2023 journal article

High conductivity in Ge-doped AlN achieved by a non-equilibrium process


UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: May 1, 2023

Highly conductive Ge-doped AlN with conductivity of 0.3 (Ω cm)−1 and electron concentration of 2 × 1018 cm−3 was realized via a non-equilibrium process comprising ion implantation and annealing at a moderate thermal budget. Similar to a previously demonstrated shallow donor state in Si-implanted AlN, Ge implantation also showed a shallow donor behavior in AlN with an ionization energy ∼80 meV. Ge showed a 3× higher conductivity than its Si counterpart for a similar doping level. Photoluminescence spectroscopy indicated that higher conductivity for Ge-doped AlN was achieved primarily due to lower compensation. This is the highest n-type conductivity reported for AlN doped with Ge to date and demonstration of technologically useful conductivity in Ge-doped AlN.