Works (71)

Updated: April 22nd, 2024 07:44

2024 article

Differential feeding on ornamental plants by Duponchelia fovealis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) larvae

Copeman, S. M., & Frank, S. D. (2024, March 16). ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, Vol. 3.

By: S. Copeman n & S. Frank n

author keywords: feeding behavior; invasive species; ornamentals
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2024

2024 journal article

Profile of Duponchelia fovealis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) as a greenhouse and nursery pest in the United States

JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, 15(1).

By: S. Copeman n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Lepidoptera; ornamental pest; invasive species
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 15, 2024

2023 article

Carabid specialists respond differently to nonnative plant invasion in urban forests

Mitchell, J. C., D'Amico III, V., Trammell, T. L. E., & Frank, S. D. D. (2023, February 9). URBAN ECOSYSTEMS, Vol. 2.

By: J. Mitchell n, V. D'Amico III, T. Trammell* & S. Frank n

author keywords: Urban forest ecology; Carabidae communities; Nonnative plant invasion; Understory vegetation density; Forest structure
TL;DR: This study suggests abundant nonnative plants and associated dense vegetation structure are potential mechanisms explaining differences between rural and urban carabid communities and provides a unique example of how non native plants influence a guild of arthropods other than obligate herbivores. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 13, 2023

2023 article

Nonnative plant invasion increases urban vegetation structure and influences arthropod communities

Mitchell, J. C., D'Amico III, V., Trammell, T. L. E., & Frank, S. D. (2023, August 7). DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS, Vol. 8.

By: J. Mitchell n, V. D'Amico III, T. Trammell* & S. Frank n

author keywords: arthropod communities; insects; native; nonnative; spiders; understory structural diversity; urban forests
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 21, 2023

2023 article

Scale insects contribute to spider conservation in urban trees and shrubs

Wilson, C. J., & Frank, S. D. (2023, March 21). JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION, Vol. 3.

By: C. Wilson n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Urban tree; Spider community; Conservation; Natural enemy
TL;DR: These findings suggest that scale-infested urban trees, and the robust arthropod communities they support, conserve certain spider guilds, and these benefits extend to other plants in the landscape. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 4, 2023

2023 journal article

Tree species richness around urban red maples reduces pest density but does not enhance biological control

URBAN FORESTRY & URBAN GREENING, 88.

By: C. Wilson n, K. Backe n, M. Just n, E. Lahr n, A. Nagle n, L. Long n, A. Dale*, S. Frank n

author keywords: Biological control; Natural enemies; Scale insect; Tree diversity; Urban
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 20, 2023

2023 article

Urban tree pests can support biological control services in landscape shrubs

Wilson, C. J. J., & Frank, S. D. D. (2023, March 13). BIOCONTROL, Vol. 3.

By: C. Wilson n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Scale insect; Conservation biological control; Urban tree; Natural enemy; Banker plant
TL;DR: The results suggest that scale-infested trees can support biological control services in shrubs below them but that this effect can vary depending on prey and shrub species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 4, 2023

2022 article

Effects of Urban Heat Islands on Temperate Forest Trees and Arthropods

Frank, S. D., & Backe, K. M. (2022, December 3). CURRENT FORESTRY REPORTS, Vol. 12.

By: S. Frank n & K. Backe*

author keywords: Urban forest; Climate change; Conservation; Tree pests
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 3, 2023

2022 article

Scale Insects Support Natural Enemies in Both Landscape Trees and Shrubs Below Them

Wilson, C. J., & Frank, S. D. (2022, October 19). ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, Vol. 10.

By: C. Wilson n & S. Frank n

author keywords: urban tree; natural enemy; scale insect; conservation biological control
MeSH headings : Animals; Trees; Hemiptera; Arthropods; Quercus
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 31, 2022

2022 journal article

Water Availability Determines Tree Growth and Physiological Response to Biotic and Abiotic Stress in a Temperate North American Urban Forest

FORESTS, 13(7).

By: A. Dale* & S. Frank n

author keywords: Acer rubrum; water stress; ecosystem services; Melanaspis tenebricosa; urban forest; water potential
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 8, 2022

2021 journal article

Human health risks of invasive caterpillars increase with urban warming

LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY, 36(5), 1475–1487.

By: K. Backe n, J. Rousselet, A. Bernard, S. Frank n & A. Roques

author keywords: Thaumetopoea pityocampa; Pinus nigra; Urban heat island; Invasive species; Human health
TL;DR: It is highlighted that local landscape variation, such as a mosaic of warmer and cooler temperatures in cities, can alter the effects of this type of range expansion for people. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 12, 2021

2021 review

Review of the direct and indirect effects of warming and drought on scale insect pests of forest systems

[Review of ]. FORESTRY, 94(2), 167–180.

By: S. Frank n

TL;DR: Warming and drought are often coincident in urban forests and predicted to co-occur in many parts of the world under climate change scenarios, and the individual and interactive effects of these factors require further research to inform predictions and management of scale insect pests. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 24, 2021

2020 journal article

Can Cities Activate Sleeper Species and Predict Future Forest Pests? A Case Study of Scale Insects

INSECTS, 11(3).

By: S. Frank n & M. Just n

TL;DR: It is argued that arthropod species that become pests of urban trees are those that benefit from warming and thus should be monitored as potential sleeper species in forests and Studying pestilent urban species could be a pragmatic approach for identifying and preparing for sleeper species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 8, 2020

2020 journal article

Effects of native and exotic congeners on diversity of invertebrate natural enemies, available spider biomass, and pest control services in residential landscapes

BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, 29(4), 1241–1262.

By: S. Parsons n, L. Kerner n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Biological control; Native; Exotic; Urban landscape; Biodiversity
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 3, 2020

2020 journal article

Effects of temperature and habitat complexity on an urban tree pest (Tinocallis kahawaluokalani), natural enemies, and predation services in the city

URBAN ECOSYSTEMS, 23(1), 13–26.

By: S. Parsons n, K. Sozanski n, A. Wilson* & S. Frank n

author keywords: Biological control; Aphids; Natural enemies; Urban trees; Urban heat island
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 27, 2020

2020 journal article

Gloomy Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Ecology and Management on Landscape Trees

JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, 11(1).

By: M. Just n, A. Dale* & S. Frank n

author keywords: impervious surface; red maple; sleeper species; street tree; urban ecology
TL;DR: Gloomy scales are likely to expand their range beyond the Southeast and become pestilent in new areas with continued climatic warming and urbanization. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 15, 2021

2020 journal article

Intraspecific variation in morphology, physiology, and ecology of wildtype relative to horticultural varieties of red maple (Acer rubrum)

TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, 34(2), 603–614.

By: E. Lahr n, K. Backe n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Acer rubrum; Cultivar; Genotype; Photosynthesis; Red maple; Wildtype
TL;DR: Differences among types of red maple aid in understanding how intraspecific variation in tree appearance—and the en masse planting of a single cultivar in cities—affects physiological and ecological responses, the provision of ecosystem services, and the condition of planted trees. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 13, 2020

2020 article

Neonicotinoids pose undocumented threats to food webs

Frank, S. D., & Tooker, J. F. (2020, September 15). PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Vol. 117, pp. 22609–22613.

By: S. Frank n & J. Tooker*

MeSH headings : Environmental Pollutants / economics; Environmental Pollutants / toxicity; Food Chain; Food Contamination / analysis; Food Contamination / statistics & numerical data; Humans; Insecticides / economics; Insecticides / toxicity; Neonicotinoids / economics; Neonicotinoids / toxicity
TL;DR: Although further research is needed to document the ecosystem-wide transmission and consequences of neonicotinoids to establish their true costs and benefits, serious efforts must be made to decrease the scale of their use. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 9, 2020

2020 journal article

Risk of bird predation and defoliating insect abundance are greater in urban forest fragments than street trees

URBAN ECOSYSTEMS, 23(3), 519–531.

By: L. Long n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Forest fragments; Urban birds; Defoliators; Street trees; Top-down control
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 23, 2020

2020 journal article

Thermal Tolerance of Gloomy Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) in the Eastern United States

ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, 49(1), 104–114.

By: M. Just n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Acer rubrum; cold tolerance; lethal duration; Melanaspis tenebricosa; range limits
MeSH headings : Acer; Animals; Cities; Cold Temperature; Forests; Hemiptera; Herbivory; United States
TL;DR: The results suggest that as the climate warms the M. tenebricosa distribution may expand poleward, but experience a contraction at its southern boundary. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 10, 2020

2019 journal article

Chronology of Gloomy Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Infestations on Urban Trees

ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, 48(5), 1113–1120.

By: K. Backe n & S. Frank n

author keywords: scale insect; urban tree; pest management; maple (Acer); herbivory
MeSH headings : Acer; Animals; Cities; Hemiptera; Seasons; Trees
TL;DR: It is found that gloomy scale densities remain low on trees until at least seven seasons after tree planting, providing a key timepoint for starting scouting efforts, and there is a lag between the onset of pest infestations and a decline in tree condition, indicating that gloomy Scale management should begin prior to a visible decline inTree condition. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 27, 2020

2019 journal article

Evaluation of an Easy-to-Install, Low-Cost Dendrometer Band for Citizen-Science Tree Research

JOURNAL OF FORESTRY, 117(4), 317–322.

By: M. Just n & S. Frank*

author keywords: Acer rubrum; Public Participation in Scientific Research; forest measurement; monitoring
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 15, 2019

2019 journal article

Exotic urban trees conserve similar natural enemy communities to native congeners but have fewer pests

PEERJ, 7.

By: S. Frank n, K. Backe n, C. McDaniel n, M. Green n, S. Widney n & R. Dunn n

author keywords: Urban trees; Parasitoids; Conservation; Pest management; Exotic trees; Acer spp. (maple); Quercus spp. (oaks); Natural enemies; Native trees; Scale insects (Coccoidea)
TL;DR: These native and exotic tree species could help conserve arthropod natural enemies and achieve pest management goals and Parasitoid communities were significantly different among Acer species and Quercus species due in each case to greater abundance of a single family on one native tree species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 25, 2019

2019 journal article

Freeze stress of deciduous trees induces attacks by opportunistic ambrosia beetles

AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST ENTOMOLOGY, 21(2), 168–179.

By: C. Ranger*, P. Schultz*, S. Frank n & M. Reding*

author keywords: Anisandrus maiche; ethanol; freeze stress; Xylosandrus germanus; Xylosandrus crassiusculus
TL;DR: Ice stress predisposed Cercis canadensis L., Cornus florida L., Malus pumila Mill. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 22, 2019

2019 journal article

Urban forest fragments buffer trees from warming and pests

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 658, 1523–1530.

By: L. Long n, V. D'Amico* & S. Frank n

author keywords: Forest fragments; Herbivory; Trees; Urban heat island effect; Warming; Scale insects
MeSH headings : Acer / growth & development; Acer / physiology; Animals; Cities; Climate Change; Food Chain; Forests; Global Warming; Hemiptera / physiology; Herbivory; Hot Temperature; North Carolina; Population Dynamics; Trees / growth & development; Trees / physiology; Urbanization
TL;DR: First, trees growing in urban forest fragments are buffered from a chronic urban tree pest due to lower temperatures, and second, temperature-driven differences in M. tenebricosa density which the authors saw in Raleigh could predict future density of the pest in higher latitude cities as the climate warms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 11, 2019

2019 journal article

Urbanization drives unique latitudinal patterns of insect herbivory and tree condition

OIKOS, 128(7), 984–993.

By: M. Just n, A. Dale*, L. Long n & S. Frank n

author keywords: herbivory; urban ecology; urban forest
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 22, 2019

2018 review

Getting ahead of the curve: cities as surrogates for global change

By: E. Lahr n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Lahr n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: city; global change; multi-trophic interactions; urban; warming
MeSH headings : Adaptation, Biological; Animals; Arthropods / physiology; Cities; Climate Change; Plant Physiological Phenomena; Urbanization
TL;DR: Insights gained from cities are reviewed, with a focus on plants and arthropods, and how urban findings agree or disagree with experimental predictions and historical data, to achieve the goal of using urban species responses to predict broader regional- and ecosystem-level patterns in the future. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Homogenizing an urban habitat mosaic: arthropod diversity declines in New York City parks after Super Storm Sandy

ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, 28(1), 225–236.

By: A. Savage*, E. Youngsteadt n, A. Ernst*, S. Powers*, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: A. Savage*, E. Youngsteadt n, A. Ernst*, S. Powers*, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: biotic homogenization; disturbance adapted; diversity; extreme weather; hurricane; New York City; Super Storm Sandy; tipping point; urban ecology
MeSH headings : Animals; Arthropods; Biodiversity; Cyclonic Storms; New York City; Parks, Recreational; Stress, Physiological; Urbanization
TL;DR: The results suggest that the species that survive in high stress environments are likely to be the ones that thrive in response to acute disturbance, which may lead to diversity loss in cities, potentially leading entire urban landscapes to mirror the reduced diversity of street medians. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Impervious surface thresholds for urban tree site selection

URBAN FORESTRY & URBAN GREENING, 34, 141–146.

By: M. Just n, S. Frank n & A. Dale*

author keywords: Acer rubrum; Gloomy scale; Red maple; Street trees; Tree condition; Urban heat island
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 16, 2018

2018 review

Urban plants and climate drive unique arthropod interactions with unpredictable consequences

[Review of ]. CURRENT OPINION IN INSECT SCIENCE, 29, 27–33.

By: A. Dale* & S. Frank n

MeSH headings : Animals; Arthropods / physiology; Biodiversity; Cities; Climate; Climate Change; Plant Physiological Phenomena
TL;DR: Recent findings are reviewed that shed light on the effects of urbanization on plants and abiotic conditions that drive arthropod community composition and trophic interactions, with discussion of how these effects conflict with human values and can be mitigated for future urbanization. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 31, 2018

2018 journal article

Variation in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance among red maple (Acer rubrum) urban planted cultivars and wildtype trees in the southeastern United States

PLOS ONE, 13(5).

By: E. Lahr n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Lahr n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

MeSH headings : Acer / physiology; Agriculture; Cities; Environment; Photosynthesis; Plant Stomata / physiology; Seasons; Southeastern United States; Trees / physiology
TL;DR: The results suggest that wildtype trees should be considered for some urban locations, and the study is valuable in demonstrating how site type and tree type can inform tree planting strategies and improve long-term urban forest sustainability. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Water availability drives urban tree growth responses to herbivory and warming

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, 55(4), 1701–1713.

By: E. Meineke* & S. Frank n

author keywords: climate change; herbivory; trees; urban heat island effect; warming; water relations
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Wild bee abundance declines with urban warming, regardless of floral density

Urban Ecosystems, 21(3), 419–428.

By: A. Hamblin, E. Youngsteadt n & S. Frank n

TL;DR: Bee abundance declined by about 41% per °C urban warming, and temperature was among the best predictors of bee abundance and community composition, and local impervious surface and floral density were also important predictors, although only large bees appeared to benefit from high floral density. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Higher immunocompetence is associated with higher genetic diversity in feral honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera)

CONSERVATION GENETICS, 18(3), 659–666.

By: M. Lopez-Uribe n, R. Appler n, E. Youngsteadt n, R. Dunn n, S. Frank n & D. Tarpy n

Contributors: M. López-Uribe n, R. Appler n, E. Youngsteadt n, R. Dunn n, S. Frank n & D. Tarpy n

author keywords: Microsatellites; Antimicrobial peptides; Defensin; Hymenoptaecin; Management
TL;DR: It is hypothesized that high genetic variability provides the raw material upon which natural selection acts and generates adaptive genotypes in unmanaged populations and that feral populations could be useful sources of genetic variation to use in breeding programs that aim to improve honey bee health. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Life History of Parthenolecanium spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Urban Landscapes of the Southeastern United States

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 110(4), 1668–1675.

By: E. Camacho, J. Chong, S. Braman, S. Frank* & P. Schultz

author keywords: degree-day model; soft scale; shade tree; pest management
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Size; Female; Fertility; Hemiptera / physiology; Life History Traits; Longevity; Models, Biological; Seasons; Southeastern United States; Species Specificity
TL;DR: Developing degree-day models for crawler emergence of the two soft scale species in Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia accurately predicted the date of Crawler emergence within 1 wk of the actual emergence in 2014. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Physiological thermal limits predict differential responses of bees to urban heat-island effects

BIOLOGY LETTERS, 13(6).

By: A. Hamblin n, E. Youngsteadt n, M. Lopez-Uribe* & S. Frank n

author keywords: urban warming; climate change; bee; pollinator; critical thermal maximum; heat tolerance
MeSH headings : Animals; Bees; Climate Change; Global Warming; Hot Temperature; Islands; Phylogeny
TL;DR: Test the ability of critical thermal maxima (CTmax, a measure of heat tolerance) to predict community responses to urban heat-island effects in Raleigh, NC, USA and suggests solitary species and cavity-nesting species may be most sensitive to climate change. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Responses of arthropod populations to warming depend on latitude: evidence from urban heat islands

GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 23(4), 1436–1447.

By: E. Youngsteadt n, A. Ernst n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Youngsteadt n, A. Ernst n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: arthropods; climate change; ectotherms; global warming; latitude; thermal tolerance; urban heat island; urbanization
MeSH headings : Animals; Arthropods; Cities; Climate Change; Hot Temperature; Islands; New York City; Population Dynamics; Temperature
TL;DR: Patterns of family responses to warming were consistent with predictions based on known latitudinal patterns in arthropod physiology relative to regional climate, and heterogeneous responses in midlatitudes may be ecologically disruptive if interacting taxa respond oppositely to warming. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Warming and drought combine to increase pest insect fitness on urban trees

PLOS ONE, 12(3).

By: A. Dale* & S. Frank n

MeSH headings : Animals; Climate; Climate Change; Droughts; Hemiptera / physiology; Herbivory / physiology; Host-Parasite Interactions; Southeastern United States; Trees / growth & development; Trees / parasitology; Urbanization
TL;DR: This study provides further evidence that drivers of pest insect outbreaks act in concert, rather than independently, and calls for more research that manipulates multiple abiotic factors related to urbanization and climate change to predict their effects on ecological interactions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Biology, Ecology, and Management of Nonnative Ambrosia Beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in Ornamental Plant Nurseries

JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, 7(1).

By: C. Ranger*, M. Reding*, P. Schultz*, J. Oliver*, S. Frank n, K. Addesso*, J. Chong*, B. Sampson* ...

author keywords: Xylosandrus germanus; Xylosandrus crassiusculus; integrated pest management; ambrosia beetle
TL;DR: This paper aims to demonstrate the efforts towards in-situ applicability of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) EMMARM, which aims to provide real-time information about the phytochemical properties of fruit trees and shrubs to help design and implement anti-freeze strategies. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Developing a Media Moisture Threshold for Nurseries to Reduce Tree Stress and Ambrosia Beetle Attacks

ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, 45(4), 1040–1048.

By: S. Frank* & C. Ranger

author keywords: Acer rubrum; Cornus florida; Magnolia grandiflora; ethanol; flood-stress
MeSH headings : Acer / growth & development; Acer / physiology; Animals; Cornus / growth & development; Cornus / physiology; Ethanol / metabolism; Floods; Forestry / methods; Herbivory; Magnolia / growth & development; Magnolia / physiology; North Carolina; Random Allocation; Trees / growth & development; Trees / physiology; Weevils / physiology
TL;DR: Implementing a media moisture threshold, as a new IPM tool, could reduce ambrosia beetle attacks and the need for insecticide applications, which is currently the only available management tactic. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Non-consumptive predator effects on a primary greenhouse pest: Predatory mite harassment reduces western flower thrips abundance and plant damage

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 95, 5–12.

By: S. Jandricic n, D. Schmidt n, G. Bryant n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Non-consumptive predator effects; NCEs; Trait mediated interactions; Trophic cascades; Frankliniella occidentalis; Neoseiulus cucumeris
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that NCEs of predatory mites can induce a trophic cascade by reducing pest feeding and fitness, and such beneficial effects of natural enemies are often overlooked in simple predation and efficacy studies. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Reduced cellular immune response in social insect lineages

BIOLOGY LETTERS, 12(3).

By: M. Lopez-Uribe n, W. Sconiers n, S. Frank n, R. Dunn n & D. Tarpy n

Contributors: M. López-Uribe n, W. Sconiers n, S. Frank n, R. Dunn n & D. Tarpy n

author keywords: disease transmission; sociality; encapsulation; phylogenetic correction
MeSH headings : Animals; Biological Evolution; Body Size; Immunity, Cellular; Insecta / immunology; Models, Biological; Phylogeny; Social Behavior; Temperature
TL;DR: The findings suggest that insects living in large societies may rely more on behavioural mechanisms, such as hygienic behaviours, than on immune function to reduce the risk of disease transmission among nest-mates. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Urban stress is associated with variation in microbial species composition-but not richness-in Manhattan

ISME JOURNAL, 10(3), 751–760.

By: A. Reese*, A. Savage*, E. Youngsteadt n, K. McGuire*, A. Koling*, O. Watkins*, S. Frank n, R. Dunn n

Contributors: A. Reese*, A. Savage*, E. Youngsteadt n, K. Mcguire*, A. Koling*, O. Watkins*, S. Frank n, R. Dunn n

MeSH headings : Bacteria / classification; Bacteria / genetics; Bacteria / isolation & purification; Biodiversity; Ecosystem; Environmental Microbiology; Fungi / classification; Fungi / genetics; Fungi / isolation & purification; Humans; Molecular Sequence Data; New York City; Parks, Recreational; Phylogeny; Stress, Physiological; Urban Health
TL;DR: The diversity and composition of microbes appears less sensitive to habitat patchiness or urban stress than those of macroorganisms, and may be more resilient to the negative effects of urbanization than has been previously appreciated. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Urban warming reduces aboveground carbon storage

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283(1840), 20161574.

By: E. Meineke n, E. Youngsteadt n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Meineke n, E. Youngsteadt n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: climate change; urban ecology; carbon storage; urban heat island effect; ecosystem services; herbivory
MeSH headings : Animals; Carbon; Carbon Sequestration; Cities; Ecosystem; Herbivory; Insecta; Temperature; Trees / physiology
TL;DR: The results suggest that urban trees will sequester even less carbon in the future and ecosystem service assessments that do not consider urban conditions may overestimate urban tree carbon storage. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Do cities simulate climate change? A comparison of herbivore response to urban and global warming

GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 21(1), 97–105.

By: E. Youngsteadt n, A. Dale n, A. Terando n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Youngsteadt n, A. Dale n, A. Terando n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Acer rubrum; climate change; global warming; herbivory; historical comparison; Melanaspis tenebricosa; urban ecosystem; urban warming
MeSH headings : Acer / parasitology; Animals; Cities; Climate Change / history; Hemiptera / physiology; Herbivory / physiology; History, 19th Century; History, 20th Century; Population Density; Southeastern United States; Temperature; Trees / parasitology; Urbanization
TL;DR: Scale insects reached their highest densities in the city, but abundance peaked at similar temperatures in urban and historical datasets and tracked temperature on a decadal scale, suggesting cities may be an appropriate but underused system for developing and testing hypotheses about biological effects of climate change. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Do leaf domatia mediate intraguild predation and host plant resistance to Oligonychus aceris (Shimer) on Red Sunset Maple (Acer rubrum)?

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 90, 187–192.

By: J. Prado*, A. Witte*, S. Frank n & C. Sadof*

author keywords: Oligonychus aceris (Shimer); Zetzellia mali (Ewing); Predatory mites; Red Sunset; Autumn Blaze maple
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Habitat and species identity, not diversity, predict the extent of refuse consumption by urban arthropods

GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 21(3), 1103–1115.

By: E. Youngsteadt n, R. Henderson n, A. Savage n, A. Ernst n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Youngsteadt n, R. Henderson n, A. Savage n, A. Ernst n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: ants; arthropods; biodiversity; ecosystem service; hurricane; urban food waste; urbanization
MeSH headings : Animals; Arthropods / physiology; Biodiversity; Cities; Ecosystem; Feeding Behavior; Food Chain; New York City; Solid Waste / analysis; Species Specificity; Vertebrates / physiology
TL;DR: The results suggest that species identity and habitat may be more relevant than diversity for predicting urban ecosystem services, even small green spaces such as street medians that may complement those of larger habitat patches across the urban landscape. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Non-Native Ambrosia Beetles as Opportunistic Exploiters of Living but Weakened Trees

PLOS ONE, 10(7).

By: C. Ranger*, P. Schultz*, S. Frank n, J. Chong* & M. Reding*

MeSH headings : Acer / metabolism; Acer / parasitology; Animals; Behavior, Animal / drug effects; Cornus / metabolism; Cornus / parasitology; Ethanol / metabolism; Ethanol / pharmacology; Floods; Host-Parasite Interactions; Larva / physiology; Plant Stems / metabolism; Plant Stems / parasitology; Quercus / metabolism; Quercus / parasitology; Species Specificity; Stress, Physiological; Trees / metabolism; Trees / parasitology; Weevils / drug effects; Weevils / physiology; Zygote / physiology
TL;DR: This study demonstrates the host-selection strategy exhibited by X. germanus and X. crassiusculus in non-native habitats involves detection of stress-induced ethanol emission and early colonization of living but weakened trees. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Shared and unique responses of insects to the interaction of urbanization and background climate

Current Opinion in Insect Science, 11, 71–77.

By: S. Diamond*, R. Dunn n, S. Frank n, N. Haddad n & R. Martin*

Contributors: S. Diamond*, R. Dunn n, S. Frank n, N. Haddad n & R. Martin*

TL;DR: Insects are used as a focal system to review the major patterns of responses to urbanization, and a framework for exploring the shared and unique features that characterize insect responses tourbanization is developed and how responses toUrbanization might systematically vary along background environmental gradients in climate is illustrated. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 24, 2020

2015 journal article

Urbanization Increases Pathogen Pressure on Feral and Managed Honey Bees

PLOS ONE, 10(11).

By: E. Youngsteadt n, R. Appler n, M. Lopez-Uribe n, D. Tarpy n & S. Frank n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bacteremia / microbiology; Bacteremia / mortality; Bees / microbiology; Bees / parasitology; Bees / physiology; Bees / virology; Biomarkers / analysis; Immune System / immunology; Immune System / metabolism; Immune System / pathology; Parasitemia / mortality; Parasitemia / parasitology; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction; Survival Rate; Urbanization; Virus Diseases / mortality; Virus Diseases / virology
TL;DR: It is found that pathogen pressure on honey bees increased with urbanization and management, and the probability of worker survival declined 3-fold along the authors' urbanization gradient, suggesting that urban areas may favor problematic diseases of pollinators. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Bad neighbors: urban habitats increase cankerworm damage to non-host understory plants

URBAN ECOSYSTEMS, 17(4), 1135–1145.

By: S. Frank n

author keywords: Plant diversity; Associational resistance; Associational susceptibility; Vegetational diversity; Enemies hypothesis; Exotic plants
TL;DR: This research shows that, although some plants experience more herbivory when growing near cankerworm hosts, increasing urban habitat complexity could reduce pest damage overall. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Early pest development and loss of biological control are associated with urban warming

BIOLOGY LETTERS, 10(11).

By: E. Meineke n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Meineke n, R. Dunn n & S. Frank n

author keywords: climate change; urban ecology; ecosystem services; parasitoid
MeSH headings : Animals; Biological Control Agents; Cities; Global Warming; Hemiptera / growth & development; Hemiptera / parasitology; Insecta / growth & development; Insecta / physiology; Larva / growth & development; Larva / physiology; North Carolina; Nymph / growth & development; Nymph / parasitology; Pest Control, Biological; Trees / growth & development
TL;DR: Evidence that a pest develops earlier due to urban warming but that phenology of its parasitoid community does not similarly advance is provided, associated with greater egg production that likely leads to more pests on trees. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Optimal foraging by an aphid parasitoid affects the outcome of apparent competition

Ecological Entomology, 39(2).

By: S. Prado n & S. Frank n

TL;DR: It was found that optimal foraging behaviour led female A. colemani to prefer M. persicae over R. padi, due to increased offspring survival and female size, which influenced the outcome of apparent competition in an aphid banker plant system. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

The Effects of Urban Warming on Herbivore Abundance and Street Tree Condition

PLOS ONE, 9(7).

By: A. Dale n & S. Frank n

MeSH headings : Acer / growth & development; Acer / parasitology; Algorithms; Animals; Chi-Square Distribution; Cities; Conservation of Natural Resources; Ecosystem; Geography; Global Warming; Hemiptera / physiology; Herbivory / physiology; Host-Pathogen Interactions; Humans; Linear Models; Models, Biological; North Carolina; Population Density; Stress, Physiological / physiology; Temperature; Urbanization; Water / metabolism
TL;DR: The results suggest that street tree condition and ecosystem services may decline as urban expansion and global warming exacerbate the urban heat island effect and present a gloomy outlook for urban forests. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

The effect of banker plant species on the fitness of Aphidius colemani Viereck and its aphid host (Rhopalosiphum padi L.)

Biological Control, 76, 28–35.

By: S. Jandricic n, A. Dale n, A. Bader n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Open rearing; Host plant effects; Tritrophic interactions; Aphid biological control; Life tables
TL;DR: Four cereal plant species with three varieties each were tested to investigate host plant effects on R. padi and A. colemani, finding wasps with the longest female development time, lowest emergence rates, and the lowest number of wasps produced per unit on oats performed poorly on oats. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 6, 2020

2013 journal article

Compact plants reduce biological control of Myzus persicae by Aphidius colemani

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 65(2), 184–189.

By: S. Prado n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Foraging efficiency; Paclobutrazol; Plant growth regulator; Prey behavior
TL;DR: This study demonstrates that paclobutrazol reduced the efficacy of biological control by A. colemani and suggests that plant growth regulators could also affect biological control of other organisms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Crop and field border effects on weed seed predation in the southeastern U.S. coastal plain

Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 177, 58–62.

By: A. Fox n, S. Reberg-Horton n, D. Orr n, C. Moorman n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Weed seed predation; Habitat management; Carabidae; Solenopsis invicta; Gryllus; Mice
TL;DR: The results show that increasing vegetative diversity in field borders is not always an effective method for conserving weed seed predators, but that higher quality habitat inside the crop field can be achieved by increasing ground cover. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Interruption of the Semiochemical-Based Attraction of Ambrosia Beetles to Ethanol-Baited Traps and Ethanol-Injected Trap Trees by Verbenone

ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, 42(3), 539–547.

By: C. Ranger*, P. Tobin*, M. Reding*, A. Bray*, J. Oliver*, P. Schultz*, S. Frank n, A. Persad

author keywords: verbenone; ambrosia beetle; Scolytinae; Xylosandrus germanus; Xylosandrus
MeSH headings : Animals; Bicyclic Monoterpenes; Ethanol / pharmacology; Insect Control / methods; Insect Repellents / pharmacology; Magnolia / growth & development; Ohio; Pheromones / pharmacology; Southeastern United States; Species Specificity; Tennessee; Terpenes / pharmacology; Trees / growth & development; Weevils / physiology
TL;DR: Verbenone alone could be somewhat useful for discouraging ambrosia beetle attacks on individual trees or on a small spatial scale, but deployment of verbenone might be most effective when integrated as part of a “push-pull” strategy. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Pollen increases fitness and abundance of Orius insidiosus Say (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) on banker plants

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 64(1), 45–50.

By: S. Wong n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Augmentation biological control; Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl'; Conservation biological control; Diet mixing; Omnivory; Western flower thrips; (Frankliniella occidentalis)
TL;DR: A mixed diet of pollen and thrips increased O. insidiosus female longevity, decreased nymphal development time, and yielded larger females compared to a diet of thrips alone, and pollen from the Black Pearl pepper was greater on flowering pepper plants than non-flowering pepper plants. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Tritrophic effects of plant growth regulators in an aphid-parasitoid system

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 66(1), 72–76.

By: S. Prado n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Aphidius colemani; Biological control; Fitness; Myzus persicae; Percent emergence; Sex ratio; Size
TL;DR: It is shown that PGRs can negatively affect parasitoid fitness, and reduce parasitism, suggesting the potential for negative long-term effects on the efficacy of biological control. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Urban Warming Drives Insect Pest Abundance on Street Trees

PLOS ONE, 8(3).

By: E. Meineke n, R. Dunn n, J. Sexton* & S. Frank n

Contributors: E. Meineke n, R. Dunn n, J. Sexton* & S. Frank n

MeSH headings : Analysis of Variance; Animals; Cities; Hemiptera / growth & development; North Carolina; Parasites / growth & development; Quercus / parasitology; Temperature; Trees / parasitology
TL;DR: It is shown that the abundance of a common insect pest is positively related to temperature even when controlling for other habitat characteristics, providing the first evidence that heat can be a key driver of insect pest outbreaks on urban trees. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Assessing the integrated pest management practices of southeastern US ornamental nursery operations

Pest Management Science, 68(9), 1278–1288.

By: A. LeBude n, S. White*, A. Fulcher*, S. Frank n, W. Klingeman III, J. Chong*, M. Chappell*, A. Windham* ...

author keywords: cooperative extension; IPM; ornamental nursery crops; survey
MeSH headings : Agriculture / economics; Agriculture / methods; Animals; Humans; Insect Control / economics; Insect Control / methods; Insecta / physiology; Plant Diseases / economics; Plant Diseases / parasitology; Plant Diseases / prevention & control; Southeastern United States; Trees / parasitology; Workforce
TL;DR: Stronger emphasis is needed on deliberate scouting techniques and tools to monitor pest populations to provide earlier pest detection and greater flexibility of management options. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 review

Genotypically diverse cultivar mixtures for insect pest management and increased crop yields

[Review of ]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, 49(5), 974–985.

By: J. Tooker* & S. Frank n

author keywords: agroecosystem; bottom-up effects; diversification; intraspecific diversity; pathogen; pest control; sustainable; top-down effects
TL;DR: The objective is to review the literature documenting the benefits of genotypic diversity for natural and agricultural ecosystems and synthesize the evidence in support of intraspecific diversity as a viable pest management strategy for insect pests of field crops. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Influence of banker plants and spiders on biological control by Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae)

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 63(2), 181–187.

By: S. Wong n & S. Frank n

author keywords: Augmentation biological control; Banker plant system; Black Pearl pepper; Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl'; Omnivory; Western flower thrips; Spider mites
TL;DR: The Black Pearl pepper banker plant system may be more successful in enclosed growing systems where higher-order predators and emigration of O. insidiosus is restricted and the presence of banker plants did not reduce thrips abundance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Reduced Risk Insecticides to Control Scale Insects and Protect Natural Enemies in the Production and Maintenance of Urban Landscape Plants

ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY, 41(2), 377–386.

By: S. Frank n

author keywords: Cybocephalus spp.; Encarsia citrina; euonymus scale (Unaspis euonymi); nontarget effects; nursery production
MeSH headings : Animals; Female; Hemiptera; Insecticides / toxicity; Male; North Carolina; Pest Control, Biological; Population Density
TL;DR: Reduced risk insecticides can provide season-long scale control with less impact on natural enemies than conventional insecticides, which could have economic and environmental benefits by reducing the number of applications necessary to protect nursery and landscape plants from scale. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Plant versus prey resources: Influence on omnivore behavior and herbivore suppression

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 57(3), 229–235.

By: S. Frank*, P. Shrewsbury* & R. Denno*

author keywords: Aggregation; Alternative prey; Black cutworms (Agrotis ipsilon); Carabidae; Conservation biological control; Emigration; Habitat management; Harpalus pensylvanicus; Numerical response; Seed predation
TL;DR: The results indicate that omnivorous carabids have a stronger behavioral response to seeds than prey such that only seeds influence aggregation, emigration, and crop damage, and that carabid guild composition is skewed in favor of omnivores when seed density increases. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Reducing Insecticide Volume and Nontarget Effects of Ambrosia Beetle Management in Nurseries

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 104(6), 1960–1968.

By: S. Frank n & C. Sadof*

author keywords: economic analysis; insecticide coverage; Oligonycus aceris; Xylosandrus crassiusculus; secondary pest outbreak
MeSH headings : Agriculture; Animals; Insect Control / economics; Insect Control / instrumentation; Insecta / drug effects; Insecta / physiology; Insecticides / toxicity; Mites / drug effects; Mites / physiology; North Carolina; Permethrin / toxicity; Pesticide Residues / toxicity; Plant Stems; Population Dynamics; Tetranychidae / drug effects; Tetranychidae / physiology; Time Factors; Trees; Weevils / drug effects; Weevils / physiology
TL;DR: Comparison of the environmental, nontarget, and economic effects of airblast sprayer applications to applications made with a new dual-nozzle spray wand that makes targeted applications only to tree trunks where beetles attack found that manual applications require 12 times more labor than airblast applications. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

SEASON-LONG INSECTICIDE EFFICACY FOR HEMLOCK WOOLLY ADELGID, ADELGES TSUGAE (HEMIPTERA: ADELGIDAE), MANAGEMENT IN NURSERIES

FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST, 94(2), 290–295.

By: S. Frank n & A. Lebude n

author keywords: insecticide efficacy; foliar application; drench; neonicotinoids; nursery; spirotetramat; soilless substrates; container-grown nursery trees
TL;DR: Evaluated 12 different insecticide formulations for short and long-term control of hemlock woolly adelgid in container grown Eastern hemlocks, Tsuga canadensis found systemic insecticides provided season-long control when applied to foliage, which is the preferred method of application of nursery growers. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 review

Biological control of arthropod pests using banker plant systems: Past progress and future directions

[Review of ]. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 52(1), 8–16.

By: S. Frank n

author keywords: Alternative prey; Aphidius colemani; Aphidoletes aphidimyza; Aphis gossypii; Augmentative biological control; Bemisia tabaci; Conservation biological control; Encarsia formosa; Greenhouse; Integrated pest management; Myzus persicae; Open-rearing system; Release strategy
TL;DR: Demonstrated grower interest in banker plant systems provides an opportunity for researchers to improve biological control efficacy, economics, and implementation to reduce pesticide use and its associated risks. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Effects of alternative food on cannibalism and herbivore suppression by carabid larvae

ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY, 35(1), 61–68.

By: S. Frank*, P. Shrewsbury* & R. Denno*

author keywords: Aggregation; alternative food resources; Anisodactylus ovularis; apparent competition; biological control; black cutworms (Agrotis ipsilon); Carabidae; herbivore suppression; intraguild predation; numerical response; omnivory; Poecilus chalcites; predator aggregation
TL;DR: P Predator and alternative food density are important factors influencing herbivore suppression by generalist predators, and complex interactions are possible, as alternative food can increase predator abundance and survival restoring top‐down effects on herbivores. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Video analysis to determine how habitat strata affects predator diversity and predation of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in a vineyard

Biological Control, 41(2), 230–236.

By: S. Frank*, S. Wratten*, H. Sandhu* & P. Shrewsbury*

author keywords: biological control; habitat structure; predator activity; leafroller behavior; Dermaptera; Forficula auricularia; video recording
TL;DR: The value of video recording in biological control research, as it permits identification of the predators contributing to pest reduction, is demonstrated, and the need to understand the contributions of individual predator taxa to biological control is highlighted to better conserve the ‘right diversity’ in agricultural systems. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 6, 2020

Employment

Updated: February 26th, 2019 11:44

North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC, US
Professor Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology

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