Works (141)

Updated: April 4th, 2024 01:46

2023 journal article

Effect of Electrode/Electrolyte Coupling on Birnessite (delta-MnO2) Mechanical Response and Degradation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 15(21), 26120–26127.

author keywords: Operando AFM; Mechanical cyclic voltammetry; Electrode microstructure; Electro-chemo-mechanical coupling; Pseudocapacitors
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 19, 2023

2022 journal article

Effects of thin metal contacts on few-layer van der Waals ferrielectric CuInP2S6

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 132(11).

Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: November 14, 2022

2022 journal article

In situ and operando force‐based atomic force microscopy for probing local functionality in energy storage materials

Electrochemical Science Advances, 2(1).

By: Q. Gao*, W. Tsai* & N. Balke*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2022 article

Ionic Control over Ferroelectricity in 2D Layered van der Waals Capacitors

Neumayer, S. M., Si, M., Li, J., Liao, P.-Y., Tao, L., O'Hara, A., … Balke, N. (2022, January 5). ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, Vol. 1.

By: S. Neumayer*, M. Si*, J. Li*, P. Liao*, L. Tao*, A. O'Hara*, S. Pantelides*, P. Ye*, P. Maksymovych*, N. Balke n

author keywords: van der Waals materials; interfaces; metal thiophosphates; ferroelectricity; ionic conductivity; polarization switching; ferroelectric capacitor; hysteresis
TL;DR: It is demonstrated how the interplay of polar and ionic properties provides a path to ionically controlled ferro electric behavior, achieved by applying selected DC voltage pulses and subsequently probing ferroelectric switching during fast triangular voltage sweeps. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 24, 2022

2022 journal article

Nanoscale Control of Polar Surface Phases in Layered van der Waals CuInP2S6

ACS NANO, 16(2), 2452–2460.

By: S. Neumayer*, Z. Zhao*, A. O'Hara*, M. McGuire*, M. Susner*, S. Pantelides*, P. Maksymovych*, N. Balke n

author keywords: copper indium thiophosphate; antiferroelectricity; ferroelectricity; tomography; piezoresponse force microscopy; surface domains; layered materials
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 25, 2022

2022 journal article

Probing Local Ion Insertion through Strain-Current Correlation

ECS Meeting Abstracts.

By: W. Tsai* & N. Balke n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: April 18, 2023

2022 article

Progress on Emerging Ferroelectric Materials for Energy Harvesting, Storage and Conversion

Wei, X.-K., Domingo, N., Sun, Y., Balke, N., Dunin-Borkowski, R. E., & Mayer, J. (2022, May 11). ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, Vol. 5.

By: X. Wei*, N. Domingo*, Y. Sun*, N. Balke n, R. Dunin-Borkowski* & J. Mayer*

author keywords: capacitors; CO; (2) reduction; ferroelectric energy materials; solar cells; water splitting
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 23, 2022

2021 article

Effects of interlayer confinement and hydration on capacitive charge storage in birnessite

Boyd, S., Ganeshan, K., Tsai, W.-Y., Wu, T., Saeed, S., Jiang, D.-en, … Augustyn, V. (2021, August 2). NATURE MATERIALS.

By: S. Boyd n, K. Ganeshan*, W. Tsai*, T. Wu*, S. Saeed n, D. Jiang*, N. Balke*, A. Duin*, V. Augustyn n

MeSH headings : Oxidation-Reduction; Oxides / chemistry; Water / chemistry; X-Ray Diffraction
TL;DR: The intercalation appears capacitive due to the presence of nanoconfined interlayer structural water, which mediates the interaction between the intercalated cation and the birnessite host and leads to minimal structural changes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science
Added: August 16, 2021

2021 journal article

Lowering of Tc in Van Der Waals Layered Materials Under In-Plane Strain

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, 68(2), 253–258.

author keywords: Strain; Voltage measurement; Spectroscopy; Area measurement; Temperature; Piezoelectric polarization; Force; Ferroelectric; piezoelectric; strain engineering; van der Waals material
TL;DR: Piezoresponse force microscopy and unsupervised machine learning methods are used to gain insight into the ferroelectric properties of layered CuInP2S6 where local areas are strained in-plane due to a partial delamination, resulting in a topographic bubble feature that indicates a lowering of the Curie temperature under tensile strain. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2021 journal article

Signal Origin of Electrochemical Strain Microscopy and Link to Local Chemical Distribution in Solid State Electrolytes

Small Methods.

author keywords: electrochemical strain microscopy; Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)(3); solid state electrolytes; tip-sample capacitance
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2021 journal article

Strain-driven autonomous control of cation distribution for artificial ferroelectrics

Science Advances, 7(18).

TL;DR: This work demonstrates a unique way to inject elements in a specific crystallographic position in a composite material by strain engineering, and believes that this synthesis methodology can be applied to wide ranges of systems, thereby providing a new route to functional materials. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2021 journal article

Titanium Carbide MXene Shows an Electrochemical Anomaly in Water-in-Salt Electrolytes

ACS Nano, 8.

By: X. Wang*, T. Mathis*, Y. Sun*, W. Tsai*, N. Shpigel*, H. Shao*, D. Zhang*, K. Hantanasirisakul* ...

author keywords: titanium carbide MXene; water-in-salt electrolytes; desolvation-free cation insertion; abnormal electrochemical behavior; charge storage mechanism; partial charge transfer
TL;DR: This work reports on an electrochemical system with separated CV peaks, accompanied by surface-controlled partial charge transfer, in 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene in water-in-salt electrolytes, which increases charge storage at positive potentials, thereby increasing the amount of energy stored. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2021 journal article

Understanding electrochemical cation insertion into prussian blue from electrode deformation and mass changes

CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS, 57(55), 6744–6747.

By: S. Saeed n, S. Boyd n, W. Tsai*, R. Wang n, N. Balke* & V. Augustyn n

TL;DR: Alkali ion insertion into Prussian blue from aqueous electrolytes is characterized with operando AFM and EQCM, showing coupling of current with deformation and mass change rates. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science
Added: December 13, 2021

2020 journal article

Deformation during Electrosorption and Insertion-Type Charge Storage: Origins, Characterization, and Design of Materials for High Power

ACS Energy Letters, 5(11), 3548–3559.

By: V. Augustyn n, R. Wang n, N. Balke*, M. Pharr* & C. Arnold*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

Domains and Topological Defects in Layered Ferrielectric Materials: Implications for Nanoelectronics

ACS Applied Nano Materials, 3(8), 8161–8166.

author keywords: topological defects; nanodomains; ferrielectric; scanning transmission electron microscopy; van der Waals materials; copper indium thiophosphate; k-means clustering
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

Dynamic Manipulation in Piezoresponse Force Microscopy: Creating Nonequilibrium Phases with Large Electromechanical Response

ACS Nano, 14(8), 10569–10577.

author keywords: piezoresponse force microscopy; ferroelectric; enhanced response; automated experimentation; phase field simulation
TL;DR: This work introduces an approach for the control and modification of domain structures based on automated experimentation, whereby real-space image-based feedback is used to control the tip bias during ferroelectric switching, allowing for modification routes conditioned on domain states under the tip. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

Machine learning-based multidomain processing for texture-based image segmentation and analysis

Applied Physics Letters.

By: N. Borodinov*, W. Tsai*, V. Korolkov*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin* & O. Ovchinnikova

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

Nanoscale Mapping of Extrinsic Interfaces in Hybrid Solid Electrolytes

Joule, 4(1), 207–221.

By: M. Dixit*, W. Zaman*, N. Hortance*, S. Vujic*, B. Harkey*, F. Shen*, W. Tsai*, V. Andrade* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

Piezoresponse amplitude and phase quantified for electromechanical characterization

Journal of Applied Physics.

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

Structure of the Electrical Double Layer at the Interface between an Ionic Liquid and Tungsten Oxide in Ion-Gated Transistors

The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 11(9), 3257–3262.

TL;DR: This work successfully followed the evolution of the arrangement of the ions at the inter-face with the tungsten oxide films used as channel materials in ion-gated transistors in IGTs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2020 journal article

To switch or not to switch – a machine learning approach for ferroelectricity

Nanoscale Advances, 2(5), 2063–2072.

TL;DR: This work demonstrates how explicit consideration of electromechanical response to two rather than one control voltages enables significantly more transparent and robust interpretation of observed hysteresis, such as differentiating between charge trapping and ferroelectricity. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Competing phases in epitaxial vanadium dioxide at nanoscale

APL Materials, 7(8), 081127.

By: Y. Sharma*, M. Holt*, N. Laanait*, X. Gao*, I. Ivanov*, L. Collins*, C. Sohn*, Z. Liao* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Correction to Designing Morphotropic Phase Composition in BiFeO3

Nano Letters, 19(6), 4211–4211.

By: A. Herklotz, S. Rus, N. Wisinger, C. Rouleau, E. Guo, A. Huon, K. Santosh, R. Roth ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Designing Morphotropic Phase Composition in BiFeO3

Nano Letters, 19(2), 1033–1038.

author keywords: Morphotropic phases; strain; ferroelectrics; implantation; metastability
TL;DR: It is shown that it is possible to use low-energy helium implantation to tailor morphotropic phases of epitaxial BiFeO3 films postsynthesis in a continuous and iterative manner and creates a new phase space based on internal and external lattice stress that can be seen as an analogue to temperature-composition phase diagrams of classical morphotropic ferroelectric systems. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Giant negative electrostriction and dielectric tunability in a van der Waals layered ferroelectric

Physical Review Materials, 3(2).

By: S. Neumayer*, E. Eliseev*, M. Susner*, A. Tselev*, B. Rodriguez*, J. Brehm*, S. Pantelides*, G. Panchapakesan* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Hysteretic order-disorder transitions of ionic liquid double layer structure on graphite

Nano Energy, 60, 886–893.

author keywords: Ionic liquids; Electrical double layer structure; Atomic force microscopy; Electrode/electrolyte interface; Self-assembly; Molecular dynamic simulation
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Ionic Gating of Ultrathin and Leaky Ferroelectrics

Advanced Materials Interfaces, 6(5), 1801723.

By: Y. Sharma*, A. Wong*, A. Herklotz*, D. Lee*, A. Ievlev*, L. Collins*, H. Lee*, S. Dai* ...

author keywords: device structure; ferroelectrics; ionic gating; ionic liquids; polarization switching
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Room-Temperature Electrocaloric Effect in Layered Ferroelectric CuInP2S6 for Solid-State Refrigeration

ACS Nano, 13(8), 8760–8765.

By: M. Si*, A. Saha*, P. Liao*, S. Gao*, S. Neumayer*, J. Jian*, J. Qin*, N. Wisinger ...

author keywords: CuInP2S6; ferroelectrics; electrocaloric effect; two-dimensional; room temperature
TL;DR: The ECE of a new class of EC material, the 2D ferroelectric materials (CuInP2S6 or CIPS in this work in particular) is reported on for the first time, with over 60% polarization charge change observed within a temperature change of only 10 K at Curie temperature. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Toward Electrochemical Studies on the Nanometer and Atomic Scales: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities

ACS Nano, 13(9), 9735–9780.

author keywords: electrochemistry; atomic manipulation; atomic force microscopy; scanning tunneling microscopy; scanning transmission electron microscopy; electrochemical strain microscopy; Kelvin probe force microscopy; density functional theory; deep convolutional neural network
TL;DR: The challenges and opportunities for extending electrochemical characterization probes to the nanometer and ultimately atomic scales are discussed, including challenges in down-scaling classical methods, the emergence of novel probes enabled by nanotechnology and based on emergent physics and chemistry of nanoscale systems, and the integration of local data into macroscopic models. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2019 journal article

Tunable quadruple-well ferroelectric van der Waals crystals

Nature Materials, 19(1), 43–48.

By: J. Brehm*, S. Neumayer*, L. Tao*, O. Andrew*, M. Chyasnavichus*, M. Susner*, M. McGuire*, S. Kalinin* ...

TL;DR: Ferroelectricity in two-dimensional CuInP 2 S 6 is shown to fit a quadruple well due to the van der Waals gap between layers of this material, which offers new opportunities for both fundamental studies and applications in data storage and electronics. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Giant thermally-enhanced electrostriction and polar surface phase in La2Mo2O9 oxygen ion conductors

Physical Review Materials, 2(4).

By: Q. Li*, T. Lu*, J. Schiemer*, N. Laanait*, N. Balke*, Z. Zhang*, Y. Ren*, M. Carpenter* ...

Contributors: Q. Li*, T. Lu*, J. Schiemer*, N. Laanait*, N. Balke*, Z. Zhang*, Y. Ren*, M. Carpenter* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Homogenization of AlxCoCrFeNi high-entropy alloys with improved corrosion resistance

Corrosion Science, 133, 120–131.

author keywords: Alloys; AFM; Segregation; Pitting corrosion
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

In Situ Electrochemical Dilatometry of Phosphate Anion Electrosorption

Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 5(12), 745–749.

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

In-situ electrochemical-AFM study of localized corrosion of AlxCoCrFeNi high-entropy alloys in chloride solution

Applied Surface Science, 439, 533–544.

By: Y. Shi*, L. Collins*, N. Balke*, P. Liaw* & B. Yang*

Contributors: Y. Shi*, L. Collins*, N. Balke*, P. Liaw* & B. Yang*

author keywords: High-entropy alloy; AFM; Microstructure; Localized corrosion; Passive film
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Ion movement in thin Nafion films under an applied electric field

Applied Physics Letters, 113(11), 113105.

By: J. Dugger*, L. Collins*, R. Welbourn*, M. Skoda*, N. Balke*, B. Lokitz*, J. Browning*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Locally Controlled Cu-Ion Transport in Layered Ferroelectric CuInP2S6

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 10(32), 27188–27194.

author keywords: transition-metal chalcogenophosphate; copper indium thiophosphate; layered ferroelectric; ionic transport; scanning probe microscopy
TL;DR: It is revealed that ionic conductivity in this material enables localized extraction of Cu ions from the lattice with a biased scanning probe microscopy tip, which is surprisingly reversible. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Machine Detection of Enhanced Electromechanical Energy Conversion in PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 Thin Films

Advanced Materials, 30(28).

By: J. Agar*, Y. Cao*, B. Naul*, S. Pandya*, S. Walt*, A. Luo*, J. Maher*, N. Balke* ...

Contributors: J. Agar*, Y. Cao*, B. Naul*, S. Pandya*, S. Walt*, A. Luo*, J. Maher*, N. Balke* ...

author keywords: domain structures; ferroelectric materials; machine learning; PZT; scanning-probe microscopy
TL;DR: An automated workflow is developed to featurize, detect, and classify signatures of ferroelectric/ferroelastic switching processes in complex ferro electric domain structures, which enables the identification and nanoscale visualization of varied modes of response and a pathway to statistically meaningful quantification of the differences between those modes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Nanoscale Control of Oxygen Defects and Metal-Insulator Transition in Epitaxial Vanadium Dioxides

Acs Nano, 12(7), 7159–7166.

By: Y. Sharma*, J. Balachandran*, C. Sohn*, J. Krogel*, P. Ganesh*, L. Collins*, A. Ievlev*, Q. Li* ...

Contributors: Y. Sharma*, J. Balachandran*, C. Sohn*, J. Krogel*, P. Ganesh*, L. Collins*, A. Ievlev*, Q. Li* ...

author keywords: vanadium dioxide; metal insulator transition; scanning probe microscopy; oxygen vacancy; density functional theory; quantum Monte Carlo
TL;DR: It is found that applying electric voltages of different polarity through an SPM tip locally changes the contact potential difference and conductivity on the surface of VO2 by modulating the oxygen stoichiometry. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2018 journal article

Operando Atomic Force Microscopy Reveals Mechanics of Structural Water Driven Battery-to-Pseudocapacitor Transition

ACS NANO, 12(6), 6032–6039.

By: R. Wang n, J. Mitchell n, Q. Gao*, W. Tsai*, S. Boyd n, M. Pharr*, N. Balke*, V. Augustyn n

Contributors: R. Wang n, J. Mitchell n, Q. Gao*, W. Tsai*, S. Boyd n, M. Pharr*, N. Balke*, V. Augustyn n

author keywords: atomic force microscopy; interlayer engineering; nanoconfined water; energy storage; transition metal oxides
TL;DR: The local mechanical deformation of the hydrated tungsten oxide is smaller and more gradual than the anhydrous oxide and occurs without hysteresis during the intercalation and deintercalation processes, suggesting the ability of layered materials with confined structural water to minimize mechanicalDeformation likely contributes to their fast energy storage kinetics. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Understanding Electric Double-Layer Gating Based on Ionic Liquids: from Nanoscale to Macroscale

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 10(49), 43211–43218.

author keywords: electric double-layer transistor; liquid gating effect; ionic liquid; amorphous indium gallium zinc oxide; surface charge homogeneity
TL;DR: Evaluating the gating performance of amorphous indium gallium zinc oxide (a-IGZO) transistor coupled with a series of imidazolium-based ILs reveals that the EDL with different ion structures could produce inhomogeneous electric fields at the solid-electrolyte interface, and the heterogeneity of electric field-induced charge distributions at semiconductor surface could reduce the electrical conductance of a-IGO during gating process. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Effect of defects on reaction of NiO surface with Pb-contained solution

Scientific Reports, 7.

By: J. Kim*, B. Hou*, C. Park*, C. Bahn*, J. Hoffman*, J. Black*, A. Bhattacharya*, N. Balke* ...

Contributors: J. Kim*, B. Hou*, C. Park*, C. Bahn*, J. Hoffman*, J. Black*, A. Bhattacharya*, N. Balke* ...

TL;DR: The results provide simple and direct experimental evidence of the role of the defects in chemical reaction of oxide surfaces with both water and Pb-contained solution. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Electroactuators: from understanding to micro-robotics and energy conversion: general discussion

Faraday Discussions, 199, 525–545.

By: M. Balabajew, N. Balke*, M. Bazant, R. Bennewitz, N. Brilliantov, A. Wijn, R. Dey, C. Drummond ...

Contributors: M. Balabajew, N. Balke*, M. Bazant, R. Bennewitz, N. Brilliantov, A. Wijn, R. Dey, C. Drummond ...

TL;DR: Marco Balabajew, Nina Balke, Martin Bazant, Roland Bennewitz, Nikolay Brilliantov, Astrid S. de Wijn, Ranabir Dey, Carlos Drummond, Robert Dryfe, Hubert Girault, Kelsey Hatzell, Robert Hillman, Konstantin Kornev, Alexei A. Kornyshev, Irena Kratochvilova, Tom Krupenkin, Alpha Lee. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Ferroelectric or non-ferroelectric: Why so many materials exhibit "ferroelectricity" on the nanoscale

Applied Physics Reviews, 4(2), 021302.

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Impact of gate geometry on ionic liquid gated ionotronic systems

Apl Materials, 5(4).

By: A. Wong*, J. Noh*, P. Pudasaini*, B. Wolf*, N. Balke*, A. Herklotz*, Y. Sharma*, A. Haglund* ...

Contributors: A. Wong*, J. Noh*, P. Pudasaini*, B. Wolf*, N. Balke*, A. Herklotz*, Y. Sharma*, A. Haglund* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Manipulating Ferroelectrics through Changes in Surface and Interface Properties

Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(45), 39736–39746.

By: N. Balke*, R. Ramesh* & P. Yu*

Contributors: N. Balke*, R. Ramesh* & P. Yu*

author keywords: ferroelectrics; nanodomains; retention; scanning probe microscopy; electrode interface; oxygen vacancies
TL;DR: By understanding the role of surfaces and interfaces, ferroelectric properties can be tuned to eliminate the problem of asymmetric domain stability by combining the effects of different electrode materials. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Mixed electrochemical-ferroelectric states in nanoscale ferroelectrics

Nature Physics, 13(8), 812-+.

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Quantification of in-contact probe-sample electrostatic forces with dynamic atomic force microscopy

Nanotechnology, 28(6).

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, B. Carmichael*, M. Okatan*, I. Kravchenko,*, S. Kalinin*, A. Tselev*

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; electric field; electrostatic force; cantilever dynamics
TL;DR: A cantilever-resonance-based method to quantify electrostatic forces on a probe in the probe-sample junction in the presence of a surface potential or when a bias voltage is applied to the AFM probe is demonstrated. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Role of Electrical Double Layer Structure in Ionic Liquid Gated Devices

Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(46), 40949–40958.

By: J. Black, J. Come, S. Bi*, M. Zhu*, W. Zhao*, A. Wong, J. Noh, P. Pudasaini ...

Contributors: J. Black, J. Come, S. Bi*, M. Zhu*, W. Zhao*, A. Wong, J. Noh, P. Pudasaini ...

author keywords: transistor; liquid gating; scanning probe microscopy; ionic liquid; electric double layer
TL;DR: The field-effect gating process is elucidated in terms of the interfacial ionic liquid structure, and this provides unprecedented insight into the working of a liquid gated transistor linking the nanoscopic structure to the functional properties. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Synergetic effects of K+ and Mg2+ ion intercalation on the electrochemical and actuation properties of the two-dimensional Ti3C2 MXene

Faraday Discussions, 199, 393–403.

By: Q. Gao*, J. Come*, M. Naguib*, S. Jesse*, Y. Gogotsi* & N. Balke*

Contributors: Q. Gao*, J. Come*, M. Naguib*, S. Jesse*, Y. Gogotsi* & N. Balke*

TL;DR: The synergetic effects of the pre-intercalation of K+ ions are demonstrated to improve the charge storage of multivalent ions, as well as tune the mechanical and actuation properties of the Ti3C2 MXene. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2017 journal article

Three-State Ferroelastic Switching and Large Electromechanical Responses in PbTiO3 Thin Films

Advanced Materials, 29(37), 1702069.

By: A. Damodaran*, S. Pandya*, J. Agar*, Y. Cao*, R. Vasudevan*, R. Xu*, S. Saremi*, Q. Li* ...

Contributors: A. Damodaran*, S. Pandya*, J. Agar*, Y. Cao*, R. Vasudevan*, R. Xu*, S. Saremi*, Q. Li* ...

author keywords: electromechanical responses; ferroelectrics; thin-film epitaxy; three-state ferroelastic switching
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that deterministic, nonvolatile writing/erasure of large-area patterns of this electromechanical response is possible, thus showing a new pathway to improved function and properties. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 7, 2022

2017 journal article

Understanding the nanoscale redox-behavior of iron-anodes for rechargeable iron-air batteries

Nano Energy, 41, 706–716.

By: H. Weinrich*, J. Come*, H. Tempel*, H. Kungl*, R. Eichel* & N. Balke*

Contributors: H. Weinrich*, J. Come*, H. Tempel*, H. Kungl*, R. Eichel* & N. Balke*

author keywords: Iron electrode; Iron-air battery; Nanoparticles; Passivation; Corrosion; In-situ EC-AFM
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Elucidating the Phase Transformation of Li4Ti5O12 Lithiation at the Nanoscale

Acs Nano, 10(4), 4312–4321.

By: M. Verde*, L. Baggetto*, N. Balke*, G. Veith*, J. Seo*, Z. Wang*, Y. Meng*

Contributors: M. Verde*, L. Baggetto*, N. Balke*, G. Veith*, J. Seo*, Z. Wang*, Y. Meng*

author keywords: Li4Ti5O12; LTO; Li-ion battery; anode; thin-film; c-AFM; XPS
TL;DR: This work provides insight regarding the fundamental lithiation and delithiation mechanism of the popular lithium ion battery anode material, Li4Ti5O12 (LTO), by using conductive atomic force microscopy (c-AFM) to locally monitor the phase transition between the two structures at various states of charge. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Enhancing interfacial magnetization with a ferroelectric

Physical Review B, 94(17).

By: T. Meyer*, A. Herklotz*, V. Lauter*, J. Freeland*, J. Nichols*, E. Guo*, S. Lee*, T. Ward* ...

Contributors: T. Meyer*, A. Herklotz*, V. Lauter*, J. Freeland*, J. Nichols*, E. Guo*, S. Lee*, T. Ward* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Exploring Polarization Rotation Instabilities in Super-Tetragonal BiFeO3 Epitaxial Thin Films and Their Technological Implications

Advanced Electronic Materials, 2(12).

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Ferroelectric Self-Poling, Switching, and Monoclinic Domain Configuration in BiFeO3 Thin Films

Advanced Functional Materials, 26(28), 5166–5173.

By: C. Beekman*, W. Siemons*, M. Chi*, N. Balke*, J. Howe*, T. Ward*, P. Maksymovych*, J. Budai* ...

Contributors: C. Beekman*, W. Siemons*, M. Chi*, N. Balke*, J. Howe*, T. Ward*, P. Maksymovych*, J. Budai* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Full data acquisition in Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy: Mapping dynamic electric phenomena in real space

Scientific Reports, 6.

TL;DR: G-Mode KPFM offers a new paradigm to study dynamic electric phenomena in electroactive interfaces as well as a promising route to extend KPFM to the solid-liquid interface. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Fundamental aspects of electric double layer force-distance measurements at liquid-solid interfaces using atomic force microscopy

Scientific Reports, 6.

By: J. Black*, M. Zhu*, P. Zhang*, R. Unocic*, D. Guo*, M. Okatan*, S. Dai*, P. Cummings* ...

Contributors: J. Black*, M. Zhu*, P. Zhang*, R. Unocic*, D. Guo*, M. Okatan*, S. Dai*, P. Cummings* ...

TL;DR: It is concluded that AFM force measurements are sensitive to the position of the ion with the larger volume and mass, suggesting that ion selectivity in force-distance measurements are related to excluded volume effects and not to electrostatic or chemical interactions between ions and AFM tip. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Highly mobile ferroelastic domain walls in compositionally graded ferroelectric thin films

Nature Materials, 15(5), 549-+.

By: J. Agar*, A. Damodaran*, M. Okatan*, J. Kacher*, C. Gammer*, R. Vasudevan*, S. Pandya*, L. Dedon* ...

Contributors: J. Agar*, A. Damodaran*, M. Okatan*, J. Kacher*, C. Gammer*, R. Vasudevan*, S. Pandya*, L. Dedon* ...

TL;DR: Control of ferroelastic domains is demonstrated using controlled composition and strain gradients to provide new modalities of domain engineering and potential for as-yet-unrealized nanoscale functional devices. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Multifrequency spectrum analysis using fully digital G Mode-Kelvin probe force microscopy

Nanotechnology, 27(10).

author keywords: Kelvin probe force microscopy; contact potential difference; dual harmonic KPFM; big data; multivariate statistical analysis
TL;DR: The G-Mode KPFM approach is presented, which allows simultaneous multi-harmonic detection, combined with on-the-fly transfer function correction-required for quantitative CPD mapping, and is particularly suitable for characterizing voltage sensitive materials or for operation in conductive electrolytes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Nanoscale Elastic Changes in 2D Ti3C2Tx (MXene) Pseudocapacitive Electrodes

Advanced Energy Materials, 6(9).

By: J. Come*, Y. Xie*, M. Naguib*, S. Jesse*, S. Kalinin*, Y. Gogotsi*, P. Kent*, N. Balke*

Contributors: J. Come*, Y. Xie*, M. Naguib*, S. Jesse*, S. Kalinin*, Y. Gogotsi*, P. Kent*, N. Balke*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Quantification of surface displacements and electromechanical phenomena via dynamic atomic force microscopy

Nanotechnology, 27(42).

By: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, P. Yu*, B. Carmichael*, S. Kalinin* & A. Tselev*

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, P. Yu*, B. Carmichael*, S. Kalinin* & A. Tselev*

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; ferroelectrics; cantilever dynamics
TL;DR: This work demonstrates a guideline to quantify surface displacements with high accuracy by taking into account the cantilever shape at the first resonant contact mode, depending on the tip-sample contact stiffness, and opens up a way to accurate and precise measurements of surface displacement. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2016 journal article

Solid-state electrochemistry on the nanometer and atomic scales: the scanning probe microscopy approach

Nanoscale, 8(29), 13838–13858.

By: E. Strelcov*, S. Yang*, S. Jesse*, N. Balke*, R. Vasudevan* & S. Kalinin*

Contributors: E. Strelcov*, S. Yang*, S. Jesse*, N. Balke*, R. Vasudevan* & S. Kalinin*

TL;DR: This short review provides a summary of recent studies dedicated to methods of advanced scanning probe microscopy for probing electrochemical transformations in solids at the meso-, nano- and atomic scales. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Band excitation Kelvin probe force microscopy utilizing photothermal excitation

Applied Physics Letters, 106(10).

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Controlling the actuation properties of MXene paper electrodes upon cation intercalation

Nano Energy, 17, 27–35.

By: J. Come*, J. Black*, M. Lukatskaya*, M. Naguib*, M. Beidaghi*, A. Rondinone*, S. Kalinin*, D. Wesolowski*, Y. Gogotsi*, N. Balke*

Contributors: J. Come*, J. Black*, M. Lukatskaya*, M. Naguib*, M. Beidaghi*, A. Rondinone*, S. Kalinin*, D. Wesolowski*, Y. Gogotsi*, N. Balke*

author keywords: MXene; Intercalation; Electromechanical actuator; Atomic force microscopy
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Current and surface charge modified hysteresis loops in ferroelectric thin films

Journal of Applied Physics, 118(7).

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, Q. Li*, P. Maksymovych*, M. Okatan*, E. Strelcov*, A. Tselev*, S. Kalinin*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Differentiating Ferroelectric and Nonferroelectric Electromechanical Effects with Scanning Probe Microscopy

Acs Nano, 9(6), 6484–6492.

By: N. Balke*, P. Maksymovych, S. Jesse, A. Herklotz, A. Tselev, C. Eom*, I. Kravchenko, P. Yu*, S. Kalinin

Contributors: N. Balke*, P. Maksymovych, S. Jesse, A. Herklotz, A. Tselev, C. Eom*, I. Kravchenko, P. Yu*, S. Kalinin

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; ferroelectricity; electrostatics; relaxors
TL;DR: This work systematically analyzes PFM responses on ferroelectric and nonferroelectric materials and demonstrates that mechanisms unrelated to ferroElectricity can induce ferro electric-like characteristics through charge injection and electrostatic forces on the tip. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Electroelastic fields in artificially created vortex cores in epitaxial BiFeO3 thin films

Applied Physics Letters, 107(5).

By: B. Winchester*, N. Balke*, X. Cheng*, A. Morozovska*, S. Kalinin* & L. Chen*

Contributors: B. Winchester*, N. Balke*, X. Cheng*, A. Morozovska*, S. Kalinin* & L. Chen*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Giant elastic tunability in strained BiFeO3 near an electrically induced phase transition

Nature Communications, 6, 8985.

By: Q. Li*, Y. Cao*, P. Yu*, R. Vasudevan*, N. Laanait*, A. Tselev*, F. Xue*, L. Chen* ...

Contributors: Q. Li*, Y. Cao*, P. Yu*, R. Vasudevan*, N. Laanait*, A. Tselev*, F. Xue*, L. Chen* ...

TL;DR: The giant electrically tunable elastic stiffness and corresponding electromechanical properties observed here suggest potential applications of BiFeO3 in next-generation frequency-agile electroacoustic devices, based on the utilization of the soft modes underlying successive ferroelectric phase transitions. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Nanoscale Imaging of Fundamental Li Battery Chemistry: Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Formation and Preferential Growth of Lithium Metal Nanoclusters

Nano Letters, 15(3), 2011–2018.

By: R. Sacci*, J. Black*, N. Balke*, N. Dudney*, K. More* & R. Unocic*

Contributors: R. Sacci*, J. Black*, N. Balke*, N. Dudney*, K. More* & R. Unocic*

author keywords: In situ ec-S/TEM; Li-ion batteries; solid electrolyte interface; Li deposition; electron microscopy; Li dendrites
MeSH headings : Crystallization / methods; Electric Power Supplies; Energy Transfer; Equipment Design; Equipment Failure Analysis; Lithium / chemistry; Materials Testing; Metal Nanoparticles / chemistry; Metal Nanoparticles / ultrastructure; Nanocomposites / chemistry; Nanocomposites / ultrastructure; Particle Size; Phase Transition
TL;DR: In situ electrochemical scanning transmission electron microscopy is used to perform controlled electrochemical potential sweep measurements while simultaneously imaging site-specific structures resulting from electrochemical reactions to demonstrate that chemically sensitive annular dark field STEM imaging can be used to estimate the density of the evolving SEI and to identify Li-containing phases formed in the liquid cell. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Preface to Special Topic: Piezoresponse Force Microscopy

Journal of Applied Physics, 118(7).

Contributors: N. Balke*, N. Bassiri-Gharb* & C. Lichtensteiger*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Probing Local Bias-Induced Transitions Using Photothermal Excitation Contact Resonance Atomic Force Microscopy and Voltage Spectroscopy

Acs Nano, 9(2), 1848–1857.

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; elastic spectroscopy; Young's modulus; ferroelectric; electrochemical reaction
TL;DR: The voltage spectroscopy of CR-AFM is demonstrated, which was realized by combining photothermal excitation (as opposed to the conventional piezoacoustic excitation method) with the band excitation technique, and will provide a basis for future development of other nanoscale elastic spectroscopies. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Quantitative Nanometer-Scale Mapping of Dielectric Tunability

Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2(15).

By: A. Tselev*, A. Klein*, J. Gassmann*, S. Jesse*, Q. Li*, S. Kalinin*, N. Balke*

Contributors: A. Tselev*, A. Klein*, J. Gassmann*, S. Jesse*, Q. Li*, S. Kalinin*, N. Balke*

author keywords: electrostriction; near-field microwave microscopy; piezoresponse force microscopy; permittivity; mapping; dieletrics
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2015 journal article

Topological defects in electric double layers of ionic liquids at carbon interfaces

Nano Energy, 15, 737–745.

By: J. Black*, M. Okatan*, G. Feng*, P. Cummings*, S. Kalinin* & N. Balke*

Contributors: J. Black*, M. Okatan*, G. Feng*, P. Cummings*, S. Kalinin* & N. Balke*

author keywords: Ionic liquid; Carbon; Electric double layer; Defect; Atomic force microscopy
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Effect of Doping on Surface Reactivity and Conduction Mechanism in Samarium-Doped Ceria Thin Films

Acs Nano, 8(12), 12494–12501.

By: N. Yang*, A. Belianinov*, E. Strelcov*, A. Tebano*, V. Foglietti*, D. Di Castro*, C. Schlueter*, T. Lee* ...

Contributors: N. Yang*, A. Belianinov*, E. Strelcov*, A. Tebano*, V. Foglietti*, D. Di Castro*, C. Schlueter*, T. Lee* ...

author keywords: Sm-doped ceria; ion conduction; scanning probe microscopy; hard X-ray photoemission
TL;DR: The influence of doping on the surface reactivity clearly emerges from all of the experimental results, and it is found that at lower Sm concentration, proton conduction is prevalent, featured by lower activation energy and higher electrical conductivity. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Electrostrictive and electrostatic responses in contact mode voltage modulated scanning probe microscopies

Applied Physics Letters, 104(23).

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Exploring Local Electrostatic Effects with Scanning Probe Microscopy: Implications for Piezoresponse Force Microscopy and Triboelectricity

Acs Nano, 8(10), 10229–10236.

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; electrostatics; charge storage; HfO2; thin films
TL;DR: Observations of significant surface charge states at zero bias and strong hysteretic electromechanical responses at a nonferroelectric surface have significant implications for fields such as triboelectricity and piezoresponse force microscopy. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Focused-ion-beam induced damage in thin films of complex oxide BiFeO3

Apl Materials, 2(2).

By: W. Siemons*, C. Beekman*, J. Fowlkes*, N. Balke*, J. Tischler*, R. Xu*, W. Liu*, C. Gonzales*, J. Budai*, H. Christen*

Contributors: W. Siemons*, C. Beekman*, J. Fowlkes*, N. Balke*, J. Tischler*, R. Xu*, W. Liu*, C. Gonzales*, J. Budai*, H. Christen*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

In Situ Formation of Micron-Scale Li-Metal Anodes with High Cyclability

Ecs Electrochemistry Letters, 3(1), A4–A7.

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Probing charge screening dynamics and electrochemical processes at the solid-liquid interface with electrochemical force microscopy

Nature Communications, 5.

By: L. Collins*, S. Jesse*, J. Kilpatrick*, A. Tselev*, O. Varenyk*, M. Okatan*, S. Weber*, A. Kumar* ...

Contributors: L. Collins*, S. Jesse*, J. Kilpatrick*, A. Tselev*, O. Varenyk*, M. Okatan*, S. Weber*, A. Kumar* ...

TL;DR: The development and implementation of electrochemical force microscopy (EcFM) is described to probe local bias- and time-resolved ion dynamics and electrochemical processes at the solid-liquid interface and is established as a force-based imaging mode, allowing visualization of the spatial variability of sample-dependent local electrochemical properties. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Strain-Based In Situ Study of Anion and Cation Insertion into Porous Carbon Electrodes with Different Pore Sizes

Advanced Energy Materials, 4(3).

By: J. Black*, G. Feng*, P. Fulvio*, P. Hillesheim*, S. Dai*, Y. Gogotsi*, P. Cummings*, S. Kalinin*, N. Balke*

Contributors: J. Black*, G. Feng*, P. Fulvio*, P. Hillesheim*, S. Dai*, Y. Gogotsi*, P. Cummings*, S. Kalinin*, N. Balke*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2014 journal article

Tuning Susceptibility via Misfit Strain in Relaxed Morphotropic Phase Boundary PbZr1-xTixO3 Epitaxial Thin Films

Advanced Materials Interfaces, 1(5).

By: J. Agar*, R. Mangalam*, A. Damodaran*, G. Velarde*, J. Karthik*, M. Okatan*, Z. Chen*, S. Jesse* ...

Contributors: J. Agar*, R. Mangalam*, A. Damodaran*, G. Velarde*, J. Karthik*, M. Okatan*, Z. Chen*, S. Jesse* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Bias-Dependent Molecular-Level Structure of Electrical Double Layer in Ionic Liquid on Graphite

Nano Letters, 13(12), 5954–5960.

By: J. Black*, D. Walters*, A. Labuda*, G. Feng*, P. Hillesheim*, S. Dai*, P. Cummings*, S. Kalinin*, R. Proksch*, N. Balke*

Contributors: J. Black*, D. Walters*, A. Labuda*, G. Feng*, P. Hillesheim*, S. Dai*, P. Cummings*, S. Kalinin*, R. Proksch*, N. Balke*

author keywords: Ionic liquid; highly ordered pyrolytic graphite; electrochemical double layer; atomic force microscopy; force-distance curve
MeSH headings : Graphite / chemistry; Ionic Liquids / chemistry; Microscopy, Atomic Force / methods; Molecular Dynamics Simulation; Surface Properties
TL;DR: The bias-evolution of the electrical double layer structure of an ionic liquid on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite measured by atomic force microscopy improves the understanding of the mechanism of charge storage on a molecular level. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Domain Wall Conduction and Polarization-Mediated Transport in Ferroelectrics

Advanced Functional Materials, 23(20), 2592–2616.

author keywords: ferroelectric; thin film; domain wall conduction; memristive systems; Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire theory
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

In situ tracking of the nanoscale expansion of porous carbon electrodes

Energy &Amp; Environmental Science, 6(1), 225–231.

By: T. Arruda*, M. Heon*, V. Presser*, P. Hillesheim*, S. Dai*, Y. Gogotsi*, S. Kalinin*, N. Balke*

Contributors: T. Arruda*, M. Heon*, V. Presser*, P. Hillesheim*, S. Dai*, Y. Gogotsi*, S. Kalinin*, N. Balke*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Mechanical Control of Electroresistive Switching

Nano Letters, 13(9), 4068–4074.

By: Y. Kim*, S. Kelly*, A. Morozovska*, E. Rahani*, E. Strelcov*, E. Eliseev*, S. Jesse*, M. Biegalski* ...

Contributors: Y. Kim*, S. Kelly*, A. Morozovska*, E. Rahani*, E. Strelcov*, E. Eliseev*, S. Jesse*, M. Biegalski* ...

author keywords: Piezochemical effect; pressure; mechanical force; metal-insulator transition; AFM
MeSH headings : Electric Conductivity; Information Storage and Retrieval; Metals / chemistry; Nanostructures / chemistry; Nanotechnology
TL;DR: This work argues that hybrid metal-insulator transitions coupled to ionic dynamics should be controlled by mechanical stimuli, the behavior it refers to as the piezochemical effect, and demonstrates that it allows both studying materials physics and enabling novel data storage technologies with mechanical writing and current-based readout. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Phase Transitions, Phase Coexistence, and Piezoelectric Switching Behavior in Highly Strained BiFeO3 Films

Advanced Materials, 25(39), 5561-+.

By: C. Beekman*, W. Siemons*, T. Ward*, M. Chi*, J. Howe*, M. Biegalski*, N. Balke*, P. Maksymovych* ...

Contributors: C. Beekman*, W. Siemons*, T. Ward*, M. Chi*, J. Howe*, M. Biegalski*, N. Balke*, P. Maksymovych* ...

TL;DR: Highly strained BiFeO3 films transition into a true tetragonal state at 430 °C but remain polar to much higher temperatures (∼800 °C) than that at which strain stabilizes the stripe-like coexistence of multiple polymorphs. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Room-Temperature Multiferroic Hexagonal LuFeO3 Films

Physical Review Letters, 110(23).

By: W. Wang*, J. Zhao*, W. Wang*, Z. Gai*, N. Balke*, M. Chi*, H. Lee*, W. Tian* ...

Contributors: W. Wang*, J. Zhao*, W. Wang*, Z. Gai*, N. Balke*, M. Chi*, H. Lee*, W. Tian* ...

TL;DR: O(3) films are room-temperature multiferroics; and the switchability of the polar behavior is observed at room temperature, indicating ferroelectricity. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Toward Quantitative Electrochemical Measurements on the Nanoscale by Scanning Probe Microscopy: Environmental and Current Spreading Effects

Acs Nano, 7(9), 8175–8182.

By: T. Arruda*, A. Kumar*, S. Jesse*, G. Veith*, A. Tselev*, A. Baddorf*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin*

Contributors: T. Arruda*, A. Kumar*, S. Jesse*, G. Veith*, A. Tselev*, A. Baddorf*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin*

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; solid state electrolyte; counter electrode effects; Li ion battery; nanoscale electrochemistry
MeSH headings : Conductometry / methods; Ecosystem; Electric Conductivity; Materials Testing / methods; Microscopy, Scanning Probe / methods; Nanoparticles / chemistry; Nanoparticles / ultrastructure
TL;DR: These studies suggest the feasibility of SPM-based quantitative electrochemical studies under proper environmental controls, extending the concepts of ultramicroelectrodes to the single-digit nanometer scale. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Ultrathin Limit of Exchange Bias Coupling at Oxide Multiferroic/Ferromagnetic Interfaces

Advanced Materials, 25(34), 4739–4745.

By: M. Huijben*, P. Yu*, L. Martin*, H. Molegraaf*, Y. Chu*, M. Holcomb*, N. Balke*, G. Rijnders*, R. Ramesh*

Contributors: M. Huijben*, P. Yu*, L. Martin*, H. Molegraaf*, Y. Chu*, M. Holcomb*, N. Balke*, G. Rijnders*, R. Ramesh*

author keywords: exchange bias; interface; oxide heterostructure; multiferroic; ferromagnet
TL;DR: Linear dichroism measurements demonstrate the dependence on the BiFeO₃ layer thickness with a strong reduction for ultrathin layers, indicating diminished antiferromagnetic ordering that prevents interfacial exchange bias coupling. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2013 journal article

Unit cell orientation of tetragonal-like BiFeO3 thin films grown on highly miscut LaAlO3 substrates

Applied Physics Letters, 102(22).

By: C. Beekman*, W. Siemons*, T. Ward*, J. Budai*, J. Tischler*, R. Xu*, W. Liu*, N. Balke*, J. Nam*, H. Christen*

Contributors: C. Beekman*, W. Siemons*, T. Ward*, J. Budai*, J. Tischler*, R. Xu*, W. Liu*, N. Balke*, J. Nam*, H. Christen*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Enhanced electric conductivity at ferroelectric vortex cores in BiFeO3

Nature Physics, 8(1), 81–88. http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=ORCID&SrcApp=OrcidOrg&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS_CPL&KeyUT=WOS:000298423000021&KeyUID=WOS:000298423000021

By: N. Balke, B. Winchester, W. Ren, Y. Chu, A. Morozovska, E. Eliseev, M. Huijben, R. Vasudevan ...

Contributors: N. Balke, B. Winchester, W. Ren, Y. Chu, A. Morozovska, E. Eliseev, M. Huijben, R. Vasudevan ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

High-Frequency Electromechanical Imaging of Ferroelectrics in a Liquid Environment

Acs Nano, 6(6), 5559–5565.

By: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, Y. Chu* & S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, Y. Chu* & S. Kalinin*

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; liquid; ferroelectrics
MeSH headings : Bismuth / chemistry; Ferric Compounds / chemistry; Materials Testing / methods; Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems / methods; Molecular Imaging / methods; Nanoparticles / chemistry; Nanoparticles / ultrastructure; Particle Size; Solutions / chemistry
TL;DR: A detailed study of ferroelectric domain imaging and manipulation in thin film BiFeO(3) using piezoresponse force microscopy in liquid environments as model systems for electromechanical phenomena in general is presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Local Detection of Activation Energy for Ionic Transport in Lithium Cobalt Oxide

Nano Letters, 12(7), 3399–3403.

By: N. Balke*, S. Kalnaus*, N. Dudney*, C. Daniel*, S. Jesse* & S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Kalnaus*, N. Dudney*, C. Daniel*, S. Jesse* & S. Kalinin*

author keywords: Li-ion battery; lithium cobalt oxide; thin films; scanning probe microscopy; electrochemical strain microscopy; activation energy
TL;DR: Local activation energy for ionic diffusion is probed on the nanometer level in LiCoO(2) thin films using variable temperature electrochemical strain microscopy (ESM), bridging the lengths scales of atomistic calculations and traditional macroscopic experiments. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Nanoscale Ferroelectricity in Crystalline gamma-Glycine

Advanced Functional Materials, 22(14), 2996–3003.

By: A. Heredia*, V. Meunier*, I. Bdikin*, J. Gracio*, N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, A. Tselev*, P. Agarwal* ...

Contributors: A. Heredia*, V. Meunier*, I. Bdikin*, J. Gracio*, N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, A. Tselev*, P. Agarwal* ...

author keywords: ferroelectrics; polarization; domains; memory; switching
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Nanoscale Insight Into Lead-Free BNT-BT-xKNN

Advanced Functional Materials, 22(20), 4208–4215.

By: R. Dittmer*, W. Jo*, J. Roedel, S. Kalinin* & N. Balke*

Contributors: R. Dittmer*, W. Jo*, J. Roedel, S. Kalinin* & N. Balke*

author keywords: piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM); lead-free materials; piezoceramics; relaxors
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Probing Local Electromechanical Effects in Highly Conductive Electrolytes

Acs Nano, 6(11), 10139–10146.

By: N. Balke*, A. Tselev*, T. Arruda*, S. Jesse*, Y. Chu* & S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, A. Tselev*, T. Arruda*, S. Jesse*, Y. Chu* & S. Kalinin*

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; liquid; ferroelectrics; electromechanics; piezoresponse force microscopy
MeSH headings : Electric Conductivity; Electrolytes / chemistry; Electromagnetic Fields; Ionic Liquids / chemistry; Microscopy, Atomic Force / methods; Stress, Mechanical
TL;DR: A detailed study of piezoresponse force microscopy of ferroelectric samples in liquid environments as a model system for electromechanical effects in general andumerical simulations are used to explain the observed phenomena. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Scanning probes for new energy materials: Probing local structure and function

Mrs Bulletin, 37(7), 633–637.

By: N. Balke*, D. Bonnell*, D. Ginger* & M. Kemerink*

Contributors: N. Balke*, D. Bonnell*, D. Ginger* & M. Kemerink*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Three-dimensional vector electrochemical strain microscopy

Journal of Applied Physics, 112(5).

By: N. Balke*, E. Eliseev*, S. Jesse*, S. Kalnaus*, C. Daniel*, N. Dudney*, A. Morozovska, S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, E. Eliseev*, S. Jesse*, S. Kalnaus*, C. Daniel*, N. Dudney*, A. Morozovska, S. Kalinin*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2012 journal article

Ultrathin limit and dead-layer effects in local polarization switching of BiFeO3

Physical Review B, 85(1).

By: P. Maksymovych*, M. Huijben*, M. Pan*, S. Jesse*, N. Balke*, Y. Chu*, H. Chang*, A. Borisevich* ...

Contributors: P. Maksymovych*, M. Huijben*, M. Pan*, S. Jesse*, N. Balke*, Y. Chu*, H. Chang*, A. Borisevich* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Direct Mapping of Ion Diffusion Times on LiCoO2 Surfaces with Nanometer Resolution

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158(8), A982–A990.

By: S. Guo*, S. Jesse*, S. Kalnaus*, N. Balke*, C. Daniel* & S. Kalinin*

Contributors: S. Guo*, S. Jesse*, S. Kalnaus*, N. Balke*, C. Daniel* & S. Kalinin*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Direct Mapping of Ionic Transport in a Si Anode on the Nanoscale: Time Domain Electrochemical Strain Spectroscopy Study

Acs Nano, 5(12), 9682–9695.

Contributors: S. Jesse*, N. Balke*, E. Eliseev*, A. Tselev*, N. Dudney*, A. Morozovska*, S. Kalinin*

author keywords: time domain electrochemical strain microscopy; Si anode; lithium ion
MeSH headings : Dielectric Spectroscopy / methods; Elastic Modulus; Electrodes; Equipment Design; Equipment Failure Analysis; Ion Transport; Materials Testing; Nanostructures / chemistry; Nanostructures / ultrastructure; Particle Size; Silicon / chemistry; Surface Properties
TL;DR: The universal presence of concentration-strain coupling suggests that ESM and associated time and voltage spectroscopies can be applied to a broad range of electrochemical systems ranging from batteries to fuel cells. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

ESM of Ionic and Electrochemical Phenomena on the Nanoscale

Advanced Materials & Processes, 169(11), 30–34. http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=ORCID&SrcApp=OrcidOrg&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS_CPL&KeyUT=WOS:000302757100003&KeyUID=WOS:000302757100003

By: S. Kalinin, A. Kumar, N. Balke, M. McCorkle, S. Guo, T. Arruda, S. Jesse

Contributors: S. Kalinin, A. Kumar, N. Balke, M. McCorkle, S. Guo, T. Arruda, S. Jesse

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Exploring Topological Defects in Epitaxial BiFeO3 Thin Films

Acs Nano, 5(2), 879–887.

By: R. Vasudevan*, Y. Chen*, H. Tai*, N. Balke*, P. Wu*, S. Bhattacharya, L. Chen*, Y. Chu* ...

Contributors: R. Vasudevan*, Y. Chen*, H. Tai*, N. Balke*, P. Wu*, S. Bhattacharya, L. Chen*, Y. Chu* ...

author keywords: BiFeO3; closure-domain; topological defects; multiferroic; thin-film; PPM
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Li-ion dynamics and reactivity on the nanoscale

Materials Today, 14(11), 548–558. http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=ORCID&SrcApp=OrcidOrg&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=WOS_CPL&KeyUT=WOS:000297256200018&KeyUID=WOS:000297256200018

By: S. Kalinin, N. Balke, S. Jesse, A. Tselev, A. Kumar, T. Arruda, S. Guo, R. Proksch

Contributors: S. Kalinin, N. Balke, S. Jesse, A. Tselev, A. Kumar, T. Arruda, S. Guo, R. Proksch

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Structural Consequences of Ferroelectric Nanolithography

Nano Letters, 11(8), 3080–3084.

By: J. Jo*, P. Chen*, R. Sichel*, S. Baek*, R. Smith*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin*, M. Holt* ...

Contributors: J. Jo*, P. Chen*, R. Sichel*, S. Baek*, R. Smith*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin*, M. Holt* ...

author keywords: Ferroelectrics; X-ray nanodiffraction; domain nanolithography; strain; coherent X-ray diffraction
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

The Role of Electrochemical Phenomena in Scanning Probe Microscopy of Ferroelectric Thin Films

Acs Nano, 5(7), 5683–5691.

By: S. Kalinin*, S. Jesse*, A. Tselev*, A. Baddorf* & N. Balke*

Contributors: S. Kalinin*, S. Jesse*, A. Tselev*, A. Baddorf* & N. Balke*

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; ferroelectric thin films; electrochemical phenomena; oxides
TL;DR: The electrochemical phenomena induced by a biased tip are analyzed and both theoretical and experimental criteria for their identification are summarized. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Virtual Electrochemical Strain Microscopy of Polycrystalline LiCoO2 Films

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158(10), A1083–A1089.

By: D. Chung*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin* & R. Garcia*

Contributors: D. Chung*, N. Balke*, S. Kalinin* & R. Garcia*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2011 journal article

Watching domains grow: In-situ studies of polarization switching by combined scanning probe and scanning transmission electron microscopy

Journal of Applied Physics, 110(5).

By: H. Chang*, S. Kalinin*, S. Yang*, P. Yu*, S. Bhattacharya, P. Wu*, N. Balke*, S. Jesse* ...

Contributors: H. Chang*, S. Kalinin*, S. Yang*, P. Yu*, S. Bhattacharya, P. Wu*, N. Balke*, S. Jesse* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Decoupling Electrochemical Reaction and Diffusion Processes in Ionically-Conductive Solids on the Nanometer Scale

Acs Nano, 4(12), 7349–7357.

By: N. Balke*, S. Jesse, Y. Kim, L. Adamczyk, I. Ivanov, N. Dudney, S. Kalinin

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse, Y. Kim, L. Adamczyk, I. Ivanov, N. Dudney, S. Kalinin

author keywords: scanning probe microscopy; Li-ion batteries; solid state ionics
TL;DR: A scanning probe microscopy approach to explore voltage-controlled ion dynamics in ionically conductive solids and decouple transport and local electrochemical reactivity on the nanometer scale is developed and a broad applicability of this method to other ionically conducting systems is predicted. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Defect-Mediated Polarization Switching in Ferroelectrics and Related Materials: From Mesoscopic Mechanisms to Atomistic Control

Advanced Materials, 22(3), 314–322.

By: S. Kalinin*, B. Rodriguez*, A. Borisevich*, A. Baddorf*, N. Balke*, H. Chang*, L. Chen*, S. Choudhury* ...

Contributors: S. Kalinin*, B. Rodriguez*, A. Borisevich*, A. Baddorf*, N. Balke*, H. Chang*, L. Chen*, S. Choudhury* ...

MeSH headings : Electronics; Magnetics; Manufactured Materials / analysis; Microscopy, Electron / methods; Microscopy, Scanning Probe / methods
TL;DR: Recent advances in understanding the defect-mediated switching mechanisms, enabled by recent advances in electron and scanning probe microscopy, are discussed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Direct Observation of Capacitor Switching Using Planar Electrodes

Advanced Functional Materials, 20(20), 3466–3475.

By: N. Balke*, M. Gajek*, A. Tagantsev*, L. Martin*, Y. Chu*, R. Ramesh*, S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, M. Gajek*, A. Tagantsev*, L. Martin*, Y. Chu*, R. Ramesh*, S. Kalinin*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Ferroelectricity in Strain-Free SrTiO3 Thin Films

Physical Review Letters, 104(19).

By: H. Jang*, A. Kumar*, S. Denev*, M. Biegalski*, P. Maksymovych*, C. Bark*, C. Nelson*, C. Folkman* ...

Contributors: H. Jang*, A. Kumar*, S. Denev*, M. Biegalski*, P. Maksymovych*, C. Bark*, C. Nelson*, C. Folkman* ...

TL;DR: All SrTiO3 films and bulk crystals are relaxor ferroelectrics, and the role of strain is to stabilize longer-range correlation of preexisting nanopolar regions, likely originating from minute amounts of unintentional Sr deficiency in nominally stoichiometric samples. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Local Electrochemical Functionality in Energy Storage Materials and Devices by Scanning Probe Microscopies: Status and Perspectives

Advanced Materials, 22(35), E193–E209.

Contributors: S. Kalinin* & N. Balke*

MeSH headings : Electric Conductivity; Electric Power Supplies; Electrochemistry; Microscopy, Scanning Probe / methods; Static Electricity
TL;DR: A brief overview of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) methods addressing nanoscale electrochemical functionalities is provided and compared with macroscopic electrochemical methods. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Local probing of ionic diffusion by electrochemical strain microscopy: Spatial resolution and signal formation mechanisms

Journal of Applied Physics, 108(5).

Contributors: A. Morozovska*, E. Eliseev*, N. Balke* & S. Kalinin*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Nanoscale mapping of ion diffusion in a lithium-ion battery cathode

Nature Nanotechnology, 5(10), 749–754.

By: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, A. Morozovska*, E. Eliseev*, D. Chung*, Y. Kim*, L. Adamczyk*, R. Garcia*, N. Dudney*, S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, A. Morozovska*, E. Eliseev*, D. Chung*, Y. Kim*, L. Adamczyk*, R. Garcia*, N. Dudney*, S. Kalinin*

TL;DR: The spatial variation of lithium-ion diffusion times in the battery-cathode material LiCoO(2) is probed at a resolution of ∼100 nm by using an atomic force microscope to both redistribute lithium ions and measure the resulting cathode deformation, revealing that the diffusion coefficient increases for certain grain orientations and single-grain boundaries. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2010 journal article

Real Space Mapping of Li-Ion Transport in Amorphous Si Anodes with Nanometer Resolution

Nano Letters, 10(9), 3420–3425.

By: N. Balke*, S. Jesse, Y. Kim, L. Adamczyk, A. Tselev, I. Ivanov, N. Dudney, S. Kalinin

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Jesse, Y. Kim, L. Adamczyk, A. Tselev, I. Ivanov, N. Dudney, S. Kalinin

author keywords: Li-ion battery; thin films; scanning probe microscopy
TL;DR: Electrochemical strain microscopy (ESM), which is a newly developed scanning probe microscopy based characterization method, utilizes the intrinsic link between bias-controlled Li-ion concentration and molar volume of electrode materials, providing the capability for studies on the sub-20 nm scale. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2009 journal article

Conduction at domain walls in oxide multiferroics

Nature Materials, 8(3), 229–234.

By: J. Seidel*, L. Martin*, Q. He*, Q. Zhan*, Y. Chu*, A. Rother*, M. Hawkridge*, P. Maksymovych* ...

Contributors: J. Seidel*, L. Martin*, Q. He*, Q. Zhan*, Y. Chu*, A. Rother*, M. Hawkridge*, P. Maksymovych* ...

TL;DR: The observation of room-temperature electronic conductivity at ferroelectric domain walls in the insulating multiferroic BiFeO(3) shows that the conductivity correlates with structurally driven changes in both the electrostatic potential and the local electronic structure, which shows a decrease in the bandgap at the domain wall. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2009 journal article

Defect-induced asymmetry of local hysteresis loops on BiFeO3 surfaces

Journal of Materials Science, 44(19), 5095–5101.

By: P. Maksymovych*, N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, M. Huijben, R. Ramesh, A. Baddorf*, S. Kalinin*

Contributors: P. Maksymovych*, N. Balke*, S. Jesse*, M. Huijben, R. Ramesh, A. Baddorf*, S. Kalinin*

Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2009 journal article

Degradation of lead-zirconate-titanate ceramics under different dc loads

Journal of Applied Physics, 105(10).

By: N. Balke*, T. Granzow* & J. Roedel

Contributors: N. Balke*, T. Granzow* & J. Roedel

author keywords: dielectric hysteresis; dielectric polarisation; domain boundaries; electric domains; fatigue; lead compounds; permittivity; piezoceramics; piezoelectricity
Source: ORCID
Added: August 8, 2022

2009 journal article

Deterministic control of ferroelastic switching in multiferroic materials

Nature Nanotechnology, 4(12), 868–875.

By: N. Balke*, S. Choudhury*, S. Jesse*, M. Huijben*, Y. Chu*, A. Baddorf*, L. Chen*, R. Ramesh*, S. Kalinin*

Contributors: N. Balke*, S. Choudhury*, S. Jesse*, M. Huijben*, Y. Chu*, A. Baddorf*, L. Chen*, R. Ramesh*, S. Kalinin*

TL;DR: Deterministic ferroelastic switching in rhombohedral BiFeO(3) is demonstrated by domain nucleation with a scanning probe and the controlled creation of a ferrotoroidal order parameter is demonstrated. (via Semantic Scholar)