Works (54)

Updated: April 13th, 2024 05:00

2024 journal article

Role of stressors in histomoniasis transmission and development in turkeys

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 33(2).

By: C. Fudge*, O. Wedegaertner*, K. Cupo*, C. Sigmon n, R. Beckstead, F. Edens n, C. Chen*

author keywords: blackhead disease; Histomonas meleagridis; turkey; stressors; nutrition
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2024

2024 journal article

Tissue cytokines in chickens from lines selected for high or low humoral antibody responses, given supplemental <i>Limosilactobacillus reuteri</i> and challenged with <i>Histomonas meleagridis</i>

FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 14.

By: F. Edens n, P. Siegel*, R. Beckstead n, C. Honaker* & D. Hodgson n

author keywords: Limosilactobacillus reuteri; Histomonas meleagridis; chickens; cytokines; antibody selected lines
TL;DR: The data demonstrate that L. reuteri treatment had tissue specificity between the two genetic lines, in which the effects were targeted primarily toward the cecal tonsil, ceca, and liver, which are the primary tissue targets of the parasite (H. meleagridis). (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: January 29, 2024

2023 journal article

Combining supervised machine learning with statistics reveals differential gene expression patterns related to energy metabolism in the jejuna of chickens divergently selected for antibody response to sheep red blood cells

POULTRY SCIENCE, 102(7).

By: S. Nolin n, R. Taylor Jr, F. Edens n, P. Siegel* & C. Ashwell*

author keywords: gene expression; machine learning; antibody response; genetic selection; Virginia Tech HAS and LAS
MeSH headings : Animals; Adenosine Triphosphate; Antibody Formation; Chickens / genetics; Energy Metabolism; Erythrocytes; Gene Expression; Jejunum; Sheep / genetics; Supervised Machine Learning
TL;DR: Insight is provided into energetic resource needs and allocations in the jejunum in response to genetic selection and antigen exposure in HAS and LAS which may help explain phenotypic differences observed in antibody response. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: July 3, 2023

2020 journal article

Effect of Limestone Particle Size and Potassium Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Physiology, and Breast Muscle Myopathy of Male Broiler Chickens

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 7.

By: D. Joardar n, K. Livingston n, F. Edens n, B. Nusairat*, R. Qudsieh n, M. Livingston n, J. Brake n

author keywords: limestone particle size; potassium; blood physiology; woody breast; white striping; broiler; performance
TL;DR: This study demonstrated that using 0.2% of K as potassium carbonate did not negatively affect FCR even though FI and BWG were reduced, and fine limestone has the potential to reduce WB in breast muscle tissues; however, further research is needed to confirm these outcomes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: January 19, 2021

2016 journal article

A role for Sel-Plex™, a source of organic selenium in selenised yeast cell wall protein, as a factor that influences meat stability

Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition, 4.

By: F. Edens n & A. Sefton*

Source: Crossref
Added: August 28, 2020

2016 journal article

Organic selenium in animal nutrition – utilisation, metabolism, storage and comparison with other selenium sources

Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition, 4.

By: F. Edens* & A. Sefton

TL;DR: How the chemically organic form of selenium, which is akin to the form of the mineral in natural feed materials, can provide increased benefits in utilisation, storage and metabolism compared to inorganic sources is detailed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Crossref
Added: August 28, 2020

2016 journal article

Sel-Plex™, a source of organic selenium in selenised yeast protein, as a factor that influences meat quality

Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition, 4.

By: F. Edens n & A. Sefton*

Source: Crossref
Added: August 28, 2020

2016 journal article

Selected plasma constituents of broiler chickens fed different levels of dried sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) peels

Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 26(4), 949–955.

By: A. Ebrahimi, A. Qotbi, A. Seidavi, F. Edens, V. Laudadio & V. Tufarelli

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Improved early performance of turkey poults given an Aloe ferox leaf extract with bentonite

BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 55(5), 675–683.

By: F. Edens n, D. Ort n & B. Ludescher

MeSH headings : Aloe / chemistry; Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects; Animals; Bentonite / metabolism; Bentonite / pharmacology; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Supplements / analysis; Male; Meat / analysis; Plant Extracts / metabolism; Plant Extracts / pharmacology; Plant Leaves / chemistry; Random Allocation; Turkeys / growth & development; Turkeys / metabolism; Weight Gain / drug effects
TL;DR: AT-402 at 5 g/kg was most efficacious as demonstrated by improved body weights and feed conversions, and delayed access by poults until 10 d of age improved 4-week body weights, suggesting that the AT-402 might improve performance as soon as it is given. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Breeder age affects small intestine development of broiler chicks with immediate or delayed access to feed

BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 53(1), 32–41.

By: K. Mahmoud* & F. Edens n

MeSH headings : Aging / physiology; Animal Feed; Animals; Body Weight; Chickens / growth & development; Egg Yolk / metabolism; Female; Food Deprivation; Intestines / growth & development; Male; Time Factors
TL;DR: Intestinal morphological variation was associated with breeder flock age, which accounted for differential growth in chicks derived from young, middle, and old aged breeder flocks. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Comparative clinical and morphological studies on the incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia as a cause of lameness in three commercial lines of broiler chickens

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 21(3), 637–644.

By: I. Dinev*, S. Denev* & F. Edens n

author keywords: tibial dyschondroplasia; leg weakness; broilers
TL;DR: It is suggested, based on the results of the field investigation, that macroscopic TD lesions are developing at younger ages than reported previously and this condition involving TD lesion development potentially has severe consequences leading to lameness in broiler chickens. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Detection and characterization of a new astrovirus in chicken and turkeys with enteric and locomotion disorders

Avian Pathology, 40(5), 453–461.

By: J. de Wit, G. Dam, J. de Laar, Y. Biermann, I. Verstegen, F. Edens*, C. Schrier

MeSH headings : Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Astroviridae Infections / epidemiology; Astroviridae Infections / pathology; Astroviridae Infections / veterinary; Avastrovirus / genetics; Base Sequence; Chickens; DNA Primers / genetics; Enteric Nervous System / pathology; Enteric Nervous System / virology; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Gait Disorders, Neurologic / pathology; Gait Disorders, Neurologic / veterinary; Gait Disorders, Neurologic / virology; Genome, Viral / genetics; Molecular Sequence Data; Netherlands / epidemiology; Poultry Diseases / epidemiology; Poultry Diseases / pathology; Poultry Diseases / virology; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Sequence Alignment; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Seroepidemiologic Studies; Species Specificity; Turkeys
TL;DR: An unexpected discovery of a new virus in samples from chicken and turkey flocks with clinical disorders such as tenosynovitis, enteric problems, or runting and/or stunting-like conditions is reported. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Crossref
Added: August 28, 2020

2009 journal article

The effects of dietary oxidized fat and selenium source on performance, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase activity in broiler chickens

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 18(2), 193–202.

By: J. Upton n, F. Edens n & P. Ferket n

author keywords: selenium; selenium yeast; Sel-Plex glutathione peroxidase; glutathione reductase; oxidized fat; broiler
TL;DR: It was concluded that dietary SP supplementation resulted in better selenium and redox status in broilers than did SEL, leading to greater resistance to oxidative stress than when the inorganic form of seenium (SEL) was fed. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Microarchitecture and spatial relationship between bacteria and ileal, cecal, and colonic epithelium in chicks fed a direct-fed microbial, PrimaLac, and salinomycin

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(6), 1121–1132.

author keywords: broiler chicken; direct-fed microbial; scanning electron microscopy; histology
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / metabolism; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Supplements; Gastrointestinal Tract / drug effects; Gastrointestinal Tract / microbiology; Gastrointestinal Tract / ultrastructure; Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects; Intestinal Mucosa / microbiology; Lactobacillus / metabolism; Pyrans / pharmacology
TL;DR: Spatial relationships, in this study, demonstrate the functionality of DFM and probiotics in preventing disease and supports previous observations that the feeding of salinomycin may alter intestinal function. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Influence of organic selenium on hsp70 response of heat-stressed and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli-challenged broiler chickens (Gallus gallus)

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY C-TOXICOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY, 141(1), 69–75.

By: K. Mahmoud* & F. Edens n

author keywords: selenium; chicken; Escherichia coli; heat stress; hsp70; glutathione
MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / metabolism; Chickens / microbiology; Escherichia coli / pathogenicity; Escherichia coli / physiology; Glutathione / metabolism; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism; Heat-Shock Response / drug effects; Ileum / drug effects; Ileum / metabolism; Male; Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects; Selenium Compounds / chemistry; Selenium Compounds / pharmacology
TL;DR: It is believed that the resistance to the stressors was due to an improved redox status of the selenium yeast-fed chickens, which maintained higher levels of GSSG before and after HS with a resultant lower GSH/GSSG ratio. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Influence of selenium on heat shock protein 70 expression in heat stressed turkey embryos (Meleagris gallopavo)

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 142(4), 427–432.

By: R. Rivera n, V. Christensen n, F. Edens n & M. Wineland n

author keywords: embryo; stress; hsp70; glutathione peroxidase; selenium
MeSH headings : Animals; Blotting, Western; Dietary Supplements; Embryo, Nonmammalian / drug effects; Embryo, Nonmammalian / physiology; Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism; Heat-Shock Response / drug effects; Heat-Shock Response / physiology; Liver / drug effects; Liver / embryology; Liver / metabolism; Selenium / administration & dosage; Selenium / pharmacology; Turkeys / embryology; Turkeys / physiology
TL;DR: A more reduced redox status in embryos from Se-supplemented dams decreased the need for cellular protection attributed to stress induced hsp70 and presumably allows heat distressed embryos to resume normal growth and development than embryos from dams with inadequate selenium nutrition. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Ascorbic acid decreases heat shock protein 70 and plasma corticosterone response in broilers (Gallus gallus domesticus) subjected to cyclic heat stress

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY B-BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 137(1), 35–42.

By: K. Mahmoud n, F. Edens n, E. Eisen n & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: hsp70; corticosterone; ascorbic acid; heat stress; broiler; oxidative stress
MeSH headings : Animals; Ascorbic Acid / blood; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology; Chickens / blood; Chickens / physiology; Corticosterone / blood; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / blood; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / drug effects; Heat-Shock Response / physiology; Male; Myocardium / metabolism; Temperature
TL;DR: It was concluded that chickens experience a less severe stress response after exposure to high temperatures when they are provided dietary AA. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Dietary pentosanase supplementation of diets containing different qualities of wheat on growth performance and metabolizable energy of turkey poults

International Journal of Poultry Science, 3(1), 33.

By: A. Santos n, P. Ferket*, J. Grimes* & F. Edens*

Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Dietary supplementation of endoxylanases and phospholipase for turkeys fed wheat-based rations

International Journal of Poultry Science, 3(1), 20.

By: A. Santos*, P. Ferket*, J. Grimes* & F. Edens*

TL;DR: Growth performance and energy utilization of turkeys fed wheat-based diets can be significantl y enhanced by phospholipase supplementation of starter feeds and endoxylanase supplements of growing and finishing feeds, however, enzyme blends may provide a positive response regardless of turkey age. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Non-target toxicology of a new mosquito larvicide, trypsin modulating oostatic factor

PESTICIDE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY, 80(3), 131–142.

By: D. Thompson n, H. Young n, F. Edens n, A. Olmstead n, G. LeBlanc n, E. Hodgson n, R. Roe n

author keywords: trypsin modulating oostatic factor; TMOF; insecticide; mosquito; mouse; rabbit; duck; water flea
TL;DR: It appears from these studies that T MOF can be degraded by vertebrate digestive proteases and technical TMOF is not toxic to the non-target organisms examined. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

The effect of dietary phosphorus on heat shock protein mRNAs during acute heat stress in male broiler chickens (Gallus gallus)

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY C-TOXICOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY, 137(1), 11–18.

By: K. Mahmoud n, F. Edens n, E. Eisen n & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: heat shock protein; mRNA; phosphorus; broiler chicken; heat stress
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Brain / metabolism; Chickens / metabolism; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / biosynthesis; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics; HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / biosynthesis; HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics; Heat Stress Disorders / metabolism; Liver / metabolism; Male; Myocardium / metabolism; Organ Specificity; Phosphorus, Dietary / pharmacology; RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis; Random Allocation; Spleen / metabolism; Temperature; Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
TL;DR: Although Pi+ did not show any significant increases in the expression of hSP mRNAs, there were consistently larger HSP mRNA values in liver and spleen tissues, which could be due to the involvement of hsp90 in steroid hormone receptors or the high metabolic activity of neurons in the central nervous system. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 article

Influence of selenium sources on age-related and mild heat stress-related changes of blood and liver glutathione redox cycle in broiler chickens (Gallus domesticus)

Mahmoud, K. Z., & Edens, F. W. (2003, December). COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY B-BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, Vol. 136, pp. 921–934.

By: K. Mahmoud* & F. Edens n

author keywords: antioxidant; glutathione; selenium; broiler; hsp70; heat stress
MeSH headings : Aging / physiology; Animals; Antioxidants / metabolism; Chickens / blood; Chickens / metabolism; Glutathione / blood; Glutathione / metabolism; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism; Heat Stress Disorders / blood; Heat Stress Disorders / metabolism; Liver / metabolism; Oxidation-Reduction; Selenium / metabolism; Selenium Compounds / metabolism; Selenium Compounds / pharmacology
TL;DR: Results clearly show that heat distress, a potent inducer of oxidative stress and hsp70, can be partially ameliorated by feeding organic selenium-fed chickens, and attribute this observation to an enhanced GSH-GPX antioxidant system in organic seenium- fed chickens. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

A demonstration of postpellet application of dry phytase to broiler diets

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 11(1), 34–45.

By: F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, P. Ferket n, G. Havenstein n & A. Sefton*

author keywords: broiler; phytase; postpellet; application; phosphorus; litter; manure
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Influence of a propionic acid feed additive on performance of turkey poults with experimentally induced poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

POULTRY SCIENCE, 81(7), 951–957.

By: R. Roy n, F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, M. Qureshi n & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; poult; propionic acid; antibacterial activity; hematology
MeSH headings : Aging; Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Colony Count, Microbial; Female; Food Additives; Hemoglobins / analysis; Intestines / microbiology; Male; Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome / microbiology; Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome / mortality; Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome / prevention & control; Propionates / administration & dosage; Turkeys
TL;DR: It was concluded that Myco Curb contains organic acids and is used as a feed additive to inhibit growth of many bacteria and toxin-producing molds but not viruses, and might be a potential nutritional intervention during PEMS. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Involvement of Sel-Plex in physiological stability and performance of broiler chickens

Zootecnica International, (4), 38.

By: F. Edens

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Isolation of a reovirus from poult enteritis and mortality syndrome and its pathogenicity in turkey poults

AVIAN DISEASES, 46(1), 32–47.

By: C. Heggen-Peay n, M. Qureshi n, F. Edens n, B. Sherry*, P. Wakenell, . PH O'Connell, K. Schat*

author keywords: poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; reovirus; turkey; fecal filtrate
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that ARV-CU98 does cause some of the clinical signs in PEMS, including intestinal alterations and significantly lower relative bursa and liver weights. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Effects of hen age, Bio-Mos,(R) and Flavomycin (R) on poult susceptibility to oral Escherichia coli challenge

POULTRY SCIENCE, 80(5), 562–571.

By: A. Fairchild n, J. Grimes n, F. Jones*, M. Wineland n, F. Edens n & A. Sefton*

author keywords: Escherichia coli; hen age; mannanoligosaccharide; antibiotic; performance
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Bambermycins / administration & dosage; Body Weight; Chickens; Colony Count, Microbial; Disease Susceptibility; Drug Combinations; Escherichia coli / drug effects; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Escherichia coli Infections / drug therapy; Escherichia coli Infections / prevention & control; Escherichia coli Infections / veterinary; Male; Poultry Diseases / drug therapy; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Poultry Diseases / prevention & control; Serotyping
TL;DR: It may be concluded that dietary Bio-Mos and Flavomycin can improve the overall performance of poults, especially when they are faced with an E. coli challenge. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Housing and selenium influences on feathering in broilers

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 10(2), 128–134.

By: F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, G. Havenstein n & A. Sefton*

author keywords: broiler; cage house; conventional house; feathering; organic selenium
TL;DR: A comparison was made between the traditional floor- and cage-rearing environments and their influence on feathering of auto-sexing, sex-linked male and female broilers fed at 0.2 mg/kg of feed either NaSe or an organic selenium yeast (OR). (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Induction of functional defects in macrophages by a poult enteritis and mortality syndrome-associated turkey astrovirus

AVIAN DISEASES, 45(4), 853–861.

By: M. Qureshi, Y. Saif, C. Heggen-Peay*, F. Edens* & G. Havenstein*

author keywords: turkey astrovirus; poult enteritis and mortality; syndrome; macrophage functions; interleukins; phagocytosis; bacterial killing
TL;DR: The findings of these studies indicated that TAst-OSU challenge induced defects in macrophage effector functions, implying that PEMS-turkey astrovirus can potentially impair the immune response of turkeys, thereby leading to enhanced susceptibility ofTurkeys to secondary, perhaps even fatal, bacterial infections. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Alterations in macrophage-produced cytokines and nitrite associated with poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

AVIAN DISEASES, 44(1), 59–65.

By: C. Heggen n, M. Qureshi*, F. Edens* & H. Barnes*

author keywords: poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; macrophage; turkey; cytokine; nitrite
TL;DR: It is suggested that the enhanced production of proinflammatory cytokine/metabolites by activated macrophages in PEMS poults may be responsible, at least in part, for the physiological intestinal inflammation, gut motility, and anorexia that characterize this disease. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

D-xylose absorption as a measurement of malabsorption in poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(5), 656–660.

By: R. Doerfler n, L. Cain n, F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, M. Qureshi & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: poult; enteritis; mortality; D-xylose; malabsorption
MeSH headings : Animals; Colorimetry / veterinary; Enteritis / mortality; Enteritis / physiopathology; Enteritis / veterinary; Indicators and Reagents / chemistry; Intestinal Absorption; Linear Models; Malabsorption Syndromes / mortality; Malabsorption Syndromes / physiopathology; Malabsorption Syndromes / veterinary; Male; Phloroglucinol / chemistry; Poultry Diseases / mortality; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Random Allocation; Regression Analysis; Turkeys; Xylose / blood; Xylose / pharmacokinetics
TL;DR: The severe malabsorption and metabolic deficiency problem associated with PEMS was postulated to be a direct effect of the undefined infectious agent or agents that cause the disease. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Dietary copper effects on lipid metabolism and circulating catecholamine concentrations in finishing steers

Journal of Animal Science, 78(10), 2737–2744.

By: T. Engle n, J. Spears n, L. & F. Edens n

MeSH headings : Adipose Tissue / metabolism; Animal Feed; Animals; Catecholamines / blood; Cattle / metabolism; Copper / pharmacology; Diet; Dietary Supplements; Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / metabolism; Lipid Metabolism; Liver / metabolism; Male; Weight Gain
TL;DR: Results indicate that Cu addition to a finishing diet containing 5 mg Cu/kg DM alters lipid metabolism in steers, and the reduction in backfat depth may be due to copper altering catecholamine metabolism in Steers. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effect of selenium source and litter type on broiler feathering

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 9(3), 407–413.

By: F. Edens n, T. Carter n, C. Parkhurst n & A. Sefton*

author keywords: broiler; feathering; litter; performance; selenium
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Influence of Biochrome (R) on the response of metabolic hormones in PEMS-infected poults

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(5), 661–668.

By: R. Doerfler n, F. Edens n, J. McMurtry*, M. Qureshi n, C. Parkhurst n & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: poult; enteritis; mortality; hormone; chromium
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Amino Acids / metabolism; Amino Acids / pharmacology; Animals; Blood Glucose / analysis; Body Weight; Chromium / metabolism; Chromium / pharmacology; Chromium / therapeutic use; Enteritis / drug therapy; Enteritis / metabolism; Enteritis / veterinary; Female; Glucagon / blood; Insulin / blood; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / analysis; Insulin-Like Growth Factor II / analysis; Intestines / physiopathology; Nicotinic Acids / metabolism; Nicotinic Acids / pharmacology; Poultry Diseases / drug therapy; Poultry Diseases / metabolism; Poultry Diseases / mortality; Radioimmunoassay / veterinary; Random Allocation; Syndrome; Thyroxine / blood; Triiodothyronine / blood; Turkeys
TL;DR: Body weights of PEMS-infected poults were increased significantly by the BC treatment but not to the level of noninfected controls, and radioimmunoassays were conducted for plasma insulin, glucagon, thyroxine, and triiodothyronine. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Controlling poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

World Poultry (Doetinchem, Netherlands), 15(2), 48.

By: F. Edens & R. Doerfler

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Tryptophan methylester modulation of poult responses to Bordetella avium

POULTRY SCIENCE, 78(3), 327–335.

By: F. Edens n, A. Yersin n & D. Simmons n

author keywords: Bordetella avium; bordetellosis; L-tryptophan methylester; body temperature; growth
MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry; Animals; Body Temperature; Bordetella / pathogenicity; Bordetella Infections / drug therapy; Bordetella Infections / veterinary; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / microbiology; Eating; Energy Metabolism; Esters; Poultry Diseases / drug therapy; Tryptophan / administration & dosage; Tryptophan / pharmacology
TL;DR: It was concluded that feed intake depression associated with development of bordetellosis caused the poults to react more specifically to a mild tryptophan deficiency than to other nutrient deficiencies. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Alterations in the lymphocytic and mononuclear phagocytic systems of turkey poults associated with exposure to poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

AVIAN DISEASES, 42(4), 711–720.

By: C. Heggen, M. Qureshi*, F. Edens*, H. Barnes* & G. Havenstein*

author keywords: poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; macrophage; turkey; Escherichia coli; lymphocytes
TL;DR: In conclusion, immune system dysfunction in PEMS is associated with impaired mononuclear phagocytic system function and alterations in lymphocyte populations. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Effect of litter moisture and brooding temperature on body weights of turkey poults experiencing poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(3), 411–415.

By: F. Edens n, K. Joyce n, C. Parkhurst n, G. Havenstein n & M. Qureshi n

author keywords: turkey; poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; litter moisture; brooding temperature
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight; Enteritis, Transmissible, of Turkeys / physiopathology; Female; Floors and Floorcoverings; Housing, Animal; Humidity; Microclimate; Temperature; Turkeys / growth & development; Waste Products
TL;DR: The results from this study suggest that litter moisture influences productivity and mortality associated with PEMS, but brooding temperature has the greatest influence on PEMS-associated mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Feathering rate affects male broiler performance. The influence of dietary selenium source and litter type

World Poultry (Doetinchem, Netherlands), 14(6), 20.

By: F. Edens

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Heat conditioning induces heat shock proteins in broiler chickens and turkey poults

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(11), 1636–1645.

By: S. Wang n & F. Edens n

author keywords: heat acclimation; heat shock proteins; chicken; turkey; leukocytes
MeSH headings : Acclimatization; Aging; Animals; Body Temperature; Chickens / metabolism; Drosophila Proteins; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / blood; HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / blood; Heat-Shock Proteins / biosynthesis; Heat-Shock Proteins / blood; Hot Temperature; Leukocytes / metabolism; Male; Sulfur Radioisotopes; Time Factors; Turkeys / metabolism
TL;DR: Peripheral leukocyte heat shock proteins (HSP): HSP90, HSP70, and HSP23 from broiler chickens and turkey poults were induced by in vitro and in vivo high temperature exposure and enhancement in HSP expression was evident for periods up to 4 wk after termination of the daily heat conditioning episodes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and hypothyrosis associated with poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(8), 1103–1109.

By: R. Doerfler n, F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, G. Havenstein n & M. Qureshi n

author keywords: poult enteritis; mortality; thyroxine; triiodothyronine; body temperature
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Glucose / metabolism; Body Temperature; Enteritis / mortality; Enteritis / physiopathology; Enteritis / veterinary; Female; Hypoglycemia / physiopathology; Hypoglycemia / veterinary; Hypothermia / physiopathology; Hypothermia / veterinary; Hypothyroidism / physiopathology; Hypothyroidism / veterinary; Poultry Diseases / mortality; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Syndrome; Thyroxine / blood; Time Factors; Triiodothyronine / blood; Turkeys
TL;DR: It was concluded that the agent(s) causing PEMS may have a direct effect on energy metabolism in afflicted poults andDepressions in serum constituents, body temperature, and increased mortality rates did not coincide with decreased feed intake associated with PEMS. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

The effects of Bordetella avium infection on elastin and collagen content of turkey trachea and aorta

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(11), 1654–1660.

By: A. Yersin n, F. Edens n & D. Simmons n

author keywords: Bordetella avium; trachea; collagen; elastin; aorta
MeSH headings : Animals; Aorta / metabolism; Bordetella Infections / metabolism; Bordetella Infections / veterinary; Ceruloplasmin / metabolism; Collagen / metabolism; Copper / blood; Cross-Linking Reagents; Dipeptides / metabolism; Elastin / metabolism; Female; Hydroxyproline / metabolism; Male; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Trachea / metabolism; Tracheal Diseases / microbiology; Tracheal Diseases / veterinary; Turkeys
TL;DR: Differences in collagen and elastin content appeared to be the cause of tracheal collapse that is characteristic of B. avium infection and also may have an adverse influence on cardiovascular function. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Atypical Escherichia coli strains and their association with poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

POULTRY SCIENCE, 76(7), 952–960.

By: F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, M. Qureshi n, I. Casas n & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; Escherichia coli; atypical bacterial strains; turkey
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / physiology; Cecum / microbiology; Cecum / pathology; Cecum / ultrastructure; Cyclophosphamide / pharmacology; Enteritis / microbiology; Enteritis / mortality; Enteritis / veterinary; Escherichia coli / genetics; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Escherichia coli / physiology; Escherichia coli Infections / microbiology; Escherichia coli Infections / mortality; Escherichia coli Infections / veterinary; Female; Ileum / microbiology; Ileum / pathology; Ileum / ultrastructure; Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology; Male; Microscopy, Electron / veterinary; Microvilli / ultrastructure; Organelles / ultrastructure; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Poultry Diseases / mortality; Random Allocation; Syndrome; Turkeys / growth & development; Turkeys / physiology
TL;DR: It was concluded that the atypical E. coli colony Types 1 and 2 play a significant role in the PEMS disease. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Characterization of two Escherichia coli isolates associated with poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

POULTRY SCIENCE, 76(12), 1665–1673.

By: F. Edens n, R. Qureshi n, C. Parkhurst n, M. Qureshi, G. Havenstein n & I. Casas n

author keywords: poult enteritis and mortality syndrome; Escherichia coli; biotype; colony morphology; plate morphology
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology; Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology; Colony Count, Microbial; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Enteritis / microbiology; Enteritis / mortality; Enteritis / veterinary; Escherichia coli / classification; Escherichia coli / drug effects; Escherichia coli / growth & development; Escherichia coli Infections / mortality; Escherichia coli Infections / pathology; Escherichia coli Infections / veterinary; Fluoroquinolones; Kidney / microbiology; Liver / microbiology; Microscopy, Electron / veterinary; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Poultry Diseases / mortality; Poultry Diseases / pathology; Syndrome; Time Factors; Turkeys
TL;DR: Two colonial types of E. coli are proposed as possible etiological links in the complex series of events that take place in poults susceptible to PEMS and each strain responds to third generation fluoroquinolone antibiotics by changing their biotypes and become resistant after culturing once in their presence. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase and serum glucose in turkeys with poult enteritis and mortality syndrome

Poultry Science, 76(suppl. 1), 538.

By: R. Doerfler, F. Edens, S. Mann, C. Parkhurst & G. Havenstein

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Immune system dysfunction during exposure to poult enteritis and mortality syndrome agents

POULTRY SCIENCE, 76(4), 564–569.

By: M. Qureshi n, F. Edens n & G. Havenstein n

author keywords: Poult Enteritis and Mortality Syndrome; immune dysfunction; poult
MeSH headings : Aging / immunology; Aging / physiology; Animals; Antibody Formation; Atrophy; Body Weight / physiology; Bursa of Fabricius / pathology; Enteritis / immunology; Enteritis / physiopathology; Enteritis / veterinary; Erythrocytes / immunology; Female; Immune System / physiopathology; Immunity, Cellular / physiology; Lymphocyte Activation; Organ Size; Phytohemagglutinins / pharmacology; Poultry Diseases / immunology; Poultry Diseases / mortality; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Sheep; Spleen / pathology; Syndrome; Thymus Gland / pathology; Time Factors; Turkeys
TL;DR: The immune system of the poults is compromised significantly during PEMS infection in terms of lymphoid organ integrity and humoral and cell-mediated immunity, implying that immune dysfunction may contribute to the mortality observed during P EMS outbreaks. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Potential for organic selenium to replace selenite in poultry diets

Zootecnica International, 20(1), 28.

By: F. Edens

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 review

Principles of ex ovo competitive exclusion and in ovo administration of Lactobacillus reuteri

[Review of ]. POULTRY SCIENCE, 76(1), 179–196.

By: F. Edens n, C. Parkhurst n, I. Casas n & W. Dobrogosz n

author keywords: competitive exclusion; Lactobacillus reuteri; in ovo; hatchability; livability
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use; Chick Embryo / microbiology; Chickens / microbiology; Combined Modality Therapy / veterinary; Eggs / microbiology; Escherichia coli / isolation & purification; Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology; Escherichia coli Infections / prevention & control; Escherichia coli Infections / therapy; Gentamicins / therapeutic use; Incidence; Injections / methods; Injections / veterinary; Intestines / microbiology; Intestines / ultrastructure; Lactobacillus / isolation & purification; Lactobacillus / physiology; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning / veterinary; Microvilli / microbiology; Microvilli / ultrastructure; Poultry Diseases / epidemiology; Poultry Diseases / prevention & control; Poultry Diseases / therapy; Salmonella / isolation & purification; Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology; Salmonella Infections, Animal / prevention & control; Salmonella Infections, Animal / therapy; Turkeys / embryology; Turkeys / microbiology
TL;DR: The data that have been presented indicate that the in ovo use of competitive exclusion (CE) agents is feasible for both chickens and turkeys, and only Lactobacillus reuteri has been shown to be safe and effective in terms of not affecting hatchability and in having a prolonged effect in the hatched chick or poult. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

The evolvement of Eosinophils in the pathogenesis of poult enteritis mortality syndrome

Poultry Science, 76(suppl. 1), 535.

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 journal article

PLASMA GROWTH-HORMONE AND PROLACTIN RESPONSE TO FK-33-824, A SYNTHETIC OPIOID AGONIST, IN BROILER-CHICKENS

POULTRY SCIENCE, 73(11), 1746–1754.

By: F. Edens n & C. Parkhurst n

author keywords: OPIOID AGONIST; FK 33-824; BROILER; GROWTH HORMONE; PROLACTIN
MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / blood; D-Ala(2),MePhe(4),Met(0)-ol-enkephalin / administration & dosage; Growth Hormone / blood; Growth Hormone / drug effects; Injections, Intramuscular; Male; Prolactin / blood; Prolactin / drug effects; Sleep Stages; Time Factors
TL;DR: The results suggest that FK 33-824 affected GH and PRL secretion in chickens in a manner different from other opioid agonists, probably due to the ability of FK33- 824 to bind to multiple opiate receptors. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

HEAT-SHOCK PROTEIN RESPONSE IN PHOSPHORUS-DEFICIENT HEAT-STRESSED BROILER-CHICKENS

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY B-BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 103(4), 827–831.

By: F. Edens n, C. Hill n & S. Wang n

MeSH headings : Animals; Autoradiography; Cell Separation; Chickens / metabolism; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Heat-Shock Proteins / biosynthesis; Hot Temperature; Leukocytes; Phosphorus / deficiency; Stress, Physiological / metabolism; Sulfur Radioisotopes
TL;DR: During acute in vivo heat stress, a normal heat shock protein (HSP) response was not inducible in chickens deficient in inorganic phosphorus (P(i)-deficient) and increased susceptibility to acute heat stress was attributed to their inability to produce an adequate HSP response. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1991 journal article

EFFECT OF FASTING ON PLASMA THYROID AND ADRENAL-HORMONE LEVELS IN TURKEY POULTS INFECTED WITH BORDETELLA AVIUM

AVIAN DISEASES, 35(2), 344–347.

By: F. Edens*, J. May, A. Yersin & H. Brownborg

TL;DR: Changes in plasma thyroid hormones and CS partially explain the decreased body weight gain and decreased body temperature after exposure to B. avium. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

SERUM CHEMISTRIES OF COTURNIX-COTURNIX-JAPONICA GIVEN DIETARY MANGANESE OXIDE (MN3O4)

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY C-PHARMACOLOGY TOXICOLOGY & ENDOCRINOLOGY, 97(1), 139–142.

By: F. Edens* & J. Laskey

MeSH headings : Alanine Transaminase / blood; Alkaline Phosphatase / blood; Animals; Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood; Blood Glucose / metabolism; Blood Proteins / metabolism; Blood Urea Nitrogen; Coturnix / blood; Creatine Kinase / blood; Diet; Electrolytes / blood; L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood; Lipids / blood; Male; Manganese / administration & dosage; Manganese / pharmacology; Manganese Compounds; Oxides; Reference Values
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1983 journal article

EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS ON MALE REPRODUCTION

POULTRY SCIENCE, 62(8), 1676–1689.

By: F. Edens n

MeSH headings : Adaptation, Physiological; Adrenal Cortex Hormones / physiology; Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / physiology; Animals; Birds / physiology; Environment; Homeostasis; Male; Neurotransmitter Agents / physiology; Pituitary Hormones, Anterior / physiology; Population Density; Reproduction; Sexual Maturation; Social Environment; Spermatogenesis; Temperature; Testis / physiology
TL;DR: This paper presents a general review of physiological stress in birds and pointed out the differences between specific and nonspecific physiological reactions to environmental stressors. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

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