Works (148)

Updated: April 4th, 2024 08:17

2023 journal article

Assessment of systemic AAV-microdystrophin gene therapy in the GRMD model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

SCIENCE TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, 15(677).

MeSH headings : Animals; Dogs; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Mice; Dystrophin / genetics; Dystrophin / metabolism; Genetic Therapy; Heart; Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism; Muscles / metabolism; Muscular Dystrophy, Animal / genetics; Muscular Dystrophy, Animal / therapy; Muscular Dystrophy, Animal / metabolism; Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / genetics; Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / therapy
TL;DR: The data suggest that systemically administered AAV-microdystrophin may be dosed safely and could provide therapeutic benefit for patients with DMD, and the translational potential of this approach is highlighted. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 20, 2023

2023 journal article

Dirofilaria immitis Identified in Galapagos Sea Lions (Zalophus wollebaeki): A Wildlife Health and Conservation Concern

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 59(3), 487–494.

By: T. Gregory n, I. Livingston n, E. Hawkins n, A. Loyola*, A. Cave n, S. Vaden n, D. Deresienski n, M. Breen n ...

author keywords: Dirofilaria immitis; Galapagos Islands; heartworm; Zalophus wollebaeki
MeSH headings : Animals; Dogs; Male; Sea Lions; Dirofilaria immitis; Animals, Wild; Caniformia; Animals, Domestic; Endangered Species; Dirofilariasis / epidemiology; Dog Diseases
TL;DR: This is the first report of D. immitis infection in Galapagos sea lions, and widespread adoption of routine heartworm testing, prevention, and treatment in the canine population, and the control of mosquitos, could potentially reduce the disease impact on this endangered pinniped species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 14, 2023

2021 article

Endoscopy Training in Small Animal Internal Medicine: A Survey of Residency Training Programs in North America

McCool, K. E., Marks, S. L., & Hawkins, E. C. (2021, June 11). JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, Vol. 6.

By: K. McCool, S. Marks* & E. Hawkins*

author keywords: veterinary endoscopy training; virtual reality endoscopy trainer; gastroscopy; rhinoscopy; bronchoscopy; cystoscopy; colonoscopy
MeSH headings : Animals; Clinical Competence; Dogs; Education, Veterinary; Endoscopy / education; Endoscopy / veterinary; Humans; Internship and Residency; Virtual Reality
TL;DR: The purpose of this study was to describe the supplemental training opportunities currently available to SAIM residents at academic hospitals in the US and Canada and to compare their timing during the residency, resident and faculty time commitment, and perceived helpfulness. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 1, 2022

2021 journal article

Factors associated with clinical interpretation of tracheal wash fluid from dogs with respiratory disease: 281 cases (2012-2017)

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 35(2), 1073–1079.

By: A. Graham n, K. Tefft n, D. Stowe n, M. Jacob n, J. Robertson n & E. Hawkins n

author keywords: aerobic culture; antibiotics; endotracheal; transtracheal
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use; Bacteria; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Respiratory Tract Diseases / diagnosis; Respiratory Tract Diseases / veterinary; Retrospective Studies; Trachea
TL;DR: Endotracheal wash fluid, in particular, should be screened for gross mucus or turbidity to maximize the likelihood of an adequate specimen, while presence of bacteria on cytology was a good predictor of any growth, while their absence was aGood predictor of the absence of growth of 1+ or more. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 8, 2021

2020 journal article

Expiratory dysfunction in young dogs with golden retriever muscular dystrophy

NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS, 30(11), 930–937.

By: E. Hawkins n, A. Bettis* & J. Kornegay*

author keywords: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD); Golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD); Spirometry; Respiratory inductance plethysmography; Pulmonary function test; Peak expiratory flow
MeSH headings : Animals; Diaphragm / physiopathology; Disease Models, Animal; Dog Diseases / physiopathology; Dogs; Exhalation; Muscular Dystrophy, Animal / physiopathology; Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / physiopathology; Peak Expiratory Flow Rate; Respiratory Function Tests
TL;DR: Tidal breathing spirometry and respiratory inductance plethysmography were performed in GRMD dogs at approximately 3 and 6 months of age, corresponding to approximately 5-10 years in DMD, when clinical trials are often conducted. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 21, 2020

2019 journal article

Evaluation of a Human Virtual-Reality Endoscopy Trainer for Teaching Early Endoscopy Skills to Veterinarians

Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 47(1), 1–11.

By: K. McCool*, S. Bissett, T. Hill*, L. Degernes n & E. Hawkins n

author keywords: veterinary endoscopic training; veterinary simulation; veterinary endoscopy; virtual-reality endoscopy trainer
MeSH headings : Animals; Clinical Competence; Computer Simulation / standards; Dogs; Education, Veterinary / methods; Education, Veterinary / standards; Endoscopy / education; Endoscopy / veterinary; Humans; Surveys and Questionnaires; Virtual Reality
TL;DR: Based on this limited study, VRET can serve as a reasonable alternative to LDL for teaching endoscopy skills to veterinarians. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 29, 2019

2017 journal article

Severity of Nasal Inflammatory Disease Questionnaire for Canine Idiopathic Rhinitis Control: Instrument Development and Initial Validity Evidence

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 31(1), 134–141.

By: L. Greene n, K. Royal n, J. Bradley n, B. Lascelles n, L. Johnson* & E. Hawkins n

author keywords: Lymphoplasmacytic; Psychometrics; Survey
MeSH headings : Animals; Case-Control Studies; Dog Diseases / prevention & control; Dogs; Female; Humans; Male; Ownership; Pain, Intractable / prevention & control; Pain, Intractable / veterinary; Quality of Life; Reproducibility of Results; Rhinitis / prevention & control; Rhinitis / veterinary; Severity of Illness Index; Surveys and Questionnaires; Symptom Assessment
TL;DR: The SNIFLD questionnaire provides a mechanism for repeated assessments of disease severity in dogs with chronic rhinitis and strong psychometric evidence was available to support the substantive, generalizability, content, and structural aspects of construct validity. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 chapter

Pneumonia, aspiration

In L. P. Tilley & F. W. K. Smith (Eds.), Blackwell’s Five Minute Veterinary Consult (6th ed., p. 1066). Ames, Iowa: John Wiley and Sons.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): L. Tilley & F. Smith

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 5, 2021

2015 journal article

Bacterial Pneumonia (Consultant on Call)

Clinicians Brief, 13, 69–75.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 5, 2021

2014 chapter

Respiratory Therapy

In J. D. Bonagura & D. C. Twedt (Eds.), Current Veterinary Therapy XV (pp. 622–628). Saunders, St. Louis.

By: E. Hawkins & M. Papich

Ed(s): J. Bonagura & D. Twedt

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 14, 2021

2014 journal article

Respiratory dysfunction in unsedated dogs with golden retriever muscular dystrophy

NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS, 24(1), 63–73.

By: J. DeVanna n, J. Kornegay*, D. Bogan*, J. Bogan*, J. Dow* & E. Hawkins n

author keywords: Muscular dystrophy; Golden retriever muscular dystrophy; Pulmonary function test; Respiratory inductance plethysmography; Spirometry; Blood gas analysis; Flow-volume loop
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Gas Analysis; Disease Progression; Dogs; Female; Heart Rate; Male; Muscular Dystrophy, Animal / blood; Muscular Dystrophy, Animal / physiopathology; Respiration Disorders / blood; Respiration Disorders / physiopathology; Respiratory Rate
TL;DR: Increased expiratory flows and the pattern of abdominal breathing are novel findings, not reported in people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and might be a consequence of hyperinflation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 chapter

Respiratory system disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Small Animal Internal Medicine (5th ed., pp. 217–366). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 14, 2021

2013 journal article

A Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C Kinase Substrate–Related Peptide Suppresses Cytokine mRNA and Protein Expression in LPS-Activated Canine Neutrophils

American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, 48(3), 314–321.

By: J. Li, M. D’Annibale-Tolhurst, K. Adler*, S. Fang*, Q. Yin*, A. Birkenheuer*, M. Levy n, S. Jones* ...

author keywords: MARCKS; cytokine; inflammation; neutrophil
MeSH headings : Animals; Dogs; Humans; Interleukin-8 / biosynthesis; Interleukin-8 / genetics; Interleukin-8 / metabolism; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism; Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology; Membrane Proteins / metabolism; Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C Kinase Substrate; Neutrophils / drug effects; Neutrophils / metabolism; Peptides / metabolism; Peptides / pharmacology; RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis; RNA, Messenger / genetics; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / genetics; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
TL;DR: Observations identify MARCKS protein as a promising therapeutic target in the treatment of inflammatory diseases or syndromes attributed to neutrophil influx and inflammatory cytokine production, such as sepsis, acute lung injury, and acute respiratory distress syndrome. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Cervical lung lobe herniation in dogs identified by fluoroscopy

Canadian Veterinary Journal, 54(10), 955–959.

By: L. Nafe, I. Robertson & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 14, 2021

2013 journal article

Cervical lung lobe herniation in dogs identified by fluoroscopy.

The Canadian Veterinary Journal = La Revue Veterinaire Canadienne. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/24155415/?tool=EBI

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

2013 journal article

Effect of a Combined Aspiration and Core Biopsy Technique on Quality of Core Bone Marrow Specimens

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ANIMAL HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, 49(1), 16–22.

By: J. Reeder n, E. Hawkins n, M. Cora n, S. Marks n & C. Grindem n

TL;DR: For cases requiring both a bone marrow aspirate and core biopsy, using the same needle and site can decrease time, expense, and discomfort compared with the independent collection of each specimen, but the benefits of the combined approach should not be achieved at the expense of specimen quality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 speech

Kennel cough: old problem, new concepts.

Presented at the Pfizer speaker’s bureau presentations.

By: E. Hawkins

Event: Pfizer speaker’s bureau presentations

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 14, 2021

2011 journal article

Failure of nebulized irritant, acidic, or hypotonic solutions or external mechanical stimulation of the trachea to consistently induce coughing in healthy, awake dogs

Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 75(3), 228–232.

By: T. Boyle, E. Hawkins, J. Davis & I. Robertson

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Failure of nebulized irritant, acidic, or hypotonic solutions or external mechanical stimulation of the trachea to consistently induce coughing in healthy, awake dogs.

Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne De Recherche Veterinaire. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/22211000/?tool=EBI

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

2011 journal article

Inflammatory polyps of the nasal turbinates of cats: an argument for designation as feline mesenchymal nasal hamartoma

JOURNAL OF FELINE MEDICINE AND SURGERY, 13(4), 213–219.

By: V. Greci*, C. Mortellaro*, D. Olivero, A. Cocci* & E. Hawkins n

MeSH headings : Animals; Cat Diseases / diagnosis; Cat Diseases / pathology; Cat Diseases / surgery; Cats; Diagnosis, Differential; Female; Hamartoma / diagnosis; Hamartoma / pathology; Hamartoma / surgery; Hamartoma / veterinary; Male; Nasal Polyps / diagnosis; Nasal Polyps / pathology; Nasal Polyps / surgery; Nasal Polyps / veterinary; Nose Diseases / diagnosis; Nose Diseases / pathology; Nose Diseases / surgery; Nose Diseases / veterinary; Terminology as Topic; Treatment Outcome
TL;DR: The terminology ‘feline mesenchymal nasal hamartoma’ provides a more accurate description of the disease currently termed IPNT, and has the added advantage of being consistent with its human counterpart. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 chapter

Pneumonia, aspiration

In L. P. Tilley & F. W. K. Smith (Eds.), Blackwell’s Five Minute Veterinary Consult (5th ed., p. 1001). Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): L. Tilley & F. Smith

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 14, 2021

2010 journal article

Aspiration of barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres by a dog

Australian Veterinary Journal, 88(5), 166–168.

By: V. Greci*, S. Bissett n, C. Copple n & E. Hawkins n

author keywords: aspiration pneumonia; barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres; dogs; foreign body; gastric dilation
MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchoscopy / veterinary; Dog Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dog Diseases / therapy; Dogs; Foreign Bodies / diagnostic imaging; Foreign Bodies / pathology; Foreign Bodies / veterinary; Male; Radiography; Respiration Disorders / diagnostic imaging; Respiration Disorders / pathology; Respiration Disorders / therapy; Respiration Disorders / veterinary
TL;DR: This case report describes an 11-year-old Belgian Malinois dog with acute onset of cough caused by aspiration of barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres (BIPS) and pneumonia following an episode of suspected gastric dilation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 16, 2019

2010 journal article

Demographic and Historical Findings, Including Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke, in Dogs with Chronic Cough

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 24(4), 825–831.

By: E. Hawkins n, L. Clay n, J. Bradley n & M. Davidian n

author keywords: Bronchitis; Environmental tobacco smoke; Respiratory tract; Tracheobronchomalacia
MeSH headings : Air Pollution, Indoor / adverse effects; Animals; Chronic Disease; Cough / chemically induced; Cough / veterinary; Dog Diseases / chemically induced; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Female; Male; Risk Factors; Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

More on cultivating veterinarian-scientists. Letter to the Editor.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 237(12), 1367.

By: E. Hawkins, J. Hall, L. Cohn, V. Buechner-Maxwell, M. Oyama, M. Barton, N. Olby, C. Khanna ...

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 16, 2021

2010 journal article

Naturally occurring mutations in the canine CFTR gene

PHYSIOLOGICAL GENOMICS, 42(3), 480–485.

By: D. Spadafora*, E. Hawkins n, K. Murphy*, L. Clark* & S. Ballard*

author keywords: cystic fibrosis; missense mutation; temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis; pancreatitis; bronchiectasis
MeSH headings : Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Base Sequence; Bronchiectasis / genetics; Bronchiectasis / veterinary; Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator / genetics; DNA Mutational Analysis; Dog Diseases / genetics; Dogs / genetics; Gene Frequency; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation / physiology; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
TL;DR: It is concluded that naturally occurring CFTR mutations are relatively common in domestic dogs and can be detected with TTGE. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 chapter

Bronchoalveolar lavage

In S. L. Vaden, J. S. Knoll, F. W. K. Smith Jr., & L. P. Tilley (Eds.), Blackwell's five-minute veterinary consult: laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures: canine & feline (pp. 135–137). Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): S. Vaden, J. Knoll, F. Smith & L. Tilley

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 16, 2021

2009 report

Dyspneic cats: Infectious you are missing

[Clinician’s Brief].

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 16, 2021

2009 chapter

Medical and surgical management of pleural effusions

In J. D. Bonagura & D. C. Twedt (Eds.), Current Veterinary Therapy XIV (pp. 675–684). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

By: E. Hawkins & T. Fossum

Ed(s): J. Bonagura & D. Twedt

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 16, 2021

2009 chapter

Respiratory disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Small Animal Internal Medicine (4th ed., pp. 207–350). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 16, 2021

2008 conference paper

Acute upper airway presentation in cats: nothing to sneeze at

Western Veterinary Conference 2008. Presented at the Infectious Diseases Symposium, North American Veterinary Conference and Western Veterinary Conference, Las Vegas, NV.

By: L. Cohn & E. Hawkins

Event: Infectious Diseases Symposium, North American Veterinary Conference and Western Veterinary Conference at Las Vegas, NV

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 23, 2021

2008 journal article

Failure to identify an association between serologic or molecular evidence ofBartonellainfection and idiopathic rhinitis in dogs

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 233(4), 597–599.

By: E. Hawkins n, L. Johnson, L. Guptill, H. Marr*, E. Breitschwerdt* & A. Birkenheuer*

MeSH headings : Animals; Antibodies, Bacterial / blood; Bartonella / immunology; Bartonella / isolation & purification; Bartonella Infections / diagnosis; Bartonella Infections / microbiology; Bartonella Infections / veterinary; Bartonella henselae / immunology; Bartonella henselae / isolation & purification; Case-Control Studies; DNA, Bacterial / analysis; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / microbiology; Dogs; Female; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect / methods; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect / veterinary; Male; Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Rhinitis / diagnosis; Rhinitis / microbiology; Rhinitis / veterinary
TL;DR: The failure to find any evidence of exposure to or infection with Bartonella spp in dogs with idiopathic nasal discharge suggested that Bart onella infection was not a common cause of the disease. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 conference paper

The conundrum of the contagious canine cough

Western Veterinary Conference 2008. Presented at the Infectious Diseases Symposium, North American Veterinary Conference and Western Veterinary Conference, Las Vegas, NV.

By: E. Hawkins & L. Cohn

Event: Infectious Diseases Symposium, North American Veterinary Conference and Western Veterinary Conference at Las Vegas, NV

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 23, 2021

2007 chapter

Pneumonia, aspiration

In L. P. Tilley & F. W. K. Smith Jr (Eds.), Blackwell's five-minute veterinary consult : canine and feline (4th ed., p. 1083). Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): L. Tilley & F. Smith

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: March 23, 2021

2007 journal article

Quantification of mucin gene expression in tracheobronchial epithelium of healthy dogs and dogs with chronic bronchitis

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 68(4), 435–440.

By: E. Hawkins n, A. Birkenheuer n, H. Marr n, A. Rogala n, E. Large n & K. Adler n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchitis, Chronic / metabolism; Bronchitis, Chronic / veterinary; DNA Primers; Dog Diseases / metabolism; Dogs; Evaluation Studies as Topic; Mucins / metabolism; Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; RNA, Messenger / metabolism
TL;DR: The ability to measure mucin gene expression from tracheobronchial brushing specimens collected from client-owned dogs during routine bronchoscopy should prove to be a useful tool for the study of bronchitis in dogs and expand the usefulness of airway inflammation in dogs as a model for bronchritis in humans. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Cellular composition of bronchial brushings obtained from healthy dogs and dogs with chronic cough and cytologic composition of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from dogs with chronic cough

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 67(1), 160–167.

By: E. Hawkins n, A. Rogala n, E. Large n, J. Bradley n & C. Grindem n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchi / cytology; Bronchi / pathology; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; Bronchoscopy / veterinary; Cough / pathology; Cough / veterinary; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Goblet Cells / cytology; Leukocyte Count / veterinary; Statistics, Nonparametric
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 chapter

Infectious rhinitis: What bugs? What drugs?

In Managing Microbes (pp. 31–38). Wilmington, DE: The Gloyd Group.

By: E. Hawkins & L. Cohn

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 3, 2021

2006 journal article

Pulmonary lesions in cats with diabetes mellitus

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 20(1), 47–51.

By: A. Mexas n, R. Hess*, E. Hawkins n & L. Martin n

author keywords: complications of diabetes mellitus; feline; lung histopathology
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Treatment of Conidiobolus sp pneumonia with itraconazole in a dog receiving immunosuppressive therapy

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 20(6), 1479–1482.

By: E. Hawkins n, A. Grooters*, E. Cowgill n, D. Proulx n, G. Davainis n, D. Ruslander n, C. Grindem n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Bartonella Species as a Potential Cause of Epistaxis in Dogs

Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 43(5), 2529–2533.

By: E. Breitschwerdt n, B. Hegarty n, R. Maggi n, E. Hawkins n & P. Dyer*

MeSH headings : Animals; Bartonella Infections / diagnosis; Bartonella Infections / veterinary; Base Sequence; DNA Primers; DNA, Bacterial / genetics; DNA, Bacterial / isolation & purification; Dog Diseases / microbiology; Dogs; Epistaxis / etiology; Epistaxis / microbiology; Epistaxis / veterinary; Female; Male
TL;DR: These cases, in conjunction with previously published reports, support a potential role for Bartonella spp. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Clinical features of epistaxis in dogs: A retrospective study of 35 cases (1999-2002)

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ANIMAL HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, 41(3), 179–184.

By: J. Strasser n & E. Hawkins n

MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animals; Diagnosis, Differential; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Epistaxis / diagnosis; Epistaxis / pathology; Epistaxis / veterinary; Female; Male; Nose Diseases / complications; Nose Diseases / pathology; Nose Diseases / veterinary; Nose Neoplasms / complications; Nose Neoplasms / pathology; Nose Neoplasms / veterinary; Retrospective Studies
TL;DR: Epistaxis was retrospectively evaluated in 35 dogs and only dogs with intranasal disease had facial deformity, decreased airflow, or regional sub-mandibular lymphadenopathy. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Feline Pyothorax

Compendium’s Standards of Care Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 7(5), 7–12.

By: T. Boyle & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 3, 2021

2005 chapter

Respiratory System Disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Manual of Small Animal Internal Medicine (2nd ed., pp. 130–211). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 3, 2021

2004 chapter

Bronchoalveolar Lavage

In Textbook of Respiratory Disease in Dogs and Cats (pp. 118–128).

By: E. Hawkins*

TL;DR: A meta-analysis of bronchoscopy in small animal clinics: An analysis of the results of 228 Bronchoscopies and Fiberoptic instrument technology shows clear trends in adoption of fiberoptic instruments and their applications in endoscopy. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Crossref
Added: November 16, 2019

2004 article

Identification and characterization of an idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-like condition in cats

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, Vol. 18, pp. 632–641.

By: L. Cohn, C. Norris, E. Hawkins*, J. Dye, C. Johnson & K. Williams

author keywords: cough; dyspnea; interstitial lung disease; usual interstitial pneumonia
TL;DR: Cats with histologic changes compatible with UIP had signs that mimicked many of the clinical findings of human IPF, and treatment response was similarly unrewarding. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 chapter

Same location (lung): different strategies

In Managing Microbes (pp. 25–35). Wilmington, DE: The Gloyd Group.

By: E. Hawkins & M. Papich

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 3, 2021

2004 journal article

The Clinician Investigator Program in Companion Animal Internal Medicine at North Carolina State University

Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 31(4), 425–434.

By: S. Bunch n, R. Ford*, E. Hawkins*, M. Jackson*, S. Vaden* & E. Breitschwerdt*

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Domestic; Curriculum; Education, Veterinary / methods; Humans; Internal Medicine / education; Mentors; North Carolina; Research Personnel; Retrospective Studies; Schools, Veterinary; Surveys and Questionnaires
TL;DR: A retrospective study was conducted to describe the development and evolution of the combined internal medicine/PhD program, the Clinician Investigator (CI) Program, at North Carolina State University. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Demographic, clinical, and radiographic features of bronchiectasis in dogs: 316 cases (1988-2000)

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 223(11), 1628–1635.

By: E. Hawkins n, J. Basseches, C. Berry*, M. Stebbins* & K. Ferris*

MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animals; Breeding; Bronchiectasis / diagnostic imaging; Bronchiectasis / epidemiology; Bronchiectasis / veterinary; Databases, Factual; Demography; Dog Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Dog Diseases / epidemiology; Dog Diseases / pathology; Dogs; Female; Male; North Carolina / epidemiology; Radiography, Thoracic / veterinary; Retrospective Studies
TL;DR: Analysis of data from the VMDB indicated that American Cocker Spaniels, West Highland White Terriers, Miniature Poodles, Siberian Huskies, English Springer Spaniels and dogs > 10 years old had an increased risk of bronchiectasis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Endoscopic evaluation of the esophagus and stomach in three loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and a Malaysian giant turtle (Orlitia borneensis).

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 34(1), 88–92.

By: B. Pressler n, R. Goodman*, C. Harms*, E. Hawkins* & G. Lewbart*

TL;DR: The papillated esophagus was easy to navigate, but mucosal papillae in the loggerhead sea turtles prevented examination of the underlying mucosa, and the working endoscope length prevented inspection of the pyloric antrum and the duodenum in all turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

For the better treatment of respiratory disease (Interview; Japanese)

Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 56, 425–430.

By: E. Hawkins & S. Sako

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2021

2003 journal article

Molecular identification of Ehrlichia ewingii infection in dogs: 15 cases (1997-2001)

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 222(8), 1102–1107.

By: R. Goodman n, E. Hawkins*, N. Olby*, C. Grindem*, B. Hegarty* & E. Breitschwerdt*

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use; DNA, Bacterial / blood; DNA, Bacterial / chemistry; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dog Diseases / drug therapy; Dog Diseases / microbiology; Dogs; Doxycycline / therapeutic use; Ehrlichia / genetics; Ehrlichia / isolation & purification; Ehrlichiosis / diagnosis; Ehrlichiosis / drug therapy; Ehrlichiosis / microbiology; Ehrlichiosis / veterinary; Female; Fever / microbiology; Fever / veterinary; Lameness, Animal / microbiology; Male; Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Retrospective Studies; Thrombocytopenia / microbiology; Thrombocytopenia / veterinary; Treatment Outcome
TL;DR: PCR testing for E ewingii infection should be considered in dogs with fever, neutrophilic polyarthritis, unexplained ataxia or paresis, thrombocytopenia, or unexplained reactive lymphocytes, and indogs with clinical signs suggestive of ehrlichiosis that are seronegative for E canis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 chapter

Pneumonia, aspiration

In L. P. Tilley & F. W. K. Smith Jr (Eds.), The 5 Minute Veterinary Consult (3rd ed., p. 1023). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): L. Tilley & F. Smith

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 3, 2021

2003 chapter

Respiratory disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Small Animal Internal Medicine (3rd ed., pp. 210–342). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 6, 2021

2003 journal article

Use of animation-enhanced video clips for teaching abnormal breathing patterns

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, 30(1), 73–77.

By: E. Hawkins n, B. Hansen* & B. Bunch*

MeSH headings : Animals; Cat Diseases / diagnosis; Cats; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Education, Veterinary; Humans; North Carolina; Program Evaluation; Respiratory Tract Diseases / diagnosis; Respiratory Tract Diseases / veterinary; Schools, Veterinary; Surveys and Questionnaires; Teaching; Video Recording
TL;DR: The animated breathing pattern videotape (ABV) has since been used in teaching third-year veterinary students, interns, residents, practicing veterinarians, and veterinary technicians, and peer reviewers have been uniformly positive. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 article

Molecular evidence supporting Ehrlichia canis-like infection in cats

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, Vol. 16, pp. 642–649.

By: E. Breitschwerdt n, A. Abrams-Ogg n, M. Lappin n, D. Bienzle n, S. Hancock n, S. Cowan n, J. Clooten n, B. Hegarty n, E. Hawkins n

author keywords: antinuclear antibodies; leukemia; polyarthritis; thrombocytopenia
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 conference paper

The coughing cat. A Taste of the NAVC.

Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference : January 12-16, 2002, Orlando, Florida. Presented at the North American Veterinary Conference, Orlando, FL.

By: C. Atkins & E. Hawkins

Event: North American Veterinary Conference at Orlando, FL on January 12-16, 2002

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2021

2001 chapter

Heart or Lung: The culprit in cough?

In Senior care 2001 : the impact of aging on everyday cases : proceedings from a symposium held at the North American Veterinary Conference and the Western Veterinary Conference (pp. 85–97). Wilmington, DE: The Gloyd Group.

By: E. Hawkins & C. Atkins

Event: North American Veterinary Conference and the Western Veterinary Conference

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2021

2001 conference paper

Heart or lung: The culprit in cough

Iams-Pfizer Senior Care Proceedings. Wilmington, DE: The Gloyd Group.

By: E. Hawkins & C. Atkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

2001 conference paper

Nasal discharge in cats: cases to learn by

Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, 5(15), 562–564. Gainesville, FL: Eastern States Veterinary Association.

By: E. Hawkins

Event: North American Veterinary Conference at Orlando, FL on January 13-17, 2001

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2021

2000 journal article

Frequency of pulmonary mineralization and hypoxemia in 21 dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 14(2), 151–156.

By: C. Berry n, E. Hawkins n, K. Hurley n & K. Monce n

author keywords: canine; radiography; scintigraphy
TL;DR: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of hypoxemia and pulmonary mineralization using 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) and to consider causes ofHypoxemia other than pulmonary thromboembolism should be considered in Dogs with PDH. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 chapter

Medical and surgical management of pleural effusion

In Kirk's current veterinary therapy : small animal practice (13th Ed.) (p. 819). Philadelphia, PA : W.B. Saunders.

By: E. Hawkins & T. Fossum

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 chapter

Pneumonia, aspiration

In L. P. Tilley & F. W. K. Smith Jr (Eds.), The 5 Minute Veterinary Consult (2nd ed., pp. 1090–1091). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): L. Tilley & F. Smith

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

2000 chapter

Pulmonary parenchymal diseases

In Textbook of veterinary internal medicine : diseases of the dog and cat (5th Ed.) (p. 1061). Philadelphia, PA : W.B. Saunders.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 chapter

Respiratory emergencies

In S. I. Bistner, R. B. Ford, & M. R. Raffe (Eds.), Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment (7th ed., pp. 235–257). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): S. Bistner, R. Ford & M. Raffe

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1999 chapter

Respiratory disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Manual of Small Animal Internal Medicine (pp. 124–204). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1999 journal article

Tracheal rupture in cats: 16 cases (1983-1998)

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 214(4), 508–512.

By: E. Hardie, G. Spodnick, S. Gilson, J. Benson & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Tracheal rupture in cats: 16 cases (1983-1998).

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1999 journal article

Use of a modified stomach tube for bronchoalveolar lavage in dogs

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 215(11), 1635.

By: E. Hawkins & C. Berry

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Use of a modified stomach tube for bronchoalveolar lavage in dogs.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1999 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Nodular lung disease

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 214(2), 193–194.

By: P. Hess, E. Hawkins & W. Drost

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Nodular lung disease.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1998 journal article

Concentration of enrofloxacin and its active metabolite in alveolar macrophages and pulmonary epithelial lining fluid of dogs

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 21(1), 18–23.

By: E. Hawkins n, D. Boothe*, A. Guinn*, D. Aucoin & J. Ngyuen*

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Infective Agents / blood; Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacokinetics; Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology; Biotransformation; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Dogs; Enrofloxacin; Epithelial Cells / metabolism; Fluoroquinolones; Lung / metabolism; Macrophages, Alveolar / metabolism; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Quinolones / blood; Quinolones / pharmacokinetics; Quinolones / pharmacology; Tissue Distribution
TL;DR: It is suggested that sufficient antimicrobial activity is present in AM and ELF of dogs following oral administration of enrofloxacin to be effective in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections involving susceptible organisms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Radiographic diagnosis-tracheal eosinophilic granuloma/polyp

VETERINARY RADIOLOGY & ULTRASOUND, 39(5), 422–424.

By: O. Ramirez n & E. Hawkins n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchoscopy; Diagnosis, Differential; Dog Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Dogs; Eosinophilic Granuloma / diagnostic imaging; Eosinophilic Granuloma / veterinary; Female; Polyps / diagnostic imaging; Polyps / veterinary; Radiography; Tracheal Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Tracheal Diseases / veterinary
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 chapter

Respiratory disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Small animal internal medicine. (2nd ed.) (pp. 205–343). St. Louis: Mosby.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): . R. W. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Bronchoalveolar lavage in a dolphin

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 211(7), 901–904.

By: E. Hawkins, F. Townsend, G. Lewbart, M. Stamper, V. Thayer & H. Rhinehart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Bronchoalveolar lavage in a dolphin.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1997 journal article

Cytologic identification of Toxoplasma gondii in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of experimentally infected cats

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 210(5), 648–650.

By: E. Hawkins, M. Davidson, D. Meuten, J. Rottman & . al.

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Cytologic identification of Toxoplasma gondii in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of experimentally infected cats.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1997 journal article

Effects of valacyclovir in cats infected with feline herpesvirus 1.

American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1997 journal article

Effects of valacyclovir in cats infected with feline herpesvivus 1

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 58(10), 1141–1144.

Benjamin J. Weigler; Jerry B. Stevens; Eleanor Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Fluconazole in cats: Pharmacokinetics following intravenous and oral administration and penetration into cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous humour and pulmonary epithelial lining fluid

Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 20(3), 181–186.

By: S. Vaden*, M. Heit, E. Hawkins*, C. Manaugh & J. Riviere n

MeSH headings : Administration, Oral; Animals; Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage; Antifungal Agents / cerebrospinal fluid; Antifungal Agents / pharmacokinetics; Area Under Curve; Biological Availability; Cats; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Cross-Over Studies; Epithelium / metabolism; Fluconazole / administration & dosage; Fluconazole / cerebrospinal fluid; Fluconazole / pharmacokinetics; Half-Life; Injections, Intravenous; Intestinal Absorption; Lung / metabolism; Male; Random Allocation
TL;DR: Results of this study suggest fluconazole can effectively be administered to cats at 50 mg per cat per day, as suggested by non-compartmental analysis of data. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

1996 conference paper

Antibiotic therapy for respiratory infections in clinical practice

Small Animal Respiratory Disorders: Proceedings of the Comparative Respiratory Society Symposium, 23–28. Trenton, NJ: Bayer Corporation, Veterinary Learning Systems.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1996 journal article

Antibiotics for lower respiratory tract infections

Compendium Continuing Education Practicing Veterinarian, 18(Suppl 2), 59–65.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1996 journal article

Effect of FIV infection on lung inflammatory cell populations recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage

Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 51(1-2), 21–28.

By: E. Hawkins n, S. Kennedy-Stoskopf n, J. Levy n, D. Meuten n, L. Cullins n, W. Tompkins n, M. Tompkins n

author keywords: feline immunodeficiency virus; interstitial pneumonia; bronchoalveolar lavage; lymphocytosis; neutrophilia
MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / immunology; Cats; Eosinophils; Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline; Lentivirus Infections / immunology; Leukocyte Count; Lung Diseases, Interstitial / immunology; Macrophages / immunology; Neutrophils / immunology
TL;DR: Pulmonary cell populations in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus were evaluated by bronchoalveolar lavage to identify changes associated with lentivirus infection in this species and neither neutrophilia nor lymphocytosis was associated with FIV infection in these cats. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

1996 conference paper

How I treat pyothorax cases

Small Animal Respiratory Disorders: Proceedings of the Comparative Respiratory Society Symposium, 45–46. Trenton, NJ: Bayer Corporation, Veterinary Learning Systems.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 chapter

Aspiration pneumonia

In J. D. Bonagura & R. W. Kirk (Eds.), Current Veterinary Therapy XII (pp. 915–919). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): J. Bonagura & R. Kirk

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 journal article

CYTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE FLUID IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SPONTANEOUS RESPIRATORY-TRACT DISEASE IN DOGS - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 9(6), 386–392.

By: E. Hawkins n, D. Denicola* & M. Plier n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Leukocytes / classification; Respiratory Tract Diseases / diagnosis; Respiratory Tract Diseases / veterinary; Retrospective Studies
TL;DR: Bronchoalveolar lavage was a clinically useful procedure for the diagnostic evaluation of dogs with signs of respiratory disease and was considered supportive of or definitive for the clinical diagnosis in dogs with alveolar or bronchial radiographic patterns, or the presence of pulmonary masses. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1995 chapter

Chronic bronchitis in dogs: a syndrome of complexities

In Canine Cough, Schering-Plough Animal Health (pp. 17–23). Trenton, NJ: Veterinary Learning Systems.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 chapter

Diseases of the lower respiratory system

In S. J. Ettinger & E. C. Feldman (Eds.), Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine (4th ed., pp. 767–811). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): S. Ettinger & E. Feldman

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 chapter

Respiratory emergencies

In S. I. Bistner & R. B. Ford (Eds.), Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment (6th ed., pp. 217–239). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): S. Bistner & R. Ford

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 chapter

Respiratory examination

In S. I. Bistner & R. B. Ford (Eds.), Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment (6th ed., pp. 357–367). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): S. Bistner & R. Ford

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 magazine article

Treatment of aspergillosis with topical antifungal agents

North Carolina State University–Veterinary Teaching Hospital Pharmacy Newsletter.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1995 journal article

Tumor necrosis factor-α responses are depressed and interleukin-6 responses unaltered in feline immunodeficiency virus infected cats

Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 46(1-2), 35–50.

By: J. Ma*, S. Kennedy-Stoskopf, R. Sellon, S. Tonkonogy, E. Hawkins*, M. Tompkins, W. Tompkins

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes; Cats; Cells, Cultured; Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / metabolism; Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline / genetics; Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline / immunology; Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline / isolation & purification; In Situ Hybridization / veterinary; Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis; Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism; Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology; Lymphocyte Activation / drug effects; Macrophages, Alveolar / virology; Mitogens / pharmacology; RNA, Messenger / analysis; RNA, Viral / analysis; Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis
TL;DR: Feline immunodeficiency virus could be recovered from the culture supernatants of BAL cells from infected cats by co-cultivation with susceptible lymphocytes, and in situ hybridization identified FIV mRNA in a small fraction of alveolar macrophages in the BAL cell cultures. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 magazine article

Boat-training your dog

The Ensign (Official Magazine of the U.S Power Squadrons), 82(4), 5–8.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1994 journal article

Confirmation of a pulmonary component of multicentric lymphosarcoma with bronchoalveolar lavage in two dogs

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 204(1), 97–101.

By: S. Yohn, E. Hawkins, W. Morrison, R. Reams, D. DeNicola & W. Blevins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1994 journal article

Confirmation of a pulmonary component of multicentric lymphosarcoma with bronchoalveolar lavage in two dogs.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1994 journal article

Cytologic characterization of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid collected through an endotracheal tube in cats

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 55(6), 795.

By: E. Hawkins, S. Kennedy-Stoskopf, J. Levy, D. Meuten, L. Cullins, D. DeNicola, W. Tompkins, M. Tompkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 journal article

Cytologic characterization of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid collected through an endotracheal tube in cats.

American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1993 journal article

Cytologic analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from 47 dogs with multicentric malignant lymphoma

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 203(10), 1418–1425.

By: E. Hawkins, W. Morrison, D. DeNicola & W. Blevins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1993 journal article

Cytologic analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from 47 dogs with multicentric malignant lymphoma.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1993 journal article

Feline nephrolithiasis: eight cases (1984–1989)

Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 29(3), 247–256.

By: W. Carter, E. Hawkins & W. Morrison

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1993 journal article

Identification of Histoplasma capsulatum organisms in the pleural and peritoneal effusions of a dog

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 202(3), 423–426.

By: N. Kowalewich, E. Hawkins, A. Skowronek & F. Clemo

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1993 journal article

Identification of Histoplasma capsulatum organisms in the pleural and peritoneal effusions of a dog.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1992 journal article

Acute thallium toxicosis in a dog

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 201(6), 883–885.

By: C. Waters, E. Hawkins & D. Knapp

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1992 journal article

Acute thallium toxicosis in a dog.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1992 journal article

Calcinosis circumscripta involving the metatarsal region in a dog with chronic renal failure

Canadian Veterinary Journal, 33(7), 465–466.

By: N. Kowalewich & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1992 journal article

Calcinosis circumscripta involving the metatarsal region in a dog with chronic renal failure.

The Canadian Veterinary Journal = La Revue Veterinaire Canadienne. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/17424040/?tool=EBI

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1992 chapter

Chronic viral upper respiratory disease in cats: differential diagnosis and management

In Feline Medicine and Surgery in Practice, Veterinary Learning Systems (pp. 108–115). Trenton, NJ.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1992 journal article

Evaluation of rhinoscopy and rhinoscopy-assisted mucosal biopsy in diagnosis of nasal disease in dogs: 119 cases (1985-1989).

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1992 journal article

Evaluation of rhinoscopy and rhinoscopy-assisted mucosal biopsy in diagnosis of nasal disease in dogs: 119 cases (1985–1989)

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 201(9), 1425–1429.

By: S. Lent & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1992 chapter

Respiratory disorders

In R. W. Nelson & C. G. Couto (Eds.), Essentials of Small Animal Internal Medicine (pp. 151–253). St. Louis, MO: CV Mosby Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Nelson & C. Couto

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1992 chapter

Tracheal wash and bronchoalveolar lavage in the management of respiratory disease

In R. W. Kirk & J. D. Bonagura (Eds.), Current Veterinary Therapy XI (pp. 795–800). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Kirk & J. Bonagura

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1992 journal article

Urinary Tamm-Horsfall Glycoprotein Concentrations in Normal and Urolithiasis-Affected Male Cats Determined by an ELISA

Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A, 39(1-10), 621–634.

By: D. Rhodes n, E. Hinsman n, J. Rhodes n & E. Hawkins n

MeSH headings : Analysis of Variance; Animals; Cat Diseases / urine; Cats; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary; Male; Mucoproteins / urine; Reproducibility of Results; Urinary Calculi / urine; Urinary Calculi / veterinary; Uromodulin
TL;DR: Findings indicate a correlation between urolithiasis and high urine cTHP concentrations in male cats which warrants further investigation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 16, 2019

1991 journal article

Bilateral ureteral calculi in a guinea pig

Journal of Small Exotic Animal Medicine, 1, 60–63.

By: R. Boll, M. Suckow & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1991 journal article

Bronchoalveolar lavage and tracheal wash in determining lung involvement in a cat with cryptococcosis

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 198(4), 655–656.

By: T. Hamilton, E. Hawkins & D. DeNicola

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1991 journal article

Bronchoalveolar lavage and tracheal wash to determine lung involvement in a cat with cryptococcosis.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1991 chapter

Diagnostic approach to polyphagia and weight loss

In J. R. August (Ed.), Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine (pp. 237–242). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): J. August

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1991 chapter

Investigation and management of neutropenia

In J. R. August (Ed.), Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine (pp. 343–348). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): J. August

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1991 journal article

Saliva and tear tests for feline leukemia virus

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 199(10), 1382–1385.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1991 journal article

Saliva and tear tests for feline leukemia virus.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1990 journal article

Bronchoalveolar Lavage in the Evaluation of Pulmonary Disease in the Dog and Cat

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 4(5), 267–274.

By: E. Hawkins*, D. DeNicola* & N. Kuehn*

MeSH headings : Animals; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / chemistry; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / veterinary; Cat Diseases / diagnosis; Cats; Dog Diseases / diagnosis; Dogs; Lung Diseases / diagnosis; Lung Diseases / veterinary; Male
TL;DR: Bronchoalveolar lavage is a diagnostic procedure used to obtain specimens representative of disease processes involving the deep lung using saline instilled into an airway in sufficient volumes to bathe the alveoli dependent on that airway. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 16, 2019

1990 journal article

Canine muscle disorders

Compendium on Continuing Education Practicing Veterinarian, 12(1), 31–39.

By: J. Scott‐Moncrieff, E. Hawkins & J. Cook

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1990 conference paper

Chronic viral upper respiratory disease in cats

Sheba Feline Medicine Symposium, 17–26. Vernon, CA: Kal Kan Foods, Inc.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1990 journal article

Cytologic analysis of tracheal wash specimens and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the diagnosis of mycotic infections in dogs

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 197(1), 79–83.

By: E. Hawkins & D. DeNicola

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1990 journal article

Cytologic analysis of tracheal wash specimens and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the diagnosis of mycotic infections in dogs.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1989 chapter

Alternative testing procedures for FeLV

In R. W. Kirk (Ed.), Current Veterinary Therapy X (pp. 1065–1068). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): R. Kirk

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1989 journal article

Collection of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in cats, using an endotracheal tube.

American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1989 journal article

Collection of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the cat through an endotracheal tube

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 50(6), 855–859.

By: E. Hawkins & D. DeNicola

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1989 chapter

Diseases of the lower respiratory tract

In S. J. Ettinger (Ed.), Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine (3rd ed., pp. 816–853). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.

By: E. Hawkins

Ed(s): S. Ettinger

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1989 journal article

FeLV vaccines – when are they indicated?

Purdue Veterinary Notes, 164, 3.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1989 journal article

Feline heartworm disease

Kal Kan Forum, 8, 2–7.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1989 journal article

Short colon in two cats and a dog.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1989 journal article

Short colon in two cats and one dog

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 195(1), 87–89.

By: M. Fluke, E. Hawkins, G. Elliott & W. Blevins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1988 journal article

Canine systemic hypertension

Compendium Continuing Education Practicing Veterinarian, 10, 1152–1159.

By: D. Dimski & E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1988 journal article

Chronic viral upper respiratory infections in the cat: differential diagnoses and management

Compendium Continuing Education Practicing Veterinarian, 10, 1003–1013.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1988 chapter

Hyperthyroidism

In R. Morgan (Ed.), Handbook of Small Animal Practice (pp. 512–517). New York: Churchill Livingstone, Inc.

By: S. Meric, E. Hawkins & J. Turrel

Ed(s): R. Morgan

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1988 chapter

Thyroid tumors not causing hyperthyroidism

In R. Morgan (Ed.), Handbook of Small Animal Practice (pp. 517–520). New York: Churchill Livingstone, Inc.

By: J. Turrel, E. Hawkins & S. Meric

Ed(s): R. Morgan

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1988 journal article

Use of saliva and tear samples in FeLV testing

Diagnostic Citations, 1, 1.

By: E. Hawkins

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1987 journal article

Bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage in the diagnosis of lower respiratory disease in the dog and cat

Purdue Veterinary Notes, 155, 3–4.

By: E. Hawkins & D. DeNicola

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1986 journal article

Digestion of bentiromide and absorption of xylose in healthy cats and absorption of xylose in cats with infiltrative intestinal disease

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 47(3), 567–569.

By: E. Hawkins, S. Meric, R. Washabau, E. Feldman & J. Turrel

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1986 journal article

Digestion of bentiromide and absorption of xylose in healthy cats and absorption of xylose in cats with infiltrative intestinal disease.

American Journal of Veterinary Research.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1986 journal article

Immunoglobulin A myeloma in a cat with pleural effusion and hyperviscosity

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 188(8), 876–878.

By: E. Hawkins, B. Feldman & P. Blanchard

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1986 journal article

Immunoglobulin A myeloma in a cat with pleural effusion and serum hyperviscosity.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1986 journal article

Inconsistencies in the absorptive capacities of Schirmer tear test strips

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 188(5), 511–513.

By: E. Hawkins & C. Murphy

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1986 journal article

Inconsistencies in the absorptive capacities of Schirmer tear test strips.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1986 journal article

Serum thyroxine concentrations after radioactive iodine therapy in cats with hyperthyroidism.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

1986 journal article

Serum thyroxine concentrations following radioactive iodine therapy in cats with hyperthyroidism

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 188(9), 1038–1040.

By: S. Meric, E. Hawkins, R. Washabau, J. Turrel & E. Feldman

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1986 journal article

Use of tears for diagnosis of feline leukemia virus infection

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 188(9), 1031–1033.

By: E. Hawkins, L. Johnson, N. Pedersen & S. Winston

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2021

1986 journal article

Use of tears for diagnosis of feline leukemia virus infection.

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Eleanor Hawkins

Source: ORCID
Added: February 1, 2022

Employment

Updated: February 1st, 2022 14:12

1991 - present

North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina, US
Professor / Associate Head Department of Clinical Sciences

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