Works (299)

Updated: July 25th, 2023 21:14

2020 journal article

Effect of Limestone Particle Size and Potassium Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Physiology, and Breast Muscle Myopathy of Male Broiler Chickens

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 7.

By: D. Joardar n, K. Livingston n, F. Edens n, B. Nusairat*, R. Qudsieh n, M. Livingston n, J. Brake n

author keywords: limestone particle size; potassium; blood physiology; woody breast; white striping; broiler; performance
TL;DR: This study demonstrated that using 0.2% of K as potassium carbonate did not negatively affect FCR even though FI and BWG were reduced, and fine limestone has the potential to reduce WB in breast muscle tissues; however, further research is needed to confirm these outcomes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: January 19, 2021

2020 journal article

Effects of Phytase Inclusion in Broiler Breeder Diets During Early Lay on their Fecal and Egg Characteristics

BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF POULTRY SCIENCE, 22(1).

author keywords: Broiler breeders; fecal minerals; fecal moisture; liquid portion; phytase
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 6, 2020

2020 journal article

Parameters monitored during the pelleting process and their relationship to xylanase activity loss

ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 259.

By: J. Pope n, J. Brake n & A. Fahrenholz n

author keywords: Xylanase; Pellet durability; Pelleting; Enzyme recovery; Mixer-added fat; Thermostability
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: April 14, 2020

2020 journal article

Research Note: Repetitive element-based polymerase chain reaction genotyping improves efficiency of Salmonella surveillance in a model broiler production system

POULTRY SCIENCE, 99(5), 2684–2689.

By: G. Walker n, M. Suyemoto n, L. Borst n & J. Brake n

author keywords: Salmonella; antimicrobial resistance; broiler; microbiology; genetic characterization
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology; Chickens; DNA Fingerprinting / veterinary; Drug Resistance, Bacterial / genetics; Epidemiological Monitoring / veterinary; Genotyping Techniques / veterinary; Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Poultry Diseases / epidemiology; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Prevalence; Salmonella / genetics; Salmonella / isolation & purification; Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology; Salmonella Infections, Animal / microbiology; Serotyping / veterinary
TL;DR: Genetic relatedness and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Salmonella isolated from poultry and their environment were determined and demonstrated that serovar Altona and Senftenberg were harbored by poultry, the latter appeared to persist in broiler flocks, and both serotypes shared similar patterns of antimacterial susceptibility in an integrated research operation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 1, 2020

2020 review

The Effects of Sodium Chloride versus Sodium Bicarbonate at the Same Dietary Sodium Concentration on Efficacy of Dietary Phytase and a Carbohydrase-Protease Cocktail in Broilers

[Review of ]. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF POULTRY SCIENCE, 22(2).

By: M. Arguelles-Ramos* & J. Brake n

author keywords: Broilers; carbohydrase-protease cocktails; chloride; phytase; sodium bicarbonate
Source: Web Of Science
Added: September 28, 2020

2019 journal article

The effects of coarse corn and refined functional carbohydrates on the live performance and cecal Salmonella prevalence in coccidiosis-vaccinated broilers

Poultry Science.

By: C. Caraway n, G. Walker n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler; particle size; coccidiosis vaccine; Salmonella; antibiotic-free
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animals; Carbohydrates / administration & dosage; Carbohydrates / chemistry; Cecum / drug effects; Cecum / microbiology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Eimeria / drug effects; Male; Poultry Diseases / epidemiology; Poultry Diseases / prevention & control; Prevalence; Protozoan Vaccines / administration & dosage; Salmonella / drug effects; Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology; Salmonella Infections, Animal / prevention & control; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: It is suggested that CC use after 10 D may provide value in a production system free of antibiotic growth promoters and coccidiostats by ameliorating live performance losses associated with coccidiosis vaccination. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Crossref
Added: June 19, 2019

2018 speech

Comparison of two different phytase levels in combination with a xylanase to a multi-enzyme blend on male broiler performance and production costs from 1 to 42 days

Presented at the International Production & Processing Expo.

By: J. Brake

Event: International Production & Processing Expo

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2018 journal article

Dietary amino acids under hypoxic conditions exacerbates muscle myopathies including wooden breast and white stripping

Poultry Science, 98(3), 1517–1527.

By: M. Livingston n, P. Ferket n, J. Brake n & K. Livingston n

author keywords: glutamine; arginine; woody breast; white striping; broilers
MeSH headings : Amino Acids; Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Hypoxia / pathology; Meat / analysis; Muscular Diseases / etiology; Muscular Diseases / pathology; Muscular Diseases / veterinary; Pectoralis Muscles / pathology; Poultry Diseases / etiology; Poultry Diseases / pathology
TL;DR: Results indicated that increased muscle Ca is associated with increased WB, while increased dietary glutamine and lack of oxygen may have resulted in a reverse flux of the citric acid cycle and reduced electron transport chain activity resulting in increased WS. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 15, 2019

2018 journal article

Effect of elevated dietary inorganic zinc on live performance, carcass yield, and quality of male and female broilers

Poultry Science, 97(11), 1–9.

By: R. Qudsieh n, D. Smith n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler; zinc; live performance; carcass; meat color
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects; Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Supplements / analysis; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Energy Metabolism / drug effects; Female; Male; Meat / analysis; Random Allocation; Zinc / administration & dosage; Zinc / metabolism
TL;DR: Dietary Zn had no effect on carcass weight and parts yield but absolute weights of male, but not female, total breast and tenders were increased by 240 mg Zn/kg relative to 0-mg ZN/kg with 120 mgZn/ kg intermediate. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref
Added: December 14, 2018

2018 journal article

Effect of storage temperature fluctuation on embryonic development and mortality, and hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 97(11), 3878–3883.

By: S. Ozlu*, O. Elibol* & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeders; flock age; hatchability; egg storage; temperature; embryonic development; early embryo mortality
TL;DR: The effects of temperature fluctuation during 7 d of storage on stage of blastoderm development, embryonic mortality, and hatchability of broiler hatching eggs were studied. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 31, 2018

2018 journal article

Effect of the Phytase inclusion in Broiler Breeder Diets on Fecal and Egg Characteristics

International Journal of Poultry Science, 17(1), 1–7.

By: B. Nusairat*, M. Ramos & J. Brake n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2018 journal article

Post-pellet liquid application fat disproportionately coats fines and affects mixed-sex broiler live performance from 16 to 42 d of age

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 27(1), 124–131.

By: J. Pope n, J. Brake n & A. Fahrenholz n

author keywords: fat application site; pellet quality; pellet durability; liquid distribution; mixed-sex live performance
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 article

The effect of refined functional carbohydrates from enzymatically hydrolyzed yeast on the transmission of environmental Salmonella Senftenberg among broilers and proliferation in broiler housing (vol 97, pg 1412, 2018)

Walker, G. K., Jalukar, S., & Brake, J. (2018, April). POULTRY SCIENCE, Vol. 97, pp. 1469–1469.

By: G. Walker*, S. Jalukar & J. Brake*

Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Use of Phytase to Enhance Nutritional Value of Broiler Breeder Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 17(5), 211–220.

By: B. Nusairat n, R. Qudsieh n & J. Brake n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: December 14, 2018

2018 journal article

White striping and wooden breast myopathies of broiler breast muscle is affected by time-limited feeding, genetic background, and egg storage Poultry Science

Poultry Science.

By: M. Livingston n, C. Landon n, H. Barnes n & J. B n

author keywords: myopathy; wooden breast; white striping; egg storage; time-limited feeding
MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens / genetics; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Female; Male; Meat / analysis; Muscular Diseases / etiology; Muscular Diseases / genetics; Muscular Diseases / physiopathology; Muscular Diseases / veterinary; Ovum / physiology; Pectoralis Muscles / pathology; Poultry Diseases / etiology; Poultry Diseases / genetics; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Time Factors
TL;DR: It was concluded that white striping and wooden breast could be reduced by TL feeding and that genetic background and egg storage period may influence the expression of WS and WB. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

2017 journal article

Effect of refined functional carbohydrates from enzymatically hydrolyzed yeast on the presence of Salmonella spp. in the ceca of broiler breeder females

POULTRY SCIENCE, 96(8), 2684–2690.

By: G. Walker n, S. Jalukar & J. Brake n

author keywords: refined functional carbohydrates; yeast; broiler breeders; Salmonella; ceca
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animals; Cecum / microbiology; Chickens; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage; Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism; Female; Male; Poultry Diseases / drug therapy; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Salmonella / drug effects; Salmonella Infections, Animal / drug therapy; Salmonella Infections, Animal / microbiology; Yeast, Dried / chemistry
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Effects of dietary coarsely ground corn and 3 bedding floor types on broiler live performance, litter characteristics, gizzard and proventriculus weight, and nutrient digestibility

Poultry Science, 96(7), 2110–2119.

By: Y. Xu n, Y. Lin n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n, C. Williams n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broilers; corn particle size; live performance; gizzard; apparent ileal digestibility
MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry / methods; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion; Floors and Floorcoverings / methods; Gizzard, Avian / drug effects; Gizzard, Avian / growth & development; Housing, Animal; Male; Organ Size; Proventriculus / drug effects; Proventriculus / growth & development; Random Allocation; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: Broilers fed pelleted and screened diets containing 50% CC exhibited improved live performance and reduced litter moisture while use of new pine wood shavings litter resulted in a somewhat similar effect, which indicated that consumption of NEW litter also facilitated gastric development and function. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Thermal treatments prior to and during the beginning of incubation affects development of the broiler embryo and yolk sac membranes, and live performance and carcass characteristics

POULTRY SCIENCE, 96(6), 1939–1947.

By: Y. Lin n, S. Druyan*, S. Yahav* & J. Brake n

author keywords: thermal manipulation; broilers; yolk sac membrane; chorioallantoic membrane
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight; Chick Embryo / embryology; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Chorioallantoic Membrane / blood supply; Embryo, Nonmammalian / embryology; Embryo, Nonmammalian / physiology; Embryonic Development / physiology; Female; Male; Sex Factors; Temperature; Yolk Sac / blood supply; Yolk Sac / physiology
TL;DR: There were no interactions observed with regards to broiler live performance and carcass yield, which probably negated the importance of the interactions observed for preincubation temperature by E0 to E5 incubation temperature that affected YSM vasculature, CAM vasculation area, egg weight loss, embryo weight, yolk sac weight, and chick length. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Effect of broiler breeder feeding programme and feeder space change at photostimulation using maize- or wheat-based diets on broiler progeny growth performance and leg health

BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 56(3), 345–360.

By: P. Eusebio-Balcazar n, E. Oviedo-Rondon n, M. Wineland n, J. Osborne n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Husbandry / methods; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / metabolism; Diet / veterinary; Female; Lower Extremity / pathology; Male; Photic Stimulation; Poultry Diseases / etiology; Random Allocation; Triticum / chemistry; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: An increased probability of observing walking impairment of broiler progeny was detected when breeders were given greater feeder space at photostimulation rather than no change and fed according to the slow feeding programme using maize diets in breeders and progeny. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Effect of dietary coarsely ground corn on broiler live performance, gastrointestinal tract development, apparent ileal digestibility of energy and nitrogen, and digesta particle size distribution and retention time

POULTRY SCIENCE, 94(1), 53–60.

By: Y. Xu n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n, C. Williams n, W. Pacheco n & J. Brake n

author keywords: coarse corn; gizzard; gastrointestinal tract development; digestibility; digesta retention time
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion / physiology; Energy Metabolism; Gastrointestinal Tract / drug effects; Gastrointestinal Tract / growth & development; Ileum / metabolism; Male; Nitrogen / metabolism; Particle Size; Random Allocation; Time Factors; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: In conclusion, birds fed pelleted and screened diets that contained 25 and 50% CC exhibited increased BW, improved FCR, and increased AID of energy and N, which was probably due to enhanced gizzard development and greater digesta retention time. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Effects of dietary coarsely ground corn and litter type on broiler live performance, litter characteristics, gastrointestinal tract development, apparent ileal digestibility of energy and nitrogen, and intestinal morphology

POULTRY SCIENCE, 94(3), 353–361.

By: Y. Xu n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n, C. Williams n, S. Auttawong n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broilers; corn particle size; live performance; gizzard; apparent ileal digestibility
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / anatomy & histology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion; Energy Metabolism; Floors and Floorcoverings / methods; Gastrointestinal Tract / anatomy & histology; Gastrointestinal Tract / growth & development; Gastrointestinal Tract / physiology; Housing, Animal; Ileum / physiology; Male; Nitrogen / metabolism; Random Allocation; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: This study showed that birds fed pelleted and screened diets containing 50% CC exhibited improved BW, FCR, and AID of energy and N, in conjunction with altered morphology of the GIT and intestinal mucosa. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Effects of feed form and dietary coarse ground corn on broiler live performance, body weight uniformity, relative gizzard weight, excreta nitrogen, and particle size preference behaviors

POULTRY SCIENCE, 94(7), 1549–1556.

By: Y. Xu n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n, C. Williams n & J. Brake n

author keywords: corn particle size; mash; crumbled diet; gizzard; selective feeding behavior
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Feces / chemistry; Feeding Behavior; Gizzard, Avian / drug effects; Gizzard, Avian / growth & development; Male; Nitrogen / metabolism; Organ Size / drug effects; Particle Size; Random Allocation; Weight Gain / drug effects; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that pelleting and crumbling reduced the impact of CC, produced a more consistent feed intake, and reduced selective feeding, and that CC stimulated gizzard weight in a linear manner in mash diets. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Evaluation of litter type and dietary coarse ground corn inclusion on broiler live performance, gastrointestinal tract development, and litter characteristics

POULTRY SCIENCE, 94(3), 362–370.

By: Y. Xu n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n, C. Williams n, B. Nusairat n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broilers; corn particle size; live performance; gizzard; litter condition
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion; Female; Floors and Floorcoverings / methods; Floors and Floorcoverings / standards; Gizzard, Avian / physiology; Housing, Animal / standards; Male; Proventriculus / physiology; Random Allocation; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: In conclusion, 50% CC inclusion initially produced negative effects on live performance that became positive as BW increased, and the effects of CC became evident at an earlier age for males. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Effect of feeder space during the growing and laying periods and the rate of feed increase at the onset of lay on broiler breeder female reproductive function

POULTRY SCIENCE, 93(7), 1599–1607.

By: N. Leksrisompong n, H. Romero-Sanchez*, E. Oviedo-Rondon n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder; feeder space; uniformity; body weight; egg production
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Husbandry / methods; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Eating; Feeding Methods / veterinary; Female; Housing, Animal / standards; Humans; Male; Photic Stimulation; Random Allocation; Reproduction; Weight Gain
TL;DR: Data indicated that increased or decreased feeder space between the growing and laying periods did not affect broiler breeder female BW, uniformity, egg weight, fertility, or hatchability. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Effects of broiler breeder-feeding programme and feeder space change at photostimulation using maize- or wheat-based diets on eggshell properties and progeny bone development

British Poultry Science, 55(3), 380–390.

By: P. Eusebio-Balcazar n, E. Oviedo-Rondón n, M. Wineland n, M. Pérez Serrano* & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Husbandry; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight; Bone Development; Breeding / methods; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / metabolism; Chickens / physiology; Egg Shell / physiology; Eggs; Triticum; Zea mays
TL;DR: It was concluded that breeder FS change at photostimulation influenced eggshell conductance and consistently affected bone development of the broiler progeny. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Effects of feeder space allocations during rearing, female strain, and feed increase rate from photostimulation to peak egg production on broiler breeder female performance

POULTRY SCIENCE, 93(5), 1045–1052.

By: N. Leksrisompong n, H. Romero-Sanchez*, E. Oviedo-Rondon n & J. Brake n

author keywords: feeder space; feeding program; strain
MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry / methods; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / genetics; Chickens / physiology; Female; Fertility; Male; Photic Stimulation; Reproduction
TL;DR: There were no differences in egg production, fertility, or fertile hatchability due to the main effects of feeding to peak program or growing feeder space, but the slow feed increase from photostimulation to peak production reduced cumulative mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Effects of feeding programme and feeder space change at photo-stimulation using maize- or wheat-based diet on growth and reproductive performance of female broiler breeders

British Poultry Science, 55(2), 253–263.

By: P. Eusebio-Balcazar n, N. Leksrisompong n, J. Brake n & E. Oviedo-Rondón n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Feeding Methods / veterinary; Female; Housing, Animal; Male; Ovum / physiology; Photic Stimulation; Random Allocation; Reproduction; Triticum / chemistry; Weight Gain / drug effects; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: It was concluded that the feeding of wheat, the use of the Slow feeding programme and an increase in feeder space improved some aspects of hen productivity and egg characteristics. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Effects of trypsin inhibitor and particle size of expeller-extracted soybean meal on broiler live performance and weight of gizzard and pancreas

POULTRY SCIENCE, 93(9), 2245–2252.

By: W. Pacheco n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler; gizzard; pancreas; particle size; trypsin inhibitor
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion / drug effects; Gizzard, Avian / drug effects; Male; Organ Size / drug effects; Pancreas / drug effects; Particle Size; Random Allocation; Soybeans / metabolism; Trypsin Inhibitors / pharmacology
TL;DR: The results of this study indicated that chicks performed better when fed coarse ESBM at an intermediate TI level, and the best performance was obtained when chicks were fed diets containing ES BM at intermediate TI levels. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Broiler breeder feeding programs and trace minerals on maternal antibody transfer and broiler humoral immune response1

The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 22(3), 499–510.

By: E. Oviedo-Rondon n, N. Leandro n, R. Ali n, M. Koci n, V. Moraes n & J. Brake n

Contributors: E. Oviedo-Rondón n, N. Leandro n, R. Ali n, M. Koci n, V. Moraes n & J. Brake n

author keywords: immunology; breeder; broiler; feeding program; organic mineral
TL;DR: It was concluded that breeder feeding programs influenced humoral immune response to NDV vaccine in the broiler progeny, and 30% OTM may increase these responses. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Effects of preincubation heating of broiler hatching eggs during storage, flock age, and length of storage period on hatchability

POULTRY SCIENCE, 92(12), 3310–3313.

By: M. Gucbilmez*, S. Ozlu*, R. Shiranjang*, O. Elibol* & J. Brake n

author keywords: egg storage incubation; flock age; storage period; hatchability
TL;DR: Hatchability of fertile eggs from younger flocks had been reported to have many embryos at a stage of development where the hypoblast had not yet fully developed, such that heating during extended storage advanced these embryos to a more resistant stage. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Evaluation of soybean meal source and particle size on broiler performance, nutrient digestibility, and gizzard development

POULTRY SCIENCE, 92(11), 2914–2922.

By: W. Pacheco n, C. Stark n, P. Ferket n & J. Brake n

author keywords: digestibility; gizzard; particle size; soybean meal
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Husbandry; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion; Gizzard, Avian / drug effects; Gizzard, Avian / growth & development; Male; Particle Size; Random Allocation; Soybeans / chemistry; Zea mays / chemistry
TL;DR: Evaluating the effects of SBM source and particle size on broiler performance, gizzard weight, and nutrient digestibility revealed that chicks fed coarse particles of corn or ESBM exhibited higher protein digestibility compared with chicks fed only fine particles. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Farm and environmental distribution of Campylobacter and Salmonella in broiler flocks

RESEARCH IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 94(1), 33–42.

By: S. Thakur n, J. Brake n, S. Keelara n, M. Zou* & E. Susick n

author keywords: Campylobacter; Salmonella; Broiler; Antimicrobial resistance; Genotyping; Transmission
MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry; Animals; Campylobacter Infections / microbiology; Campylobacter jejuni / drug effects; Chickens / microbiology; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Environmental Microbiology; Feces / microbiology; Housing, Animal; Microbial Sensitivity Tests / veterinary; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Salmonella Infections, Animal / microbiology; Salmonella typhimurium / drug effects; Streptomycin / pharmacology; Tetracycline / pharmacology
TL;DR: The low prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella in the outdoor environment indicates that it may not be a significant reservoir for transmission of these pathogens on broiler farms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Thermal manipulations during broiler incubation alter performance of broilers to 70 days of age

POULTRY SCIENCE, 92(5), 1155–1163.

By: Y. Piestun*, S. Druyan*, J. Brake n & S. Yahav*

author keywords: broiler; thermal manipulation; feed conversion ratio; body temperature; breast muscle yield
MeSH headings : Abdominal Fat / anatomy & histology; Animal Husbandry / economics; Animals; Body Weight; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Feeding Behavior; Female; Hot Temperature; Male; Meat / economics; Meat / standards; Pectoralis Muscles / chemistry; Pectoralis Muscles / growth & development; Time Factors
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Thermal treatments prior to and during the beginning of incubation affect phenotypic characteristics of broiler chickens posthatching

POULTRY SCIENCE, 92(4), 882–889.

By: Y. Piestun*, S. Druyan*, J. Brake n & S. Yahav*

author keywords: broiler embryo; preincubation; sex determination period; secondary sex characteristic; testosterone
MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chickens / anatomy & histology; Chickens / genetics; Chickens / growth & development; Epigenesis, Genetic; Female; Hot Temperature; Male; Organ Size; Phenotype; Seasons; Sex Determination Processes; Sex Ratio; Time Factors
TL;DR: It was concluded that thermal treatments preincubation or during the sex determination period of incubation had a positive effect on hatchability, growth performance, and secondary sexual characteristics of broiler males and females, probably caused by the increase of plasma testosterone concentration in both sexes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Effect of incubation humidity and flock age on hatchability traits and posthatch growth in Pekin ducks

POULTRY SCIENCE, 91(9), 2390–2397.

By: A. El-Hanoun*, R. Rizk*, E. Shahein*, N. Hassan* & J. Brake n

author keywords: incubation; shell thickness; pore density; hatchability; duckling growth
MeSH headings : Aging / physiology; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Ducks / growth & development; Ducks / physiology; Fertility / physiology; Humidity; Ovum
TL;DR: It was concluded that duck eggs produced within a specific parental age period require a specific incubation RH to attain the best hatchability and posthatching duckling performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Evaluation of crumble and pellet quality on broiler performance and gizzard weight

Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11(14), 2453–2458.

By: B. Hu, C. Stark* & J. Brake*

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Broiler breeder manure phosphorus forms are affected by diet, location, and period of accumulation

POULTRY SCIENCE, 90(12), 2689–2696.

By: S. Casteel*, R. Maguire*, D. Israel*, C. Crozier* & J. Brake n

author keywords: manure phosphorus; phytase; broiler breeder; phytate; orthophosphate
MeSH headings : 6-Phytase / pharmacology; Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Female; Housing, Animal; Male; Manure / analysis; Phosphorus / chemistry; Phosphorus / metabolism; Time Factors; Water
TL;DR: Keeping breeder manures dry helps to avoid the mineralization of phytate to orthophosphate; this mineralization increased WSP(M) in this study, and thus increased the potential for elevated P loss in runoff when surface applied. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Maternal antibody transfer to broiler progeny varies among strains and is affected by grain source and cage density

POULTRY SCIENCE, 90(12), 2730–2739.

By: N. Leandro n, R. Ali n, M. Koci n, V. Moraes n, P. Eusebio-Balcazar n, J. Jornigan n, R. Malheiros n, M. Wineland n, J. Brake n, E. Oviedo-Rondon n

Contributors: N. Leandro n, R. Ali n, M. Koci n, V. Moraes n, P. Eusebio-Balcazar n, J. Jornigan n, R. Malheiros n, M. Wineland n, J. Brake n, E. Oviedo-Rondon n

author keywords: breeder nutrition; broiler progeny; genetic strain; lymphoid tissue
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Husbandry; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Antibodies / physiology; Chickens / genetics; Chickens / immunology; Diet / veterinary; Housing, Animal; Immunity, Maternally-Acquired / genetics; Immunity, Maternally-Acquired / physiology; Lymphoid Tissue
TL;DR: The results of these experiments suggest that breeder strain and cage-density conditions affected MatAb transfer to progeny and embryo development of spleen and bursa. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Broiler incubation. 2. Interaction of incubation and brooding temperatures on broiler chick feed consumption and growth

POULTRY SCIENCE, 88(6), 1321–1329.

By: N. Leksrisompong n, H. Romero-Sanchez*, P. Plumstead n, K. Brannan n, S. Yahav* & J. Brake n

author keywords: incubation; brooding; chick quality; feed consumption; livability
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / physiology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / metabolism; Chickens / physiology; Eating / physiology; Female; Incubators / veterinary; Male; Temperature
TL;DR: The results showed that the hot brooding litter temperature supported increased feed consumption during the first few days of brooding even for the chicks that had been subjected to high incubation temperature. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

The effects of oviposition time on egg weight loss during storage and incubation, fertility, and hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 88(12), 2712–2717.

By: A. Zakaria*, P. Plumstead n, H. Romero-Sanchez*, N. Leksrisompong n & J. Brake n

author keywords: oviposition time; egg storage; broiler breeder; egg weight loss; hatchability
MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / physiology; Female; Fertility; Male; Oviposition / physiology; Ovum / physiology; Time Factors
TL;DR: It was concluded that there was no effect of oviposition time on fertility or fertile hatchability even though there were significant differences in egg weight and egg weight loss during storage due to ovipposition time. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Effect of egg position during three and fourteen days of storage and turning frequency during subsequent incubation on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 87(6), 1237–1241.

By: O. Elibol* & J. Brake n

author keywords: storage length; storage position; turning frequency; hatchability; broiler hatching eggs
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight; Chickens; Female; Fertility / physiology; Male; Oviposition / physiology; Ovum / physiology; Time Factors
TL;DR: The detrimental effects of a long storage period may be practically ameliorated by either storage in the SEU position or by an increased turning frequency during subsequent incubation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Effect of egg weight and position relative to incubator fan on broiler hatchability and chick quality

Poultry Science, 87(9), 1913–1918.

By: O. Elibol & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Evaluation of phosphorus characterization in broiler ileal digesta, manure, and litter samples: P-31-NMR vs. HPLC

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, 37(2), 494–500.

By: A. Leytem*, P. Kwanyuen*, P. Plumstead n, R. Maguire* & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Gastrointestinal Contents / chemistry; Ileum; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Manure / analysis; Phosphorus / analysis; Phytic Acid / analysis
TL;DR: The quantification of phytate in all samples was very consistent between the two methods, and suggests that (31)P-NMR is a very reliable method for quantifying P compounds in manure/litter samples. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Feeding broiler breeder males. 4. Deficient feed allocation reduces fertility and broiler progeny body weight

POULTRY SCIENCE, 87(4), 805–811.

By: H. Romero-Sanchez*, P. Plumstead n, N. Leksrisompong n, K. Brannan n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder male; rearing nutrition; fertility; broiler performance
MeSH headings : Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight / physiology; Chickens / physiology; Eating / physiology; Energy Metabolism; Female; Fertility / physiology; Male; Nutritional Status / physiology
TL;DR: Adequate breeder male feed allocation during the production period improved fertility and favorably affected broiler progeny performance in both experiments, which suggests that the males with the greatest genetic potential were not mating at these times. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 magazine article

Incubation’s role in leg health

Poultry USA, 9(9), 32–34.

By: E. Oviedo-Rondón, M. Wineland, V. Christensen & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2008 journal article

Interaction of calcium and phytate in broiler diets. 1. Effects on apparent prececal digestibility and retention of phosphorus

POULTRY SCIENCE, 87(3), 449–458.

By: P. Plumstead n, A. Leytem*, R. Maguire*, J. Spears n, P. Kwanyuen* & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler; phosphorus; soybean meal; phytate; environment
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage; Calcium, Dietary / pharmacology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / metabolism; Digestion / drug effects; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Female; Ileum / metabolism; Intestinal Absorption / drug effects; Male; Nutritive Value; Phosphorus, Dietary / pharmacokinetics; Phytic Acid / administration & dosage; Phytic Acid / pharmacology; Random Allocation; Soybeans
TL;DR: It is suggested that increased dietary Ca reduced the extent of phytate P hydrolysis and P digestibility and that the optimum Ca:NPP ratio at which P retention was maximized was reduced when diets contained less phytte P. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Interaction of calcium and phytate in broiler diets. 2. Effects on total and soluble phosphorus excretion

POULTRY SCIENCE, 87(3), 459–467.

author keywords: broiler; soluble phosphorus; excreta; phytate; environment
MeSH headings : Adaptation, Physiological; Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Calcium, Dietary / pharmacology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / metabolism; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Drug Interactions; Female; Ileum / metabolism; Male; Phosphorus / metabolism; Phosphorus, Dietary / pharmacokinetics; Phytic Acid / pharmacology; Random Allocation; Solubility; Soybeans; Time Factors
TL;DR: The response in WSP to dietary manipulation was important from an environmental perspective because WSP in excreta has been related to potential for off-site P losses following land application. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Thermal manipulations during broiler embryogenesis: Effect on the acquisition of thermotolerance

POULTRY SCIENCE, 87(8), 1516–1525.

By: Y. Piestun*, D. Shinder*, M. Ruzal*, O. Halevy*, J. Brake n & S. Yahav*

author keywords: embryogenesis; thermal manipulation; broiler; thermotolerance; stress
MeSH headings : Adrenal Glands / physiology; Animals; Body Temperature Regulation / physiology; Body Weight / physiology; Chick Embryo / embryology; Corticosterone / blood; Embryonic Development / physiology; Female; Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / physiology; Male; Thyroid Gland / physiology; Thyroxine / blood; Triiodothyronine / blood
TL;DR: It was concluded that TM during the portion of embryogenesis when the thyroid and adrenal axis develop and mature had a long-lasting effect and improved the AT of broiler chickens. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Broiler incubation. 1. Effect of elevated temperature during late incubation on body weight and organs of chicks

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(12), 2685–2691.

By: N. Leksrisompong n, H. Romero-Sanchez*, P. Plumstead n, K. Brannan n & J. Brake n

author keywords: incubation; egg temperature; embryo development; embryo organ; heart
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / physiology; Chick Embryo; Chickens / growth & development; Female; Male; Ovum; Temperature
TL;DR: A striking feature of the chicks that developed at an elevated egg temperature was their white color as compared with the yellow color of chicks from eggs incubated at more normal temperatures. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Effects of dietary metabolizable energy and protein on early growth responses of broilers to dietary lysine

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(12), 2639–2648.

By: P. Plumstead n, H. Romero-Sanchez*, N. Paton, J. Spears n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler; protein; lysine; amino acid; metabolizable energy
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Fats / pharmacology; Dietary Proteins / pharmacology; Dietary Supplements; Energy Metabolism / physiology; Female; Lysine / pharmacology; Male
TL;DR: Two studies evaluated effects of metabolizable energy (ME), digestible Lys (dLys), and amino acid (AA) balance on broiler performance and confirmed that the dLys requirement of broilers was dependent on the dietary CP. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Effects of phosphorus level and phytase in broiler breeder rearing and laying diets on live performance and phosphorus excretion

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(2), 225–231.

author keywords: broiler breeder; phosphorus; phytase; environment; litter
MeSH headings : 6-Phytase / pharmacology; Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Biological Availability; Chickens / growth & development; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Supplements; Feces / chemistry; Female; Male; Oviposition / drug effects; Phosphorus / analysis; Phosphorus / metabolism; Phosphorus / pharmacology; Weight Gain / drug effects
TL;DR: Results showed that phytase inclusion in a broiler breeder laying diet at the expense of all added P from dicalcium phosphate reduced the manure total P and WSP concentrations by 42%, with no effect on the number of chicks produced per hen housed. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Feeding broiler breeder males. 1. Effect of feeding program and dietary crude protein during rearing on body weight and fertility of broiler breeder males

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(1), 168–174.

By: H. Romero-Sanchez*, P. Plumstead n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder; feeding program; crude protein; fertility
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Husbandry / methods; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Chickens / growth & development; Diet / veterinary; Dietary Proteins / pharmacology; Fertility / drug effects; Male; Time Factors
TL;DR: The data suggested that BW during the early rearing period did not affect fertility, but an increased BW due to either providing fast feed increments toward the end of the rearing Period (Concave) or feeding a 17% CP diet produced males that were unable to sustain fertility after 40 wk of age without an appropriate allocation of feed. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Feeding broiler breeder males. 2. Effect of cumulative rearing nutrition on body weight, shank length, comb height, and fertility

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(1), 175–181.

By: H. Romero-Sanchez*, P. Plumstead n, N. Leksrisompong n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder male; rearing nutrition; fertility; body weight; shank length
MeSH headings : Aging; Animal Feed; Animal Husbandry / methods; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight; Chickens / anatomy & histology; Chickens / growth & development; Diet / veterinary; Female; Fertility / physiology; Male; Oviposition
TL;DR: A cumulative nutrient intake during the rearing period of 29,580 kcal of ME and 1,470 g of CP was minimally sufficient for subsequent male reproductive performance and both low plane groups exhibited better fertility during late production. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Feeding broiler breeder males. 3. Effect of feed allocation program from sixteen to twenty-six weeks and subsequent feed increments during the production period on body weight and fertility

POULTRY SCIENCE, 86(4), 775–781.

By: H. Romero-Sanchez*, P. Plumstead n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder; feeding program; fertility; body weight
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Body Weight / physiology; Chickens / growth & development; Diet; Energy Intake; Fertility; Male; Weight Gain / physiology
TL;DR: Two experiments were conducted to compare different feed allocation programs from 16 to 26 wk of age and during the subsequent production period on broiler breeder male BW and fertility and found increasing male feed allocation during the production period improved fertility. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

What aspect of dietary modification in broilers controls litter water-soluble phosphorus: Dietary phosphorus, phytase, or calcium?

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, 36(2), 453–463.

By: A. Leytem*, P. Plumstead n, R. Maguire*, P. Kwanyuen* & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : 6-Phytase / administration & dosage; Animals; Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage; Chickens; Diet; Female; Male; Manure / analysis; Phosphorus / analysis; Phosphorus, Dietary / administration & dosage
TL;DR: While feeding reduced AvP diets with phytase decreased litter total P, the ratio of Ca/AvP in the diet was primarily responsible for effects on WSP, important from an environmental perspective as the amount of WSP in litter could be related to potential for off-site P losses following land application of litter. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Effect of egg turning angle and frequency during incubation on hatchability and incidence of unhatched broiler embryos with head in the small end of the egg

POULTRY SCIENCE, 85(8), 1433–1437.

By: O. Elibol* & J. Brake n

author keywords: turning angle; turning frequency; hatchability; malposition; broiler hatching egg
MeSH headings : Aging; Agriculture / methods; Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens; Female; Fertility / physiology; Mortality; Oviposition; Ovum / growth & development; Ovum / physiology; Random Allocation; Time Factors
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that the incidence of malpositioned embryos was increased by a reduced turning angle, but that this effect was ameliorated by a concomitant increase in turning frequency. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Effect of flock age, cessation of egg turning, and turning frequency through the second week of incubation on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

Poultry Science, 85(8), 1498–1501.

By: O. Elibol* & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Aging / physiology; Agriculture / methods; Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens / physiology; Female; Male; Ovum / physiology; Time Factors
TL;DR: Hatching eggs from commercial broiler breeder flocks were stored for 2 d at 18 degrees C and 75% RH and subjected to turning frequencies of 24 or 96 times daily up to 8, 10, 12, or 14 d of incubation to determine if an increased turning frequency would facilitate an early cessation of turning. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 encyclopedia entry

Impact of diet modification on manure phosphorus as fertilizer

In R. Lal (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Soil Science (pp. 1285–1287).

By: R. Maguire, J. Brake & P. Plumstead

Ed(s): R. Lal

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2006 journal article

Impact of diet, moisture, location, and storage on soluble phosphorus in broiler breeder manure

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, 35(3), 858–865.

By: R. Maguire n, P. Plumstead n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens; Female; Male; Manure / analysis; Phosphorus / analysis; Solubility; Water / analysis
TL;DR: As total P and WSP are indicators of the long and short term impacts manure applications can have on P losses from manured soils, diet modification should be seen as environmentally beneficial. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Nuevos paradigmas de la incubacion y crianza temprana

Avicultura Profesional, 24, 25–27.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2005 journal article

Culture of chicken embryos in surrogate eggshells

POULTRY SCIENCE, 84(9), 1477–1482.

By: S. Borwornpinyo, J. Brake n, P. Mozdziak n & J. Petitte n

author keywords: surrogate eggshell; avian embryo culture; transgenic bird; hatchability
MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Egg Shell; Time Factors; Tissue Culture Techniques / methods; Tissue Culture Techniques / veterinary; Turkeys
TL;DR: Hatchability of cultured embryos cultured in turkey eggshells and sealed with Handi Wrap exhibited higher hatchability than cultures sealed with Saran Wrap, which suggested that Handi wrap was an excellent sealant for chick embryos cultured after 3 d of incubation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 article

Dietary strategies for reduced phosphorus excretion and improved water quality

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, Vol. 34, pp. 2093–2103.

By: R. Maguire n, Z. Dou*, J. Sims*, J. Brake n & B. Joern*

MeSH headings : Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Dairying / methods; Diet; Fresh Water / chemistry; Manure; Phosphorus / metabolism; Phosphorus / pharmacology; Poultry; Soil; Solubility; Swine
TL;DR: The major strategies for reducing dietary P in different species are outlined, the literature on the impact of these approaches on P forms in manures and amended soils are reviewed, and the potential beneficial effects on animal agriculture and the environment are discussed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Evaluation of transgenic hybrid corn (VIP3A) in broiler chickens

Poultry Science, 84(3), 503–512.

By: J. Brake n, M. Faust* & J. Stein*

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Bacterial Proteins / genetics; Body Weight; Chickens / blood; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Female; Gene Expression; Insecticides; Male; Meat; Mortality; Pest Control, Biological; Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics; Seeds; Zea mays / genetics
TL;DR: The transgenic VIP3A hybrid diets numerically supported the most rapid broiler chicken growth, the second lowest mortality rate and best FCR, without practical differences in carcass yield. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Evolution of the management of male broiler breeders. [Günümüzde yetiştirilen broiler damızlıklarda (Horoz) bakım-idare ile ilgili gelişmeler]

Performans, 83, 51.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2005 journal article

Evolution of the management of yield-type female broiler breeders. [Günümüzde yetiştirilen broiler damızlıklarda (Tavuk) bakım-idare ile ilgili gelişmeler]

Performans, 78, 41.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2005 review

Nutrition and management of heat-stressed pullets and laying hens

[Review of ]. WORLDS POULTRY SCIENCE JOURNAL, 61(3), 399–406.

By: D. Balnave n & J. Brake n

author keywords: heat stress; growing pullets; laying hens; heat loss; dietary manipulation
TL;DR: Recent research has confirmed that optimum production during lay depends on the adult hen having an adequate gut capacity and sufficient nutrition during rearing, and egg production during moderate heat stress can be improved by increasing the intake of protein relative to energy. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Oviposition pattern, egg weight, fertility, and hatchability of young and old broiler breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 84(9), 1505–1509.

By: A. Zakaria*, P. Plumstead n, H. Romero-Sanchez n, N. Leksrisompong n, J. Osborne n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder; egg sequence; oviposition time; fertility; hatchability
MeSH headings : Aging; Animals; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens / physiology; Egg White; Female; Fertility; Male; Oviposition; Ovum / physiology; Reproduction; Time Factors
TL;DR: Although there were differences in egg weight among eggs at different times of the day (different sequence positions), there were no differences in fertility, fertile hatchability, or embryonic mortality in naturally mated broiler breeders. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 magazine article

Rearing nutrition and feeding for female broiler breeders

The Poultry Professional Magazine, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa, 3(1), 4–6.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2005 journal article

The influence of dietary sodium chloride, Arginine : Lysine ratio, and methionine source on apparent ileal digestibility of arginine and lysine in acutely heat-stressed broilers

POULTRY SCIENCE, 84(2), 294–297.

By: J. Chen*, X. Li*, D. Balnave* & J. Brake n

author keywords: arginine; lysine; sodium chloride; ileal digestibility; amino acid
MeSH headings : Amino Acids / administration & dosage; Amino Acids / metabolism; Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Arginine / administration & dosage; Chickens / metabolism; Chickens / physiology; Diet / veterinary; Digestion / physiology; Heat Stress Disorders / physiopathology; Heat Stress Disorders / veterinary; Hot Temperature / adverse effects; Ileum / physiology; Lysine / administration & dosage; Male; Methionine / administration & dosage; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Sodium Chloride, Dietary / pharmacology
TL;DR: It is suggested that dietary NaCl could affect the apparent ileal digestibility of Arg and Lys at certain Arg:Lys ratios and the response may be influenced by the Met source. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 review

Evidence supporting the hypothesis that ambient temperature and dietary composition influence the relative efficacy of methionine and its hydroxy analogues for broilers: A review

[Review of ]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 13(4), 693–700.

By: D. Balnave* & J. Brake n

author keywords: methionine; methionine hydroxy analogue; arginine; lysine; sodium chloride
TL;DR: Data exist that demonstrate that particular dietary factors and ambient temperature could inadvertently influence the outcome of efficacy studies, and suggest that the selection of methionine activity source in practical conditions should be tempered by knowledge of the prevailing Arg:Lys ratio, dietary salt inclusion levels, and the thermal environment. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Identification of critical periods for turning broiler hatching eggs during incubation

BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 45(5), 631–637.

By: O. Elibol* & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Agriculture / methods; Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Female; Incubators / veterinary; Male; Time Factors
TL;DR: The most critical period for turning commercial broiler hatching eggs during incubation was from 0 to 7’d with the single most critical 2-d period being 0 to 2 d. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 report

Broiler breeder nutrition and management

(No. PO51). Singapore 238881: American Soybean Association.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2003 report

Current status of “designer” soybeans – oil and protein Traits

(No. AN36-2003). Singapore 238881: American Soybean Association.

By: J. Brake, R. Wilson, J. Burton, S. Huber, D. Israel, G. Shannon, S. Anand, D. Sleper, V. Pantalone, J. Wilcox

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2003 journal article

Effect of frequency of turning from three to eleven days of incubation on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 82(3), 357–359.

By: O. Elibol* & J. Brake*

author keywords: turning frequency; hatchability; embryonic mortality; broiler hatching egg
MeSH headings : Agriculture / methods; Animals; Chick Embryo / physiology; Female; Oviposition; Ovum / physiology; Time Factors
TL;DR: Hatching eggs from broiler breeder flocks at 37, 41, 59, and 63 wk of age were stored for 1 or 2 d at 18 C and 75% RH and then turned 24, 48, or 96 times per day from 3 to 11 d of incubation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Evaluation of transgenic event Bt11 hybrid corn in broiler chickens

POULTRY SCIENCE, 82(4), 551–559.

By: J. Brake n, M. Faust n & J. Stein n

author keywords: transgenic corn; transgenic maize; N7070Bt corn; N7070Bt maize; broiler
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight; Chickens / growth & development; Female; Male; Nutritive Value; Pesticides / analysis; Plant Proteins / genetics; Plants, Genetically Modified; Random Allocation; Sex Characteristics; Survival Analysis; Zea mays / chemistry; Zea mays / genetics
TL;DR: The transgenic N70 70Bt and N7070Bt + Liberty hybrid diets supported excellent broiler chicken growth with mortality and FCR that were similar to that supported by the N7060 isoline control and better than rates from the commercial NC2000 corn without significant differences among treatment groups in carcass yield. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 magazine article

Methionine source comparisons depend on diet and temperature

Asian Poultry Magazine, 24, 26, 28.

By: J. Brake & D. Balnave

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2003 magazine article

Raw material sampling: Managing nutrients and profits

Feed Management, 54(2), 21, 22, 24.

By: P. Plumstead & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2003 journal article

Responses of broilers at moderate or high temperatures to dietary arginine: lysine ratio and source of supplemental methionine activity

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, 54(2), 177–181.

By: J. Chen, J. Hayat, B. Huang, D. Balnave & J. Brake*

author keywords: feed intake; bodyweight gain; DL-methionine; 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio) butanoic acid; Alimet; acute heat stress
TL;DR: Under acute heat stress conditions the choice of a supplemental source of methionine activity should be dependent upon the dietary arg:lys ratio, and the BW gain of broilers fed HMB was significantly greater than that of broiler fed DLM. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Effect of flock age, length of egg storage, and frequency of turning during storage on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 81(7), 945–950.

By: O. Elibol*, S. Peak* & J. Brake*

author keywords: turning; egg storage; hatchability; embryonic mortality; broiler hatching egg
MeSH headings : Aging; Agriculture / methods; Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens; Fertility; Ovum / physiology; Temperature; Time Factors
TL;DR: A significant interaction of flock age x turning in storage for hatchability of fertile eggs in Experiment 1 suggested that eggs from an older broiler breeder flock that exhibit reduced fertility benefited more from turning during storage than did eggs from a young broiler Breeder flock. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Effects of the tricothecene mycotoxin diacetoxyscirpenol on egg production of broiler breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 81(12), 1807–1810.

By: J. Brake n, P. Hamilton n & R. Kittrell n

author keywords: mycotoxin; broiler breeder; diacetoxyscirpenol; tricothecene; egg production
MeSH headings : Aging; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Diet; Egg Shell / anatomy & histology; Egg White; Egg Yolk; Eggs; Female; Mycotoxins / administration & dosage; Mycotoxins / pharmacology; Organ Size; Oviposition / drug effects; Trichothecenes / administration & dosage; Trichothecenes / pharmacology
TL;DR: Long-term consumption of DAS at levels that might naturally occur appears to have little effect on broiler breeder egg production and egg quality of broiler breeders. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 speech

Improve chick quality by monitoring embryo and chick temperatures using the Braun Thermoscan infrared thermometer

Poster (in English and Thai language versions).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2002 magazine article

NC State is working to supply more mill managers

Feed Management, 53(6), 11–12, 13.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2002 magazine article

Nutrition and rearing of pullets

Asian Poultry Magazine, (October Issue), 26, 28, 30–31.

By: J. Brake, K. Anderson & G. Davis

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2002 review

Re-evaluation of the classical dietary arginine : lysine interaction for modern poultry diets: a review

[Review of ]. WORLDS POULTRY SCIENCE JOURNAL, 58(3), 275–289.

By: D. Balnave* & J. Brake

author keywords: arginine; lysine; Arg : Lys ratio; methionine; dietary electrolytes
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 magazine article

The first load of feed-can we do better?

Asian Poultry Magazine, (Jan/Feb), 28–32.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2002 journal article

The role of bile in early gastrointestinal development in poultry

AFMA Matrix (South African), 11(3), 17–21.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2001 journal article

Different responses of broilers at low, high, or cyclic moderate-high temperatures to dietary sodium bicarbonate supplementation due to differences in dietary formulation

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, 52(6), 609–613.

By: D. Balnave & J. Brake*

author keywords: protein ingredients; bodyweight gain; feed intake; feed conversion
TL;DR: Feed intake and bodyweight gain of broilers exposed to constant high or diurnal cyclic temperature regimens were similar and significantly poorer than those of broiler exposed to low temperatures. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Effects of incubational humidity and hen age on embryo composition in broiler hatching eggs from young breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 80(9), 1299–1304.

By: E. Peebles*, M. Burnham*, C. Gardner*, J. Brake n, J. Bruzual n & P. Gerard*

author keywords: broiler breeder; embryo; incubation; relative humidity
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animals; Body Composition; Body Weight; Breeding / methods; Chick Embryo / chemistry; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Female; Humidity; Incubators; Male; Time Factors
TL;DR: It was demonstrated that broiler breeder age affects embryogenesis and hatching chick BW and changes in incubational RH between 43 and 63% affected embryogenesis without having associated effects on EM or consistent effects on embryo crude fat and protein content. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Effects of incubator humidity and hen age on yolk composition in broiler hatching eggs from young breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 80(10), 1444–1450.

By: M. Burnham*, E. Peebles*, C. Gardner*, J. Brake n, J. Bruzual n & P. Gerard*

author keywords: broiler breeder; embryo; incubation; relative humidity
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animals; Body Composition; Breeding; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens; Egg Yolk / chemistry; Humidity; Incubators / veterinary; Lipids / analysis; Yolk Sac / physiology
TL;DR: Rate of yolk uptake from the yolk sac by embryos may be increased by incubating eggs at 53% RH, and the effects of changes in RH between 43 and 63% on yolk lipid content are influenced by breeder age. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Effects of presence of a blastoderm on albumen height and pH of broiler hatching eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 80(7), 955–957.

By: C. Benton n, T. Walsh n & J. Brake n

author keywords: albumen; liquefaction; height; pH; ammonia
MeSH headings : Ammonia / metabolism; Animals; Blastoderm / physiology; Chick Embryo / physiology; Egg White / analysis; Eggs; Fertilization; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Time Factors
TL;DR: The results suggest that the embryo contributes to albumen liquefaction and that ammonia production by the embryo may account for the effect. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Effects of the ionophore anticoccidial semduramicin on broiler breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 80(3), 260–265.

By: J. Brake n, T. Cummings*, C. Pinedo* & K. Bafundo*

author keywords: broiler breeder; fertility; hatchability; coccidiostat; semduramicin
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects; Breeding; Chick Embryo / drug effects; Chickens / physiology; Coccidiosis / prevention & control; Coccidiosis / veterinary; Coccidiostats / adverse effects; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Female; Fertility / drug effects; Insemination, Artificial / veterinary; Ionophores / adverse effects; Male; Nigericin / adverse effects; Nigericin / analogs & derivatives; Oviposition / drug effects; Reproduction / drug effects; Time Factors
TL;DR: There was a decrease in cumulative fertile hatchability and a dose-related decrease after 3 wk exposure due to an increase in early embryonic mortality in Experiment 2, but these changes were not observed during the 1-wk exposure in Experiment 3. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 speech

Oasis hatchling supplement during transit improves egg production during lay

Poster presented at the Novus International, St. Louis, MO.

By: T. Walsh, S. Peak, C. Knight, C. Atwell, J. Dibner & J. Brake

Event: Novus International at St. Louis, MO

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

2000 journal article

Albumen height and yolk and embryo compositions in broiler hatching eggs during incubation

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(10), 1373–1377.

By: E. Peebles*, C. Gardner*, J. Brake n, C. Benton n, J. Bruzual n & P. Gerard*

author keywords: albumen height; broiler breeders; embryo; incubation; yolk
MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo / anatomy & histology; Chick Embryo / chemistry; Chickens; Egg White; Egg Yolk / chemistry; Fatty Acids / analysis; Female; Lipids / analysis; Male; Ovalbumin / physiology; Proteins / analysis; Time Factors; Water
TL;DR: Differences in yolk fatty acid profiles between AH groups during early incubation may impact subsequent embryo DM weight without associated effects on embryo moisture, protein, or lipid contents. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Development of a model to study Aspergillus fumigatus proliferation on the air cell membrane of in ovo injected broiler eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(11), 1536–1542.

By: C. Williams n, D. Murray* & J. Brake n

author keywords: Aspergillus fumigatus; egg yolk; egg injection; exposure model; hatchery
MeSH headings : Animals; Aspergillus fumigatus / growth & development; Chick Embryo / microbiology; Egg Shell; Egg Yolk / microbiology; Embryo Loss; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Morphogenesis
TL;DR: A statistically valid model was developed that can be used to evaluate various types of fungicidal treatments of hatching eggs and their relative efficacy in association with egg injection. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of atmospheric ammonia on albumen height and pH of fresh broiler breeder eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(11), 1562–1565.

By: C. Benton n & J. Brake n

author keywords: albumen; liquefaction; height; pH; ammonia
MeSH headings : Ammonia / pharmacology; Analysis of Variance; Animals; Chickens; Egg White / analysis; Eggs; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Microclimate
TL;DR: The results suggest that the presence of atmospheric ammonia contributes to albumen liquefaction. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of relative humidity during incubation on hatchability and body weight of broiler chicks from young breeder flocks

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(6), 827–830.

By: J. Bruzual n, S. Peak n, J. Brake n & E. Peebles*

author keywords: hatchability; embryo mortality; incubation; relative humidity; broiler breeders
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens / physiology; Humidity; Time Factors
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that, although a high RH during incubation produced chicks with increased BW at hatch, this extra weight was greatly reduced by time of pull, which suggests a significant rate of evaporation even in the presence of high RH. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of relative humidity during the last five days of incubation and brooding temperature on performance of broiler chicks from young broiler breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(10), 1385–1391.

By: J. Bruzual n, S. Peak n, J. Brake n & E. Peebles*

author keywords: hatchability; embryo mortality; incubation; young broiler breeders; brooding
MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo / physiology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Female; Humidity; Male; Temperature; Time Factors; Weight Gain
TL;DR: Chick quality problems that may be due to high or low RH during incubation can be ameliorated by proper brooding conditions, and optimal chick performance was achieved at 53% RH. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of the trichothecene mycotoxin diacetoxyscirpenol on feed consumption, body weight, and oral lesions of broiler breeders

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(6), 856–863.

By: J. Brake n, P. Hamilton n & R. Kittrell n

author keywords: mycotoxins; tricothecene; broiler breeder; mouth lesions; feed refusal
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Chickens / physiology; Eating / drug effects; Female; Male; Mouth Diseases / chemically induced; Mycotoxins / adverse effects; Trichothecenes / adverse effects
TL;DR: Evidence that DAS caused decreased BW and feed consumption as well as cytotoxic injury including oral lesions in broiler breeders is provided. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of two planes of nutrition on performance and uniformity of four strains of broiler chicks

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 9(2), 185–194.

By: S. Peak n, T. Walsh n, C. Benton n, J. Brake n & P. Van Horne

author keywords: body weight; broiler; carcass yield; feed conversion; nutrition; uniformity
TL;DR: The data indicate that uniformity may be negatively impacted by a lower than NRC plane of nutrition, but careful application of low protein diets along with selection of an appropriate processing age will minimize the negative impact. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Evaluation of application methods for control of Aspergillus fumigatus proliferation on the air cell membrane of in ovo injected broiler eggs

POULTRY SCIENCE, 79(11), 1531–1535.

By: C. Williams n & J. Brake n

author keywords: Aspergillus; fungi; egg injection; mold inhibitors
MeSH headings : Aerosols; Ammonia / pharmacology; Animals; Aromatase Inhibitors; Aspergillus fumigatus / drug effects; Aspergillus fumigatus / growth & development; Cell Division / drug effects; Chick Embryo / microbiology; Egg Shell; Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology; Fungicides, Industrial / administration & dosage; Fungicides, Industrial / pharmacology; Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology; Imidazoles / pharmacology; Propionates / pharmacology; Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / pharmacology
TL;DR: Three different techniques of applying fungicides and mold inhibitors were evaluated as control methods for Aspergillus fumigatus proliferation on the air cell membrane of eggs that were infertile or contained early dead embryos following in ovo egg injection to reduce the incidence of fungal proliferation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Dietary arginine: lysine ratio and methionine activity at elevated environmental temperatures

Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 8(1), 1–9.

By: D. Balnave*, J. Hayat* & J. Brake n

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Effects of feeding program and crude protein intake during rearing on fertility of broiler breeder females

POULTRY SCIENCE, 78(6), 827–832.

By: T. Walsh n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeders; fertility; crude protein; feeding programs
MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Dietary Proteins; Female; Fertility / physiology
TL;DR: Although the pullets reared on the convex program consumed 1,255 g CP, fertility was poor, probably due to the reduced rate of increase in feed allocation late in rearing that delayed oviduct development. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Effects of the tricothecene mycotoxin diacetoxyscirpenol on fertility and hatchability of broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 78(12), 1690–1694.

By: J. Brake n, P. Hamilton n & R. Kittrell n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Female; Fertility; Male; Mycotoxins / pharmacology; Oviposition; Ovum / physiology; Reproduction; Semen; Trichothecenes / administration & dosage; Trichothecenes / pharmacology
TL;DR: Low levels of DAS appeared to improve female-related fertility, presumably because of enhanced spermatozoal storage within the oviduct, and Conversely, DAS decreased male-relatedertility, presumably by direct toxic effects on the testes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Evolución del diseño y del manejo de los nidos mecánicos I.Evolución del diseño

Avicultura Profesional, 17(1), 29–31.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1999 journal article

Feeding the modern female broiler breeder

World Poultry-Elsevier, 15(11), 16–18.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1999 journal article

In ovo peptide YY administration improves growth and feed conversion ratios in week-old broiler chicks

POULTRY SCIENCE, 78(9), 1320–1322.

By: B. Coles n, W. Croom n, J. Brake n, L. Daniel n, V. Christensen n, C. Phelps n, A. Gore n, I. Taylor n

author keywords: peptide YY; chick; in ovo injection; feed conversion
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight; Chickens / physiology; Eggs; Energy Metabolism; Female; Growth; Male; Nutritional Status; Peptide YY / pharmacology
TL;DR: The results suggest that in ovo treatment of broiler chicken eggs with gastrointestinal hormones that increase intestinal nutrient absorption, such as PYY, may enhance chick performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Is intestinal absorption capacity rate-limiting for performance in poultry?

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 8(2), 242–252.

By: W. Croom n, J. Brake n, B. Coles n, G. Havenstein n, V. Christensen n, B. McBride*, E. Peebles*, I. Taylor*

author keywords: gastrointestinal peptides; genetic selection; intestinal absorption
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Modern feed management for the male bird

World Poultry (Doetinchem, Netherlands), 15(12), 16.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Recent advances in the feeding and nutrition of broiler breeders

World Poultry (Doetinchem, Netherlands), 15(8), 19.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Responses of broilers to sodium bicarbonate supplementation of diets containing varying arginine : lysine ratios

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, 50(3), 425–430.

By: D. Balnave* & J. Brake*

author keywords: temperature; food intake; weight gain; plasma amino acids
TL;DR: NaHCO3 alone had no direct effect on plasma amino acid patterns but was important in potentiating the elevated plasma arg : lys ratio responses observed at 31∞C in broilers receiving NaH CO3 in their diet. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate supplements for broilers can cause poor performance at high temperatures

BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 40(3), 411–418.

By: J. Hayat*, D. Balnave & J. Brake*

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Bicarbonates / administration & dosage; Bicarbonates / pharmacology; Body Weight; Chickens / metabolism; Dietary Supplements; Energy Intake; Hot Temperature; Male; Potassium Compounds / administration & dosage; Potassium Compounds / pharmacology; Sodium Bicarbonate / administration & dosage; Sodium Bicarbonate / pharmacology
TL;DR: Dietary supplements of NaHCO3 were more toxic to broiler chickens when supplied in the drinking water than in the diet, and appeared to be related to the intake of sodium and alterations to cellular membrane ionic potential. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 magazine article

Time-averaged temperature can help ventilation

Bottcher, R. W., Baughman, G. R., Brake, J., Carter, T. A., & Wineland, M. J. (1999, April 19). Poultry Times Special Supplement, 12A.

By: R. Bottcher, G. Baughman, J. Brake, T. Carter & M. Wineland

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1998 book

Broiler Processing

(J. N. Petitte, S. L. Pardue, & J. Brake, Eds.) [Internet-based textbook]. Pinnacle Strategic Resources.

By: Y. Thaxton

Ed(s): J. Petitte, S. Pardue & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1998 journal article

Dietary exposure of broiler breeders to aflatoxin results in immune dysfunction in progeny chicks

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(6), 812–819.

By: M. Qureshi n, J. Brake n, P. Hamilton n, W. Hagler n & S. Nesheim n

author keywords: aflatoxin feeding; broiler breeder; residues testing procedure; progeny immune functions; hatchability
MeSH headings : Aflatoxin B1 / pharmacokinetics; Aflatoxin B1 / pharmacology; Aflatoxins / administration & dosage; Aflatoxins / pharmacokinetics; Aflatoxins / pharmacology; Analysis of Variance; Animal Feed; Animals; Antibody Formation / drug effects; Aspergillus; Brucella abortus / immunology; Carcinogens / pharmacokinetics; Carcinogens / pharmacology; Chick Embryo; Chickens / immunology; Female; Fertility; Macrophages / drug effects; Macrophages / immunology; Oviposition; Phagocytosis / drug effects; Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
TL;DR: The findings of this study imply that the progeny chicks from hens consuming a AF-amended diet may be increasingly susceptible to disease owing to suppression of humoral and cellular immunity. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Economics of controlling ammonia emission from commercial layer farms

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH, 7(1), 61–68.

By: P. Horne, J. Brake n & C. Williams n

author keywords: ammonia; economics; lagoons; layers; model; nitrogen; poultry; waste management
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Equipment design for breeding flocks

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(12), 1833–1841.

By: J. Brake n

author keywords: nesting; cage design; behavior; feed restriction; fertility
MeSH headings : Animal Welfare; Animals; Breeding; Chickens / physiology; Female; Food Deprivation; Housing, Animal; Male
TL;DR: There is evidence that some undesirable behaviors and poor fertility may arise from inadequate rearing nutrition and that nutrition can influence the development of certain behaviors. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Evaluation of transgenic event 176 "Bt" corn in broiler chickens

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(5), 648–653.

By: J. Brake n & D. Vlachos n

author keywords: Bt corn; transgenic corn; Bt maize; transgenic maize; broiler
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Body Weight; Chickens / physiology; Female; Male; Plants, Genetically Modified; Zea mays
TL;DR: Broilers raised on diets prepared from the transgenic corn exhibited significantly better feed conversion ratios and improved yield of the Pectoralis minor breast muscle, and it was clear that thetransgenic corn had no deleterious effects in this study. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Fertility feeding

Feed Milling Int'l, 192(3), 12–16.

By: J. Brake & T. Walsh

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1998 journal article

Optimum dietary arginine : lysine ratio for broiler chickens is altered during heat stress in association with changes in intestinal uptake and dietary sodium chloride

BRITISH POULTRY SCIENCE, 39(5), 639–647.

By: J. Brake n, D. Balnave & J. Dibner

MeSH headings : Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Arginine / administration & dosage; Arginine / metabolism; Chickens / physiology; Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage; Dietary Proteins / metabolism; Heat Stress Disorders / physiopathology; Heat Stress Disorders / veterinary; In Vitro Techniques; Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism; Lysine / administration & dosage; Lysine / metabolism; Male; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Random Allocation; Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage
TL;DR: The results indicate that the ideal amino acid balance for broilers varies with ambient temperature. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Providing credentials to our graduates

POULTRY SCIENCE, 77(2), 208–210.

By: J. Brake n & S. Pardue n

author keywords: professionalism; examination; certification; regionalism
MeSH headings : Agriculture / education; Animals; Credentialing; Humans; Poultry; Universities / standards
TL;DR: Increased access to specialized poultry courses will assist in assuring that all graduates have excellent technical credentials, and to maintain their professional status, graduates would periodically participate in seminars and short courses and be encouraged to maintain active memberships in associations such as the Poultry Science Association. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Reducing leg weakness in commercial broilers

World Poultry-Elsevier, 14(1), 24–25, 27.

By: B. Bains, J. Brake & S. Pardue

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1998 journal article

The use of dietary minerals during heat stress in broilers

Professional Animal Scientists, 14(4), 193–196.

By: C. Benton n, D. Balnave* & J. Brake n

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 chapter

Broiler Breeder Management

In N. K. Ed. (Ed.), The Poultry Production Guide (pp. 1–37). Doetchem, The Netherlands: Misset International.

By: J. Brake

Ed(s): N. Ed.

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1997 journal article

Egg handling and storage

POULTRY SCIENCE, 76(1), 144–151.

By: J. Brake n, T. Walsh n, C. Benton n, J. Petitte n, R. Meijerhof n & G. Penalva n

author keywords: egg storage; albumen; hatchability; shell membranes; embryonic development
MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo; Chickens / genetics; Chickens / metabolism; Chickens / physiology; Egg Shell / physiology; Egg White; Eggs / standards; Food Handling / methods; Food Handling / standards; Food Preservation / methods; Food Preservation / standards; Humidity; Temperature; Time Factors
TL;DR: It is concluded that the major contributor is the albumen, as it is obviously the most dynamic component below physiological zero and is strategically positioned. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

Immune status -- the role of vitamins

Feed Mix, 5(1), 21.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

The effect of altering the dietary arginine to lysine ratio on the breast meat yield of broiler chickens at moderate and high temperatures

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, 48(5), 709–714.

By: I. Gorman, D. Balnave & J. Brake*

author keywords: broilers; temperature; arginine; lysine
TL;DR: Hypothesised response curves are presented to explain the differences in breast meat yield to arg : lys ratio at moderate and high temperatures and the pattern of the responses obtained from this experiment supports the hypothesis. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1997 journal article

The effect of nutrient intake during rearing of broiler breeder females on subsequent fertility

POULTRY SCIENCE, 76(2), 297–305.

By: T. Walsh n & J. Brake n

author keywords: broiler breeder; fertility; crude protein; body weight; photostimulation
MeSH headings : Aging; Analysis of Variance; Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens; Energy Intake; Female; Fertility; Growth; Male; Oviposition
TL;DR: Irrespective of cumulative energy intake or 20-wk BW, pullets that consumed less than 1,180 g of CP exhibited reduced fertility, demonstrating a relationship between CP intake by females during rearing and subsequent fertility. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1996 magazine article

Induced molting an effective tool

Milne's Poultry Digest, 11(4), 27.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1996 journal article

Manejos para controlar la ascitis

Avicultura Profesional, 14(3), 22–23, 25.

By: J. Brake & J. Garlich

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1996 journal article

Optimización del almacenaje de nuevos fértiles

Avicultura Profesional, 14(6), 26–31.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1996 magazine article

Optimization of egg handling and storage

World Poultry-Misset, 12(9), 33–39.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1996 journal article

The effect of broiler breeder flock age and length of egg storage on egg albumen during early incubation

Poultry Science, 75(9), 1069–1075.

By: C. Benton n & J. Brake n

author keywords: albumen; flock age; incubation; embryo; storage
MeSH headings : Aging / physiology; Analysis of Variance; Animals; Breeding; Chick Embryo / chemistry; Chick Embryo / physiology; Eggs / analysis; Female; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Ovalbumin / analysis; Ovalbumin / physiology; Time Factors
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1995 journal article

Effects of storage for 7 or 14 days at two temperatures in the presence or absence of carbon dioxide on albumen characteristics, weight loss and early embryonic mortality of broiler hatching eggs

Poultry Science, 74, 1403–1410.

By: T. Walsh, R. Rizk & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1995 journal article

Effects of strain and rearing dietary regimens on brown-egg pullet growth and strain, rearing dietary regimens, density, and feeder space effects on subsequent laying performance

Poultry Science, 74(7), 1079–1092.

By: K. Anderson n, G. Havenstein n & J. Brake n

author keywords: BROWN-EGG STRAINS; DIETARY REGIMENS; STEP-UP PROTEIN; STEP-DOWN PROTEIN; REVERSE PROTEIN
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens / genetics; Chickens / growth & development; Diet, Protein-Restricted / veterinary; Female; Housing, Animal; Oviposition / physiology; Reproduction / physiology; Species Specificity
TL;DR: The data suggest that the levels of dietary Ca and P should be increased with these programs to compensate for the reduced consumption associated with them. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1995 encyclopedia entry

Incubation and Hatching

In The Ratite Encyclopedia (pp. 103–116). San Antonio, TX: Ratite Records, Inc.

By: J. Brake & B. Rosseland

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1995 book

Physiological and Metabolic Functions of Ascorbic Acid in Commercial Chickens

Sydney: Roche Products Pty, LTD.

By: B. Bains & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1995 journal article

Relationship of Sex, Strain, and Body Weight to Carcass Yield and Offal Production in Turkeys

Poultry Science, 74(1), 161–168.

By: J. Brake n, G. Havenstein n, P. Ferket n, D. Rives n & F. Giesbrecht n

author keywords: TURKEY; OFFAL; CARCASS COMPONENTS; SEX; STRAIN
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Composition / physiology; Body Weight / physiology; Female; Male; Meat; Sex Factors; Species Specificity; Turkeys / physiology
TL;DR: Choice of strain, sex, and age at slaughter affect the projected production of edible carcass and offal components in three strains of market turkeys. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1995 journal article

Simulation analysis of a new temperature control method for poultry housing

Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 62, 237–245.

By: M. Timmons n, R. Gates n, R. Bottcher n, T. Carter n, J. Brake n & M. Wineland n

Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1995 journal article

Vertically directed mixing fans as an alternative to tunnel ventilation

World Poultry-Misset, 11(3), 24–29.

By: R. Bottcher, J. Brake, G. Baughman & J. Magura

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1995 journal article

Vertically directed mixing fans for cooling floor-raised poultry

Applied Engineering Agriculture, 11, 591–599.

By: R. Bottcher, J. Brake*, G. Baughman & J. Magura

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 journal article

A harness and computer system to facilitate automated body temperature data collection in heat-stressed broilers

Poultry Science, 73(6), 817–824.

By: B. Liljequist n, B. Jacobson n, T. Keeley n, R. Currin n, S. Pardue n, R. Bottcher n, J. Brake n

author keywords: BODY TEMPERATURE; HEAT DISTRESS; DATA COLLECTION; DATA LOGGER
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Temperature / physiology; Chickens / physiology; Data Collection / methods; Electronic Data Processing; Hot Temperature / adverse effects; Male; Stress, Physiological / physiopathology
TL;DR: This study indicates that Tc of hyperthermic birds can be superelevated by simulated manual placement of cloacal temperature probes and that fixed probes connected to an automated data monitoring and collection system is a relatively simple way to avoid this problem. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 journal article

Basics of ratite incubation

The Australian Ostrich Association Journal, (24), 11–15.

By: J. Brake & B. Rosseland

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 article

EFFECT OF AGE AND PRESENCE OF PERCHES DURING REARING ON TONIC IMMOBILITY FEAR REACTIONS OF BROILER BREEDER PULLETS

BRAKE, J., KEELEY, T. P., & JONES, R. B. (1994, September). POULTRY SCIENCE, Vol. 73, pp. 1470–1474.

By: J. Brake n, T. Keeley n & R. Jones*

author keywords: AGE; BROILER BREEDER; FEAR; PERCHES; TONIC IMMOBILITY
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Fear / physiology; Female; Immobilization / physiology
TL;DR: There was an apparent age-related increase in the duration of TI, which was attenuated by the provision of perches during rearing, and the results are discussed in terms of maturational and environmental influences on the development and alleviation of fear. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 journal article

Environmental agents vs layers

Canada Poultryman, 81(9), 29–32.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 magazine article

Feed removal remains predominant method of molt induction

Brake, J. (1994, June 20). The Poultry Times, XLI(13), 6–9.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 magazine article

Further refinements in the incubation and hatching of ratites

Brake, J., Davis, G. S., Rosseland, B., & Delfel, S. (1994, February). The Ostrich News, 7(65), 54–59.

By: J. Brake, G. Davis, B. Rosseland & S. Delfel

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 patent

Male only grill for poultry feeding

Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

By: J. Brake, T. Khamidullin & L. Samnilova

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1994 journal article

Management programs for optimum broiler breeder performance (in Korean)

Korean Poultry Journal, 99–106.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 magazine article

Properly managed air can correct many house problems

The Poultry Times, XLI(20, Sept. 26), 18.

By: J. Brake & B. Liljequist

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 journal article

Reducing mixing fan thermostat set points in naturally ventilated broiler housing during hot weather

Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 3, 289–296.

By: R. Bottcher n, P. Bisesi, J. Brake n, S. Pardue n & A. Etheredge*

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 journal article

Reevaluando las práticas de manejo

Industria Avicola, 41(7), 30–32.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1994 journal article

Relationship between shell porosity, shell thickness, egg weight loss, and embryonic development in Japanese Quail eggs

Poultry Science, 73, 1607–1611.

By: F. Soliman n, R. Rizk n & J. Brake n

author keywords: JAPANESE QUAIL; WEIGHT LOSS; POROSITY; SHELL THICKNESS; EMBRYO MORTALITY
MeSH headings : Animals; Coturnix / embryology; Coturnix / physiology; Egg Shell / anatomy & histology; Embryo, Nonmammalian / physiology; Ovum / physiology; Porosity; Weight Loss
TL;DR: The data suggest that ED eggs exhibit excessive weight loss even though shell porosity was lower and shell thickness was similar to other egg types, which suggests that some functional component of the egg such as the shell membrane or albumen may contribute to thiscessive weight loss. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1993 magazine article

Broiler breeder feeding, fleshing, frame and reproduction

Brake, J., & Blakely, J. R. (1993, January 18). Feedstuffs, 65(3), 30–32.

By: J. Brake & J. Blakely

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1993 journal article

EXCLUSION OF BROILER BREEDER FEMALES FROM MALE FEEDERS WITH A MALE ONLY GRILL .1. BEHAVIORAL AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

POULTRY SCIENCE, 72(3), 429–436.

By: J. Brake n, T. Khamidullin* & . Fisinin

author keywords: BROILER BREEDERS; FEEDING BEHAVIOR; SEPARATE FEEDING; EXCLUSION GRILL; BODY MEASUREMENTS
MeSH headings : Analysis of Variance; Animal Husbandry / methods; Animals; Biometry; Chickens; Equipment Design; Feeding Behavior; Female; Male; Sex Characteristics
TL;DR: A series of experiments was conducted in order to develop a feeder grill that would allow broiler breeder males, but not females, to eat. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

Effect of incubation humidity and flock age on hatchability of broiler hatching eggs

Poultry Science, 72(2), 251–258.

By: S. Vick n, J. Brake n & T. Walsh n

author keywords: BROILERS; INCUBATION HUMIDITY; FLOCK AGE; HATCHABILITY; EARLY EMBRYONIC MORTALITY
TL;DR: The data suggest that lower incubation wet bulb temperature overcomes barriers to water loss and vital gas diffusion, which are evident in small eggs from young flocks but not present in larger eggs from older flocks. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

Hatchability of broiler eggs as influenced by storage and internal quality

Zootecnica International, (1), 30.

By: J. Brake, T. Walsh & S. Vick

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

INFLUENCE OF NEST PAD COLOR ON NEST PREFERENCE, PERCENTAGE OF FLOOR EGGS, AND EGG-PRODUCTION OF BROILER BREEDER HENS

POULTRY SCIENCE, 72(9), 1663–1666.

By: J. Brake n

author keywords: NESTING; COLOR; BROILER BREEDERS; FLOOR EGGS; ASTROTURF(R) NEST PADS
TL;DR: Broiler breeder hens offered a choice between brown and one of the other three colors within a single pen, and eggs laid per week per nest hole were counted, and hens significantly preferred gray over brown, and this preference persisted even when the pad color arrangement was reversed at 49 wk of age. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

Light intensity and sex ratio effects on egg production, egg quality characteristics, and fertility in breeder pekin ducks

Poultry Science, 72(1), 23–29.

By: G. Davis n, C. Parkhurst n & J. Brake n

author keywords: PEKIN DUCKLING; EGG PRODUCTION; LIGHT INTENSITY; SEX RATIO; HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT
TL;DR: It was concluded that H PS light of 172 lx can enhance egg production in breeder Pekin ducklings prior to peak production (37 wk), and HPS light can improve fertility following the peak egg production period. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

Nest pad color can be used to reduce floor eggs

Poultry Digest, 52(7), 28.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 report

Progress in induced molting: The use of house temperature to improve your program

(No. HLST 16; p. 4).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1993 magazine article

Pullet flock chicks should be segregated for extra care

Brake, J. T. (1993, August 2). Poultry Times, 40(16), 20.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1993 journal article

RECENT ADVANCES IN INDUCED MOLTING

POULTRY SCIENCE, 72(5), 929–931.

By: J. Brake n

author keywords: MOLT; ZINC; FEED DEPRIVATION; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; REPRODUCTION
TL;DR: Evidence suggests that restructuring of receptor or membrane functions in the oviduct is the basis for rejuvenation in molt induction methods and a body weight loss of about 30% appears to be necessary for appropriate restructuring of the shell gland. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

Relationship of Sex, Age, and Body Weight to Broiler Carcass Yield and Offal Production

Poultry Science, 72(6), 1137–1145.

By: J. Brake n, G. Havenstein n, S. Scheideler n, P. Ferket n & D. Rives n

author keywords: OFFAL; SEX; AGE; CARCASS COMPONENTS; BROILERS
TL;DR: Male and female broilers (feather-sexable strain) at 28, 35, 42, and 49 days of age were utilized to determine the effect of sex, age, and BW on yield of various offal and edible carcass components. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1993 journal article

Relationship of egg storage time, storage conditions, flock age, eggshell and albumen characteristics, incubation conditions, and machine capacity to broiler hatchability - Review and model synthesis

Zootechnica International, 16(1), 30–41.

By: J. Brake, T. Walsh & S. Vick

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1993 journal article

Relative bio-availability of L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate in broiler chickens

Poult. Sci, 72(7), 1330–1338.

By: S. Pardue n, J. Brake n, P. Seib* & X. Wang*

author keywords: ASCORBIC ACID; VITAMIN-C; ASCORBYL POLYPHOSPHATE; BROILER CHICKENS
MeSH headings : Animals; Ascorbic Acid / administration & dosage; Ascorbic Acid / analogs & derivatives; Ascorbic Acid / blood; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacokinetics; Biological Availability; Chickens / blood; Drinking; Eating; Feeding Behavior; Female; Food, Fortified
TL;DR: It was concluded that APP was of similar bioavailability to that of AsA, as estimated by the ability to elevate plasma AsA concentrations in broiler chicks. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

A mathematical model for estimation of broiler egg weight loss from physical dimensions and air cell size during incubation

Poult. Sci, 71(4), 625–630.

By: L. Phillips n, S. Ellner n, R. Oukama n & J. Brake n

author keywords: PERCENTAGE WEIGHT LOSS; MATHEMATICAL MODEL; MATHEMATICAL FORMULA; INCUBATION; HATCHABILITY
MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo / anatomy & histology; Eggs / standards; Models, Biological
TL;DR: Data suggest that the equation can be used to calculate percentage weight loss until approximately the 16th day of incubation, when embryo size and distortion of the air cell caused inaccuracies to develop. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

Maintenance of duodenum weight during a molt induced by dietary zinc in a low calcium diet

Poultry Science, 71(8), 1408–1411.

By: S. Breeding n, W. Berry n & J. Brake n

author keywords: ZINC; MOLT; DUODENUM; LOW-CALCIUM DIET; INDUCED MOLT
MeSH headings : Animals; Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage; Chickens / physiology; Duodenum / anatomy & histology; Female; Food, Formulated; Organ Size / drug effects; Zinc / pharmacology
TL;DR: The duodenal loop was excised from hens that had been induced to molt by a low-calcium diet containing 2,800 ppm zinc in the form of zinc sulfate heptahydrate and there was a persistency of tissue mass. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 journal article

Mechanisms of and metabolic requirements for complete and rapid reproductive rejuvenation during an induced molt - a brief review

Ornis Scand., 23, 335–339.

By: J. Brake*

Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1992 journal article

Molt induced by dietary zinc in a low calcium diet

Poultry Science, 71(1), 168–180.

By: S. Breeding n, J. Brake n, J. Garlich n & A. Johnson*

author keywords: MOLT; ZINC; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; FOLLICULAR ATRESIA; LOW-CALCIUM DIET
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage; Chickens / physiology; Eating / drug effects; Feathers / drug effects; Female; Oviposition / drug effects; Zinc / administration & dosage; Zinc / pharmacology
TL;DR: All hens that consumed zinc had significantly fewer days to last oviposition as compared with control hens, and this occurred without significant differences in body weight or feed consumption for the lowest zinc group. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1992 magazine article

New poultry feeding system developed

Brake, J. (1992, December 21). Poultry Times, 39(26), 14.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1992 journal article

Zinc-induced molt: Evidence for a direct inhibitory effect on granulosa cell steroidogenesis

Poultry Science, 71, 161–167.

By: A. Johnson* & J. Brake n

author keywords: OVARY; PROGESTERONE; CYCLIC ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE; MOLT; ZINC
MeSH headings : 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine / pharmacology; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Chickens / physiology; Colforsin / pharmacology; Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis; Eating / drug effects; Feathers / drug effects; Female; Follicle Stimulating Hormone / pharmacology; Granulosa Cells / drug effects; Granulosa Cells / metabolism; Luteinizing Hormone / pharmacology; Progesterone / biosynthesis; Sulfates / pharmacology; Zinc / pharmacology; Zinc Sulfate
TL;DR: Ovine follicle-stimulating hormone-stimulated cAMP accumulation and progesterone production in granulosa cells collected from 9- to 12-mm follicles were suppressed by co-incubation of cells with zinc, indicating both pre- and post-cAMP sites of action for zinc's inhibitory actions on progester one production in F1 granULosa cells. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1991 journal article

Hydrogen peroxide as an alternative hatching egg disinfectant

Poultry Science, 70(5), 1092–1098.

By: B. Sheldon n & J. Brake n

author keywords: HYDROGEN PEROXIDE; FORMALDEHYDE; DISINFECTION; HATCHING EGGS; HATCHABILITY
MeSH headings : Animals; Aspergillus niger / drug effects; Chickens; Disinfection / methods; Egg Shell / drug effects; Eggs / standards; Escherichia coli / drug effects; Fertility / drug effects; Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology; Permeability / drug effects; Proteus / drug effects; Pseudomonas fluorescens / drug effects; Salmonella typhimurium / drug effects; Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects
TL;DR: Under some conditions, H2O2 actually improved the hatching potential of fertile broiler eggs compared with hatchability of untreated eggs, and compared favorably to formaldehyde as a hatching egg disinfectant without adversely affecting hatch potential. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1991 journal article

Induced molt increases eggshell quality and calbindin-D28k content of eggshell gland and duodenum of aging hens (Gallus domesticus)

Poultry Science, 70(3), 655–657.

By: W. Berry n & J. Brake n

author keywords: INDUCED MOLT; CALBINDIN; SHELL GLAND; EGGSHELL QUALITY; ZINC
TL;DR: Both molting treatments significantly increased the amount of calbindin in the shell gland and duodenum of molted hens as compared with control hens at the 10th egg after return to egg production postmolt. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1991 chapter

New developments in restricted feeding

In L. Cuiping (Ed.), New Developments in Poultry Breeder's Restricted Feeding (pp. 10–14). Beijing, PRC: Beijing Poultry Breeding Co., LTD.

By: J. Brake

Ed(s): L. Cuiping

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1991 article

RESEARCH NOTE - LACK OF EFFECT OF A LIVE YEAST CULTURE ON BROILER BREEDER AND PROGENY PERFORMANCE

BRAKE, J. (1991, April). POULTRY SCIENCE, Vol. 70, pp. 1037–1039.

By: J. Brake n

author keywords: FERTILITY; LIVE YEAST CULTURE; EGG PRODUCTION; BROILERS; PROGENY PERFORMANCE
MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Eggs; Female; Fertility; Male; Oviposition; Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
TL;DR: Broiler breeders were fed corn and soybean diets containing 0, .1, .3, or .5% of a live yeast culture from 21 through 64 wk of age and there were no effects on broiler breeder or progeny performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1991 journal article

RETENTION OF LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY AFTER FEEDING CYROMAZINE (LARVADEX) FOR THE INITIAL 20 WEEKS OF LIFE OF SINGLE COMB WHITE LEGHORN LAYERS

POULTRY SCIENCE, 70(9), 1873–1875.

By: J. Brake n, R. Axtell n & W. Campbell

author keywords: CYROMAZINE; LARVICIDE; COMMERCIAL LAYERS; FLY CONTROL; BODY RETENTION
MeSH headings : Administration, Oral; Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens / metabolism; Feces / chemistry; Female; Houseflies; Insect Control / methods; Insecticides / administration & dosage; Insecticides / pharmacokinetics; Larva; Manure; Triazines / administration & dosage; Triazines / pharmacokinetics
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1991 magazine article

Ratite incubation - A framework for further refinement

Brake, J. T., & Rosseland, B. (1991, January). The Ostrich News, 4(28), 32–33.

By: J. Brake & B. Rosseland

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1991 magazine article

To manage stress, you must first understand its causes

Brake, J. T. (1991, June 17). Poultry Times, 38(12), 21.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1990 journal article

EFFECT OF 4 LEVELS OF ADDED FAT ON BROILER BREEDER PERFORMANCE

POULTRY SCIENCE, 69(10), 1659–1663.

By: J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Dietary Fats / administration & dosage; Eating; Female; Fertility; Light; Male; Oviposition; Reproduction; Weight Gain
TL;DR: The data are interpreted to mean that 4% added fat is near the optimum for broiler breeders, and chicks per hen was maximized at 4%added fat. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

EFFECT OF A QUATERNARY AMMONIUM SANITIZER FOR HATCHING EGGS ON THEIR CONTAMINATION, PERMEABILITY, WATER-LOSS, AND HATCHABILITY

POULTRY SCIENCE, 69(4), 517–525.

By: J. Brake n & B. Sheldon n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bacteria, Aerobic / drug effects; Colony Count, Microbial; Disinfection; Eggs; Enterobacteriaceae / drug effects; Food Contamination / prevention & control; Fungi / drug effects; Permeability / drug effects; Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / pharmacology; Sterilization; Water / metabolism
TL;DR: Hatchability of fertile eggs from a 32-wk-old flock was significantly increased, over 6.0%, by spraying 1.5% or 3.0% HES, which may be due to a change in eggshell permeability (respiration) caused by an interaction of HES with the eggshell cuticle. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

EFFECT OF FEEDING DIETS CONTAINING CORN TREATED WITH A COMMERCIAL MOLD INHIBITOR (MYCO CURB) ON BROILER-BREEDER PERFORMANCE

POULTRY SCIENCE, 69(1), 37–44.

By: J. Brake n, W. Hagler n & F. Jones n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animals; Antifungal Agents / pharmacology; Chickens / growth & development; Chickens / physiology; Female; Fertility; Food Contamination / analysis; Food Handling; Food Microbiology; Fungi / isolation & purification; Male; Mycotoxins / analysis; Oviposition; Zea mays
TL;DR: The data suggest that using corn treated with a mold inhibitor results in significantly better hatchability in broiler breeders than untreated corn, although there were no observed differences in the incidence of mycotoxins in the samples taken. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

Effect of dry bulb temperature, relative humidity and eggshell conductance on egg weight loss during days 17 to 21 of incubation

Poultry Science, 69(4), 545–553.

By: G. Stikeleather Swann n & J. Brake n

TL;DR: Broiler hatching eggs of similar weight were incubated at 37.2 C dry-bulb temperature and a relative humidity of 59% and partially dipped in colloid solution to seal the pores in the pointed region of the eggshell to alter eggshell conductance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

Effect of dry bulb temperature, relative humidity and eggshell conductance on egg weight loss during the first three days of incubation

Poultry Science, 69(4), 535–544.

By: G. Stikeleather Swann n & J. Brake n

Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

El problema está en la caseta de recria

Industria Avicola, 37(3), 8–14.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1990 magazine article

Importance of sanitation for breeding birds

Brake, J. T. (1990, January). The Ostrich News, 3(16), 20–21.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1990 patent

Method for sanitizing and improving the hatchability of hatchery eggs

Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

By: B. Sheldon & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 journal article

Nidos mecanicos? Que la gallina le responda

Industria Avicola, 37(2), 18–19.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1990 journal article

Relationship of incubation dry bulb and wet bulb temperatures to time of hatch and chick weight at hatch

Poultry Science, 69(6), 887–897.

By: G. Stikeleather Swann & J. Brake n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 magazine article

Some features to consider when buying mechanical nests

Poultry Digest, 49(2), 18–20.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1990 journal article

THE EFFECT OF A 2-HOUR INCREASE IN PHOTOPERIOD AT 18-WEEKS-OF-AGE ON BROILER BREEDER PERFORMANCE

POULTRY SCIENCE, 69(6), 910–914.

By: J. Brake n

TL;DR: Broiler-breeder males may be photostimulated to mature and exhibit increased fertility without adversely affecting female reproductive performance when grown in the same light environment as the females. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1990 magazine article

The broiler for the 1990's - Are primary breeders addressing the needs of the industry?

Brake, J. T. (1990, April). Broiler Industry, 53(4), 40–42.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1989 journal article

COMPARISON OF LIGHTING REGIMENS DURING GROWTH ON SUBSEQUENT SEASONAL REPRODUCTIVE-PERFORMANCE OF BROILER BREEDERS

POULTRY SCIENCE, 68(1), 79–85.

By: J. Brake n & G. Baughman n

TL;DR: It is suggested that the use of low intensity (20 lx) incandescent light during rearing increases the sensitivity of broiler breeders to fall and winter laying conditions. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1989 journal article

EFFECTS OF CGA-72662 (LARVADEX) IN TURKEYS DURING REARING AND REPRODUCTION

POULTRY SCIENCE, 68(6), 731–738.

By: J. Brake n, J. Ort n, D. Wages n & W. Campbell

MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animal Feed; Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Eating / drug effects; Female; Fertility / drug effects; Juvenile Hormones / administration & dosage; Juvenile Hormones / adverse effects; Juvenile Hormones / pharmacology; Male; Oviposition; Reproduction / drug effects; Triazines / administration & dosage; Triazines / adverse effects; Triazines / pharmacology; Turkeys / physiology
TL;DR: Data indicate that dosage levels of CGA-72662 at 250 mg/kg diet produced no deleterious effects on growth, feed consumption, egg production, fertility, hatchability, livability, or progeny performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1989 journal article

EFFECTS OF LIGHTING PROGRAM DURING THE GROWING PERIOD AND DIETARY-FAT DURING THE LAYING PERIOD ON BROILER BREEDER PERFORMANCE

POULTRY SCIENCE, 68(9), 1185–1192.

By: J. Brake n, J. Garlich n & G. Baughman n

MeSH headings : Analysis of Variance; Animal Feed; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Dietary Fats / metabolism; Female; Fertility; Light; Male; Oviposition; Random Allocation
TL;DR: In two experiments, broiler breeders were grown in either of two lighting regimens, fed diets without added fat, and then fed diets with or without 5% added poultry fat during the subsequent laying period. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1989 journal article

Effect of light source during rearing

Poultry (Doetinchem, Netherlands), 5(3), 11.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1989 journal article

Effect of selenium on glutathione peroxidase and the immune response of stressed calves challenged with Pasteurella hemolytica

Journal of Animal Science, 67(2), 557–564.

By: J. Stabel n, J. Reffett, J. Spears n, T. Brown n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Cattle / immunology; Cattle Diseases / enzymology; Cattle Diseases / immunology; Cattle Diseases / microbiology; Cattle Diseases / physiopathology; Glutathione Peroxidase / blood; Immunoglobulin G / analysis; Immunoglobulin M / analysis; Pasteurella Infections / enzymology; Pasteurella Infections / immunology; Pasteurella Infections / veterinary; Selenium / deficiency; Selenium / pharmacology; Stress, Physiological / immunology; Stress, Physiological / physiopathology; Stress, Physiological / veterinary; Weight Gain / drug effects
TL;DR: Results indicate that Se status can affect IgM concentrations following stress and weight gains for the 21-d study were not affected by Se status, although whole blood and plasma glutathione peroxidase were higher for +Se calves. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1989 journal article

El cuidado de los pollitos en la planta de incubacion

Industria Avicola, 36(6), 15–17.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1989 magazine article

Heat production is a natural by-product of poultry

Brake, J. T. (1989, May 22). Poultry Times, 36(11), 12.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1989 report

Induced Molting of Commercial Layers

(No. 10, revised). Raleigh, NC: Extension Poultry Science, N.C. State University.

By: J. Carey & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1989 journal article

Manejando el desarrollo embrional

Industria Avicola, 36(4), 22–30.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1989 journal article

The role of ascorbic acid in poultry production: Ascorbic acid, stress and immunity

Zootechnica International, (1), 37–38, 40.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 magazine article

Ammonia control: Benefits and trade-offs

Attar, A. J., & Brake, J. T. (1988, August). Poultry Digest, 47(558), 362–365.

By: A. Attar & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 magazine article

Diet, acclimation and environment effects on heat related mortality

Brake, J. T. (1988, May). Poultry Digest, 47(555), 234–242.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 journal article

Effect of ACTH and dietary ascorbic acid on the graft-versus-host reaction capacity of chickens

Poultry Science, 67, 313–318.

By: D. Murray n, J. Brake n, J. Thaxton n & D. Satterlee*

MeSH headings : Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / pharmacology; Animals; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology; Chick Embryo / immunology; Chickens / immunology; Graft vs Host Reaction / drug effects; Male; Splenomegaly / immunology; Splenomegaly / veterinary
TL;DR: Results indicate that, when washed and reconstituted blood cells are injected into recipients and donor plasma CS is decreased, GVHR capacity is suppressed in ACTH-treated donors. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 journal article

Effect of cortisol on cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity to phytohemagglutinin in chickens

Poultry Science, 67, 669–673.

By: N. Brake n, T. J.P n, J. Brake n & D. Murray n

MeSH headings : Animals; Basophils / physiology; Chickens / immunology; Comb and Wattles / drug effects; Hydrocortisone / pharmacology; Immunity, Cellular / drug effects; Male; Phytohemagglutinins / pharmacology
TL;DR: Data indicated that cortisol enhanced CBH to the mitogen PHA-P in broiler cockerels, in contrast to reported immunosuppressive effects of other glucocorticoids. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 magazine article

Managing embryonic development

Brake, J. T. (1988, July). Poultry Digest, 47(557), 326–338.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 journal article

Relationship of time of feeding and strain to egg shell quality and hatchability in broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 67, 538–543.

By: J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / physiology; Egg Shell; Feeding Behavior / physiology; Female; Time Factors
TL;DR: The results show that afternoon feeding that provides calcium intake near the time of egg shell calcification decreased significantly hatchability in eggs from two slow-feathering strains of females but not in Eggs from a fast- Feathering strain, suggesting that altering time of feed intake can decrease hatchability. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1988 magazine article

Stress of birds and modern poultry management relationship defined

Brake, J. T. (1988, May). Poultry Digest, 47(555), 226–232.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Characterization of different hematological responses due to molts induced by zinc or fasting

Poultry Science, 66, 1841–1845.

By: W. Berry n, R. Gildersleeve n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / blood; Chickens / physiology; Erythrocyte Count / veterinary; Erythrocyte Indices / veterinary; Fasting; Feathers / drug effects; Feathers / physiology; Female; Hematocrit / veterinary; Hemoglobins / analysis; Zinc / pharmacology; Zinc Oxide / pharmacology
TL;DR: Single Comb White Leghorn hens were induced to molt by complete fasting for 11 days (FAST) or feeding a layer ration that contained 20,000 ppm zinc as zinc oxide for 11 Days (ZINC) to determine total erythrocyte numbers, mean corpuscular volume, hemoglobin, andmean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were determined. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Effect of lighting program and nutrition on feather replacement of molted single comb white leghorn hens

Poultry Science, 66, 1635–1639.

By: D. Andrews*, W. Berry n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Feathers / growth & development; Female; Light; Periodicity
TL;DR: Primary and secondary feather loss and subsequent primary feather growth were all significantly increased by the WSU light program at 56, 84, and 112 days, and no effects due to AA were observed. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Effect of lighting program and nutrition on reproductive performance of molted SCWL hens

Poultry Science, 66, 1298–1305.

By: D. Andrews*, W. Berry n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animal Husbandry; Animals; Chickens / physiology; Diet; Feathers; Female; Light; Oviposition; Periodicity
TL;DR: Combining features of various molt programs may not produce optimum results, and a significant light X molt diet interaction occurred due to better performance of MR birds compared with CC birds in the NCSU lighting program, whereas on the WSU lighting program. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Effects of ACTH and dietary ascorbic acid on cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity to phytohemagglutinin in chickens

Poultry Science, 66, 1846–1852.

By: D. Murray n, J. Brake n & J. Thaxton n

MeSH headings : Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / pharmacology; Animals; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology; Chickens / immunology; Cholesterol / blood; Comb and Wattles / drug effects; Hypersensitivity, Delayed / drug therapy; Hypersensitivity, Delayed / immunology; Hypersensitivity, Delayed / veterinary; Immunity, Cellular / drug effects; Male; Mast Cells / drug effects; Organ Size; Phytohemagglutinins / pharmacology; Skin / cytology
TL;DR: The addition of AA ameliorated the ACTH-mediated suppression of CBH in a dose-related manner and reduced body weight gain in both trials. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Effects of ACTH and dietary ascorbic acid on delayed type hypersensitivity to human gamma globulin in chickens

Poultry Science, 66, 1859–1869.

By: D. Murray n, J. Brake n, J. Thaxton n & R. Gildersleeve n

MeSH headings : Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / pharmacology; Animals; Ascorbic Acid / blood; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology; Chickens / immunology; Comb and Wattles / drug effects; Humans; Hypersensitivity, Delayed / immunology; Leukocyte Count / drug effects; Leukocyte Count / veterinary; Male; gamma-Globulins / pharmacology
TL;DR: Three trials were conducted to assess the effects of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and dietary ascorbic acid (AA) on delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) to human gamma globulin (HGG) in chickens, with results indicating birds that received ACTH at challenge exhibited a DTH response at 18 and 24 h postchallenge that suppressed, compared with that of controls. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Eggshell quality and hatchability in broiler breeder eggs

Poultry Science, 66, 596–604.

John T. Brake

Ed(s): E. Peebles n & J. Brake n

Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 magazine article

Hatchability of abnormal broiler breeder eggs

Brake, J. T. (Oct./Nov. 1987Oct./Nov. 1987). Poultry Missett, 24–25.

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 report

Induced Molting as a Management Tool

(No. 9). Raleigh, NC: Extension Poultry Science, N.C. State University.

By: J. Carey & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Influence of presence of perches during rearing on incidence of floor laying in broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 66, 1587–1589.

By: J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / physiology; Female; Housing, Animal; Male; Oviposition
TL;DR: The opportunity to learn perching behavior during rearing influences laying and nesting behavior in broiler breeders and birds reared in the presence of perches exhibited a significantly reduced incidence of floor egg laying. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 magazine article

Managing the onset of broiler breeder production

Brake, J. T. (1987, May). Indian River Breeder Update, 3(2).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

Postmolt performance of laying hens molted by high dietary zinc, low dietary sodium and fasting - egg production and eggshell quality

Poultry Science, 66, 218–226.

By: W. Berry n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / physiology; Diet; Egg Shell; Fasting; Feathers; Female; Light; Oviposition / drug effects; Sodium / pharmacology; Zinc / pharmacology
TL;DR: Overall, there were not significant effects on egg production, feed consumption, and feed conversion on single Comb White Leghorn hens assigned to one of four dietary treatments. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1987 journal article

The effects of eggshell cuticle removal and incubation humidity on embryonic development and hatchability of broilers

Poultry Science, 66, 834–840.

By: E. Peebles n, J. Brake n & R. Gildersleeve n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chick Embryo / growth & development; Egg Shell; Humidity; Incubators / veterinary
TL;DR: The effects of eggshell cuticle removal and two levels of incubation humidity 28.3 C [50% relative humidity (RH)] and 30.0 C (55% RH) wetbulb temperature (WB) on embryonic mortality and hatchability were determined from broiler hatching eggs laid during 38, 42, 48, and 54 weeks of age. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 magazine article

A different look at hatchability

Brake, J. T. (1986, June). Vineland Update, (18).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 magazine article

Dark houses for today's breeders

Brake, J. T. (1986, November). Broiler Industry, 49(11).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 journal article

Flexible housing for broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 65, 253–257.

By: M. Timmons*, G. Baughman* & J. Brake n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 magazine article

Flock servicing problems

Brake, J. T. (1986, February). Canada Poultryman, 73(2).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 magazine article

Shell quality and embryonic development

Brake, J. T. (1986, January). Canada Poultryman, 73(1).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 magazine article

Stress and flock management

Brake, J. T. (1986, July). Canada Poultryman, 73(7).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 journal article

The effect of induced molting on water vapor conductance and other eggshell quality parameters of broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 65, 1270–1274.

John T. Brake

Ed(s): E. Peebles n & J. Brake n

Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1986 journal article

The role of the cuticle in water vapor conductance by the eggshell of broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 65, 1034–1039.

John T. Brake

Ed(s): E. Peebles n & J. Brake n

TL;DR: It was concluded that the cuticle may either impede or enhance water vapor diffusion as a function of a bird’s age, which is affected by the humidity of the air surrounding the egg. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Cellular changes in the spleen during an induced molt

Poultry Science, 64, 1031–1034.

By: J. Brake n, W. Berry n & P. Thaxton n

MeSH headings : Animals; Chickens / anatomy & histology; Chickens / physiology; Fasting; Female; Lymphocytes / cytology; Spleen / cytology
TL;DR: It was concluded that there is a relationship between the physiological status during an induced molt and the cellular population of the spleen. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Comparison of parameters associated with molt induced by fasting, zinc, and low dietary sodium in caged layers

Poultry Science, 64, 2027–2036.

By: W. Berry n & J. Brake n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Comparison of two nesting materials for broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 64, 2263–2266.

By: J. Brake n

TL;DR: Hens laid fewer floor eggs and exhibited increased hatch of fertile eggs in the presence of nest pads when exposed to either shavings or artificial nest pads and factors affecting nest preference were studied. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 report

Determining Nutrient Intake of Broiler Breeders and Commercial Layers

(No. 36). Raleigh, NC: Extension Poultry Science, N.C. State University.

By: T. Carter, J. Carey, M. Wineland & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

EFFECT OF FEEDING CGA-72662 (LARVADEX) DURING GROWTH ON BODY-WEIGHT, FEED CONSUMPTION, LIVABILITY, PRODUCTION, AND EGG QUALITY OF SINGLE COMB WHITE LEGHORN LAYERS

POULTRY SCIENCE, 64(2), 247–252.

By: J. Brake n, W. Berry n, E. Peebles n, J. Ort n & W. Campbell

TL;DR: It was concluded that CGA-72662 has no detrimental effects on growth, livability, or reproduction when fed at up to 250 ppm continuously during rearing. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1985 journal article

EFFECT OF PROTEIN AND ENERGY-INTAKE BY BROILER BREEDERS DURING THE PREBREEDER TRANSITION PERIOD ON SUBSEQUENT REPRODUCTIVE-PERFORMANCE

POULTRY SCIENCE, 64(12), 2335–2340.

By: J. Brake n, J. Garlich n & E. Peebles n

TL;DR: Fertility did not differ; however, the LP birds exhibited significantly better hatch of fertile eggs and significantly decreased late deads when compared to HP birds, while the HE birds exhibitedificantly less early embryonic mortality but significantly more late embryonic mortality when compared with LE birds. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1985 journal article

Effects of caponization and body weight, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular variables in hypertensive and hypotensive turkey lines

Poultry Science, 64, 1002–1014.

By: L. Miller*, L. Krista*, J. Brake n, S. Bolden*, G. McDaniel* & E. Mora*

MeSH headings : Animals; Aorta, Abdominal / pathology; Arteriosclerosis / pathology; Arteriosclerosis / physiopathology; Arteriosclerosis / veterinary; Blood Pressure; Body Weight; Castration / veterinary; Cholesterol / blood; Disease Models, Animal; Lipids / blood; Male; Poultry Diseases / pathology; Poultry Diseases / physiopathology; Testis / physiology; Triglycerides / blood; Turkeys / genetics; Turkeys / physiology
TL;DR: The presence or absence of male sex hormones had virtually no effect on proposed atherogenic stimuli thereby suggesting another mechanism by which the female is afforded a higher degree of protection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Influence of supplemental ascorbic acid on broiler performance following exposure to high environmental temperature

Poultry Science, 64, 1334–1338.

By: S. Pardue n, J. Thaxton n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Age Factors; Animal Feed; Animals; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology; Body Weight / drug effects; Chickens / physiology; Energy Metabolism; Female; Food, Fortified; Hot Temperature; Male; Mortality; Sex Factors
TL;DR: Ascorbic acid did not improve overall livability significantly in either sex, but heat-associated mortality was reduced in supplemented females. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 magazine article

New crop corn syndrome

Brake, J., Hamilton, P., & Jones, F. (1985, June). Breakthrough, 9(2).

By: J. Brake, P. Hamilton & F. Jones

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 magazine article

Principles and pitfalls of black-out housing

Brake, J. T. (1985, April). Indian River Breeder Update, 1(6).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Relationship of dietary ascorbic acid to broiler breeder performance

Poultry Science, 64, 2041–2048.

John T. Brake

Ed(s): E. Peebles n & J. Brake n

TL;DR: It was concluded that supplemental AA improved nutrient utilization, which was favorable to the production of hatching eggs, and appeared adequate to achieve most beneficial effects in broiler breeders. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Relationship of egg weight, specific gravity and shell weight to time of oviposition and feeding in broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 64, 2037–2040.

By: J. Brake n

TL;DR: It was concluded that there is a diurnal variation in egg weight, specific gravity, and shell weight exhibited by limit-fed broiler breeders and this pattern can be modified somewhat by different FT. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 journal article

Relationship of eggshell porosity to stage of embryonic development in broiler breeders

Poultry Science, 64(12), 2388–2391.

By: E. Peebles n & J. Brake n

Ed(s): E. Peebles n & J. Brake n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1985 journal article

Role of ascorbic acid in chicks exposed to high environmental temperature

Journal of Applied Physics, 58, 1511–1516.

By: S. Pardue, J. Thaxton & J. Brake*

MeSH headings : Animals; Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology; Body Temperature Regulation; Body Weight; Bursa of Fabricius / anatomy & histology; Chickens / physiology; Diet; Erythrocytes / immunology; Heat Exhaustion / physiopathology; Heat Exhaustion / prevention & control; Hot Temperature / adverse effects; Immune Sera; Male; Organ Size; Potassium / blood; Spleen / anatomy & histology
TL;DR: Ascorbic acid ameliorated many of these stress-related responses in young chickens and alters heat-induced changes in several physiological responses. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1985 magazine article

Stress and flock health

Brake, J. T. (1985, November). Vineland Update, (15).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1984 journal article

Effects of the insect grower regulator CGA-72662 (Larvadex®) on broiler breeder production, hatchability and subsequent chick performance

Poultry Science, 63, 910–916.

By: J. Brake n, J. Ort n, T. Carter n & W. Campbell

MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / drug effects; Chickens / physiology; Eating / drug effects; Female; Food Additives; Insecticides / pharmacology; Male; Mortality; Oviposition / drug effects; Triazines / pharmacology
TL;DR: Broiler breeders were fed CGA -72662 ( Larvadex ) at dosages of 0, 30, 300, and 3000 mg/kg (ppm) diet in a standard breeder diet from 25 to 65 weeks of age and there were no significant effects due to treatment level on fertility, early deads, pipped eggs, hatchability of fertile eggs, or hatchedability of eggs set. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1984 magazine article

Induced molting of broiler breeders

Brake, J. T. (1984, June). Poultry Digest, 43(508).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1984 report

Light Management for Broiler Breeders

(No. 33). Raleigh, NC: Extension Poultry Science, N.C. State University.

By: G. Martin, T. Siopes & J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1984 journal article

Photostimulation and controlled lighting

Indian River Breeder Update, 1(2).

By: J. Brake

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2018

1984 journal article

Physiological profile of caged layers during one production year, molt, and postmolt: Egg production, egg shell quality, liver, femur, and blood parameters

Poultry Science, 63(2), 339–343.

By: J. Garlich n, J. Brake n, C. Parkhurst n, J. Thaxton n & G. Morgan n

MeSH headings : Alkaline Phosphatase / blood; Animals; Calcium / blood; Chickens / physiology; Egg Shell / analysis; Female; Femur / physiology; Housing, Animal; Lipid Metabolism; Liver / metabolism; Organ Size; Oviposition; Phosphorus / blood; Seasons
TL;DR: A longitudinal study of a flock of Single Comb White Leghorn pullets was initiated at 19 weeks of age (preproduction) and continued through a production year, a forced molt, and for 4 months of postmolt production. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1984 journal article

Plasma ascorbic acid concentration following ascorbic acid loading in chicks

Poultry Science, 63, 2492–2496.

By: S. Pardue n, J. Thaxton n & J. Brake n

MeSH headings : Animals; Ascorbic Acid / administration & dosage; Ascorbic Acid / blood; Chickens / blood; Drinking; Male
TL;DR: Three trials were conducted to determine the changes in plasma ascorbic acid (AA) associated with varying levels and duration of supplemental AA, with significantly elevated concentrations in chicks receiving 250 ppm AA or greater. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 14, 2018

1984 journal article

Relationship of dietary calcium level during the prelay phase of an induced molt to postmolt performance

Poultry Science, 63, 2497–2500.

By: J. Brake n, J. Garlich n & T. Carter n