2005 journal article
Exercising options: An assessment of the use of alternative sanctions for drug offenders
Justice Quarterly, 22(4), 488–520.
By: R. Gainey, S. Steen & R. Engen
Images of danger and culpability: Racial stereotyping, case processing, and criminal sentencing
Criminology, 43(2), 435–468.
By: S. Steen, R. Engen & R. Gainey
2003 journal article
Discretion and disparity under sentencing guidelines: The role of departures and structured sentencing alternatives
Criminology, 41(1), 99–130.
By: R. Engen, R. Gainey, R. Crutchfield & J. Weis
2002 journal article
Racial Disparities in the Punishment of Youth: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of the Literature
Social Problems (Society for the Study of Social Problems), 49(2), 194–220.
By: R. Engen, S. Steen & G. Bridges
2000 journal article
Conceptualizing legally relevant factors under guidelines: A reply to Ulmer
Criminology, 38(4), 1245–1252.
By: R. Engen & R. Gainey
Modeling the effects of legally relevant and extra legal factors under sentencing guidelines: The rules have changed
Criminology, 38(4), 1207–1229.
The power to punish: Discretion and sentencing reform in the war on drugs
American Journal of Sociology, 105(5), 1357–1395.
By: R. Engen & S. Steen