Works (20)

Updated: April 3rd, 2024 22:02

2024 journal article

Nonrandom foraging and resource distributions affect the relationships between host density, contact rates and parasite transmission

ECOLOGY LETTERS, 27(3).

By: Z. Gajewski n, P. McEmurray, J. Wojdak*, C. McGregor*, L. Zeller n, H. Cooper n, L. Belden*, S. Hopkins n

author keywords: agent-based model; contact rates; disease dynamics; foraging behaviour; resource distributions
TL;DR: Overall, three density-independent mechanisms by which host behaviour and resource distributions alter contact rate functions and pathogen transmission are described. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 25, 2024

2023 journal article

Nature's chefs: Uniting the hidden diversity of food making and preparing species across the tree of life

BioScience, 73(6), 408–421.

By: B. Taylor n, B. Allf n, S. Hopkins n, R. Irwin n, M. Jewell n, O. Nevo*, L. Nichols n, N. Rodríguez Valerón* ...

author keywords: drink; food; fruit; mimic; mutualism; nectar; nuptial gift; plating
TL;DR: This article identifies three ways that species can produce or prepare meals—as food, drinks, or lures—and further distinguish between those providing an honest meal and those deceiving consumers with food mimics. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: May 22, 2023

2023 article

New IUCN Species Survival Commission Parasite Specialist Group launched in 2023

Hopkins, S., & Kwak, M. (2023, May). ORYX, Vol. 57, pp. 283–283.

By: S. Hopkins n & M. Kwak*

Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 26, 2023

2022 journal article

Environmental Persistence of the World's Most Burdensome Infectious and Parasitic Diseases

Frontiers in Public Health, 10, 892366.

By: S. Hopkins n, I. Jones*, J. Buck*, C. LeBoa*, L. Kwong*, K. Jacobsen*, C. Rickards*, A. Lund* ...

author keywords: environmental control; DALYs; disease dynamics; human health; human-environment interaction
MeSH headings : Communicable Diseases / epidemiology; Ecosystem; Global Health; Humans; Parasitic Diseases / epidemiology; Water
TL;DR: A synthetic review of life cycles and environmental persistence of 150 parasites and pathogens tracked by the World Health Organization's Global Burden of Disease study found that nearly all infectious organisms were “environmentally mediated” to some degree. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 1, 2022

2022 journal article

Evidence gaps and diversity among potential win–win solutions for conservation and human infectious disease control

The Lancet Planetary Health, 6(8), e694–e705.

By: S. Hopkins n, K. Lafferty*, C. Wood*, S. Olson*, J. Buck*, G. De Leo*, K. Fiorella*, J. Fornberg* ...

MeSH headings : Communicable Disease Control; Humans; Sustainable Development
TL;DR: Using a systematic literature review, 46 proposed solutions addressed diverse conservation threats and human infectious diseases, and thus, the proposed interventions varied in scale, costs, and impacts. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2022 journal article

Host preferences inhibit transmission from potential superspreader host species

By: S. Hopkins n, C. McGregor*, L. Belden n & J. Wojdak*

author keywords: force of infection; host specificity; multi-host system; SIR model; transmission dynamics
MeSH headings : Animals; Host Specificity; Snails / parasitology; Symbiosis
TL;DR: When managing symbiont transmission, identifying key host species is still important, but it may be equally important to identify and manage transmission barriers that keep potential superspreader host species in check. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 16, 2022

2021 journal article

Continued preference for suboptimal habitat reduces bat survival with white-nose syndrome

Nature Communications, 12(1), 166.

By: S. Hopkins*, J. Hoyt*, J. White*, H. Kaarakka*, J. Redell*, J. DePue*, W. Scullon*, A. Kilpatrick*, K. Langwig*

MeSH headings : Animal Diseases / microbiology; Animal Diseases / mortality; Animals; Ascomycota; Chiroptera / microbiology; Conservation of Natural Resources; Ecosystem; Fungi / pathogenicity; Michigan; Nose; Population Dynamics; Survival; Temperature; Wisconsin
TL;DR: It is shown that bats have not altered their microclimate preferences due to temperature-mediated mortality from white-nose syndrome, finding instead a sustained preference for warmer sites with high mortality, demonstrating that host preferences for habitats with high disease-induced mortality can create ecological traps that threaten populations, even in the presence of accessible refugia. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 19, 2021

2021 journal article

Schistosome infection in Senegal is associated with different spatial extents of risk and ecological drivers for Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 15(9), e0009712.

By: I. Jones*, S. Sokolow*, A. Chamberlin*, A. Lund*, N. Jouanard*, L. Bandagny*, R. Ndione*, S. Senghor* ...

MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Animal Distribution; Animals; Child; Disease Reservoirs / parasitology; Ecosystem; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Rivers / parasitology; Rural Population / statistics & numerical data; Schistosoma haematobium / genetics; Schistosoma haematobium / isolation & purification; Schistosoma haematobium / physiology; Schistosoma mansoni / genetics; Schistosoma mansoni / isolation & purification; Schistosoma mansoni / physiology; Schistosomiasis haematobia / epidemiology; Schistosomiasis haematobia / parasitology; Schistosomiasis haematobia / transmission; Schistosomiasis mansoni / epidemiology; Schistosomiasis mansoni / parasitology; Schistosomiasis mansoni / transmission; Senegal / epidemiology; Snails / parasitology; Snails / physiology; Young Adult
TL;DR: This study estimates factors associated with schistosomiasis risk in 16 villages located in the Senegal River Basin, a region hyperendemic for Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni, and highlights the need to consider different ecological and environmental factors driving the transmission of eachSchistosome species in co-endemic landscapes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 18, 2021

2020 journal article

A global parasite conservation plan

Biological Conservation, 250, 108596.

author keywords: Biodiversity inventory; Coextinction; Conservation prioritization; Natural history collections; Red listing; Symbionts
TL;DR: 12 goals for the next decade that could advance parasite biodiversity conservation through an ambitious mix of research, advocacy, and management are identified. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2020 journal article

How to identify win–win interventions that benefit human health and conservation

Nature Sustainability, 4(4), 298–304.

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2020 journal article

Improving rural health care reduces illegal logging and conserves carbon in a tropical forest

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 117(45), 28515–28524.

By: I. Jones*, A. MacDonald*, S. Hopkins n, A. Lund*, Z. Liu*, N. Fawzi, M. Purba, K. Fankhauser* ...

author keywords: planetary health; natural climate solutions; human health; conservation; tropical forests
MeSH headings : Adult; Carbon; Climate Change; Conservation of Natural Resources; Delivery of Health Care; Diagnosis; Disease; Female; Forestry; Forests; Health Impact Assessment; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Rural Health; Trees; Tropical Climate
TL;DR: It is suggested that this community-derived solution simultaneously improved health care access for local and indigenous communities and sustainably conserved carbon stocks in a protected tropical forest. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 11, 2020

2020 journal article

Systematic review of modelling assumptions and empirical evidence: Does parasite transmission increase nonlinearly with host density?

Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 11(4), 476–486.

By: S. Hopkins*, A. Fleming‐Davies*, L. Belden* & J. Wojdak*

Ed(s): N. Golding

author keywords: contact rate; density-dependent transmission; frequency-dependent transmission; infectious disease; nonlinear models; parasite transmission; Susceptible-Infectious-Resistant model; transmission function
TL;DR: A flexible model simulation tool is created to explore and quantify the bias in model parameter estimates that is created when using an inaccurate transmission function, and found that most experimental and observational studies reported that nonlinear transmission–density functions outperformed simple linear transmission– density functions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2019 journal article

Precision mapping of snail habitat provides a powerful indicator of human schistosomiasis transmission

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(46), 23182–23191.

By: C. Wood*, S. Sokolow*, I. Jones*, A. Chamberlin*, K. Lafferty*, A. Kuris*, M. Jocque*, S. Hopkins* ...

author keywords: bilharzia; ecological levers for infectious disease control; snail control; spatial ecology; urogenital schistosomiasis
MeSH headings : Animals; Bulinus; Disease Vectors; Ecosystem; Humans; Population Density; Satellite Imagery; Schistosomiasis / epidemiology; Schistosomiasis / transmission; Senegal / epidemiology; Spatial Analysis
TL;DR: This work found easy-to-measure environmental proxies that were more effective than snail variables at predicting human infections, including area of snail habitat within the site and total site area, and size of the water contact area, which indicates that satellite- or drone-based precision mapping could efficiently identify high-transmission areas. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2018 journal article

Handling times and saturating transmission functions in a snail–worm symbiosis

Oecologia, 188(1), 277–287.

By: S. Hopkins*, C. McGregor*, L. Belden* & J. Wojdak*

author keywords: Epidemiology; Helisoma; Chaetogaster; Disease ecology; Symbiosis
MeSH headings : Animals; Ecology; Models, Biological; Population Density; Population Dynamics; Snails; Symbiosis
TL;DR: It is suggested that contact rates saturate with host density in this system because each snail contact requires a non-instantaneous handling time, and additional possible contacts do not occur during that handling time. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2018 journal article

Unique parasite aDNA in moa coprolites from New Zealand suggests mass parasite extinctions followed human-induced megafauna extinctions

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(7), 1411–1413.

By: K. Lafferty* & S. Hopkins*

MeSH headings : Animals; Extinction, Biological; Fossils; New Zealand; Parasites; Thoracica
TL;DR: One recent technological advance, ancient DNA (aDNA) metabarcoding, is applied to confirm previous discoveries and report new details about moa and kakapo diets, parasites, and niches, to confirm Zealandia was a lot different before humans arrived. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2017 journal article

Defensive Symbionts Mediate Host–Parasite Interactions at Multiple Scales

Trends in Parasitology, 33(1), 53–64.

By: S. Hopkins*, J. Wojdak* & L. Belden*

MeSH headings : Animals; Ecosystem; Host-Parasite Interactions / physiology; Pest Control, Biological; Symbiosis / physiology
TL;DR: The mutualism-parasitism continuum framework can be used to understand and predict the outcomes of these interactions under variable environmental and ecological contexts, and may better prepare us to use defensive symbionts as biocontrol agents. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2016 journal article

Host community composition and defensive symbionts determine trematode parasite abundance in host communities

Ecosphere, 7(3).

By: S. Hopkins*, J. Ocampo*, J. Wojdak* & L. Belden*

Ed(s): J. Drake

author keywords: Echinoparyphium; Echinostoma; Physa gyrina; symbiosis; Virginia
TL;DR: Examining the relative roles of community composition and the presence of defensive symbionts in determining trematode infection intensity among second intermediate host communities composed of snails and tadpoles found Parasites were dramatically more successful at infecting snails than tadPoles, which led to more total parasites in host communities where snails were present. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2015 journal article

Dispersal of a defensive symbiont depends on contact between hosts, host health, and host size

Oecologia, 179(2), 307–318.

By: S. Hopkins*, L. Boyle*, L. Belden* & J. Wojdak*

author keywords: Chaetogaster; Helisoma; Protection mutualism; Symbiosis; Transmission
MeSH headings : Animal Distribution; Animals; Ecology; Environment; Host-Parasite Interactions; Oligochaeta / physiology; Snails / anatomy & histology; Snails / parasitology; Symbiosis; Trematoda / physiology
TL;DR: Together, these experiments show that symbiont dispersal is not a constant, random process, as is often assumed in symbionT dispersal models, but rather the probability of dispersal varies with ecological conditions and among individual hosts. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2014 journal article

Fitness cost of ampicillin resistance in Escherichia coli

BIOS, 85(1), 1–7.

By: S. Hopkins*

TL;DR: There is a need for greater understanding of each species' fitness parameters for individual antibiotics and the development of antibiotics that have higher fitness costs and low probabilities of compensation evolution, which suggests that reversion to susceptibility may be unlikely under both optimal growing conditions and stressful conditions. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

2013 journal article

Parasite predators exhibit a rapid numerical response to increased parasite abundance and reduce transmission to hosts

Ecology and Evolution, 3(13), 4427–4438.

By: S. Hopkins*, J. Wyderko*, R. Sheehy*, L. Belden* & J. Wojdak*

author keywords: Commensalism; community dynamics; disease ecology; host-parasite interactions; mutualism
TL;DR: Predators of parasites can play an important role in regulating parasite transmission, even when infection risk is high, and especially when predators can rapidly respond numerically to resource pulses, but these types of interactions might have cascading effects on entire disease systems. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 10, 2022

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