2022 journal article
Mechanism of chlorine-induced stress corrosion cracking of two 304 SS heats in simulated marine environment through in situ X-ray tomography and diffraction: Role of deformation induced martensite and crack branching
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 190.
In-situ synchrotron x-ray tomography and diffraction experiments were conducted on two heats of 304SS undergoing chlorine-induced stress-corrosion-cracking (CISCC) in a simulated marine environment. The role of deformation induced martensite on CISCC was investigated through diffraction analysis where no significant amount of martensite was found to form during CISCC, indicating that it may not play a significant role in affecting the process. Tomography combined with stress-intensity analysis revealed the influence of stress-intensity on branching types with single crack growth, micro-branching, and macro-branching. Post experimental electron microscopy characterization revealed the presence of FeCl2, CrCl2, and NiCl2·6H2O compounds at the crack, which infers a dissolution mechanism during the experiment. A dissolution mechanism highlighting the synergy between stress and corrosion was proposed to explain chlorine-induced stress-corrosion-cracking and crack branching.