Thomas Hess

Works (80)

Updated: April 4th, 2024 20:30

2024 journal article

Selective Engagement in Preparations for Aging

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 79(2).

author keywords: Culture; Effort mobilization; Importance; Motivation; Selectivity
Source: Web Of Science
Added: February 19, 2024

2023 article

A Wearable System for Continuous Monitoring and Assessment of Speech, Gait, and Cognitive Decline for Early Diagnosis of ADRD

2023 45TH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE & BIOLOGY SOCIETY, EMBC.

By: J. Dieffenderfer n, A. Brewer n, M. Noonan n, M. Smith n, E. Eichenlaub*, K. Haley*, A. Jacks*, E. Lobaton n ...

TL;DR: This paper presents a low cost and low power wearable system custom designed to track the trends in speech, gait, and cognitive stress while also considering the important human factor needs such as privacy and compliance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 26, 2024

2023 article

Contact With Older Adults Is Related to Positive Age Stereotypes and Self-Views of Aging: The Older You Are the More You Profit

Cohn-Schwartz, E., Couto, M. C. de P., Fung, H. H., Graf, S., Hess, T. M., Liou, S., … Rothermund, K. (2023, March 2). JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES.

author keywords: Contact with same-age peers; Domain specificity; Intergenerational contact; Views of aging
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 5, 2023

2023 journal article

Do we all perceive experiences of age discrimination in the same way? Cross-cultural differences in perceived age discrimination and its association with life satisfaction

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGEING, 20(1).

author keywords: Cultural differences; Ageism; Psychological well-being; Adaptation
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 4, 2023

2022 article

A longitudinal study of the effects of well-being and perceived control on preparations for old age: moderation effects of contexts

Park, J., Hess, T. M., Fung, H. H., Kornadt, A., & Rothermund, K. (2022, September 12). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGEING.

author keywords: Control beliefs; Well-being; Preparations for aging; Culture; Context
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: September 19, 2022

2022 journal article

Aging attitudes and changes in the costs of cognitive engagement in older adults over 5 years.

Psychology and Aging, 37(4), 456–468.

By: T. Hess*, S. Neupert* & A. Lothary*

author keywords: aging; motivation; engagement; aging attitudes; longitudinal
MeSH headings : Aged; Aging / psychology; Attitude; Blood Pressure / physiology; Cognition / physiology; Humans; Physical Examination
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: June 6, 2022

2022 journal article

Antecedents and Consequences of Endorsing Prescriptive Views of Active Aging and Altruistic Disengagement

FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 13.

author keywords: prescriptive age stereotypes; prescriptive views of aging; expectations about aging; active aging; altruistic disengagement; age differences
Source: Web Of Science
Added: February 28, 2022

2022 article

Biases in Retrospective Perceptions of Changes in Well-Being Associated With Aging Attitudes

Hess, T. M., Park, J., Fung, H. H., & Rothermund, K. (2022, July 27). JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES.

author keywords: Aging attitudes; Culture; Well-being
MeSH headings : Humans; United States; Aged; Retrospective Studies; Aging; Attitude; Health Status; Bias
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 29, 2022

2022 journal article

What will you do with all that time? Changes in leisure activities after retirement are determined by age-related self-views and preparation

ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 231.

author keywords: Leisure activities; Retirement; Preparation for old age; Views on ageing; Domain specificity; Old age
MeSH headings : Humans; Exercise; Leisure Activities; Retirement; Aging
Source: Web Of Science
Added: March 6, 2023

2021 journal article

Adult Age Differences in the Effects of Chronic Mental Fatigue on Task-Related Fatigue, Appraisals, and Performance

MOTIVATION SCIENCE, 7(2), 122–132.

By: T. Hess n & R. Knight n

author keywords: engagement; mental fatigue; effort; motivation; aging
TL;DR: Findings suggest that the affective aspect of CMF is particularly consequential in older adults, with both task appraisals and engagement levels being negatively affected when fatigue is high. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 9, 2021

2021 journal article

Age-Related Attributions of Experienced Changes in Life: Origins and Implications

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 76(5), 881–893.

author keywords: Awareness of age-related change; Life satisfaction; Perceived control; Subjective aging; Views on aging
MeSH headings : Adaptation, Psychological; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Female; Health Status; Humans; Internal-External Control; Life Change Events; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Personal Satisfaction; Social Perception
TL;DR: Age-related attributions predicted reduced personal control and lower life satisfaction and were found to exacerbate the effects of negative life changes on life satisfaction, especially for the older cohorts of the authors' sample. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 journal article

Effort Mobilization and Healthy Aging

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 76, S135–S144.

By: T. Hess n, A. Freund* & P. Tobler*

author keywords: Effort; Energy; Exhaustion; Healthy aging
MeSH headings : Aged; Cognitive Dissonance; Goals; Health Behavior; Health Promotion; Health Status; Healthy Aging / physiology; Healthy Aging / psychology; Humans; Intention; Mental Health; Motivation; Psychosocial Support Systems
TL;DR: This work characterizes the relationship between motivation and effort, and identifies the factors that influence effort mobilization, and considers the factors associated specifically with aging and the health and well-being of older adults. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: October 12, 2021

2021 journal article

Motivation and Healthy Aging: A Heuristic Model

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 76, S97–S104.

MeSH headings : Activities of Daily Living / psychology; Adaptation, Psychological; Aged; Health Transition; Healthy Aging / physiology; Healthy Aging / psychology; Heuristics; Humans; Longevity / physiology; Mental Health; Mental Processes; Models, Psychological; Motivation; Physical Functional Performance
TL;DR: A model of motivation and healthy aging is presented that is aimed at identifying the central psychological constructs and processes for understanding what older persons value, and how they can attain and maintain these valued aspects of their lives. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: October 12, 2021

2021 journal article

Predictors of Engagement in Young and Older Adults: The Role of Specific Activity Experience

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 36(2), 131–142.

By: T. Hess n, A. Lothary n, . Erica L. O'Brien, C. Growney* & J. DeLaRosa n

author keywords: engagement; activity; effort; motivation; aging
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Blood Pressure / physiology; Cognition / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Stereotyping; Task Performance and Analysis; Young Adult
TL;DR: Older adults' decisions to engage in cognitively challenging activities are disproportionately affected by their subjective perceptions of demands, which indicates that overcoming faulty and discouraging task perceptions may promote older adults' engagement in demanding but potentially beneficial activities. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: May 24, 2021

2020 journal article

Differential focus on probability and losses between young and older adults in risky decision-making

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 27(4), 532–552.

By: . Erica L. O'Brien & T. Hess n

author keywords: Aging; probability; expected value; certainty; loss aversion
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aging / physiology; Decision Making / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Probability; Risk-Taking; Young Adult
TL;DR: Young and older adults’ use of descriptive information about risk (i.e., probability and expected value) in financial decision-making is examined, suggesting minimal consideration of expected value and a strong focus on probabilities in decision- making. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 26, 2019

2020 journal article

Domain-Specific Views on Aging and Preparation for Age-Related Changes-Development and Validation of Three Brief Scales

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 75(2), 303–307.

author keywords: Age stereotypes; Brief scales; Future self-views; Life domains; Preparation
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Attitude to Health; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Reproducibility of Results; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult
TL;DR: The new brief versions of the scales can thus be recommended for a differentiated assessment of views on aging and preparation for age-related changes when short forms of measurement are required. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: March 10, 2020

2020 journal article

Perceived Benefits and Costs Contribute to Young and Older Adults' Selectivity in Social Relationships

GEROPSYCH-THE JOURNAL OF GERONTOPSYCHOLOGY AND GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY, 33(1), 42–51.

By: . Erica L. O'Brien & T. Hess n

author keywords: social networks; benefits and costs; network centrality; willingness; age differences
TL;DR: Findings support an analysis of social behavior based on the selective engagement theory (Hess, 2014), with selection effects in willingness to engage in social interactions related to perceived benefits and costs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: March 16, 2020

2020 journal article

The Impact of Perceived Control and Future-Self Views on Preparing for the Old Age: Moderating Influences of Age, Culture, and Context

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 75(5), E18–E28.

By: J. Park n, H. Fung*, K. Rothermund* & T. Hess n

MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Culture; Female; Forecasting; Germany; Hong Kong; Humans; Internal-External Control; Male; Middle Aged; Self Concept; United States
TL;DR: The results suggest that perceived control that is not necessarily related to aging affect future-self views, which in turn influence preparing for old age, and indicate that such relationships are context- and age-specific. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 15, 2020

2020 journal article

The effects of personality and aging attitudes on well-being in different life domains

AGING & MENTAL HEALTH, 24(12), 2063–2072.

By: J. Park n & T. Hess n

author keywords: Aging; personality; aging attitudes; well-being; context
MeSH headings : Aging; Attitude; Extraversion, Psychological; Humans; Neuroticism; Personality; Personality Inventory
TL;DR: The results suggest that personality influences aging attitudes, which in turn affect well-being, and indicate that the global assessments of attitudes and well- being may not fully characterize significant aging outcomes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: September 23, 2019

2019 journal article

Affective Influences on Older Adults' Attention to Self-Relevant Negative Information

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 74(4), 642–651.

By: C. Growney n & T. Hess n

author keywords: Decision making; Emotion; Mood-as-resource; Positivity
MeSH headings : Adult; Affect; Age Factors; Aged; Aging / psychology; Decision Making; Emotions; Feedback, Psychological; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Recall; Optimism; Task Performance and Analysis
TL;DR: Results highlight the importance of considering older adults' pre-existing mood before addressing self-relevant information that may be negative but important, and suggest that positive affect may serve as a buffer to the adverse emotional consequences that may follow. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 18, 2019

2019 journal article

Motivation Moderates the Impact of Aging Stereotypes on Effort Expenditure

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 34(1), 56–67.

By: T. Hess n, C. Growney n & A. Lothary n

author keywords: aging; motivation; engagement; aging attitudes; stereotypes
MeSH headings : Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Attitude; Blood Pressure / physiology; Cognition / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Memory / physiology; Motivation / physiology; Stereotyping
TL;DR: Positive aging attitudes were associated with elevated levels of engagement only in individuals who were high in intrinsic motivation, with the effects greatest at the highest levels of task demands, providing a more nuanced perspective on the impact of negative aging stereotypes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: February 25, 2019

2019 journal article

Preparation for Old Age: The Role of Cultural Context and Future Perceptions

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 74(4), 609–619.

By: A. Kornadt*, P. Voss*, H. Fung*, T. Hess n & K. Rothermund*

author keywords: Country; Future perceptions; Life domains; Old age; Preparation
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aging / ethnology; Aging / psychology; China / ethnology; Cross-Cultural Comparison; Cultural Characteristics; Culture; Female; Forecasting; Germany / ethnology; Humans; Male; Quality of Health Care; Self Concept; Social Perception; Socioeconomic Factors; United States / ethnology
TL;DR: The results speak for the culture-specificity of preparing for old age and evidence on psychological variables that might explain these differences is delivered. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 18, 2019

2019 journal article

The Influence of Mood Versus Relevant Self-Perceptions in Older Adults' Interest in Negative Health-Related Information

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 34(3), 348–361.

By: C. Growney* & T. Hess*

author keywords: emotion; positivity; health; mood-as-resource; decision-making
MeSH headings : Adult; Affect / physiology; Aged; Aging / psychology; Clinical Decision-Making / methods; Female; Health Information Management / methods; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Self Concept
TL;DR: It is suggested that older adults’ willingness to focus on negative self-relevant information is bolstered by enhancing self-perceptions of self within the domain of interest, and effects are specific to situations with high-informative versus low-Informative content. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: May 28, 2019

2018 journal article

A World of Difference? Domain-Specific Views on Aging in China, the US, and Germany

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 33(4), 595–606.

By: P. Voss*, A. Kornadt*, T. Hess n, H. Fung* & K. Rothermund*

author keywords: cross-national comparison; views on aging; life domains
MeSH headings : Aging; China; Female; Germany; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; United States
TL;DR: The results show that explanations of cross-national differences in views of aging probably do not apply uniformly across all life domains or age groups, and underline the importance of acknowledging the domain-specific nature of views on aging inCross-national research. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Linkages between resources, motivation, and engagement in everyday activities.

Motivation Science, 4(1), 26–38.

By: T. Queen & T. Hess*

TL;DR: The results support expectations derived from selective engagement theory, which argues that increases in the costs associated with cognitive activity in later life negatively affect the motivation to engage in these potentially beneficial activities. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Crossref
Added: June 6, 2020

2018 journal article

Neural mechanisms underlying subsequent memory for personal beliefs:An fMRI study

COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, 18(2), 216–231.

author keywords: Amygdala; Emotion; Episodic memory
MeSH headings : Adult; Amygdala / physiology; Arousal; Attitude; Brain / physiology; Brain Mapping; Emotions; Female; Humans; Judgment / physiology; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Memory / physiology; Politics; Prefrontal Cortex / physiology; Young Adult
TL;DR: The study yielded three main findings: behaviorally, the intensity of agreement ratings was linked to greater subjective emotional arousal as well as enhanced high-confidence subsequent memory, andurally, statements that elicited strong (vs. weak) agreement or disagreement were associated with greater activation of the amygdala. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Subjective Age Across the Life Span: A Differentiated, Longitudinal Approach

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 73(5), 767–777.

By: A. Kornadt*, T. Hess n, P. Voss* & K. Rothermund*

author keywords: Future self-views; Life domains; Life span; Subjective age; Subjective aging
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Diagnostic Self Evaluation; Female; Forecasting; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Self Concept; Surveys and Questionnaires
TL;DR: This work investigated the multidimensional structure of SA with respect to specific life domains, focusing on domain differences as well as age group differences and age-related changes, and found future self-views predicted subsequent changes in SA. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

The role of cognitive costs, attitudes about aging, and intrinsic motivation in predicting engagement in everyday activities.

Psychology and Aging, 33(6), 953–964.

By: T. Hess*, C. Growney*, E. O'Brien*, S. Neupert* & A. Sherwood*

author keywords: aging; aging attitudes; cognition; engagement; motivation
TL;DR: Results are consistent with expectations derived from Selective Engagement Theory (Hess, 2014), which argues that engagement in demanding activities is related to the cost associated with such engagement, which in turn leads to selective participation through changes in motivation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: October 16, 2018

2017 journal article

AGE-RELATED EFFECTS ON MEMORY FOR SOCIAL STIMULI: THE ROLE OF VALENCE, AROUSAL, AND EMOTIONAL RESPONSES

EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH, 43(2), 105–123.

By: T. Hess n, L. Popham* & C. Growney n

MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Arousal / physiology; Emotions / physiology; Female; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Male; Memory / physiology; Mental Recall / physiology; Young Adult
TL;DR: Differences in prediction of recall responses from approach and avoidance ratings across age groups suggested that the observed effects in memory reflected differences in responses to the characteristics of stimuli. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Context Influences on the Relationship Between Views of Aging and Subjective Age: The Moderating Role of Culture and Domain of Functioning

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 32(5), 419–431.

By: T. Hess n, . Erica L. O'Brien, P. Voss*, A. Kornadt*, K. Rothermund*, H. Fung*, L. Popham*

author keywords: subjective age; stereotypes; aging; culture; aging attitudes
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Asian People / psychology; Attitude / ethnology; China; Cross-Cultural Comparison; Culture; Female; Forecasting; Germany; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Perception; Stereotyping; United States; White People / psychology
TL;DR: The results illustrate the contextual sensitivity of subjective age and highlight the role played by an individual’s views of old age—both in general and regarding oneself—in determining their own experience of aging. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Use of descriptive and experiential information in decision making by young and older adults

Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 25(4), 500–519.

By: T. Hess n, E. O’Brien n, C. Growney n & J. Hafer n

author keywords: Aging; decision-making; cognition; memory; learning
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Cognition; Decision Making; Female; Humans; Learning; Male; Memory; Risk-Taking; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results suggest that factors other than the simple distinction between decisions by description versus experience are necessary to characterize the nature of age effects in decision-making. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Crossref
Added: June 6, 2020

2016 journal article

Aging and Effort Expenditure: The Impact of Subjective Perceptions of Task Demands

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 31(7), 653–660.

By: T. Hess*, B. Smith* & N. Sharifian*

author keywords: aging; cognition; motivation; engagement; cardiovascular
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Blood Pressure / physiology; Cognition / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Memory, Short-Term / physiology; Motivation / physiology; Perception / physiology; Task Performance and Analysis; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results provide further support for the hypothesis that increased costs associated with cognitive engagement influence older adults' willingness to engage cognitive resources, and that these costs in part reflect subjective perceptions that are independent of objective task demands. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Aging-related gains and losses associated with word production in connected speech

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 23(6), 638–650.

By: P. Dennis* & T. Hess n

author keywords: Aging; language; speech; word production; lifespan development
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging; Comprehension / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Photic Stimulation; Speech / physiology; Speech Production Measurement; Vocabulary; Young Adult
TL;DR: Older adults were more likely than younger adults to use nonnormative language via interrupted speech, suggesting a compensatory process and may be able to offset instances of aging-related deficits by maximizing their expertise in other instances. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Age Differences in the Underlying Mechanisms of Stereotype Threat Effects

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 70(2), 223–232.

By: L. Popham n & T. Hess n

author keywords: Aging; Emotion regulation; Regulatory focus; Stereotype threat; Working memory
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Emotions / physiology; Executive Function / physiology; Humans; Male; Memory, Short-Term / physiology; Stereotyping; Task Performance and Analysis; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results provide support for the notion that stereotype threat may lead to underperformance through somewhat different pathways in older and younger adults. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 book

Aging and decision making: Empirical and applied perspectives

San Diego, CA, UK: Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier.

Thomas Hess

Ed(s): T. Hess, J. Strough & C. Lo?ckenhoff

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Older adults' preferences for colorectal cancer-screening test attributes and test choice

PATIENT PREFERENCE AND ADHERENCE, 9, 1005–1016.

By: C. Kistler*, T. Hess n, K. Howard*, M. Pignone*, T. Crutchfield*, S. Hawley*, A. Brenner*, K. Ward*, C. Lewis*

author keywords: colorectal cancer screening; patient preferences; values clarification; discrete choice experiment; conjoint analysis; test attributes
TL;DR: Older adults’ preferences for CRC-screening tests are not easily predicted and medical providers should actively explore them, so that they can order a screening test that is concordant with their patients’ values. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

The impact of motivation and task difficulty on resource engagement: Differential influences on cardiovascular responses of young and older adults.

Motivation Science, 1(1), 22–36.

By: B. Smith & T. Hess*

TL;DR: The results showed that older adults were especially sensitive to the accountability manipulation, with the difference in SBP-R between accountability conditions being greater for older than for young adults, and there was little relation between subjective measures of workload and physiological measures of task engagement. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Crossref
Added: August 28, 2020

2014 journal article

Aging and the Impact of Irrelevant Information on Social Judgments

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 29(3), 542–553.

By: T. Hess n & B. Smith*

author keywords: aging; social cognition; executive functions; impression formation
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Female; Humans; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Social Perception; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results suggest that age differences in the processing evaluative information are minimal, and that the availability of well-established knowledge structures can help older adults effectively control the impact of irrelevant evaluatives information when making social inferences. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
10. Reduced Inequalities (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Assessment of adult age differences in task engagement: The utility of systolic blood pressure

MOTIVATION AND EMOTION, 38(6), 844–854.

By: T. Hess n & G. Ennis*

author keywords: Aging; Motivation; Effort; Engagement; Blood pressure
TL;DR: It is suggested that systolic blood pressure might provide an easy and valid means for examining age differences in mental effort, and evidence in support of its usage is presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 review

Mechanisms of motivation-cognition interaction: challenges and opportunities

[Review of ]. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14(2), 443–472.

By: T. Braver, M. Krug, K. Chiew, W. Kool, J. Westbrook, N. Clement, R. Adcock, D. Barch ...

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Selective Engagement of Cognitive Resources: Motivational Influences on Older Adults' Cognitive Functioning

PERSPECTIVES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 9(4), 388–407.

By: T. Hess n

author keywords: aging; cognition; motivation; adaptation; selectivity; adult development
TL;DR: A framework for understanding the impact of aging-related declines in cognitive resources on functioning is presented and it is argued that older adults being increasingly selective in the engagement of cognitive resources in response to these declines. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Age and Self-Relevance Effects on Information Search During Decision Making

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 68(5), 703–711.

By: T. Hess n, T. Queen* & G. Ennis n

author keywords: Aging; Decision making; Motivation; Process tracing; Strategy
MeSH headings : Adaptation, Psychological; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Decision Making; Female; Humans; Information Seeking Behavior; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results support the notion that older adults are adaptive decision makers and that factors other than age may be more important determinants of performance in situations where knowledge can be used to support performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Information Content Moderates Positivity and Negativity Biases in Memory

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 28(3), 853–863.

By: T. Hess*, L. Popham*, P. Dennis* & L. Emery

author keywords: aging; memory; emotion; positivity
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Attention / physiology; Conflict, Psychological; Emotions / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Memory / physiology; Mental Processes / physiology; Middle Aged; Young Adult
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

The Impact of Age and Motivation on Cognitive Effort: Implications for Cognitive Engagement in Older Adulthood

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 28(2), 495–504.

By: G. Ennis n, T. Hess* & B. Smith*

author keywords: aging; cognition; motivation; effort; cardiovascular response; engagement
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Blood Pressure / physiology; Cognition / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Neuropsychological Tests; Perception / physiology; Task Performance and Analysis; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results support the general conclusion that the costs of cognitive activity increase with age in adulthood, and that these costs influence individuals' willingness to engage resources in support of demanding cognitive activities. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Age Differences in the Effort and Costs Associated With Cognitive Activity

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 67(4), 447–455.

By: T. Hess n & G. Ennis n

author keywords: Aging; Cardiovascular reactivity; Cognition; Effort; Motivation
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Blood Pressure / physiology; Cognition / physiology; Fatigue / physiopathology; Fatigue / psychology; Female; Heart Rate / physiology; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results were consistent with expectations and provided support for the utility of SBP reactivity as a measure of cognitive effort in studies of aging. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Information Search and Decision Making: Effects of Age and Complexity on Strategy Use

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 27(4), 817–824.

By: T. Queen n, T. Hess*, G. Ennis*, K. Dowd* & D. Gruehn

Contributors: T. Queen n, T. Hess*, G. Ennis*, K. Dowd* & D. Gruehn

author keywords: decision making; aging; strategy; information search
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Choice Behavior; Decision Making; Female; Humans; Information Seeking Behavior; Male; Middle Aged; Psychological Tests
TL;DR: It seems that older adults utilize simpler sets of information primarily reflecting the most valued attributes in making their choice, and that this ability may benefit from accrued knowledge and experience. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Mood, motivation, and misinformation: Aging and affective state influences on memory

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 19(1-2), 13–34.

By: T. Hess n, L. Popham n, L. Emery* & T. Elliott n

author keywords: Aging; Memory; Misinformation; Affect; Emotion
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Affect / physiology; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Emotions / physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Memory / physiology; Middle Aged; Motivation / physiology; Recognition, Psychology / physiology
TL;DR: It is argued that motivational processes underlie all of the observed effects, and that such processes are useful in understanding age differences in memory performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

The Impact of Age Stereotypes on Self-perceptions of Aging Across the Adult Lifespan

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 67(5), 563–571.

By: D. Koher-Gruehn & T. Hess n

Contributors: D. Kotter-Grühn n & T. Hess n

author keywords: Age stereotypes; Aging satisfaction; Labeling theory; Resilience theory; Self-perceptions of aging; Social comparison; Subjective age
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attitude to Health; Cues; Female; Humans; Individuality; Male; Middle Aged; Prejudice; Quality of Life / psychology; Self Concept; Stereotyping; Young Adult
TL;DR: Most of the results can be interpreted in terms of assimilation effects, suggesting that individuals integrate stereotypical information into their self-evaluations of age(ing) when confronted with stereotypes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

The illusion of the positive: The impact of natural and induced mood on older adults' false recall

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 19(6), 677–698.

By: L. Emery*, T. Hess n & T. Elliot n

author keywords: Emotion; Mood; Affect; Memory; Social cognition
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Affect; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Analysis of Variance; Cognition / physiology; Female; Humans; Illusions; Male; Mental Recall / physiology; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Repression, Psychology; Self Report; Young Adult
TL;DR: Results indicated that, after accounting for age differences in basic cognitive function, age-related differences in positive mood during the testing session were related to increased false recall in older adults. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

To deliberate or not to deliberate: Interactions between age, task characteristics, and cognitive activity on decision making

JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING, 25(1), 29–40.

By: T. Hess n, T. Queen n & T. Patterson n

author keywords: aging; decision making; choice-supportive memory; alignability
TL;DR: The effects of aging and deliberative activities on decision making were examined and the general assertion that the age effects in decision making will be most evident in situations dependent upon deliberative skills is supported. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Cognitive Consequences of Expressive Regulation in Older Adults

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 26(2), 388–396.

By: L. Emery n & T. Hess n

author keywords: emotion regulation; memory; aging
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Aged / psychology; Cognition; Emotional Intelligence; Emotions; Facial Expression; Female; Humans; Male; Memory; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Photic Stimulation; Young Adult
TL;DR: Older and young adults showed equivalent outward regulation of expression, but suppressing their emotional expressions led to reduced memory for emotional stimuli only in the young adults. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Longitudinal Relationships Between Resources, Motivation, and Functioning

The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67B(3), 299–308.

By: T. Hess n, L. Emery* & S. Neupert n

author keywords: Aging; Cognition; Health; Longitudinal change; Motivation
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attitude; Cognition; Female; Health Status; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Psychological Tests; Social Adjustment; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results suggest that motivation may play an important role in determining the course of cognitive change and involvement in cognitively demanding everyday activities in adulthood. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Social Knowledge and Goal-Based Influences on Social Information Processing in Adulthood

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 26(4), 792–802.

By: T. Hess n & D. Kotter-Gruehn

Contributors: T. Hess n & D. Kotter-Grühn

author keywords: aging; social cognition; goals; socioemotional selectivity; social judgments
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aging / psychology; Analysis of Variance; Choice Behavior; Emotional Intelligence; Female; Goals; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Judgment; Male; Memory; Middle Aged; Morals; Social Desirability; Social Perception; Young Adult
TL;DR: Older adults' judgments were more consistently influenced by their attributions of traits that would likely impact the affective outcomes associated with interpersonal interactions, demonstrating the interaction between social knowledge, situational social goals, and chronic socioemotional goals in determining age differences in social information processing. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Age Differences in the Effects of Conscious and Unconscious Thought in Decision Making

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 25(2), 251–261.

By: T. Queen n & T. Hess n

author keywords: decision making; aging; dual-process thinking; affective processing
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attention; Awareness; Choice Behavior; Decision Making; Female; Humans; Intuition; Male; Mental Recall; Middle Aged; Problem Solving; Thinking; Unconscious, Psychology; Young Adult
TL;DR: Young adults were more accurate in their representations of the decision material than older adults, which accounted for much of the age-related variation in performance when the full sample was considered, and unconscious thought was more appropriate when participants relied on intuitive rather than deliberative processing to make their decision. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

The Impact of Experienced Emotion on Evaluative Judgments: The Effects of Age and Emotion Regulation Style

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 17(6), 648–672.

By: T. Hess n, K. Beale n & A. Miles n

author keywords: Aging; Judgment; Emotion regulation; Mood Induction; Evaluation
MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aging; Emotional Intelligence; Expressed Emotion / physiology; Female; Humans; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Photic Stimulation; Repression, Psychology; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult
TL;DR: The results suggest that the maintenance of emotion regulation ability in later adulthood may help people control certain affective influences on thought. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Aging and Everyday Judgments: The Impact of Motivational and Processing Resource Factors

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 24(3), 735–740.

By: T. Hess n, C. Leclerc n, E. Swaim n & S. Weatherbee n

author keywords: aging; judgment; motivation; systematic processing; social cognition
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attention; Concept Formation; Crime / psychology; Female; Guilt; Humans; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Problem Solving; Young Adult
TL;DR: It has been hypothesized that reductions in cognitive resources might result in older adults engaging in less systematic processing than young adults when making everyday judgments, and increasing age was associated with increasing selectivity in cognitive resource engagement. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
8. Decent Work and Economic Growth (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Aging and Selective Engagement: The Moderating Impact of Motivation on Older Adults' Resource Utilization

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 64(4), 447–456.

By: T. Hess n, C. Germain n, E. Swaim n & N. Osowski n

author keywords: Aging; Impression formation; Motivation-Person memory; Social cognition
MeSH headings : Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging; Choice Behavior; Employee Performance Appraisal / statistics & numerical data; Employment / psychology; Employment / statistics & numerical data; Female; Health Services / statistics & numerical data; Humans; Male; Memory Disorders / diagnosis; Memory Disorders / epidemiology; Middle Aged; Motivation; Neuropsychological Tests; Severity of Illness Index; Social Perception; Young Adult
TL;DR: Age differences in the impact of motivation in a social cognitive task supported the hypothesis that aging is associated with an increase in the selective engagement of cognitive resources in support of performance by demonstrating that the differential impact of the motivational manipulation was based in deliberative memory processes. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Moderators of and Mechanisms Underlying Stereotype Threat Effects on Older Adults' Memory Performance

EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH, 35(2), 153–177.

By: T. Hess n, J. Hinson n & E. Hodges n

MeSH headings : Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Memory; Middle Aged; Stereotyping
TL;DR: The memory performance of adults aged 60 to 70 years and 71 to 82 years was examined under conditions designed to induce or eliminate stereotype threat, and threat was found to have a greater impact on performance in the young-old than in the old-old group, whereas the opposite was observed for the effects of stigma consciousness. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
10. Reduced Inequalities (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Task Demands Moderate Stereotype Threat Effects on Memory Performance

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 64(4), 482–486.

By: T. Hess n, L. Emery n & T. Queen n

author keywords: Aging; Memory; Stereotype threat
MeSH headings : Affect; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging; Attitude; Decision Making; Female; Humans; Male; Memory; Middle Aged; Retention, Psychology; Stereotyping
TL;DR: The absence of threat effects when constraints were minimal provides important boundary information regarding stereotype influences on memory performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 article

Age Differences in Dual Information-processing Modes Implications for Cancer Decision Making

Peters, E., Diefenbach, M. A., Hess, T. M., & Vastfjall, D. (2008, December 15). CANCER, Vol. 113, pp. 3556–3567.

author keywords: neoplasms; decision making; aged; judgment; affect; emotions; psychology; review
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Aging / psychology; Decision Making; Humans; Neoplasms / psychology; Neoplasms / therapy
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Viewing instructions impact emotional memory differently in older and young adults

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 23(1), 2–12.

By: L. Emery n & T. Hess*

author keywords: aging; age difference; emotion; memory
MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aging / psychology; Attention; Emotions; Female; Humans; Individuality; Judgment; Male; Mental Recall; Middle Aged; Pattern Recognition, Visual
TL;DR: The results suggest that older adults' memory is best when the material to be remembered is emotionally evocative and they are allowed to process it as such. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Age differences in the bases for social judgments: Tests of a social expertise perspective

EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH, 33(1), 95–120.

By: C. Leclerc n & T. Hess n

MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aging / psychology; Character; Female; Humans; Intelligence; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Personal Construct Theory; Social Behavior; Surveys and Questionnaires
TL;DR: Results of this work indicate that age differences in the use of trait-diagnostic information were moderated by factors thought to affect the accessibility of relevant knowledge structures. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Motivational influences on controlled processing: Moderating distractibility in older adults

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 14(5), 462–486.

By: C. Germain n & T. Hess n

MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Analysis of Variance; Attention; Comprehension; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Neuropsychological Tests; Reading; Recognition, Psychology / physiology; Time Factors
TL;DR: For older adults, processing was more efficient and comprehension enhanced when passage relevance was high, a finding consistent with a growing body of data highlighting the importance of motivational factors in determining age differences in cognitive performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Adaptive aspects of social cognitive functioning in adulthood: Age-related goal and knowledge influences

SOCIAL COGNITION, 24(3), 279–309.

By: T. Hess*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Age-related variation in the influences of aging stereotypes on memory in adulthood

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 21(3), 621–625.

By: T. Hess n & J. Hinson n

author keywords: aging; memory; stereotypes; stereotype threat
MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Anxiety / psychology; Aptitude; Arousal; Attention; Culture; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Recall; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Self Efficacy; Semantics; Stereotyping; Verbal Learning
TL;DR: Beliefs about aging and memory were also affected by stereotypic information, and older adults' changed beliefs were more important in predicting performance than was exposure to stereotype-based information alone. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Age and experience influences on the complexity of social inferences

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 20(3), 447–459.

By: T. Hess n, N. Osowski & C. Leclerc*

author keywords: aging; social cognition; expertise; social inference
MeSH headings : Achievement; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attention; Female; Humans; Individuality; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Morals; Personal Construct Theory; Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data; Psychometrics; Set, Psychology; Social Behavior; Social Perception
TL;DR: The authors argue that these age differences reflect a type of expertise based in accumulated social experience, a conclusion bolstered by an additional finding that social activity moderated age differences in social judgments. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Aging-related selectivity and susceptibility to irrelevant affective information

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 12(2), 149–174.

By: T. Hess n, C. Germain n, D. Rosenberg n, C. Leclerc n & E. Hodges n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Effect of health-related stereotypes on physiological responses of hypertensive middle-aged and older men

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 60(1), P3–P10.

By: C. Auman n, H. Bosworth* & T. Hess n

MeSH headings : Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anxiety / psychology; Galvanic Skin Response / physiology; Health Status; Heart Rate / physiology; Humans; Hypertension / psychology; Leisure Activities; Male; Middle Aged; Stereotyping
TL;DR: Examination of the influence of health stereotypes on stress response among middle-aged and older men found predicted stereotype-related increases in anxiety, galvanized skin conductance, and blood pressure were evident. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 review

Memory and aging in context

[Review of ]. PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 131(3), 383–406.

By: T. Hess n

author keywords: aging; memory; context; cognition; life span development
MeSH headings : Age Factors; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Health Status; Human Development / physiology; Humans; Life Style; Memory / physiology; Models, Biological; Models, Neurological; Prefrontal Cortex / physiology; Stereotyped Behavior / physiology
TL;DR: The validity of the contextual perspective in characterizing the relationship between aging and memory is examined through a review of studies exploring a variety of alternative mechanisms associated with age differences in performance and it is concluded that a more multidimensional approach to the study of aging andMemory is warranted. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2004 journal article

Explicit and implicit stereotype activation effects on memory: Do age and awareness moderate the impact of priming?

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 19(3), 495–505.

By: T. Hess n, J. Hinson* & J. Statham*

MeSH headings : Achievement; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Anxiety / psychology; Aptitude; Attention; Awareness; Culture; Female; Humans; Male; Memory; Middle Aged; Motivation; Reaction Time; Self Concept; Set, Psychology; Stereotyping; Verbal Learning
TL;DR: No priming effects under either presentation condition were obtained for younger adults, indicating that the observed implicit effects are specific to those for whom the stereotype is self-relevant, and contribute to the delineation of situations under which stereotypes are most influential. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

The impact of stereotype threat on age differences in memory performance

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 58(1), P3–P11.

By: T. Hess n, C. Auman, S. Colcombe & T. Rahhal

MeSH headings : Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / physiology; Aging / psychology; Anxiety; Attitude; Cluster Analysis; Female; Humans; Male; Memory; Memory Disorders / diagnosis; Mental Recall; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Stereotyping
TL;DR: Older adults' memory performance across experimental conditions was observed to covary with degree of activation of the negative aging stereotype, providing support for the hypothesized relationship between stereotype activation and performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2002 journal article

Aging, cognitive complexity, and the fundamental attribution error

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 57(4), P312–P323.

By: K. Follett n & T. Hess*

MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attention; Attitude; Female; Humans; Internal-External Control; Male; Middle Aged; Politics; Social Perception
TL;DR: Middle-aged adults were less prone to the fundamental attribution error than were young and older adults, evidenced by their reduced tendency to make attitude attributions in the no-choice condition relative to the choice condition. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Ageing-related influences on personal need for structure

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT, 25(6), 482–490.

By: T. Hess n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Aging and social expertise: The impact of trait-diagnostic information on impressions of others

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 16(3), 497–510.

By: T. Hess* & C. Auman

MeSH headings : Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Female; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Judgment; Male; Middle Aged; Morals; Personality; Social Behavior; Social Desirability; Social Perception
TL;DR: The findings are interpreted as demonstrating an aging-related increase in social expertise in which knowledge regarding the underlying bases for the behaviors of others has been translated in specific procedural knowledge. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2001 journal article

Motivation and representation processes in adulthood: The effects of social accountability and information relevance

Psychology and Aging, 16(4), 629–642.

By: T. Hess*, D. Rosenberg* & S. Waters*

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Motivational and cognitive influences on affective priming in adulthood

JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, 55(4), P193–P204.

By: T. Hess n, S. Waters* & C. Bolstad*

MeSH headings : Adult; Affect; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging / psychology; Attention; Awareness; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Recall; Middle Aged; Motivation; Paired-Associate Learning; Pilot Projects; Reaction Time
TL;DR: It is argued that the stronger predictive validity of need for structure with age is due to aging-related changes in personal resources and/or a closer mapping of individual characteristics onto need with age. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 book

Social cognition and aging

San Diego, CA; London: Academic Press.

By: T. Hess & F. Blanchard-Fields

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

1999 journal article

Trait diagnosticity versus behavioral consistency as determinants of impression change in adulthood

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 14(1), 77–89.

By: T. Hess*, C. Bolstad*, S. Woodburn* & C. Auman

MeSH headings : Adult; Age Factors; Aged / psychology; Aging / physiology; Analysis of Variance; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Judgment / physiology; Male; Mental Recall / physiology; Middle Aged; Social Desirability; Social Perception; Social Values
TL;DR: The results indicate that qualitative difference exist in impression change processes, with different-aged individuals considering different types of information when constructing and updating social representations. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Age-related priming effects in social judgments

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING, 13(1), 127–137.

By: T. Hess*, K. McGee, S. Woodburn* & C. Bolstad*

MeSH headings : Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aging / psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Memory; Mental Processes; Middle Aged; Prejudice; Social Perception
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

1998 journal article

Category-based versus attribute-based processing in different-aged adults

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 5(1), 27–42.

By: T. Hess n & C. Bolstad

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

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