), 56–61.

By: C. Grindem n, E. Breitschwerdt*, P. Perkins*, L. Cullins, T. Thomas & B. Hegarty*

MeSH headings : Animals; Antibodies, Bacterial / blood; Autoantibodies / blood; Blood Platelets / immunology; Dog Diseases / blood; Dog Diseases / immunology; Dogs; Ehrlichia / immunology; Ehrlichiosis / blood; Ehrlichiosis / immunology; Ehrlichiosis / veterinary; Flow Cytometry / veterinary; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect / veterinary; Immunoglobulin G / blood; Rickettsia rickettsii / immunology; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever / blood; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever / immunology; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever / veterinary; Thrombocytopenia / blood; Thrombocytopenia / immunology; Thrombocytopenia / veterinary
TL;DR: Results of this study indicate an immunological component for rickettsial thrombocytopenia, and current therapeutic recommendations, especially regarding avoiding the use of immunosuppressive drugs in patients with ricksettsial diseases, need to be critically reviewed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Evaluation of microcytosis in 18 Shibas

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 212(8), 1258–1259.

By: J. Gookin, S. Bunch, L. Rush & C. Grindem

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis in Dogs from North Carolina and Virginia

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 12(2), 61–70.

By: E. Goldman*, E. Breitschwerdt n, C. Grindem n, B. Hegarty*, J. Walls* & J. Dumler*

author keywords: anemia; polyarthritis; polymerase chain reaction; tick-transmitted rickettsia
MeSH headings : Animals; Dog Diseases; Dogs; Ehrlichia / classification; Ehrlichia / genetics; Ehrlichia / isolation & purification; Ehrlichiosis / blood; Ehrlichiosis / veterinary; Genes, Bacterial; Humans; Medical Records; Neutrophils / parasitology; North Carolina; Polymerase Chain Reaction; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics; Retrospective Studies; Virginia
TL;DR: Serologic or molecular results support the possibility of E. ewingii, E. equi, and E. canis coinfection or serologic cross-reactivity among canine granulocytic and monocytic Ehrlichia species in dogs from North Carolina and Virginia. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Immunophenotypic Comparison of Blood and Lymph Node from Dogs with Lymphoma

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 27(1), 16–20.

By: C. Grindem n, R. Page n, B. Ammerman n & E. Breitschwerdt n

author keywords: immunophenotyping; blood; bone marrow; lymph nodes; lymphoma; dogs
TL;DR: Simultaneous immunophenotyping of lymph node, blood and bone marrow cannot be recommended routinely without further studies to document its value as an independent prognostic indicator, however, it is potentially useful for tumor staging and monitoring remission, especially in lymphoma patients with a leukemic phase. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Serum fructosamine concentration in nondiabetic and diabetic cats

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 27(2), 34–39.

By: M. Plier n, C. Grindem n, P. MacWilliams* & J. Stevens n

author keywords: fructosamine; glycated proteins; cat; transient hyperglycemia; diabetes mellitus
TL;DR: Serum fructosamine concentration shows promise as an inexpensive, adjunct diagnostic tool for differentiating transiently hyperglycemic cats from poorly controlled diabetic cats. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Uterine fluid from a mare

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 27(1), 15-+.

By: E. Goldman n, C. Grindem n, K. McDorman n & S. VanCamp n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Cytologic and histologic features of a poorly differentiated glioma in a dog

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 26(4), 182–186.

By: F. Fernandez n, C. Grindem n, T. Brown n, N. Sharp n & M. Saulnier n

author keywords: cytology; immunocytochemistry; glioma; spinal cord; ependymoma; dog
TL;DR: A 5-year old female Boxer with a 1-week history of progressive paresis and paraplegia had a T10-13 subarachnoid filling defect on myelography, which was subsequently diagnosed as a poorly differentiated glioma, most likely an anaplastic ependymoma. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Flow cytometric method for detecting thiazole orange positive (reticulated) platelets in thrombocytopenic horses

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 58(10), 1092–1096.

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Immunophenotypic characterization of canine lymphoproliferative disorders

In Vivo (Athens, Greece), 11(2), 169–172.

By: D. Ruslander, D. Gebhard, M. Tompkins, C. Grindem & R. Page

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Prednisolone at anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive dosages in conjunction with doxycycline does not potentiate the severity of Rickettsia rickettsii infection in dogs.

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 41(1), 141–147.

By: E. Breitschwerdt n, M. Davidson n, B. Hegarty n, M. Papich n & C. Grindem n

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / blood; Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use; Anti-Inflammatory Agents / blood; Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use; Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis; Dogs; Doxycycline / blood; Doxycycline / therapeutic use; Drug Therapy, Combination; Female; Immunosuppressive Agents / blood; Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use; Prednisolone / blood; Prednisolone / therapeutic use; Rickettsia rickettsii / immunology; Rickettsia rickettsii / isolation & purification; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever / blood; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever / drug therapy
TL;DR: It is concluded that the concurrent use of anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive doses of prednisolone in conjunction with doxycycline, early in the course of experimental R MSF, confers no clinically relevant detrimental effects and that additional studies might be indicated to detect possible beneficial effects in cases of severe or potentially fulminant RMSF. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Thrombocytosis in 24 Horses (1989-1994)

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 11(1), 24–29.

By: D. Sellon n, J. Levine n, K. Palmer n, E. Millikin n, C. Grindem n & P. Covington n

MeSH headings : Anemia / epidemiology; Anemia / veterinary; Animals; Female; Fibrinogen / analysis; Horse Diseases / blood; Horse Diseases / diagnosis; Horse Diseases / epidemiology; Horses; Hypoproteinemia / epidemiology; Hypoproteinemia / veterinary; Leukocytosis / epidemiology; Leukocytosis / veterinary; Male; Multivariate Analysis; North Carolina / epidemiology; Platelet Count / veterinary; Prevalence; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Thrombocytosis / diagnosis; Thrombocytosis / epidemiology; Thrombocytosis / veterinary
TL;DR: The strong association of thrombocytosis with infectious/inflammatory disorders, however, should lead clinicians to suspect these types of conditions in horses with high platelet counts. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

What is your diagnosis? A seven-year-old mixed breed dog - Bromide toxicity

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 26(4), 164-+.

By: A. Barger n & C. Grindem n

author keywords: bromide toxicity; hyperchloremia; ISE; colorimetry; coulometry
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Seven-year-old dog with progressive lethargy and inappetence - Chronic lymphocytic leukemia of T cell origin

VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY, 26(4), 187-+.

By: E. Goldman n & C. Grindem n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1996 journal article

Risk factors associated with thrombocytopenia in horses

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 10, 127–132.

By: D. Sellon, J. Levine, E. Millikin, K. Palmer, P. Covington & C. Grindem

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 journal article

Thrombocytopenia Associated With Neoplasia in Dogs

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 8(6), 400–405.

By: C. Grindem n, E. Breitschwerdt n, W. Corbett n, R. Page n & H. Jans n

MeSH headings : Animals; Dog Diseases / etiology; Dogs; Female; Male; Neoplasms / complications; Neoplasms / veterinary; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Thrombocytopenia / etiology; Thrombocytopenia / veterinary
TL;DR: If thrombocytopenia is identified in a dog with cancer, it is recommended thorough evaluation of the coagulation system before surgery or therapy, and careful consideration of the risks and potential benefits of myelosuppressive or L-asparaginase therapy. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

CHRONIC MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA WITH MENINGEAL INFILTRATION IN A DOG

COMPARATIVE HAEMATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, 2(3), 170–174.

By: C. Grindem n, J. Stevens n, D. Brost & D. Johnson*

author keywords: CHRONIC MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA; DOG; LEUKEMIC MENINGITIS
TL;DR: Histological examination revealed neoplastic infiltration in the bone marrow, kidney, liver, and brain, and a purulent bronchopneumonia in a 10-year-old mixed-breed dog with marked leucocytosis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1991 journal article

Epidemiologic Survey of Thrombocytopenia in Dogs: A Report on 987 Cases

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 20(2), 38–43.

By: C. Grindem n, E. Breitschwerdt n, W. Corbett n & H. Jans n

TL;DR: It is concluded that thrombocytopenia is a prevalent and potentially important diagnostic finding in a variety of disease states. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

Myxosarcoma in a dog

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 19(4), 119.

By: C. Grindem n, J. Riley*, R. Sellen & B. Davis n

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

PERITONEAL-FLUID VALUES FROM HEALTHY FOALS

EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL, 22(5), 359–361.

By: C. Grindem n, N. Fairley n, C. Uhlinger n & S. Crane*

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Newborn / anatomy & histology; Ascitic Fluid / chemistry; Ascitic Fluid / cytology; Blood Proteins / analysis; Blood Urea Nitrogen; Horses / anatomy & histology; Leukocyte Count / veterinary; Peritoneal Cavity / cytology; Reference Values; Urea / analysis
TL;DR: Results of this study indicate that adult horse reference values for evaluation of peritoneal fluid are of questionable validity for foals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

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