William Flowers

Works (42)

Updated: April 27th, 2023 05:20

2023 article

Uterine histotroph and conceptus development: III. Adrenomedullin stimulates proliferation, migration and adhesion of porcine trophectoderm cells via AKT-TSC2-MTOR cell signaling pathway

Liu, B., Paudel, S., Flowers, W. L., Piedrahita, J. A., & Wang, X. (2023, April 10). AMINO ACIDS, Vol. 4.

By: B. Liu, S. Paudel, W. Flowers, J. Piedrahita & X. Wang

author keywords: Adrenomedullin; Trophectoderm cells; MTOR; Pigs; Implantation
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: April 24, 2023

2022 journal article

Factors affecting the production of quality ejaculates from boars

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 246.

By: W. Flowers

author keywords: Spermatogenesis; Fertility
Source: Web Of Science
Added: January 17, 2023

2022 article

Litter-of-origin traits and their association with lifetime productivity in sows and boars

Flowers, W. L. (2022, March 25). MOLECULAR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT.

By: W. Flowers

author keywords: fertility; litter-of-origin; swine
Source: Web Of Science
Added: April 4, 2022

2020 journal article

Dietary lysine-to-energy ratios for managing growth and pubertal development in replacement gilts

APPLIED ANIMAL SCIENCE, 36(5), 701–714.

By: C. Lents*, C. Supakorn*, A. DeDecker*, C. Phillips*, R. Boyd, J. Vallet*, G. Rohrer*, G. Foxcroft* ...

author keywords: gilt; growth; puberty; diet; lysine
Source: Web Of Science
Added: October 26, 2020

2020 article

Effects of birth characteristics, nursing behaviors, and supplemental milk on piglet pre-weaning growth and survival

Clemons, C. M., & Flowers, W. (2020, November). JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, Vol. 98, pp. 213–213.

By: C. Clemons n & W. Flowers

author keywords: piglet; supplemental milk; pre-weaning growth and survival
Source: Web Of Science
Added: February 8, 2021

2020 article

Reproductive management of swine

ANIMAL AGRICULTURE: SUSTAINABILITY, CHALLENGES AND INNOVATIONS, pp. 283–297.

By: W. Flowers

Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 8, 2020

2020 journal article

Reproductive performance of sows associated with single, fixed-time insemination programs in commercial farms based on either average herd weaning-to-estrus intervals or postweaning estrous activity

APPLIED ANIMAL SCIENCE, 36(1), 100–107.

By: D. Dillard n & W. Flowers

author keywords: swine; fertility; artificial insemination
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 22, 2020

2020 journal article

Transcriptome analysis identifies genes and co-expression networks underlying heat tolerance in pigs

BMC GENETICS, 21(1).

By: Y. He, C. Maltecca, F. Tiezzi*, E. Soto* & W. Flowers

author keywords: Heat stress; Boar sperm quality; Gene expression; Heat tolerance
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: May 18, 2020

2018 journal article

Design and biological effects of a vaginally administered gel containing the GnRH agonist, triptorelin, for synchronizing ovulation in swine

THERIOGENOLOGY, 112, 44–52.

By: R. Knox*, K. Stewart*, W. Flowers, M. Swanson*, S. Webel* & R. Kraeling*

author keywords: Al; Fertility; OvuGel; Ovulation; Pig; Synchronization
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

High mobility group A2 (HMGA2) deficiency in pigs leads to dwarfism, abnormal fetal resource allocation, and cryptorchidism

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(21), 5420–5425.

By: J. Chung, X. Zhang n, B. Collins, R. Sper n, K. Gleason, S. Simpson, S. Koh n, J. Sommer ...

author keywords: HMGA2; dwarfism; swine; gene editing; organ size
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Supplementation of Maternal Diets with Docosahexaenoic Acid and Methylating Vitamins Impacts Growth and Development of Fetuses from Malnourished Gilts

Current Developments in Nutrition, 2(3).

By: H. Lima, X. Lin n, S. Jacobi n, C. Man n, J. Sommer, W. Flowers, A. Blikslager, L. Gonzalez, J. Odle

author keywords: choline; B-vitamins; epigenetics; intrauterine growth restriction; nutrient restriction; low birth weight
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Use of heterospermic inseminations and paternity testing to evaluate the relative contributions of common sperm traits and seminal plasma proteins in boar fertility

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 174, 123–131.

By: W. Flowers, F. Deller & K. Stewart

author keywords: Seminal plasma proteins; Sperm quality; Fertility; Boars
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 article

Effect of dietary copper amount and source on copper metabolism and oxidative stress of weanling pigs in short-term feeding

Huang, Y. L., Ashwell, M. S., Fry, R. S., Lloyd, K. E., Flowers, W. L., & Spears, J. W. (2015, June). JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, Vol. 93, pp. 2948–2955.

By: Y. Huang*, M. Ashwell n, R. Fry, K. Lloyd, W. Flowers & J. Spears

author keywords: copper; copper metabolism; oxidative stress; pigs
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 review

Factors Affecting the Efficient Production of Boar Sperm

[Review of ]. REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS, 50, 25–30.

By: W. Flowers

Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Blocking Ligand Occupancy of the alpha V beta 3 Integrin Inhibits the Development of Nephropathy in Diabetic Pigs

ENDOCRINOLOGY, 155(12), 4665–4675.

By: L. Maile*, W. Busby*, K. Gollahon*, W. Flowers, N. Garbacik n, S. Garbacik n, K. Stewart, T. Nichols* ...

Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Effect of gonadotropin releasing factor suppression with an immunological on growth performance, estrus activity, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of market gilts

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 92(10), 4719–4724.

By: B. Bohrer*, W. Flowers, J. Kyle*, S. Johnson*, V. King*, J. Spruill*, D. Thompson*, A. Schroeder*, D. Boler*

author keywords: estrus suppression; gilt; gonadotropin releasing factor; Improvest
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Effect of dietary selenium on boar sperm quality

Animal Reproduction Science, 138(3-4), 268–275.

By: K. Lovercamp n, K. Stewart, X. Lin & W. Flowers

author keywords: Boar; Selenium; Sperm; Lipid peroxidation; Glutathione peroxidise
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Effect of social ranks and gestation housing systems on oxidative stress status, reproductive performance, and immune status of sows1

Journal of Animal Science, 91(12), 5848–5858.

By: Y. Zhao n, W. Flowers, A. Saraiva n, K. Yeum* & S. Kim

author keywords: oxidative stress; reproductive performance; social rank; sow
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

TRIENNIAL REPRODUCTION SYMPOSIUM: Sperm characteristics that limit success of fertilization

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 91(7), 3022–3029.

By: W. Flowers

author keywords: fertility; livestock; male; sperm
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Amount and source of dietary copper affects small intestine morphology, duodenal lipid peroxidation, hepatic oxidative stress, and mRNA expression of hepatic copper regulatory proteins in weanling pigs

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 90(9), 3112–3119.

By: R. Fry, M. Ashwell n, K. Lloyd, A. O'Nan, W. Flowers, K. Stewart, J. Spears

author keywords: copper; copper proteins; mucosal histology; oxidative stress; pigs
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Effects of stress associated with weaning on the adaptive immune system in pigs

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 90(2), 649–656.

By: A. Kick n, M. Tompkins, W. Flowers, C. Whisnant & G. Almond

author keywords: cortisol; immune cell; pig; weaning
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Breed differences in pig temperament scores during a performance test and their phenotypic relationship with performance

LIVESTOCK SCIENCE, 136(2-3), 93–101.

By: C. Yoder n, C. Maltecca, J. Cassady, W. Flowers, S. Price* & M. See

author keywords: Breed; Performance; Pigs; Temperament
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Effect of season on fresh and cryopreserved stallion semen

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 119(3-4), 219–227.

By: N. Wrench, C. Pinto*, G. Klinefelter*, D. Dix*, W. Flowers & C. Farin

author keywords: Stallion; Cryopreservation; SP22; mRNA; Season; Semen
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Endocrine, ovulatory and reproductive characteristics of sows treated with an intravaginal GnRH agonist

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 120(1-4), 112–119.

By: K. Stewart, W. Flowers, G. Rampacek, D. Greger, M. Swanson & H. Hafs

author keywords: Sows-GnRH; Ovulation; Vagina; Weaning
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Effect of season on sperm membrane protein 22 and selected mRNAs in fresh and cryopreserved stallion sperm

Animal Reproduction Science, 107(3-4), 357.

By: N. Wrench n, C. Pinto n, G. Klinefelter*, D. Dix*, W. Flowers & C. Farin

Source: Crossref
Added: August 28, 2020

2008 article

Genetic and phenotypic variation in reproductive traits of AI boars

Flowers, W. L. (2008, November). THERIOGENOLOGY, Vol. 70, pp. 1297–1303.

By: W. Flowers

author keywords: Boars; Sexual behaviour; Sperm production; Fertility; Genetics
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Porcine sperm zona binding ability as an indicator of fertility

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 104(1), 69–82.

By: E. Collins, W. Flowers, R. Shanks & D. Miller*

author keywords: pig-fertility; fertilization; heterospermic insemination; sperm; zona pellucida
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Urinary excretion of collagen degradation markers by sows during postpartum uterine involution

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 85(1-2), 131–145.

By: B. Belstra, W. Flowers, W. Croom, J. DeGroot* & M. See

author keywords: embryo mortality; lactation; postpartum; sow; uterine involution
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Effect of dietary trace mineral concentration and source (inorganic vs. chelated) on performance, mineral status, and fecal mineral excretion in pigs from weaning through finishing

Journal of Animal Science, 82(7), 2140–2147.

By: B. Creech n, J. Spears, W. Flowers, G. Hill*, K. Lloyd, T. Armstrong, T. Engle

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Factors affecting temporal relationships between estrus and ovulation in commercial sow farms

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 84(3-4), 377–394.

By: B. Belstra, W. Flowers & M. See

author keywords: estrus; ovulation; insemination; seasonal infertility; sows
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Growth performance, carcass characteristics, plasma minerals, and fecal mineral excretion in grower-finisher swine fed diets with levels of trace minerals lower than common industry levels

Journal of Swine Health and Production, 12(5), 237–241.

By: E. Van Heugten, P. O'Quinn, D. Funderburke, W. Flowers & J. Spears

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Variability in relationships between semen quality and estimates of in vivo and in vitro fertility in boars

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE, 81(1-2), 97–113.

By: J. Popwell* & W. Flowers

author keywords: boar; semen quality; fertilization
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Iron methionine as a source of iron for the neonatal pig

NUTRITION RESEARCH, 22(10), 1209–1217.

By: E. Kegley, J. Spears, W. Flowers & W. Schoenherr n

author keywords: iron; anemia; pig
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Long-term effects of boron supplementation on reproductive characteristics and bone mechanical properties in gilts

Journal of Animal Science, 80(1), 154–161.

By: T. Armstrong, W. Flowers, J. Spears & F. Nielsen*

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Control of the weaning-to-estrus interval in sows using gonadotropins and prostaglandins during lactation

Journal of Animal Science, 77(9), 2533–2539.

By: T. Armstrong, W. Flowers & J. Britt

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Improving boar fertility

Advances in Pork Production, 9(1998), 1–11.

By: B. Flowers

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

New ideas on boar and sow fertility examined

Feedstuffs, 70(35), 12–131923.

By: W. Flowers

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Genetically engineered large animal model for studying cone photoreceptor survival and degeneration in retinitis pigmentosa

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 15(10), 965–970.

By: R. Petters, C. Alexander, K. Wells, E. Collins, . Sommer n, M. Blanton, G. Rojas, Y. Hao ...

author keywords: transgenic swine; retinal degeneration; rhodopsin mutation; night blindness; eye disease
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 conference paper

Management of boars for efficient semen production

In R. D. G. G. R. Foxcroft & C. Doberska (Eds.), Control of pig reproduction V: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Pig Reproduction, held at Congress Centre Rolduc, Kerkrade, The Netherlands, June 1997 (Journal of reproduction and fertility. Supplement; no. 52) (Vol. 52, pp. 67–78).

By: W. Flowers

Ed(s): R. G. R. Foxcroft & C. Doberska

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 chapter

Management of reproduction

In M. A. V. J. Wiseman & J. P. Chadwick (Eds.), Progress in pig science (pp. 383–405). Thrumpton, Nottingham: Nottingham University Press.

By: W. Flowers

Ed(s): M. J. Wiseman & J. Chadwick

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

Artificial insemination in swine

Agri-Practice, 13(2), 36.

By: W. Flowers

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

REPRODUCTIVE-PERFORMANCE AND ESTIMATES OF LABOR REQUIREMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH COMBINATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL-INSEMINATION AND NATURAL SERVICE IN SWINE

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 70(3), 615–621.

By: W. Flowers & H. Alhusen*

author keywords: PIGS; REPRODUCTION; ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION; NATURAL MATING
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018