2023 journal article

Biochemical characterization of a psychrophilic and halotolerant a-carbonic anhydrase from a deep-sea bacterium, Photobacterium profundum

AIMS MICROBIOLOGY, 9(3), 540–553.

By: V. Somalinga*, E. Foss* & A. Grunden n

co-author countries: United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: Photobacterium profundum; a-carbonic anhydrase; halotolerance; biomineralization; carbon capture
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 19, 2023

<abstract> <p>Prokaryotic α–carbonic anhydrases (α-CA) are metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of CO<sub>2</sub> to bicarbonate and proton. We had reported the first crystal structure of a pyschrohalophilic α–CA from a deep-sea bacterium, <italic>Photobacterium profundum</italic> SS9. In this manuscript, we report the first biochemical characterization of <italic>P. profundum</italic> α–CA (PprCA) which revealed several catalytic properties that are atypical for this class of CA's. Purified PprCA exhibited maximal catalytic activity at psychrophilic temperatures with substantial decrease in activity at mesophilic and thermophilic range. Similar to other α–CA's, Ppr9A showed peak activity at alkaline pH (pH 11), although, PprCA retained 88% of its activity even at acidic pH (pH 5). Exposing PprCA to varying concentrations of oxidizing and reducing agents revealed that N-terminal cysteine residues in PprCA may play a role in the structural stability of the enzyme. Although inefficient in CO<sub>2</sub> hydration activity under mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures, PprCA exhibited salt-dependent thermotolerance and catalytic activity under extreme halophilic conditions. Similar to other well-characterized α–CA's, PprCA is also inhibited by monovalent anions even at low concentrations. Finally, we demonstrate that PprCA accelerates CO<sub>2</sub> biomineralization to calcium carbonate under alkaline conditions.</p> </abstract>