2017 journal article
Analysis of the ex-slave recordings
Listening to the Past: Audio Records of Accents of English, 350–374.
2010 journal article
African American English speakers and their participation in local sound changes: A comparative study introduction
American Speech, 1–20.
A Brief history of Johnstown, Ohio
In Mary E. Babcock Foundation (Comp.), A pictorial history of Johnstown, Ohio (pp. 5–6). Columbus, OH: Spahr & Glenn.
The development of African American English
Oxford, UK; Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.
An acoustic analysis of vowel variation in New World English
Durham, NC: Published by Duke University Press for the American Dialect Society.
Reevaluating and refining peripherality
In ERIC Document Reproduction Service Report ED452711, 2000.
Some aspects of African-American vernacular English phonology
In African American English (pp. 85–109). London: Routledge.