Works (256)

Updated: June 23rd, 2024 05:11

2024 article

Combining camera trap surveys and IUCN range maps to improve knowledge of species distributions

Chen, C., Granados, A., Brodie, J. F., Kays, R., Davies, T. J., Liu, R., … Burton, A. C. (2024, March 3). CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, Vol. 3.

author keywords: camera trap; IUCN; mammal distribution; mammal occurrence; range map; species distributions
TL;DR: It is suggested that combining range maps with accumulating data from ground-based biodiversity sensors, such as camera traps, provides a richer knowledge base for conservation mapping and planning, and overrepresent ranges by including areas where a species may be absent, particularly at range edges. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 29, 2024

2024 journal article

From past habitats to present threats: tracing North American weasel distributions through a century of climate and land use change

LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY, 39(5).

By: A. Cheeseman, D. Jachowski & R. Kays*

author keywords: Least weasel; Long-tailed weasel; American ermine; Mustela; Neogale; Environmental Niche Modelling (ENM)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 8, 2024

2024 article

Geographic barriers but not life history traits shape the phylogeography of North American mammals

Jensen, A. J., Cove, M. V., Goldstein, B. R., Kays, R., McShea, W., Pacifici, K., … Kierepka, E. (2024, June 6). GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, Vol. 6.

author keywords: biogeography; climate change; connectivity; dispersal; glacial refugia; lineage; Pleistocene; subspecies
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 8, 2024

2024 article

Guidelines for estimating occupancy from autocorrelated camera trap detections

Goldstein, B. R., Jensen, A. J., Kays, R., Cove, M. V., Mcshea, W. J., Rooney, B., … Pacifici, K. (2024, May 31). METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, Vol. 5.

By: B. Goldstein n, A. Jensen*, R. Kays n, M. Cove*, W. Mcshea*, B. Rooney*, E. Kierepka n, K. Pacifici n

author keywords: autocorrelation; bias; camera trap; occupancy
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 1, 2024

2024 article

Mammal responses to global changes in human activity vary by trophic group and landscape

Burton, A. C., Beirne, C., Gayno, K. M., Sun, C., Granados, A., Allen, M. L., … Kays, R. (2024, March 18). NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol. 3.

By: A. Burton*, C. Beirne*, K. Gayno*, C. Sun*, A. Granados*, M. Allen*, J. Alston*, G. Alvarenga* ...

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 15, 2024

2024 article

Non-invasive methods for monitoring weasels: emerging technologies and priorities for future research

Jachowski, D. S., Bergeson, S. M., Cotey, S. R., Croose, E., Hofmeester, T. R., Macpherson, J., … Zub, K. (2024, January 19). MAMMAL REVIEW, Vol. 1.

By: D. Jachowski*, S. Bergeson*, S. Cotey*, E. Croose*, T. Hofmeester*, J. Macpherson*, P. Wright*, C. Calderon-Acevedo* ...

author keywords: camera trap; Mustela; Neogale; non-invasive monitoring
TL;DR: A literature review and the first ever International Weasel Monitoring Symposium were conducted to synthesise information on historical and current non‐invasive monitoring techniques for weasels, finding that the most promising non‐invasive monitoring techniques available include use of citizen scientist reporting, detection dogs, detecting tracks, non‐invasive genetic surveys, and enclosed or unenclosed camera trap systems. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 12, 2024

2024 journal article

SNAPSHOT USA 2021: A third coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States

Ecology.

By: H. Shamon*, R. Maor*, M. Cove*, R. Kays n, J. Adley*, P. Alexander, D. Allen*, M. Allen* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: May 8, 2024

2024 journal article

Sex and size matter: Intricate dominance relationships in an East African large carnivore guild

Ecosphere.

Source: ORCID
Added: June 22, 2024

2024 journal article

Shifting mammal communities and declining species richness along an elevational gradient on Mount Kenya

ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 14(4).

author keywords: beta-diversity; energy richness hypothesis; habitat specialization; mid-domain effect; relative abundance; species richness
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 15, 2024

2024 journal article

Smarter foragers do not forage smarter: a test of the diet hypothesis for brain expansion

By: B. Hirsch, R. Kays, S. Alavi, D. Caillaud, R. Havmoller, R. Mares, M. Crofoot

author keywords: evolution; intelligence; brain size; foraging; mammal
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 17, 2024

2024 journal article

Urbanization and primary productivity mediate the predator–prey relationship between deer and coyotes

Ecosphere.

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: June 22, 2024

2023 journal article

A multi-species evaluation of digital wildlife monitoring using the Sigfox IoT network

ANIMAL BIOTELEMETRY, 11(1).

By: T. Wild*, L. Schalkwyk*, P. Viljoen*, G. Heine*, N. Richter*, B. Vorneweg*, J. Koblitz*, D. Dechmann* ...

author keywords: Animal tracking; Movement ecology; Telemetry; Biologging; LPWAN; LoRa; Wireless sensors; Embedded systems; Onboard processing; Sigfox
TL;DR: The Sigfox IoT network is evaluated for the potential as a real-time multi-sensor data retrieval and tag commanding system for studying fauna across a diversity of species and ecosystems and for the performance of Sigfox Atlas Native, a low-power method for positional estimates based on radio signal strengths. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 17, 2023

2023 article

A vision for incorporating human mobility in the study of human-wildlife interactions

Ellis-Soto, D., Oliver, R. Y., Brum-Bastos, V., Demsar, U., Jesmer, B., Long, J. A., … Jetz, W. (2023, August 7). NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol. 8.

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 28, 2023

2023 journal article

An automated approach for counting groups of flying animals applied to one of the world's largest bat colonies

ECOSPHERE, 14(6).

author keywords: bats; computer vision; convolutional neural network; flight dynamics; image analysis; migration; population estimate
TL;DR: A deep learning-based system using consumer cameras that not only counts but also records behavioral information for large numbers of flying animals in a range of lighting conditions including near darkness is developed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 30, 2023

2023 journal article

Camera trapping expands the view into global biodiversity and its change

By: R. Oliver*, F. Iannarilli*, J. Ahumada*, E. Fegraus*, N. Flores*, R. Kays n, T. Birch*, A. Ranipeta* ...

author keywords: camera trap; biodiversity; data gaps; convention on biological diversity
MeSH headings : Animals; Biodiversity; Animals, Wild; Mammals; Birds; Knowledge
TL;DR: Comparing CT records of terrestrial mammals and birds from the recently released Wildlife Insights platform to publicly available occurrences from many observation types in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility shows that the continued collection and mobilization of CT data has the potential to offer a critical lens into biodiversity. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 19, 2023

2023 article

Camtrap DP: an open standard for the FAIR exchange and archiving of camera trap data

Bubnicki, J., Norton, B., Baskauf, S., Bruce, T., Cagnacci, F., Casaer, J., … Desmet, P. (2023, December 9). REMOTE SENSING IN ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION, Vol. 12.

author keywords: Biodiversity data; camera traps; data exchange; data sharing; information standards
TL;DR: A new data exchange format, the Camera Trap Data Package (Camtrap DP), designed to allow users to easily exchange, harmonize and archive camera trap data at local to global scales, and achieves interoperability by building upon existing standards, Frictionless Data Package in particular. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 2, 2024

2023 article

Ecological effects of a declining red wolf population

Murray, A., Sutherland, R., & Kays, R. (2023, November 20). ANIMAL CONSERVATION, Vol. 11.

By: A. Murray*, R. Sutherland* & R. Kays*

author keywords: red wolf; endangered species; North Carolina; relative abundance; camera traps; carnivore reintroductions
TL;DR: The results lend correlational support to the hypothesis that red wolves had a strong effect on their ecosystems by suppressing prey and competitor populations when they were at their peak, with the caveat that these impacts can decline rapidly if the predators dwindle back to critically low numbers. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: December 18, 2023

2023 article

From backyard to backcountry: changes in mammal communities across an urbanization gradient

Hansen, C. P., Kays, R., & Millspaugh, J. J. (2023, November 28). (J. Goheen, Ed.). JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, Vol. 11.

By: C. Hansen*, R. Kays n & J. Millspaugh*

Ed(s): J. Goheen

author keywords: activity time; diel activity; housing density; mammal; occupancy; relative abundance; species richness; urbanization
TL;DR: This study confirms that some mammals can live and thrive in developed areas, it emphasizes the importance of maintaining wild areas for those species that cannot, and was the strongest driver of mammal distribution. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 18, 2023

2023 journal article

Maximum temperatures determine the habitat affiliations of North American mammals

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 120(50).

By: M. Tourani*, R. Sollmann*, R. Kays n, J. Ahumada*, E. Fegraus* & D. Karp*

author keywords: biodiversity conservation; habitat loss; occupancy; climate change; mammal community
TL;DR: Choices about enhancing the conservation value of anthropogenic landscapes versus protecting natural areas should consider how species’ habitat affiliations are likely to shift under a changing climate, as climatic conditions dictate species’ capacities to persist in anthropogenic landscapes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 29, 2024

2023 journal article

Multi-scale movement syndromes for comparative analyses of animal movement patterns

MOVEMENT ECOLOGY, 11(1).

TL;DR: A new multi-scale movement syndrome framework is introduced for describing and comparing animal movements and used to explore the behavior of four sympatric mammals, finding differences in feeding ecology were a better predictor of movement patterns than a species’ locomotory or sensory adaptations. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: October 16, 2023

2023 journal article

Olingos do eat insects: Records of nocturnal mammals preying on arthropods in arboreal live-capture traps

FOOD WEBS, 36.

By: D. Balbuena*, G. Inga*, L. Ponce*, R. Zuniga* & R. Kays n

author keywords: Bassaricyon; Canopy; Arboreal traps; Caluromys; Marmosa; Insect predation
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 7, 2023

2023 review

The Internet of Animals: what it is, what it could be

[Review of ]. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, 38(9), 859–869.

By: R. Kays n & M. Wikelski*

TL;DR: By linking data sets, integrating live data, and automating workflows, the IoA has the potential to enable discoveries and predictions relevant to human societies and the conservation of animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 31, 2023

2023 journal article

Using decoys and camera traps to estimate depredation rates and neonate survival

PLOS ONE, 18(10).

By: H. Boone n, K. Pacifici n, C. Moorman n & R. Kays n

TL;DR: It is concluded that the camera-decoy approach is a cost-effective method to estimate a neonate survival probability index based on depredation probability and identify which predators are most important. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 18, 2023

2022 journal article

A Quantitative Framework for Identifying Patterns of Route-Use in Animal Movement Data

FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 9.

author keywords: travel routes; spatial cognition; animal movement; navigation; corridors; unsupervised clustering; routine movement; animal cognition
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 7, 2022

2022 article

A Two-Species Occupancy Model with a Continuous-Time Detection Process Reveals Spatial and Temporal Interactions

Kellner, K. F., Parsons, A. W., Kays, R., Millspaugh, J. J., & Rota, C. T. (2022, January 7). JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS, Vol. 1.

author keywords: Activity patterns; Camera traps; Occupancy; Point process; Temporal interactions
TL;DR: The proposed two-species occupancy model broadens the set of questions ecologists can ask regarding both spatial and temporal interactions between species, as well as fine-scale temporal covariates (e.g., weather). (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 18, 2022

2022 article

Biological Earth observation with animal sensors

Jetz, W., Tertitski, G., Kays, R., Mueller, U., & Wikelski, M. (2022, April). TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol. 37, pp. 293–298.

By: W. Jetz*, G. Tertitski*, R. Kays n, U. Mueller* & M. Wikelski*

MeSH headings : Animals; Conservation of Natural Resources; Earth, Planet; Ecosystem; Movement
TL;DR: Space-based tracking technology using low-cost miniature tags is now delivering data on fine-scale animal movement at near-global scale that offers a biological lens on habitat integrity and connectivity for conservation and human health; a global network of animal sentinels of environmental change. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 28, 2022

2022 journal article

Documenting Wild Turkey Breeding Patterns in North Carolina with Camera Traps

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST, 21(3), 220–234.

By: C. Carey n, A. Lohr* & R. Kays n

TL;DR: Analyzing the timing of turkey reproduction across North Carolina by examining camera-trap images collected from 527 sites over 3 years found a peak of male strutting behavior at Julian week 13 and the peak of egg hatching at week 22, but not across the 3 ecoregions of the state. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 31, 2022

2022 journal article

Exploring spatial nonstationarity for four mammal species reveals regional variation in environmental relationships

ECOSPHERE, 13(8).

By: B. Pease*, K. Pacifici n & R. Kays n

author keywords: spatial nonstationarity; species distributions; species-environment relationships
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 4, 2022

2022 article

Global camera trap synthesis highlights the importance of protected areas in maintaining mammal diversity

Chen, C., Brodie, J. F., Kays, R., Davies, T. J., Liu, R., Fisher, J. T., … Burton, A. C. (2022, January 26). CONSERVATION LETTERS, Vol. 1.

By: C. Chen*, J. Brodie*, R. Kays n, T. Davies*, R. Liu*, J. Fisher*, J. Ahumada*, W. McShea* ...

author keywords: camera trap; functional diversity; human accessibility; human footprint; mammal diversity; protected area; species richness; taxonomic diversity
TL;DR: There is a strong positive correlation between mammal taxonomic diversity and the proportion of a surveyed area covered by PAs at a global scale and a need to better understand the functional response of mammal communities to protection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 27, 2022

2022 article

Globally, tree fecundity exceeds productivity gradients

Journe, V., Andrus, R., Aravena, M.-C., Ascoli, D., Berretti, R., Berveiller, D., … Clark, J. S. (2022, April 23). ECOLOGY LETTERS, Vol. 4.

By: V. Journe*, R. Andrus*, M. Aravena*, D. Ascoli*, R. Berretti*, D. Berveiller*, M. Bogdziewicz*, T. Boivin* ...

author keywords: climate; competition; forest regeneration; seed consumption; species interactions; tree fecundity
MeSH headings : Biodiversity; Climate; Fertility; Forests; Seeds; Trees
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 2, 2022

2022 article

How is Ecology Helping Us Understand COVID-19?

Kays, R. (2022, June 22).

By: R. Kays n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: August 17, 2022

2022 article

Integrating data types to estimate spatial patterns of avian migration across the Western Hemisphere

Meehan, T. D., Saunders, S. P., DeLuca, W. V., Michel, N. L., Grand, J., Deppe, J. L., … Wilsey, C. B. (2022, July 6). ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, Vol. 7.

By: T. Meehan*, S. Saunders*, W. DeLuca*, N. Michel*, J. Grand*, J. Deppe*, M. Jimenez*, E. Knight* ...

author keywords: annual cycle; band re-encounter; data integration; eBird; least-cost path; migratory connectivity; tracking
MeSH headings : Animal Migration; Animals; Birds; Seasons; South America
TL;DR: This methodology of combining individual‐based seasonal movement data with temporally dynamic species distribution models provides a comprehensive approach to integrating multiple data types to describe broad‐scale spatial patterns of animal movement. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 18, 2022

2022 journal article

Intensive hunting changes human-wildlife relationships

PEERJ, 10.

By: A. Parsons n, M. Wikelski*, B. Wolff*, J. Dodel & R. Kays n

author keywords: Antipredator behavior; Ecological impacts; Europe; Hunting pressure; Landscape of fear; North America; Relative abundance; Risk allocation
MeSH headings : Animals; Humans; Animals, Wild; Hunting; Deer; Ecosystem; Forests
TL;DR: The results suggest that the duration and intensity of managed hunting can have strong and predictable effects on animal abundance and behavior, with the potential for corresponding changes in the ecological impacts of wildlife. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 1, 2023

2022 journal article

Life in 2.5D: Animal Movement in the Trees

FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 10.

By: R. Harel*, S. Alavi*, A. Ashbury*, J. Aurisano*, T. Berger-Wolf*, G. Davis*, B. Hirsch*, U. Kalbitzer* ...

author keywords: arboreal mammals; foraging; decision-making; navigation; forest
TL;DR: This synthesis will shed light on fundamental aspects of arboreal animals’ cognition and ecology, including how they navigate landscapes of risk and reward and weigh energetic trade-offs, as well as how their environment shapes their spatial cognition and their social dynamics. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 27, 2022

2022 article

Mitigating pseudoreplication and bias in resource selection functions with autocorrelation-informed weighting

Alston, J. M., Fleming, C. H., Kays, R., Streicher, J. P., Downs, C. T., Ramesh, T., … Calabrese, J. M. (2022, November 20). METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, Vol. 11.

author keywords: continuous-time movement models; habitat selection; home range; Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process; space use; spatial point process; stochastic process model; utilization distribution
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 21, 2022

2022 article

Mitigating pseudoreplication and bias in resource selection functions with autocorrelation-informed weighting

Alston, J. M., Fleming, C. H., Kays, R., Streicher, J. P., Downs, C. T., Ramesh, T., & Calabrese, J. M. (2022, April 22).

TL;DR: This study introduces a method for likelihood weighting of animal locations to mitigate the negative consequences of autocorrelation on resource selection functions, and demonstrates that this method weights each observed location in an animal’s movement track according to its level of non-independence, expanding confidence intervals and reducing bias that can arise when there are missing data in the movement track. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: May 20, 2022

2022 article

Monitoring small mammal abundance using NEON data: are calibrated indices useful?

Parsons, A. W., Clark, J. S., & Kays, R. (2022, November 25). JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, Vol. 11.

By: A. Parsons n, J. Clark* & R. Kays n

author keywords: abundance; abundance indices; Bayesian; capture; recapture; NEON; small mammal
TL;DR: It is found that neither raw abundance indices nor index calibrations were reliable approximations of absolute abundance, with raw indices less correlated with absolute abundance than index calibratedations, and none of the indices should be used for comparing different species due to high variation in capture probabilities. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 12, 2022

2022 article

MoveApps - a serverless no-code analysis platform for animal tracking data

Kölzsch, A., Davidson, S. C., Gauggel, D., Hahn, C., Hirt, J., Kays, R., … Safi, K. (2022, February 19). (Vol. 2). Vol. 2.

By: A. Kölzsch*, S. Davidson*, D. Gauggel, C. Hahn, J. Hirt, R. Kays n, I. Lang*, A. Lohr* ...

Source: ORCID
Added: February 20, 2022

2022 journal article

MoveApps: a serverless no-code analysis platform for animal tracking data

MOVEMENT ECOLOGY, 10(1).

By: A. Koelzsch, S. Davidson*, D. Gauggel, C. Hahn, J. Hirt, R. Kays*, I. Lang*, A. Lohr* ...

author keywords: Animal movement; Movement ecology; Bio-logging; Method sharing; Community empowerment; Analysis code publication; Reproducibility; Cloud infrastructure; Serverless computing
TL;DR: The MoveApps platform is meant to empower the community to supply, exchange and use analysis code in an intuitive environment that allows fast and traceable results and feedback and is intended to increase the pace of knowledge generation and integration to match the huge growth rate in bio-logging data acquisition. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 26, 2022

2022 journal article

Perspectives in machine learning for wildlife conservation

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 13(1).

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Automation; Conservation of Natural Resources; Ecology; Ecosystem; Knowledge; Machine Learning; Models, Theoretical
TL;DR: It is argued that animal ecologists can capitalize on large datasets generated by modern sensors by combining machine learning approaches with domain knowledge by incorporating machine learning into ecological workflows. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 7, 2022

2022 article

Population-level inference for home-range areas

Fleming, C. H., Deznabi, I., Alavi, S., Crofoot, M. C., Hirsch, B. T., Medici, E. P., … Calabrese, J. M. (2022, March 11). METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, Vol. 2.

By: C. Fleming*, I. Deznabi*, S. Alavi*, M. Crofoot*, B. Hirsch*, E. Medici*, M. Noonan*, R. Kays n ...

author keywords: animal movement; autocorrelation; home range; population ecology
TL;DR: The approach allows researchers to more accurately compare different populations with different movement behaviours or sampling schedules while retaining statistical precision and power when individual home‐range uncertainties vary, and emphasizes the estimation of effect sizes when comparing populations. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 4, 2022

2022 article

SNAPSHOT USA 2020: A second coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic

Kays, R., Cove, M. V., Diaz, J., Todd, K., Bresnan, C., Snider, M., … McShea, W. J. (2022, July 24). ECOLOGY, Vol. 6.

By: R. Kays n, M. Cove*, J. Diaz*, K. Todd*, C. Bresnan*, M. Snider n, T. Lee*, J. Jasper* ...

author keywords: biodiversity; biogeography; camera traps; Carnivora; Cetartiodactyla; Didelphimorphia; Lagomorpha; mammals; occupancy modeling; species distribution modeling
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Birds; COVID-19 / epidemiology; Humans; Mammals; Pandemics; United States
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 6, 2022

2022 article

Saving Wildlife on a Changing Planet

Kays, R. (2022, January 15). (Vol. 1). Vol. 1.

By: R. Kays*

Source: ORCID
Added: February 2, 2022

2022 journal article

The effect of urbanization on spatiotemporal interactions between gray foxes and coyotes

ECOSPHERE, 13(3).

author keywords: camera traps; carnivore; occupancy; spatiotemporal; species interactions
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 31, 2022

2022 article

What drives spatially varying ecological relationships in a wide-ranging species?

Pease, B. S., Pacifici, K., Kays, R., & Reich, B. (2022, July 4). DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS, Vol. 7.

By: B. Pease*, K. Pacifici n, R. Kays n & B. Reich n

author keywords: American black bear; niche conservatism; spatial non-stationarity; species-environment relationships; Ursus americanus
TL;DR: This work has suggested that niche traits that are conserved should reflect the evolutionary history of a species whereas more flexible ecological traits could vary at finer scales, reflecting local adaptation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 5, 2022

2022 article

Which mammals can be identified from camera traps and crowdsourced photographs?

Kays, R., Lasky, M., Allen, M. L., Dowler, R. C., Hawkins, M. T. R., Hope, A. G., … Cove, M. V. (2022, April 7). (R. Moratelli, Ed.). JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, Vol. 4.

By: R. Kays n, M. Lasky*, M. Allen*, R. Dowler*, M. Hawkins*, A. Hope*, B. Kohli*, V. Mathis* ...

Ed(s): R. Moratelli

author keywords: artificial intelligence; biodiversity; camera trap; citizen science; curation; identification; iNaturalist; photograph; range map; voucher
TL;DR: The extent to which 335 terrestrial nonvolant North American mammals can be identified in typical photographs, with and without considering species range maps is quantified. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 14, 2022

2022 article

Wildlife Insights: How Camera Trap Data Can Foster Global Biodiversity Conservation

Iannarilli, F., Oliver, R., Birch, T., Beery, S., Fegraus, E., Flores, N., … Jetz, W. (2022, January 31). (Vol. 1). Vol. 1.

By: F. Iannarilli*, R. Oliver*, T. Birch*, S. Beery*, E. Fegraus*, N. Flores*, R. Kays n, J. Ahumada*, W. Jetz*

Source: ORCID
Added: February 2, 2022

2021 article

A pilot study on the home range and movement patterns of the Andean Fox Lycalopex culpaeus (Molina, 1782) in Cotopaxi National Park, Ecuador

Castellanos, A., Castellanos, F. X., Kays, R., & Brito, J. (2021, August 17). MAMMALIA, Vol. 8.

author keywords: Andean fox habits; continuous-time movement model; mammal tracking; non-parametric methods; straight-line displacement
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 18, 2022

2021 article

Arboreal monkeys facilitate foraging of terrestrial frugivores

Havmoller, L. W., Loftus, J. C., Havmoller, R. W., Alavi, S. E., Caillaud, D., Grote, M. N., … Crofoot, M. C. (2021, September 19). BIOTROPICA, Vol. 9.

author keywords: attraction; camera trapping; eavesdropping; GPS tracking; interspecific associations; Panama; tropical forest
TL;DR: The results demonstrate that terrestrial frugivores are attracted to arboreal primates, likely because they increase local resource availability and suggest that their loss may have unanticipated consequences for thefrugivore community. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 4, 2021

2021 journal article

Can mammals thrive near urban areas in the Neotropics? Characterizing the community of a reclaimed tropical forest

TROPICAL ECOLOGY, 62(2), 174–185.

By: S. Schuttler*, S. Ramcharan*, H. Boone n, S. Stone n, . Brian J. O'Shea*, K. Gajapersad*, R. Kays n

author keywords: Camera traps; Neotropical forest; Occupancy modelling; Secondary forest; Suriname; Urbanization
TL;DR: Despite fewer species being detected than in large protected areas, the presence of some species in Peperpot Nature Park shows promise for small urban tropical forests to support robust mammal communities, provided they maintain some connectivity to larger source habitats. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 15, 2021

2021 journal article

Candid Critters: Challenges and Solutions in a Large-Scale Citizen Science Camera Trap Project

Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 6(1).

TL;DR: An overview of the efforts to conduct a large-scale citizen science project using camera traps—North Carolina’s Candid Critters and eight key suggestions for overcoming challenges in study design, volunteer recruitment and management, equipment distribution, outreach, training, and data management. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 19, 2021

2021 article

Carolina critters: a collection of camera-trap data from wildlife surveys across North Carolina

Lasky, M., Parsons, A. W., Schuttler, S. G., Hess, G., Sutherland, R., Kalies, L., … Kays, R. (2021, June 1). ECOLOGY, Vol. 6.

By: M. Lasky n, A. Parsons n, S. Schuttler*, G. Hess n, R. Sutherland*, L. Kalies*, S. Clark*, C. Olfenbuttel* ...

author keywords: biodiversity; camera trap; citizen science; database; ecology; mammal; species distribution
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Biodiversity; Ecosystem; Mammals; North Carolina
TL;DR: This large data set of camera trap surveys from 6,043 locations across all 100 counties of North Carolina from 2009 to 2019 increases the geographical distribution data for 39 mammal and bird species by >500% over what is available for North Carolina in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 article

Disturbance type and species life history predict mammal responses to humans

Suraci, J. P., Gaynor, K. M., Allen, M. L., Alexander, P., Brashares, J. S., Cendejas-Zarelli, S., … Wilmers, C. C. (2021, May 20). GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, Vol. 5.

By: J. Suraci*, K. Gaynor*, M. Allen*, P. Alexander, J. Brashares*, S. Cendejas-Zarelli*, K. Crooks*, L. Elbroch* ...

author keywords: anthropogenic disturbance; carnivore; conservation; environmental filter; human footprint index; human‐ wildlife coexistence; occupancy; traits; ungulate; wildlife
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Ecosystem; Human Activities; Humans; Life History Traits; Mammals; North America
TL;DR: This approach provides insights into the complex mechanisms through which human activities shape mammal communities globally, revealing the drivers of the loss of larger predators in human‐modified landscapes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 journal article

Empirical evaluation of the spatial scale and detection process of camera trap surveys

MOVEMENT ECOLOGY, 9(1).

By: R. Kays n, A. Hody n, D. Jachowski* & A. Parsons*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 15, 2021

2021 article

Estimating encounter location distributions from animal tracking data

Noonan, M. J., Martinez-Garcia, R., Davis, G. H., Crofoot, M. C., Kays, R., Hirsch, B. T., … Calabrese, J. M. (2021, May 14). METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, Vol. 5.

author keywords: animal movement; Cebus capucinus; contact; home range; interactions; Tiliqua rugosa
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 journal article

Home range variation in leopards living across the human density gradient

JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, 102(4), 1138–1148.

By: M. Snider n, V. Athreya*, G. Balme*, L. Bidner*, M. Farhadinia*, J. Fattebert*, M. Gompper*, S. Gubbi* ...

author keywords: habitat use; human carnivore interaction; human density; large carnivore; leopard; movement ecology; Panthera pardus
TL;DR: Leopards in open habitats had a predicted negative correlation in home range size with human population density, but leopard in closed habitats used larger home ranges in areas with more people and males used larger areas than females. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 7, 2021

2021 journal article

Mobilizing Animal Movement Data: API use and the Movebank platform

Biodiversity Information Science and Standards.

By: S. Davidson n, G. Bohrer n, A. Kölzsch n, C. Vinciguerra n & R. Kays n

TL;DR: There are needs to coordinate API development across animal tracking and biodiversity databases, and to develop a shared system for unique organism identifiers to recognize data for the same individuals across platforms, retain provenance and attribution information, and ensure beneficial and biologically meaningful data use. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: September 14, 2021

2021 article

Population-level inference for home-range areas

Fleming, C. H., Deznabi, I., Alavi, S., Crofoot, M. C., Hirsch, B. T., Medici, E. P., … Calabrese, J. M. (2021, July 6). (Vol. 7). Vol. 7.

By: C. Fleming*, I. Deznabi*, S. Alavi*, M. Crofoot*, B. Hirsch*, E. Medici*, M. Noonan*, R. Kays n ...

TL;DR: This work introduces a statistically and computationally efficient framework for the population-level analysis of home-range areas, based on autocorrelated kernel density estimation (AKDE), that can account for variable temporalAutocorrelation and estimation uncertainty. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: ORCID
Added: July 19, 2021

2021 article

SNAPSHOT USA 2019: a coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States

Cove, M. V., Kays, R., Bontrager, H., Bresnan, C., Lasky, M., Frerichs, T., … McShea, A. J. (2021, June). ECOLOGY, Vol. 102.

By: M. Cove*, R. Kays n, H. Bontrager*, C. Bresnan*, M. Lasky n, T. Frerichs*, R. Klann*, T. Lee* ...

author keywords: biodiversity; biogeography; camera traps; carnivora; Cetartiodactyla; Cingulata; Didelphimorphia; Lagomorpha; mammals; occupancy modeling; Rodentia; species distribution modeling
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Birds; Mammals; Population Dynamics; United States
TL;DR: The SNAPSHOT USA project, a collaborative survey of terrestrial wildlife populations using camera traps across the United States, compiled data across all 50 states during a 14-week period in 2019, representing a timely and standardized camera trap survey of the USA. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: June 28, 2021

2021 journal article

Seasonal Patterns in Daily Flight Distance and Space Use by Great Egrets (Ardea alba)

WATERBIRDS, 44(3), 343–355.

By: J. Brzorad*, M. Allen*, S. Jennings, E. Condeso, S. Elbin*, R. Kays*, D. Lumpkin, S. Schweitzer*, N. Tsipoura*, A. Maccarone*

author keywords: Ardea alba; central place; daily flight distances; GPS telemetry; Great Egret; home range; wading bird; wetlands; utilization distribution
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 2, 2022

2021 article

The Movebank system for studying global animal movement and demography

Kays, R., Davidson, S. C., Berger, M., Bohrer, G., Fiedler, W., Flack, A., … Wikelski, M. (2021, December 12). METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, Vol. 12.

By: R. Kays n, S. Davidson*, M. Berger, G. Bohrer*, W. Fiedler*, A. Flack*, J. Hirt, C. Hahn ...

author keywords: animal behaviour; animal tracking; bio-logging; cyberinfrastructure; FAIR data; GPS; live data; movement
TL;DR: A case study demonstrating the use of Movebank to assess life‐history events and demography, and engage with citizen scientists to identify mortalities and causes of death for a migratory bird are presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: ORCID, Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 13, 2021

2021 journal article

Tracking the decline of weasels in North America

PLOS ONE, 16(7).

By: D. Jachowski*, R. Kays n, A. Butler*, A. Hoylman & M. Gompper*

MeSH headings : Animals; Canada; Mustelidae / physiology; Population Dynamics; United States
TL;DR: The hypothesis that weasel populations have declined in North America is supported and the need for improved methods for detecting and monitoring weasels is highlighted, by identifying population declines for small carnivores that were formerly abundant across North America. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 30, 2021

2020 journal article

A Novel Framework to Protect Animal Data in a World of Ecosurveillance

BioScience, 70(6), 468–476.

By: R. Lennox*, R. Harcourt*, J. Bennett*, A. Davies*, A. Ford*, R. Frey*, M. Hayward*, N. Hussey* ...

author keywords: Ecology; biotelemetry; biologging; species at risk; data security; poaching; data privacy
TL;DR: It is suggested that when designing animal tracking studies it is incumbent on scientists to consider the vulnerability of their study animals to risks arising from the implementation of the proposed program, and to take preventative measures. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: July 13, 2020

2020 journal article

An empirical evaluation of camera trap study design: How many, how long and when?

Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 11(6), 700–713.

Ed(s): D. Fisher

author keywords: camera traps; community ecology; detectability; mammals; relative abundance; species richness; study design; wildlife surveys
TL;DR: It was found that 25–35 camera sites were needed for precise estimates of species richness, depending on scale of the study, and the precision of species‐level estimates of occupancy was highly sensitive to occupancy level. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref, ORCID
Added: April 20, 2020

2020 journal article

Animal species classification using deep neural networks with noise labels

Ecological Informatics, 57, 101063.

By: A. Ahmed*, H. Yousif*, R. Kays n & Z. He*

author keywords: Noisy labels; Deep neural networks; Clean network; K-means clustering
TL;DR: The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed robust learning method outperforms the state-of-the-art methods from the literature and achieved improved accuracy on animal species classification from camera-trap images with high levels of label noise. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: May 8, 2020

2020 journal article

Born‐digital biodiversity data: Millions and billions

Diversity and Distributions, 26(5), 644–648.

By: R. Kays n, W. McShea* & M. Wikelski*

Ed(s): D. Zurell

author keywords: animal tracking; big data; biodiversity; camera trapping; conservation; ecological modelling; specimens
TL;DR: This work urges institutions to recognize the future of born‐digital records and invest in proper curation and standards so they can make the most of these records to inform management, inspire conservation action and tell natural history stories about life on the planet. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref, ORCID
Added: April 20, 2020

2020 article

COVID-19 lockdown allows researchers to quantify the effects of human activity on wildlife

Rutz, C., Loretto, M.-C., Bates, A. E., Davidson, S. C., Duarte, C. M., Jetz, W., … Cagnacci, F. (2020, September). NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, Vol. 4, pp. 1156–1159.

By: C. Rutz, M. Loretto, A. Bates, S. Davidson*, C. Duarte*, W. Jetz, M. Johnson*, A. Kato* ...

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Betacoronavirus; COVID-19; Coronavirus Infections; Ecosystem; Human Activities; Humans; Pandemics; Pneumonia, Viral; SARS-CoV-2
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 20, 2020

2020 journal article

Coyotes living near cities are bolder: implications for dog evolution and human-wildlife conflict

BEHAVIOUR, 157(3-4), 289–313.

By: J. Brooks*, R. Kays n & B. Hare*

author keywords: self-domestication; urban evolution; coyote wildlife management; urban coyotes; coyote boldness; human-wildlife conflict
TL;DR: Analysis of the reactions of coyotes to novel human artefacts at 575 sites across the state of North Carolina suggests that urban coyotes are experiencing selection for boldness and becoming more attracted tohuman artefacts. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 8, 2020

2020 dataset

Data from: The small home ranges and large local ecological impacts of pet cats [United States]

By: R. Kays*, R. Dunn, A. Parsons, B. Mcdonald, T. Perkins, S. Powers, L. Shell

Contributors: U. Konstanz

Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 15, 2020

2020 journal article

Diurnal timing of nonmigratory movement by birds: the importance of foraging spatial scales

JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY, 51(12).

By: J. Mallon*, M. Tucker*, A. Beard*, R. Bierregaard*, K. Bildstein*, K. Bohning-Gaese*, J. Brzorad*, E. Buechley* ...

author keywords: flight mode; foraging; movement ecology; multispecies; nonmigratory; temporal
TL;DR: Assessment of signals of eicher of chese scracegies are dececcable in the timing of activiry of daily, local movements by birds finds broad-scale foraging habicac explained less of ehe clustering paccerns, and the similarities of timing of movement activiry among species are compared. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 19, 2021

2020 journal article

Does Use of Backyard Resources Explain the Abundance of Urban Wildlife?

FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 8.

By: C. Hansen*, A. Parsons n, R. Kays n & J. Millspaugh*

author keywords: camera trap; mammal; relative abundance; species richness; supplemental feeding
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 24, 2020

2020 journal article

Ecological insights from three decades of animal movement tracking across a changing Arctic

SCIENCE, 370(6517), 712-+.

By: S. Davidson*, G. Bohrer*, E. Gurarie*, S. LaPoint*, P. Mahoney*, N. Boelman*, J. Eitel*, L. Prugh* ...

MeSH headings : Acclimatization; Animal Migration; Animals; Archives; Arctic Regions; Ecological Parameter Monitoring; Population
TL;DR: The new Arctic Animal Movement Archive (AAMA) is presented, a growing collection of more than 200 standardized terrestrial and marine animal tracking studies from 1991 to the present that illuminates the effects of climate change on multiple charismatic animal and bird species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 14, 2020

2020 journal article

author keywords: allometry; animal movement; area-based conservation; autocorrelation; home range; kernel density estimation; reserve design; scaling
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Size; Conservation of Natural Resources; Endangered Species; Homing Behavior; Humans; Mammals
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: July 6, 2020

2020 article

Estimating encounter location distributions from animal tracking data

Noonan, M. J., Martinez-Garcia, R., Davis, G. H., Crofoot, M. C., Kays, R., Hirsch, B. T., … Calabrese, J. M. (2020, August 25). (Vol. 8). Vol. 8.

By: M. Noonan*, R. Martinez-Garcia, G. Davis*, M. Crofoot*, R. Kays n, B. Hirsch*, D. Caillaud*, E. Payne* ...

TL;DR: This work introduces a new theoretical concept describing the long-term encounter location probabilities for movement within home ranges, termed the conditional distribution of encounters (CDE), and derives this distribution, as well as confidence intervals, and implements its statistical estimator into open source software. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: July 19, 2021

2020 journal article

Foraging movements are density-independent among straw-coloured fruit bats

ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 7(5).

By: M. Calderon-Capote*, D. Dechmann*, J. Fahr*, M. Wikelski*, R. Kays n & M. O'Mara*

author keywords: central place foraging; colony size; Old World fruit bats; resources; movement; migration
TL;DR: The relatively consistent foraging patterns across seasons and colonies indicate that these bats seek out roosts close to highly productive landscapes, which may help to explain why long-distance migration, otherwise rare in bats, evolved in this highly gregarious species. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: June 22, 2020

2020 journal article

High variability within pet foods prevents the identification of native species in pet cats’ diets using isotopic evaluation

PeerJ, 8, e8337.

By: B. McDonald n, T. Perkins n, R. Dunn n, J. McDonald*, H. Cole*, R. Feranec*, R. Kays n

author keywords: Felis catus; Carbon; Stable isotopes; Predation; Pet food; Nitrogen
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: February 10, 2020

2020 journal article

Precipitous decline of white-lipped peccary populations in Mesoamerica

Biological Conservation, 242, 108410.

By: D. Thornton*, R. Reyna*, L. Perera-Romero*, J. Radachowsky*, M. Hidalgo-Mihart*, R. Garcia*, R. McNab*, L. Mcloughlin* ...

author keywords: Distribution modelling; Large herbivores; Population decline; Neotropics; Range decline; White-lipped peccaries
TL;DR: To conserve white-lipped peccaries in Mesoamerica, transboundary efforts will be needed that focus on both forest conservation and hunting management, increased cross-border coordination, and reconsideration of country and regional conservation priorities. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 20, 2020

2020 journal article

The small home ranges and large local ecological impacts of pet cats

Animal Conservation, 23(5), 516–523.

By: R. Kays n, R. Dunn n, A. Parsons n, B. Mcdonald n, T. Perkins*, S. Powers*, L. Shell*, J. McDonald* ...

author keywords: citizen science; domestic cats; GPS tracking; predation; urban ecology; home rage; carnivores; Felis catus
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: September 14, 2020

2020 journal article

Wildlife response to recreational trail building: An experimental method and Appalachian case study

JOURNAL FOR NATURE CONSERVATION, 56.

By: A. Miller n, R. Kays n & Y. Leung n

Contributors: A. Miller n, R. Kays n & Y. Leung n

author keywords: Before-after control-impact; Camera trap; Experiment; Occupancy; Recreation impact; Trails
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 24, 2020

2019 journal article

Animal Scanner: Software for classifying humans, animals, and empty frames in camera trap images

Ecology and Evolution, 9(4), 1578–1589.

By: H. Yousif*, J. Yuan*, R. Kays n & Z. He*

author keywords: background subtraction; camera trap images; deep convolutional neural networks; human-animal detection; wildlife monitoring
TL;DR: This work develops computer vision algorithms to detect and classify moving objects to aid the first step of camera trap image filtering—separating the animal detections from the empty frames and pictures of humans, thus improving the ability to monitor wildlife across large scales with camera traps. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 2, 2019

2019 journal article

Canid collision-expanding populations of coyotes (Canis latrans) and crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) meet up in Panama

JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, 100(6), 1819–1830.

By: A. Hody n, R. Moreno*, N. Meyer*, K. Pacifici n & R. Kays n

author keywords: camera traps; coyote; crab-eating fox; data fusion; Great American Biotic Interchange; invasive species
TL;DR: If deforestation continues in the region, these two invasive canids could represent the first of a new, Not-So-Great American Biotic Interchange, where generalist species adapted to human disturbance cross continents and threaten native biota. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 10, 2020

2019 journal article

Children’s attitudes towards animals are similar across suburban, exurban, and rural areas

PeerJ, 7, e7328.

By: S. Schuttler*, K. Stevenson n, R. Kays n & R. Dunn n

author keywords: Children; Attitudes; Biodiversity; Animals; Urbanization; Native
TL;DR: Despite different levels of urbanization, children had either an unfamiliarity with and/or low preference for local animals, suggesting that a disconnect between children and local biodiversity is already well-established, even in more rural areas where many wildlife species can be found. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: July 23, 2019

2019 dataset

Data from: Eastern coyote home range, habitat selection and survival in the Albany pine bush landscape

By: D. Bogan & R. Kays*

Contributors: U. Konstanz

Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 15, 2020

2019 journal article

Effects on white‐tailed deer following eastern coyote colonization

The Journal of Wildlife Management, 83(4), 916–924.

By: E. Bragina n, R. Kays*, A. Hody n, C. Moorman n, C. Deperno n & L. Mills*

author keywords: eastern coyote; novel predator; population growth rate; predator-prey dynamics; spatial compensation
TL;DR: The hypothesis that coyotes, as a novel predator, would affect deer population dynamics across large spatial scales, and the strongest effects would occur after a time lag following initial coyote colonization, is tested. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 20, 2020

2019 journal article

Large birds travel farther in homogeneous environments

Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28(5), 576–587.

By: M. Tucker*, O. Alexandrou, R. Bierregaard*, K. Bildstein*, K. Böhning‐Gaese*, C. Bracis*, J. Brzorad*, E. Buechley* ...

Ed(s): V. Boucher-Lalonde

author keywords: enhanced vegetation index; landscape complementation; movement ecology; productivity; spatial behaviour; terrestrial birds; waterbirds
TL;DR: It is suggested that longer movements in homogeneous environments might reflect the need for different habitat types associated with foraging and reproduction as habitat homogenization increases, it might force birds to travel increasingly longer distances to meet their diverse needs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: June 17, 2019

2019 journal article

Local host-tick coextinction in neotropical forest fragments

International Journal for Parasitology, 49(3-4), 225–233.

author keywords: Biodiversity loss; Host-parasite interactions; Forest fragmentation; Defaunation; Extinction cascade; Host specificity; Panama
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild / growth & development; Biodiversity; Extinction, Biological; Forests; Panama; Ticks / growth & development; Tropical Climate; Vertebrates / growth & development
TL;DR: These findings support the host-parasite coextinction hypothesis, and indicate that loss of wildlife can indeed have cascading effects on tick communities, and imply that opportunities for pathogen transmission via generalist ticks may be higher in habitats with degraded tick communities. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: May 13, 2019

2019 journal article

Scale-insensitive estimation of speed and distance traveled from animal tracking data

MOVEMENT ECOLOGY, 7(1).

By: M. Noonan*, C. Fleming*, T. Akre*, J. Drescher-Lehman*, E. Gurarie*, A. Harrison*, R. Kays*, J. Calabrese*

author keywords: Continuous-time; correlated velocity; ctmm; GPS; movement models; step length; telemetry; travel distance
TL;DR: It was found that SLD estimates varied substantially with sampling frequency, whereas CTSD provided relatively consistent estimates, with often dramatic improvements over SLD, when applied to empirical GPS data. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: December 9, 2019

2019 journal article

Semantic region of interest and species classification in the deep neural network feature domain

Ecological Informatics, 52, 57–68.

By: A. Ahmed*, H. Yousif*, R. Kays n & Z. He*

author keywords: Animal species classification; Deep neural networks; Semantic regions; Graph cut
TL;DR: This paper uses a deep neural network model training for animal- background image classification to analyze the input camera-trap images to generate a multi-level visual representation of the input image, and detects semantic regions of interest for animals from this representation using k-mean clustering and graph cut in the DNN feature domain. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: July 15, 2019

2019 journal article

The ocean’s movescape: fisheries management in the bio-logging decade (2018–2028)

ICES Journal of Marine Science, 76(2), 477–488.

Ed(s): H. Browman

author keywords: bio-logging; fisheries; ICARUS; movement ecology; telemetry; tracking
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: May 13, 2019

2019 journal article

Urbanization focuses carnivore activity in remaining natural habitats, increasing species interactions

Journal of Applied Ecology, 56(8), 1894–1904.

By: A. Parsons n, C. Rota*, T. Forrester*, M. Baker‐Whatton*, W. McShea*, S. Schuttler*, J. Millspaugh*, R. Kays n

Ed(s): H. Wheeler

author keywords: camera traps; carnivore; citizen science; distribution; green space; occupancy; species interactions; urbanization
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 19, 2019

2019 journal article

White‐tailed deer and coyote colonization: a response to Kilgo et al. (2019)

The Journal of Wildlife Management, 83(8), 1641–1643.

By: E. Bragina*, R. Kays*, A. Hody n, C. Moorman n, C. DePerno & L. Mills*

TL;DR: The finding that coyotes have not had large‐scale effects on white‐tailed deer population growth in eastern North America is reaffirmed and the finding that predator‐prey dynamic is variable over space or time is elaborated on. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: October 28, 2019

2019 journal article

Wildlife Insights: A Platform to Maximize the Potential of Camera Trap and Other Passive Sensor Wildlife Data for the Planet

Environmental Conservation, 47(1), 1–6.

By: J. Ahumada*, E. Fegraus*, T. Birch*, N. Flores*, R. Kays*, T. O’Brien*, J. Palmer*, S. Schuttler* ...

author keywords: artificial intelligence; camera traps; data analysis; data sharing; protected areas; technology platform; wildlife
TL;DR: This work identifies four barriers that are hindering the widespread use of camera trap data for conservation and proposes specific solutions to remove these barriers integrated in a modern technology platform called Wildlife Insights. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 24, 2020

2018 dataset

Canis latrans: Kays, R.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Roland Kays

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 24, 2020

2018 journal article

Citizen Science in Schools: Students Collect Valuable Mammal Data for Science, Conservation, and Community Engagement

BioScience, 69(1), 69–79.

By: S. Schuttler*, R. Sears n, I. Orendain*, R. Khot*, D. Rubenstein*, N. Rubenstein*, R. Dunn n, E. Baird* ...

author keywords: citizen science; camera traps; mammals; education; community conservation
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: April 15, 2019

2018 dataset

Data from: New York State bald eagle report 2010

By: P. Nye, G. Hewitt, T. Swenson & R. Kays*

Contributors: U. Konstanz

Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 14, 2020

2018 journal article

High genomic diversity and candidate genes under selection associated with range expansion in eastern coyote (Canis latrans ) populations

Ecology and Evolution, 8(24), 12641–12655.

By: E. Heppenheimer*, K. Brzeski*, J. Hinton*, B. Patterson*, L. Rutledge*, A. DeCandia*, T. Wheeldon*, S. Fain* ...

author keywords: colonization; dispersal behavior; outlier SNPs; RADseq; range expansion
TL;DR: This study identifies genes associated with dispersal capabilities in coyotes on the two eastern expansion fronts of a highly mobile carnivore, the coyote, to investigate patterns of genomic diversity and identify variants that may have been under selection during range expansion. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: January 14, 2019

2018 journal article

Historically native to open country in the West, this canid now lives in all habitats across the continent

Natural History Magazine, 126(7), 22–27.

By: R. Kays

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Hot monkey, cold reality: surveying rainforest canopy mammals using drone-mounted thermal infrared sensors

International Journal of Remote Sensing, 40(2), 407–419.

By: R. Kays n, J. Sheppard*, K. Mclean*, C. Welch*, C. Paunescu*, V. Wang*, G. Kravit*, M. Crofoot*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: February 18, 2019

2018 journal article

Is the Red Wolf a Listable Unit Under the US Endangered Species Act?

Journal of Heredity, 109(5), 585–597.

By: R. Waples*, R. Kays n, R. Fredrickson*, K. Pacifici n & L. Mills*

author keywords: de-listing; distinct population segment; hybrid policy; hybridization; listing criteria; taxonomy
MeSH headings : Animals; Behavior, Animal; Ecosystem; Endangered Species; Hybridization, Genetic; United States; Wolves / genetics; Wolves / physiology
TL;DR: A case study of the red wolf from the southeastern United States concludes that under any proposed evolutionary scenario red wolves meet both criteria to be considered a DPS: they are Discrete compared with other conspecific populations, and they are Significant to the taxon to which they belong. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Joint Temporal Point Pattern Models for Proximate Species Occurrence in a Fixed Area Using Camera Trap Data

Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics, 23(3), 334–357.

By: E. Schliep*, A. Gelfand*, J. Clark* & R. Kays*

author keywords: Circular time; Fourier series representation; Hierarchical model; Linear time; Multivariate log-Gaussian Cox process; Nonhomogeneous Poisson process
TL;DR: It is shown that a multivariate log-Gaussian Cox process incorporating both circular and linear time provides a preferred choice for modeling occurrence of forest mammals based on daily activity rhythms and rich inference is obtained under a hierarchical Bayesian framework with an efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling algorithm. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: October 19, 2018

2018 journal article

Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

ELife, 7.

MeSH headings : Animals; Biodiversity; Cities; Conservation of Natural Resources / methods; Conservation of Natural Resources / statistics & numerical data; Ecosystem; Forests; Humans; Mammals / classification; Mammals / growth & development; Rural Population / statistics & numerical data; Suburban Population / statistics & numerical data; Urban Population / statistics & numerical data; Urban Renewal / statistics & numerical data
TL;DR: It is shown that developed areas actually had significantly higher or statistically similar mammalian occupancy, relative abundance, richness and diversity compared to wild areas. (via Semantic Scholar)